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The effects of sleep on workplace cognitive failure and safety
Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i.e., lapses in attention,...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des policiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant comme objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de policiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est une cause importante de décès au travail chez les policiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Deux mille quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (2099) policiers ainsi que sept cent cinquante-six (756) policières ont répondu au questionnaire en ligne. Les données ont été...
High Job Demands, Job Strain, and Iso-Strain Are Risk Factors for Sick Leave due to Mental Disorders
A Prospective Swedish Twin Study With a 5-Year Follow-Up Objective: To investigate whether psychosocial work environment and health behaviors are risk factors for sick leave due to mental disorders, and whether familial confounding (genetics and shared environment) explains the associations. Methods: Respondents (n = 11,729), given to complete a questionnaire in 2004 to 2006, were followed up approximately 5 years for sick leave spells due to mental disorders, using national registry data. Data were analyzed using logistic regression, and conditional logistic regression for twin pairs discordant...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Physical Capacity and Risk for Long-Term Sickness Absence
A Prospective Cohort Study Among 8664 Female Health Care Workers Objective: To assess the prospective associations between self-reported physical capacity and risk of long-term sickness absence among female health care workers. Methods: Female health care workers answered a questionnaire about physical capacity and were followed in a national register of sickness absence lasting for two or more consecutive weeks during 1-year follow-up. Using Cox regression hazard ratio analyses adjusted for age, smoking, body mass index, physical workload, job seniority, psychosocial work conditions, and previous...
Health, Work and Working Conditions
A Review of the European Economic Literature Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status. Because these two variables are determined simultaneously, researchers control endogeneity bias (e.g., reverse causality, omitted variables) when conducting empirical analysis. With these caveats in mind, the literature finds that a favourable work environment...
Physical Activity in Police Beyond Self-Report
Objective: Police officers have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease. Reductions in occupational physical activity may contribute to the risk, yet there have been few efforts to characterize the physical demands of police work beyond self-report. Purpose: To compare measured physical activity between work and off-duty hours and assess the effects of stress on physical activity. Methods: Officers (n = 119) from six departments wore a pattern recognition monitor for 96 hours to measure total energy expenditure (kilocalorie per hour) (1k/cal = 4184 joules), activity intensity, and step count per...
Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe
The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers. Respondents of the longitudinal Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries were selected when (i) aged between 50 years and the country-specific retirement age, and having (ii) paid employment at baseline and (iii) information on employment status during the 4-year follow-up period (N=4923). Self-perceived health, health...
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...
Des salariés rassurés sur l'emploi mais inquiets pour les conditions de travail
Un baromètre Ipsos montre un renforcement des préoccupations des salariés à propos de l'évolution des conditions de travail. Sur le stress et la charge de travail, les disparités de perception entre salariés et employeurs sont importantes. Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=18735560
Emploi et santé des seniors durablement exposés à des pénibilités physiques
Selon l'enquête Santé et itinéraire professionnel de 2007, 35 % des personnes de 50 à 59 ans ayant travaillé au moins dix ans déclarent avoir été exposées pendant quinze ans ou plus à l'une au moins des quatre pénibilités suivantes : travail de nuit, travail répétitif, travail physiquement exigeant, produits nocifs ou toxiques. 40 % d'entre elles déclarent avoir cumulé au moins deux pénibilités physiques durant leur parcours professionnel, dans le même emploi...
EWCO - Annual review of working conditions 2009–2010
This seventh annual review examines four key dimensions of working conditions and quality of work and employment: career development and employment security, health and well-being, skills and competence development, and work–life balance. The report outlines relevant legislative and policy developments, and examines trends in the workplace during the period 2009–2010. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/studies/tn1008048s/tn1008048s.htm
Les pathologies liées au travail vues par les travailleurs
Parmi les personnes en emploi qui signalent un problème chronique de santé – qu'il soit bénin, sérieux ou grave -, une sur deux estime qu'il est « causé ou aggravé par le travail » d'après les résultats de l'enquête « Santé, Handicap et Travail » de 2007. Ce lien est plus souvent évoqué pour les problèmes psychologiques (« stress, anxiété ») et les douleurs lombaires ou articulaires. Les problèmes de santé associés...
Key elements of fair employment and decent work
One section of the report ‘Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health’ issued by the Commission on Social Determinants of Health and published by the World Health Organization focuses on the issues of fair employment and decent work. It examines a range of issues related to working conditions and presents a series of recommendations on how to improve factors relevant to achieving fair employment and decent work. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2010/10/EU1010011I.htm
Recycling centres and waste handling
A workplace for employees and users Applied Ergonomics , dossier thématique : Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 335-490 (May 2010) Source : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235685%232010%23999589996%231689120%23FLA%23&_cdi=5685&_pubType=J&_auth=y&_acct=C000063264&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=4494765&md5=dd9cd71a6a6f877fa65bb63d1eca427b
The association between overall health, psychological distress, and occupational heat stress among a large national cohort of 40,913 Thai workers
Abstract Background: Occupational heat stress is a well-known problem, particularly in tropical countries, affecting workers, health and well-being. There are very few recent studies that have reported on the effect of heat stress on mental health, or overall health in workers, although socioeconomic development and rapid urbanization in tropical developing countries like Thailand create working conditions in which heat stress is likely. Objective: This study is aimed at identifying the relationship between self-reported heat stress and psychological distress, and overall health status in Thai...
Les conditions de travail des non-salariés en 2005
En 2005, 2,7 millions d'actifs occupés étaient non salariés parmi lesquels 600 000 exploitants agricoles et 250 000 aides familiaux. Les non-salariés exercent plus souvent que les salariés des métiers qui comportent des pénibilités physiques. Agriculteurs exploitants et artisans sont soumis à des pénibilités physiques d'un niveau élevé proche de celles des salariés des mêmes domaines. Le travail prend beaucoup de place dans la vie des non-salariés du fait d'horaires étendus...
The speed kills you
The Voice of Nebraska's Meatpacking Workers Over the last decade, important efforts have been made to shed light on the conditions of workers within the meatpacking industry and create momentum for change.1 What makes this report unique is that it focuses on what workers see and experience on a daily basis and their thoughts and ideas about what needs to change. What is apparent from this report is that meatpacking workers care deeply about getting this story out to the public in order to improve safety conditions in the plants. We surveyed 455 workers across Nebraska – one of the country's...

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