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Occupational Safety and Health Among Young Workers in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Literature Review
This review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illnesses among young workers in the Nordic countries and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994 to 2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved articles, 54 met the review criteria and were quality assessed, in which data were extracted focusing on identifying occupational safety, health risk factors, and vulnerable groups among the young workers. The review shows that mechanical factors such...
Worsening Workers' Health by Lowering Retirement Age: The Malign Consequences of a Benign Reform
In 2003, the retirement age of Swiss construction workers was lowered from 65 to 60. This reform has been intended to improve their health. Our study shows the opposite outcome. The human capital theory suggests that investments in employees’ productivity by the employer and the employees themselves depend on the time remaining until their retirement. Hence, we hypothesize that pension reforms that reduce employees’ working horizon decrease investments in work-related human capital, which translates into a higher prevalence of sickness absences, a longer absence duration, and worse...
Réglementer l’incidence sur la santé et la sécurité au travail de l’économie des plateformes en ligne
L'essor de l'économie en ligne constitue un défi pour la santé et la sécurité au travail (SST). Le travail sur des plateformes en ligne — c'est-à-dire assuré par l'intermédiaire, sur ou au moyen de plateformes en ligne — est caractérisé par une large gamme de formules de travail, y compris le travail occasionnel, le travail indépendant économiquement dépendant, le travail à la tâche, le télétravail et le «crowdwork». Le présent rapport...
Assessment of occupational health and safety hazard exposures among working college students
Background Adolescents and young adults have higher injury rates than their adult counterparts in similar jobs. This study used the working college student population to assess health and safety hazards in the workplace, characterize related occupational diseases and injuries, and describe worker health/safety activities provided by employers. Methods College students (≥17 years old) were assessed via online surveys about work history, workplace exposure to hazards, occupational diseases/injuries, and workplace health/safety activities. Results Approximately half (51%) of participants (n ...
Worker health is good for the economy: Union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries
Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national...
Workplace injury and voice: a comparison of management and union perceptions
This article moves beyond the existing institutional focus on union representation and workplace injury by looking at the substance of union representation and participation in the management of occupational health and safety (OHS). The effects on workplace injuries of different configurations of OHS voice (negotiation, consultation, information or 'none'), as mapped by the perceptions of both management and unions in the same workplace, are explored using the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004. The findings indicate that some participation is better than none, that more...
Occupational safety and health and education: a whole-school approach
A Whole-School Approach to OSH integrates risk education and school safety and health management throughout the school’s activities and the way it functions, making them part of school life. It also actively involves staff and pupils in school safety management. The approach improves both risk education and the learning environment for staff and pupils. This report that presents and analyses in-depth cases focused on implementing the whole-school approach. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/occupational-safety-and-health-and-education-a-whole-school-approach
The incidence and impact of recurrent workplace injury and disease: a cohort study of WorkSafe Victoria, Australia compensation claims
OBJECTIVE : To determine the incidence and impact of recurrent workplace injury and disease over the period 1995-2008. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study using data from the state workers' compensation system database. SETTING : State of Victoria, Australia. PARTICIPANTS : A total of 448 868 workers with an accepted workers' compensation claim between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2008 were included into this study. Of them, 135 349 had at least one subsequent claim accepted for a recurrent injury or disease during this period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES : Incidence of initial and recurrent...
The economics of health and safety at work: an interdiciplinary review of the theory and policy
This paper engages in an interdisciplinary survey of the current state of knowledge related to the theory, determinants and consequences of occupational safety and health (OSH). It first describes the fundamental theoretical construct of compensating wage differentials, which is used by economists to understand the optimal provision of OSH in a perfectly competitive labour market. The plethora of incentives faced by workers and firms in job and insurance markets that determine the ultimate level of OSH are discussed in detail. The extensive empirical evidence from the hedonic wage and stated choice...
The Australian Workplace Barometer: report on psychosocial safety climate and worker health in Australia
The Australian Workplace Barometer project aims to provide science driven evidence of Australian work conditions and their relationships to workplace health and productivity, through a national monitoring and surveillance system. This report was commissioned by Safe Work Australia to provide a summary of the results from data obtained from six Australian states and territories. The data provides evidence relating to psychosocial risk factors in the working Australian population as well as an analysis of relationships between risk factors and employee health and motivational outcomes. Source : http...
Leading indicators of construction safety performance
The concept of using leading indicators of safety performance is introduced with a clear contrast given with lagging indicators. Leading indicators of safety performance are measures of the safety process as it applies to construction work, while lagging indicators pertain to the safety results, namely the extent of the occurrence of worker injuries. Leading indicators consist of both passive as well as active measures. Passive measures are those which can be predictive over an extended period of time while active measures are those which can initiate corrective steps in a short period of time...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
Safety, incentives, and the reporting of work-related injuries among union carpenters
"You're pretty much screwed if you get hurt at work" Background: In the high-risk construction industry little is known about the prevalence or effects of programs offering rewards for workers and/or their supervisors for improved safety records or those that punish workers in some way for injury. Methods : We conducted an anonymous survey of 1,020 carpenter apprentices in three union training programs to document prevalence of their exposure to such efforts. We explored associations between perceptions of the reporting of work-related injury and elements of these programs. Results...
Assessing Employee Safety Motivation
Safety experts estimate that 80-90% of all industrial accidents are attributable to ‘human factors’. Addressing the social and organizational factors that have an impact on safety would therefore seem to be an effective way of reducing accidents. Evidence suggests that workers’ self-reported safety behaviours are associated with fewer injuries and accidents, and research indicates that employees who report higher levels of safety motivation are more likely to engage in safety behaviours at work. To date, safety motivation research has been somewhat limited by its focus on the...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...
Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees
This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between...
Training promotes safer practices
A systematic review led by the Institute for Work & Health shows that training positively influences worker practices, making it an important part of multi-component health and safety programs. The review concluded that health and safety training promotes safer practices among workers and, as such, should be delivered by workplaces as part of a larger OHS program. On its own, however, training will not necessarily prevent injuries and illnesses. Source : At Work, Issue 69, Summer 2012: Institute for Work & Health, Toronto. https://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/69/training-promotes-safer-practices
Study finds persistence of higher injury risk for new workers
We know that newly hired workers face a higher injury rate. Recent research from the Institute for Work & Health finds that the higher risk of work injury among new workers has persisted over the past ten years. This suggests workplaces need to do more to ensure new workers get the training and supervision they need to stay safe on the job. Source : At Work, Issue 69, Summer 2012: Institute for Work & Health, Toronto http://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/69/study-finds-persistence-of-higher-injury-risk-for-new-workers
Les changements d’organisation du travail dans les entreprises : conséquences sur les accidents du travail des salariés
Cet article étudie l'influence des nouvelles formes d'organisation du travail, inspirées du toyotisme (respect de normes de qualité, production en juste-à-temps, équipes autonomes de travail . . .), sur le risque d'accidents du travail et de troubles musculo-squelettiques des salariés. Par rapport à la littérature sur le sujet, il innove sur deux aspects. Il propose tout d'abord une interprétation conjointe de l'influence de ces nouveaux dispositifs sur le risque d'accidents du travail (ou de troubles musculo...
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...
Don’t Separate Workplace Wellness Initiatives from Safety and Health Programs
Some things are meant to work together. Just as you wouldn’t wear only one protective glove and leave the other sitting on the toolbox, incorporating workplace wellness initiatives into safety and health programs may result in a healthier, more productive workplace, new research reveals. “Workplace Health Protection and Promotion: A New Pathway for A Healthier – and Safer – Workforce,” a paper written by a task force from the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) and published in JOEM, suggests that employers can gain a more powerful punch...
Avantages retraite en faveur des travailleurs exposés à l'amiante - L'expérience italienne
La note décrit de manière précise le dispositif italien de retraite anticipée destiné aux travailleurs de l'amiante. Source : http://www.eurogip.fr/fr/docs/Eurogip_NoteRetraiteAmiante_Italie_61F.pdf
Implementation of the Directives on Health and Safety at Work as a Cost Factor
The study aims at better understanding the importance of Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) as a contributing factor to the economic viability of an organisation and looks into the potential effects of the proposals currently on the table for reducing administrative burdens in the field of health and safety at work. It considers the costs and benefits of compliance with OSH obligations, new and emerging risks and the need for new prevention measures to address these. Source : http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/empl/dv/empl_study_healthsafety_/empl_study_healthsafety_en...
Posted workers in the European Union
This report examines the extent of the phenomenon of the posting of workers, the roles played both by European and national-level legislation in determining the employment and working conditions of posted workers and the roles played by legislation and collective bargaining – and how these two domains interplay. The report is in part an update of earlier work carried out in 2003 by Eurofound into the issue – not least, updating the findings with data from the new Member States, which had not joined the Union at that time. Importantly, the research looks at the possible implications...
Minimising the impact of company restructuring
Restructuring, whether undertaken due to financial crisis, or as the result of corporate merger, is traumatic for individual workers, and can have profound economic effects on the local region. However, across Europe many enterprises have made significant efforts – often in collaboration with worker representatives and public authorities – to minimise the effects of job losses. These may include helping workers retrain or find new jobs, and consulting with them about how best to achieve longer-term goals. A report from Eurofound, ERM case studies: Good practice in company restructuring...
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