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Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms
A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms...
Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des policiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant comme objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de policiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est une cause importante de décès au travail chez les policiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Deux mille quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (2099) policiers ainsi que sept cent cinquante-six (756) policières ont répondu au questionnaire en ligne. Les données ont été...
Aide et soin à la personne - Dossier
En France, plus de 3,5 millions de professionnels travaillent dans l'aide et le soin à la personne. Ce secteur, qui emploie majoritairement du personnel féminin, est toujours en pleine croissance et marqué par une grande diversité d'acteurs. Certains exercent en établissement, d'autres au domicile d'un bénéficiaire avec, d'un lieu à l'autre, des conditions d'intervention et des moyens extrêmement variables. Source: (2018). Travail & sécurité (794). http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier...
Burnout among Pilots
Psychosocial Factors related to Happiness and Score on Simulator Training In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large sample of airline pilots, we showed that 40% of the participating pilots experience high burnout. In line with Job Demands-Resources theory, job demands were detrimental for simulator training performance because they made pilots more exhausted and less able to craft their...
Effort–Reward Imbalance, Work–Privacy Conflict, and Burnout Among Hospital Employees
Objective: Studies investigating the relative importance of effort–reward imbalance and work–privacy conflict for burnout risk between professional groups in the health care sector are rare and analyses by educational attainment within professional groups are lacking. Methods: The study population consists of 1422 hospital employees in Switzerland. Multivariate linear regression analyses with standardized coefficients were performed for the overall study population and stratified for professional groups refined for educational attainment. Results: Work–privacy conflict is a strong...
Les blessures professionnelles et leurs déterminants
Mieux comprendre le rôle du secteur industriel et de la profession L'ampleur actuelle de la morbidité et de la mortalité liées aux blessures professionnelles (c.-à-d. accidents du travail, troubles liés aux mouvements répétitifs) pèse lourd sur la productivité des travailleurs, des entreprises et de la société canadienne. Annuellement, les données révèlent qu'un Canadien sur quinze est blessé dans l'exercice de son travail, alors que les coûts économiques générés...
Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada
Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and severities for Canadian PSP. Methods: An online survey was made available in English or French from September 2016 to January 2017. The survey assessed current symptoms, and participation...
Climate congruence: How espoused psychosocial safety climate and enacted managerial support affect emotional exhaustion and work engagement
The alignment between espoused (saying) and enacted (doing) psychosocial safety climate (PSC; a climate for worker psychological health) is important to consider in relation to health and work outcomes. This diary study explored the interplay (moderation and mediation processes) between espoused PSC (organizational level PSC) and daily enacted PSC (operationalized in the specific domain of managerial support) and their relationships to worker psychological health (i.e., daily emotional exhaustion) and motivation (i.e., daily work engagement). In all, 545 diary data points were collected within...
How institutions matter for job characteristics, quality and experiences
A comparison of home care work for older people in Australia and Sweden This article seeks to understand a puzzling finding: that workers in publicly funded home care for older people in Australia, compared to those in Sweden, feel that they are better able to meet their clients' needs, that their workplaces are less pressed, and that their work is less burdensome and more compatible with their family and social commitments. This finding seems to challenge expectations fostered by comparative sociological research that job quality and care services are inferior in Australia compared to Sweden...
Des conditions de travail en EHPAD vécues comme difficiles par des personnels très engagés
Les conditions de travail des soignants d'établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes changent sous l'effet de l'évolution récente des profils de résidents : amplification des tâches sanitaires au détriment du relationnel, renforcement des exigences de qualification des professionnels et du contrôle qualité, exigence accrue des résidents.Aux dires des personnels soignants, travailler en EHPAD est difficile, aussi bien physiquement que psychiquement, et la charge mentale y est...
Emotional demands at work and the risk of clinical depression
A longitudinal study in the Danish public sector OBJECTIVE: This study is a 2-year follow-up study of different dimensions of work-related emotional demands as a predictor for clinical depression. METHODS: In a two-wave study, 3224 (72%) public employees from 474 work-units participated twice by filling in questionnaires. Sixty-two cases of clinical depression were diagnosed. Emotional demands were examined as perceived and content-related emotional demands, individually reported and work-unit based. Support, meaningful work, and enrichment were considered as potential effect modifiers. RESULTS...
High Stress and Negative Health Behaviors
A Five-Year Wellness Center Member Cohort Study Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. Methods: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. Results: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P<0.05) between stress level and poor physical health behaviors (physical...
Workplace Bullying Among Teachers
An Analysis From the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) Model Perspective This paper adopts the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model to analyze workplace bullying among teachers. The data used for this research are obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Given the objective of this work, a subsample of 261 education employees is collected: 48.7% of these teachers report having experienced workplace bullying (N=127), while 51.3% indicate not considering themselves as bullied at work (N=134). In order to test the research model and hypotheses, this study relies on the use of partial least...
Routinized killing of animals: Going beyond dirty work and prestige to understand the well-being of slaughterhouse workers
Slaughterhouse workers face the reality of industrialized meat production on a daily basis, experiencing firsthand the routinized killing of animals. This occupation provides a window through which to view one key way in which animals and organizations intersect in modern society. Given its proximity to death and undesirable required tasks, working in a slaughterhouse is classified as ‘dirty work'. Current theorizing, however, does not address how the intentional killing of animals may impact workers beyond its inherent dirtiness and low prestige. In this study, we draw upon and extend...
Bus Operators’ Responses to Job Strain: An Experimental Test of the Job Demand–Control Model
The research aim was to test the Job Demand–Control (JDC) Model demands × Control interaction (or buffering) hypothesis in a simulated bus driving experiment. The buffering hypothesis was tested using a 2 (low and high demands) × 2 (low and high decision latitude) design with repeated measures on the second factor. A sample of 80 bus operators were randomly assigned to the low (n = 40) and high demands (n = 40) conditions. Demands were manipulated by increasing or reducing the number of stops to pick up passengers, and decision latitude by imposing or removing restrictions on...
Les effets paradoxaux de la surveillance électronique dans un centre d'appels sous-traitant
Le développement de systèmes de surveillance électronique sur les plateformes d'appels téléphoniques permet l'enregistrement et la mesure de la performance des salariés de manière continue. L'expérimentation dont rend compte ce Connaissance de l'emploi vise à mieux comprendre le fonctionnement des systèmes de surveillance électronique dans un contexte de travail réel. Elle teste les effets d'une diminution de l'intensité de la surveillance électronique sur la qualité...
Retentissement sur la santé des conditions de travail des intervenants d'une entreprise d'aide à domicile
Un questionnaire a permis de recueillir des éléments sur les conditions de travail des salariés d'une entreprise du secteur de l'aide à domicile. Les résultats montrent des contraintes physiques importantes ainsi qu'une charge mentale élevée. Suite aux préconisations du service de santé au travail, de nombreuses actions ont été mises en place sur des thématiques importantes telles que les accidents du travail, le renforcement de l'accompagnement de l'encadrement auprès des intervenants...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
Stress among nurses working in emergency, anesthesiology and intensive care units depends on qualification
A Job Demand-Control survey Background: The nurse stress literature reports an overwhelming culture of acceptance and expectation of work stressors, ironically linked to the control of the workplace to effectively and proactively manage stress. The stressors involved in delivering “stress management” have been well studied in nursing-related workplaces, especially in acute care settings in accordance with the Karasek Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model. However, little is known about the effects of specificity of an acute care unit and the level of qualifications on stress experienced...
Preventing secondary traumatic stress in educators
Teachers can be vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) because of their supportive role with students and potential exposure to students' experiences with traumas, violence, disasters, or crises. STS symptoms, similar to those found in posttraumatic stress disorder, include nightmares, avoidance, agitation, and withdrawal, and can result from secondary exposure to hearing about students' traumas. This article describes how STS presents, how teachers can be at risk, and how STS can manifest in schools. A US Department of Education training program is presented, and thoughts on future...
Work characteristics, personal resources, and employee well-being
A longitudinal study among Finnish firefighters In today´s work life, employees are expected not only to be reasonably healthy, but also to be highly engaged and work efficiently. However, at the same time, the prevalence of mental health disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal systems is high. Therefore, understanding and enhancing employee well-being as a whole is essential. This study examined the longitudinal effects of work characteristics, personal resources, and lifestyle on employee well-being by applying three theoretical frameworks Job Demands-Resources model, Conservation...
What are the significant factors associated with burnout in doctors?
Background Burnout syndrome is well established as a condition that affects a significant proportion of practising doctors. Although much literature exists on the prevalence of burnout, only specific variables associated with this condition have been analysed. Aims To identify and categorize key factors that are associated with burnout across various medical specialities and geographical locations. Methods Three electronic databases were searched for literature on the factors associated with burnout published in the past 5 years. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied in three stages. We...
Psychological distress and dyslipidemia in Chinese police officers
A 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating whether psychological distress in police officers was associated with dyslipidemia. METHODS: A survey was conducted to examine the psychological distress among 5867 police officers in Tianjin, China, from 2007 to 2011. Psychological distress was measured using the Symptom Check List-90-Revised. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) of the incidence of dyslipidemia predicted by psychological distress. RESULTS: Among the 3300 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline...
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