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Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Caractérisation des effets des expositions aux facteurs psychosociaux sur la santé mentale et l'état de santé général perçu - Analyses à partir de l'enquête "Santé et itinéraire professionnel"
Basée sur l'enquête nationale " Santé et itinéraire professionnel ", cette étude avait l'objectif d'apporter des réponses quant à la nature des effets de 17 facteurs psychosociaux sur la survenue de troubles de la santé mentale et sur la dégradation de l'état de santé général perçu. L'effet se produit-il au moment de l'exposition ou après un certain temps ? La santé mentale et la santé générale perçue sont elles plus altérées...
Job burnout: The contribution of emotional stability and emotional self-efficacy beliefs
Consistent with insights from both trait and social cognitive theories, this study presents a theoretical model positing emotional self-efficacy beliefs in managing negative emotions at work as a key mechanism that contributes to mediate the negative relationship between emotional stability – a trait highly associated with positive affect and mental health – and job burnout. To test this assertion, a two-wave study using a representative sample of 416 new military cadets of an Italian military academy was designed. Military cadets were involved in the study 2 months after their entrance...
Psychosocial safety climate, emotional exhaustion, and work injuries in healthcare workplaces
Preventing work injuries requires a clear understanding of how they occur, how they are recorded, and the accuracy of injury surveillance. Our innovation was to examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influences the development of reported and unreported physical and psychological workplace injuries beyond (physical) safety climate, via the erosion of psychological health (emotional exhaustion). Self-report data (T2, 2013) from 214 hospital employees (18 teams) were linked at the team level to the hospital workplace injury register (T1, 2012; T2, 2013; and T3, 2014). Concordance between survey...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Why do workaholics experience depression?
A study with Chinese university teachers This study focuses on the relationships of workaholism to job burnout and depression of university teachers. The direct and indirect (via job burnout) effects of workaholism on depression were investigated in 412 Chinese university teachers. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap method were used. Results revealed that workaholism, job burnout, and depression significantly correlated with each other. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap test indicated the partial mediation role of job burnout on the relationship between workaholism and depression...
Workaholism and Mental Health Problems Among Municipal Middle Managers in Norway
Objective: To provide empirical knowledge about the antecedents and outcomes of workaholism among municipal middle managers within the framework of the job demands–resources model. Methods: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect cross-sectional data (n = 118) on job demands, job resources, work engagement, workaholism, and mental health problems. Results: Workaholism correlated positively with both work engagement and mental health problems. Job demands affected workaholism and mental health problems more strongly than did job resources. The results indicate that workaholism...
Workaholisme : état des connaissances
Le workaholisme est une addiction comportementale dont certains facteurs de risque peuvent être liés à l'organisation du travail. Les études et enquêtes menées dans différents secteurs d'activité montrent que cette pathologie entraîne des conséquences pour le salarié lui-même, sa famille mais aussi son entourage professionnel. L'équipe pluridisciplinaire de santé au travail a un rôle important dans l'étude du poste de travail, le repérage du salarié workaholique...
Health, Work and Working Conditions
A Review of the European Economic Literature Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status. Because these two variables are determined simultaneously, researchers control endogeneity bias (e.g., reverse causality, omitted variables) when conducting empirical analysis. With these caveats in mind, the literature finds that a favourable work environment...
General self-efficacy and the effect of hospital workplace violence on doctors' stress and job satisfaction in China
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at exploring associations of general self-efficacy (GSE), workplace violence and doctors' work-related attitudes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study a cross-sectional survey design was applied. Questionnaires were administrated to 758 doctors working in 9 hospitals of Zhengzhou, Henan province, China, between June and October 2010. General information on age, gender, and years of working was collected, and the doctors' experience and witnessing workplace violence, job satisfaction, job initiative, occupational stress as well as GSE were measured. General linear...
The role of psychological factors in workplace safety
Workplace safety researchers and practitioners generally agree that it is necessary to understand the psychological factors that influence people's workplace safety behaviour. Yet, the search for reliable individual differences regarding psychological factors associated with workplace safety has lead to sparse results and inconclusive findings. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are differences between the psychological factors, cognitive ability, personality and work-wellness of employees involved in workplace incidents and accidents and/or driver vehicle accidents and...
Workplace psychological harassment in Canadian nurses: A descriptive study
This descriptive study investigated workplace psychological harassment in a sample of 1179 Canadian nurses. Two complementary types of assessment were used: exposure to negative behaviors and perceived victimization. Results revealed that exposure to negative behaviors was associated with certain sociodemographic variables (i.e. job status and the amount of overtime performed weekly), lower psychological health, and poorer functioning at work. Although many nurses reported being exposed to negative behaviors, few perceived these behaviors as psychological harassment per se. However, regardless...
The missing link: using emotional intelligence to reduce workplace stress and workplace violence in our nursing and other health care professions
Because of our poor emotionally intelligent responses and interactions, many nurses and other health care staff have become scarred emotionally from abusive, demoralizing, or hostile acts inflicted on one another. Rude, disruptive behavior among health care professionals can pose a serious threat to patient safety and the overall quality of care. The expectation of regulating bodies is that health care professionals focus on effects disruptive behavior has on a culture of safety for both patients and staff. Relatively recent research in training and development, and behavior change, specifically...
Pratiques addictives et travail. Un cocktail particulièrement dangereux : Dossier TS
Les pratiques addictives, un sujet complexe et tabou que nombre d'entreprises éprouvent des difficultés à aborder de front. Pourtant, les conditions de travail sont un facteur influençant les comportements. Mettre en place un plan de prévention collective, impliquer les différents acteurs de l'entreprise, briser les tabous... certaines actions sont indispensables pour mener à bien une telle démarche en entreprise. Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/produits/mediatheque/doc/publications.html?refINRS=TS733page16
The influence of indirect collective trauma on first responders' alcohol use
Previous research has suggested increased risk for negative outcomes such as increased alcohol use among first responders who are involved with the response to a community disaster; however it is not clear how indirect exposure to a critical incident impacts first responders. This work examined the impact of secondary or indirect trauma on changes in alcohol use among urban firefighters who were not directly involved in the response to a large scale community-level disaster. Firefighters enrolled in larger trial of health outcomes whose interview period coincided with the crash of a commercial...
The impact of bystanding to workplace bullying on symptoms of depression among women and men in industry in Sweden
BACKGROUND: Prospective studies on bystanding to workplace bullying and the health outcomes are scarce. AIM: To investigate the work environmental risk factors of depressive symptoms among bystanders to bullying in both women and men in four large industrial organizations in Sweden. METHOD: The number of respondents at four large industrial enterprises with more than one year at the workplace at T1: n = 2,563 (Women: n = 342; Men: n = 2,227). Bystanders to bullying at T1: n = 305 (Women: n = 30; Men: n = 275). The total number of those with symptoms of depression at T2: Women: n = 30; Men: n =...
PTSD and depressive symptoms in 911 telecommunicators
The role of peritraumatic distress and world assumptions in predicting risk Continued exposure to trauma increases risk for both depression and PTSD. This may be particularly true for individuals with work-related exposure to trauma such as 911 telecommunicators, a group with significant exposure to work-related trauma that has received limited empirical attention. The present study examines current symptoms of PTSD and depression in telecommunicators and the extent to which peritraumatic distress and world assumptions interact to predict psychopathology. A sample of 171 911 telecommunicators from...
Le stress au travail est en hausse, d'après huit personnes interrogées sur dix lors d'un vaste sondage d'opinion paneuropéen
Le stress au travail constitue un problème pour une vaste majorité de la population active européenne, selon les conclusions du 2e sondage d'opinion paneuropéen sur la santé et la sécurité dans le cadre professionnel. Réalisée par Ipsos MORI pour le compte de l'Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA), l'enquête a recueilli les avis de plus de 35 000 citoyens dans 36 pays européens sur des sujets liés au monde du travail actuel, dont le stress au...
ETUCE, Teachers’ work-related stress – survey results and brochure
The European trade union committee for education - ETUCE - has made available a study report containing the full overview of the results of its stress survey as well as the ETUCE project brochure on Teachers' work-related stress: European-wide Survey - Assessment, Comparison and Evaluation of the Impact of Psychosocial Hazards on Teachers at their Workplace in the EU. The full survey report and annexes are only available in English. The ETUCE brochure summarising the project and its results is available in English, French ... Source : http://etuce.homestead.com/ETUCE_en.html http://teachersosh...
L’ intervention ergonomique sur les risques psychosociaux dans les organisations : enjeux théoriques et méthodologiques
Une action sur les rps nécessite, si elle se veut efficace, de permettre une mise en débat sur le fonctionnement organisationnel de l'entreprise, la répartition des lieux et des circuits de décision. Cet article a pour objectif de présenter les enjeux théoriques et méthodologiques que cela représente pour l'action ergonomique sur les rps. Dans un premier temps, nous proposons un cadre théorique qui nous permet de montrer que les ergonomes ont un rôle à jouer sur les rps. Pour cela, il est question de pouvoir mettre...
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...
Une étude Inserm sur le stress au travail des indépendants
Ces dernières années, la connaissance sur les phénomènes de stress au travail concernant les salariés a progressé. Mais qu'en est-il des indépendants, regroupant travailleurs isolés ou chefs de petites entreprises, professions intellectuelles ou manuelles ? L'Inserm dévoile le rapport d'un groupe d'experts. Le régime social des indépendants (RSI), qui assure la couverture maladie et de retraite des artisans et des commerçants, des professions libérales et des chefs d’entreprise indépendants...
Des salariés rassurés sur l'emploi mais inquiets pour les conditions de travail
Un baromètre Ipsos montre un renforcement des préoccupations des salariés à propos de l'évolution des conditions de travail. Sur le stress et la charge de travail, les disparités de perception entre salariés et employeurs sont importantes. Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=18735560
EWCO - Annual review of working conditions 2009–2010
This seventh annual review examines four key dimensions of working conditions and quality of work and employment: career development and employment security, health and well-being, skills and competence development, and work–life balance. The report outlines relevant legislative and policy developments, and examines trends in the workplace during the period 2009–2010. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/studies/tn1008048s/tn1008048s.htm
Key elements of fair employment and decent work
One section of the report ‘Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health’ issued by the Commission on Social Determinants of Health and published by the World Health Organization focuses on the issues of fair employment and decent work. It examines a range of issues related to working conditions and presents a series of recommendations on how to improve factors relevant to achieving fair employment and decent work. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2010/10/EU1010011I.htm
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