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Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach
Work–family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion. Source : BMC Nursing , 18(1), 2/18/2019. 10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z
Revue systématique sur les effets du télétravail chez les gestionnaires
Le télétravail représente une option envisageable pour diminuer la surcharge de travail des cadres du réseau de la santé et des services sociaux québécois. Cet arrangement de travail permettrait de se centrer sur des tâches exigeant un plus haut degré de concentration, tout en demeurant disponible pour les équipes de travail. La présente évaluation des technologies et des modes d'intervention (ETMI) a pour but d'identifier les effets du télétravail pour les cadres et de statuer si cette pratique...
The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source: https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition
Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress
Objective: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. Methods: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress. Relationships between office workstation type and these variables were...
L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Impacts potentiels du télétravail sur les comportements en transport, la santé et les heures travaillées au Québec
Ce rapport de recherche utilise les données de l'Enquête sociale générale (ESG) de Statistique Canada menée en 2010 afin d'établir une caractérisation statistique des télétravailleurs québécois et d'estimer certains des impacts potentiels du télétravail sur les comportements relatifs aux déplacements, la santé et les heures travaillées. Nous présentons d'abord le contexte ayant mené à la croissance du télétravail, des estimations de la...
In times of change: How distance managers can ensure employees’ wellbeing and organizational performance
Organizations develop and adapt to societal changes and technological developments, where one consequence is that dispersed workers are more common than never before. It is difficult to ensure employee wellbeing and performance, when separating managers from employees by either time or geography. This paper explores the wellbeing of employees doing distance work, and examines the practices of the distance manager aimed at ensuring employee wellbeing and organizational performance. The pilot study use a case study approach in four organizations with qualitative interviews of distance managers and...
Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work
This report considers the impact of telework/ICT-mobile work on the world of work. It synthesises research carried out by Eurofound’s network of European correspondents and ILO country experts. Source: http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/books/WCMS_544138/lang--fr/index.htm
The demands and resources arising from shared office spaces
The prevalence of flexible and shared office spaces is increasing significantly, yet the socioemotional outcomes associated with these environments are under researched. Utilising the job demands-resources (JD-R) model we investigate both the demands and the resources that can accrue to workers as a result of shared work environments and hot-desking. Data were collected from work experienced respondents (n = 1000) assessing the extent to which they shared their office space with others, along with demands comprising distractions, uncooperative behaviours, distrust, and negative relationships, and...
Organizational justice and disability pension from all-causes, depression and musculoskeletal diseases
A Finnish cohort study of public sector employees Work-related psychosocial factors that are measured once may not provide an accurate estimate of long-term exposure. Thus, we used repeated measures of organizational justice to evaluate its association with disability pension in a cohort of 24 895 Finnish public sector employees. High organizational justice was associated with lower risk of disability pension due to depression and musculoskeletal diseases. Source: Juvani A, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Salo P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http...
Comment bien conduire un projet de conception?
Concentration, restructurations, nouveaux usages de consommation, marchés de compétition inédits, explosion numérique… Jamais les entreprises n'ont été prises dans un tel mouvement de mutations à la fois concomitantes et intégrées. Face à ce flux devenu structurel, leur capacité d'adaptation devient un ressort objectif de compétitivité et de pérennité. Pour mieux expliquer et défendre des transformations parfois douloureuses, beaucoup se rangent derrière un même...
Les dimensions cachées du travail en open space
Le cas de téléconseillers en centres d'appels La tertiarisation de l'économie et le développement de modes d'organisation recherchant la transversalité des échanges s'accompagnent d'une redéfinition des espaces de travail. L'aménagement des bureaux en open space s'est imposé ces deux dernières décennies comme une norme d'organisation spatiale du travail. Dans cet article, nous rendons compte des modes d'investissement et de réalisation de l'activité au sein de plateformes...
Transformation numérique et vie au travail
Le présent rapport s’organise autour de trois axes : Dans une première partie, la mission s’est attachée à identifier les principaux impacts du numérique sur le travail, puis à en déduire les clés d’une réussite de la transformation numérique. La deuxième partie présente de manière plus détaillée l’impact de cette transformation sur les principaux éléments constitutifs du contrat de travail (lieu de travail, temps de travail, lien de subordination), mais...
Occupational noise annoyance linked to depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation
A result from nationwide survey of Korea BACKGROUND: Noise, or undesirable sound, is one of the most common environmental stressors, and it can cause various health effects. Beyond the auditory consequences of occupational noise exposure, extra-auditory effects such as psychological problems have also been found. The aim of the current study is to elucidate the association between occupational noise annoyance and psychological symptoms, including symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A total of 10,020 participants (5,410 men and 4,610 women) were included in the current analysis...
Télétravail
Codes et enjeux d'une organisation hors les murs Le télétravail gagne du terrain, mais n'est pas pour autant toujours formellement encadré dans les entreprises. Pour le faire sortir de cette zone grise, il s'agit de le considérer non pas comme une mesure individuelle exceptionnelle mais comme un nouveau mode d'organisation de l'entreprise, à débattre et à expérimenter. Source : Travail & changement , No. 353, Janvier-février 2014. http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/14692382.PDF
Work environment and participation: the case of teachers in Denmark and New Zealand
Employees' participation in decision making at work is often identified as a key element in work environment quality. In this comparative case study, the focus is on teachers' work in Denmark and Zealand. The substantial variations in work environment quality found across four schools are shown to be associated with corresponding differences in participation. In particular, perceived work environment quality is associated with collective and representative forms of participation. Source : Knudsen, Herman ; Markey, Raymond. Industrial Relations Journal, 2013, vol. 44, no 1, p.38-56. http...
Inmates-to-staff assaults, PTSD and burnout: profiles of risk and vulnerability
Prison employees are often confronted with critical incidents and chronic stressors that may lead to trauma or burnout symptoms. However, most of the research on clinical aspects of interpersonal violence in prisons (inmates-to-staff violence, specifically) focuses either on trauma or on burnout. The purpose of the present study is (a) to examine both burnout and posttraumatic stress among prison staff and (b) to examine the influences of inmates-to-staff violent relations on posttraumatic stress in terms of risk profile to develop PTSD. A random sample of French correctional employees has completed...
The influence of indirect collective trauma on first responders' alcohol use
Previous research has suggested increased risk for negative outcomes such as increased alcohol use among first responders who are involved with the response to a community disaster; however it is not clear how indirect exposure to a critical incident impacts first responders. This work examined the impact of secondary or indirect trauma on changes in alcohol use among urban firefighters who were not directly involved in the response to a large scale community-level disaster. Firefighters enrolled in larger trial of health outcomes whose interview period coincided with the crash of a commercial...
Lack of sleep linked to 274,000 workplace accidents a year
Context : Insomnia is a common and seriously impairing condition that often goes unrecognized. Objectives : To examine associations of broadly defined insomnia (ie, meeting inclusion criteria for a diagnosis from International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, DSM-IV, or Research Diagnostic Criteria/International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition) with costly workplace accidents and errors after excluding other chronic conditions among workers in the America Insomnia Survey (AIS). Design/Setting: A national cross-sectional telephone survey (65.0% cooperation...
Risques psychosociaux, santé et sécurité au travail : une perspective managériale
Cet ouvrage, collectif pluridisciplinaire, est destiné aux responsables des ressources humaines et à l'ensemble des intervenants du monde de la prévention (médecins et psychologues du travail, consultants, membres de CHSCT…). Il présente les éléments permettant de mieux appréhender tous les risques liés au travail, notamment les risques psychosociaux et les questions de souffrance au travail qu'il s'agisse du harcèlement moral, du stress professionnel ou du suicide qui affecte le monde du travail. L'ouvrage...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...
Survey finds men more exposed to physical risks at work than women
In April 2012, the Danish National Institute of Public Health published its report Health and Morbidity in Denmark 2010 – & developments since 1987. The survey looked at aspects of the working environment – both psychosocial and physical. Respondents were asked how they felt about the demands of their workload, the influence they had over their jobs, about working conditions, about lifting and carrying, and about how much support they were given by their managers. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2012/06/DK1206019I.htm?utm_source=EWCO&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign...
Violence interpersonnelle au travail : typologie des acteurs, agresseurs et cibles
Au Canada comme ailleurs dans de nombreux pays industrialisés, l’intérêt pour le phénomène de la violence au travail s’est accru de façon importante, et ce, principalement au cours de la dernière décennie. Les comportements de violence au travail ne sont pas nécessairement nouveaux, mais on y consacre en recherche comme dans la pratique une attention beaucoup plus grande et ils sont même aujourd’hui considérés comme faisant partie des problèmes sociaux sur lesquels il est essentiel de se pencher...
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