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Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Technologies numériques et travail médico-social : retour d’expérience à partir d’une recherche action formation
Dans le cadre d'un programme de recherche, « Les technologies NUmériques au SERvice des USagers dans les établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux » (NUSERUS, septembre 2015 - décembre 2018), qui a pour objectif de recenser et d'analyser les dispositifs sociotechniques utilisés dans les établissements ou services sociaux ou médico-sociaux (ESSMS), notre réflexion se focalise sur les innovations numériques et sociales qui se développent dans ces organisations. Nous mettons en oeuvre une Recherche Action Formation...
Workplace bullying among healthcare professionals in Sweden: a descriptive study
Workplace bullying is a taboo event which occurs worldwide, although the prevalence varies significantly between and within countries. Nurses have been regarded an occupational risk group for bullying at the work place. Bullying in health and social care contexts is sometimes reported as frequent and, other times, as not occurring, which sparked our interest in mapping the occurrence of bullying in the health and social care system in Sweden. Thus, the purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of bullying, and to discuss cultural traditions and environmental factors that affect bullying...
Quelle vulnérabilité des travailleurs européens face aux conditions de travail dégradées?
Les mutations organisationnelles et technologiques engendrent des risques de dégradation des conditions de travail susceptibles d'affecter le bien-être et la santé des travailleurs. Le projet InGRID, financé dans le cadre du programme européen Horizon 2020 pour la recherche et l'innovation, développe de nouvelles méthodes pour mieux identifier les travailleurs qui font face à ces risques. À partir de données recueillies entre 1995 et 2015 pour les quinze pays fondateurs de l'Union européenne, ce 4-pages dresse...
Harcèlement sexuel au travail
Le défenseur des droits publie une enquête exclusive L'enquête réalisée par le Défenseur des droits révèle que, aujourd'hui, en France, 1 femme sur 5 déclare avoir été victime de harcèlement sexuel au travail, ce qui viennent confirmer les propos des témoins, également ciblés par l'enquête. Les gestes et propos à connotation sexuelle sans le consentement de la personne et un environnement de travail avec des blagues à caractère sexuel sont, avec le chantage...
Mental health and work
United Kingdom Awareness of the importance of mental health at work in the UK is among the highest in the world. However, a number of challenges remain to help people with mental health problems stay in work and facilitate their early return to work. The UK has put in place and is putting in place a number of very important reforms. It will be important to implement those reforms rigorously; to modify and strengthen the reforms that have not yet delivered and to close the remaining gaps identified in the report. Source: http://www.oecd.org/els/emp/mentalhealthandwork-unitedkingdom.htm
Physical and psychological violence at the workplace
Selon la quatrième enquête euroépenne sur les conditions de travail (2007), 6% des travailleurs européens rapportent avoir été exposés durant les 12 derniers mois à une forme de violence au travail, physique ou psychologique. La violence au travail peut se manifester de nombreuses façons. Les comportements négatifs, couverts sous le terme de générique de violences au travail, sont si divers qu'il est difficile d'adopter une approche unifiée et intégrée traitant toutes les formes de violence...
Risques psychosociaux et document unique d’évaluation des risques : changer de regard sur le travail
Inscrire les risques psychosociaux dans le document unique répond à une obligation réglementaire. Afin d'aider les entreprises et pour les accompagner dans leurs démarches d'évaluation des risques, plusieurs méthodologies sont aujourd'hui disponibles. La revue Travail et sécurité propose dans l'édition de septembre un dossier sur les risques psychosociaux. Source : http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/
Worker health is good for the economy: Union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries
Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national...
Workplace injury and voice: a comparison of management and union perceptions
This article moves beyond the existing institutional focus on union representation and workplace injury by looking at the substance of union representation and participation in the management of occupational health and safety (OHS). The effects on workplace injuries of different configurations of OHS voice (negotiation, consultation, information or 'none'), as mapped by the perceptions of both management and unions in the same workplace, are explored using the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004. The findings indicate that some participation is better than none, that more...
La formation professionnelle à la santé et à la sécurité au travail : données sur 4 pays européens: Allemagne, Danemark, Italie, Royaume-Uni
La formation à la santé et à la sécurité au travail (SST) fait partie des obligations générales des employeurs énoncées dans la directive-cadre 89/391/CEE. Par ailleurs, dans sa communication sur la Stratégie communautaire 2007-2012 pour la santé et la sécurité au travail, la Commission souligne l'importance de l'intégration de la santé et de la sécurité dans les programmes d'éducation et de formation. La formation initiale s'adresse aux étudiants...
Effects of Occupational Role Conflict and Emotional Demands on Subsequent Psychological Distress: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study of the General Working Population in Norway
Objective : To examine the impact of occupational role conflict and emotional demands on subsequent psychological distress. Methods : A randomly drawn cohort from the general Norwegian working-age population was followed up for 3 years (n = 12,550; response rate = 67%). Eligible respondents were in paid work during the reference week in 2006 and 2009 or temporarily absent from such work (n = 6,745; response rate = 68%). Results : In the fully adjusted model, both high role conflict (odds ratios = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.03) and high emotional demands (odds ratios = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.13 to 1.69...
Relationships between organizational workplace characteristics and perceived workplace strain in call-centers in France
Background Our objective was to study the associations between organizational workplace characteristics (OC) reported by call-center (CC) managers and workplace stressors reported by call-handlers. Methods The managers of 107 CCs were interviewed by their occupational physicians using a questionnaire designed to specifically explore OC in the CCs. Four thousand two call-handlers from these CCs completed a self-report questionnaire including the Karasek and Siegrist work stressor questionnaires and two specific items on other workplace stressors. Results Around one-third of the OC examined were...
The impact of job stress due to the lack of organisational support on occupational injury
OBJECTIVES : The aim of this study was to analyse the association between job stress and occupational injuries. METHODS : A prospective cohort study in a sample of 10 667 workers belonging to the insured population of the Mutual Insurance Company in Spain. Job stress was assessed with the Spanish version of the Job Stress Survey. A 1-year follow-up of the workers' clinical records was conducted to determine the incidence of occupational injuries, and the incidence rate per 1000 workers-year was calculated. The associations between the incidence of occupational injuries, job stress and job stress...
Occupational safety and health and education: a whole-school approach
A Whole-School Approach to OSH integrates risk education and school safety and health management throughout the school’s activities and the way it functions, making them part of school life. It also actively involves staff and pupils in school safety management. The approach improves both risk education and the learning environment for staff and pupils. This report that presents and analyses in-depth cases focused on implementing the whole-school approach. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/occupational-safety-and-health-and-education-a-whole-school-approach
Do cultural dimensions predict prevalence of fatal work injuries in Europe?
Work injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yet, countries differ dramatically on the prevalence of fatal work injuries (FWIs). Are these differences only a function of national economies and infrastructure or also related to entrenched cultural differences? This study tested whether the cultural dimensions of Hofstede, assessed in the 1970s, predict recent FWI in 22 European countries. We hypothesized that Power-Distance Index (PDI) and Masculinity would be positively correlated with FWI, while Individualism and Uncertainty Avoidance (UA) would be inversely correlated...
Horaires atypiques de travail : Le point des connaissances sur ...
L'expression "horaire atypique" s'applique à tous les aménagements du temps de travail situés en dehors du cadre de la "semaine standard" (c'est-à-dire : 5 jours travaillés, du lundi au vendredi ; horaires compris entre 7h00 et 20h00 ; régularité des jours et heures travaillés ; absence de travail les jours fériés). Les formes d'horaires atypiques les plus connues sont le travail de nuit, le travail posté et le travail de fin de semaine. Au sommaire de cette synthèse : - nombre...
Worker participation practices: a review of EU-OSHA case studies : literature review
U-OSHA publishes case studies of good practices to prevent workplace risks. The cases are analysed and effective worker participation consistently appears as a basic requirement for the successful identification of problems and implementation of practical solutions, regardless of the size or type of workplace or type of problem. Many of the cases describe how worker participation took place in practice and its role in introducing successful prevention measures. This report compiles these worker participation components to provide an overview of how worker participation featured in the various cases...
Review of workplace innovation and its relation with occupational safety and health
This report provides evidence that high levels of occupational safety and health (OSH) performance (low accident rates and absenteeism, OSH culture) correlate with workplace innovation and human performance. Workplace innovations are strategy induced and participatory adopted changes in an organisation’s practice of managing, organising and deploying human and non-human resources that lead to simultaneously improved organisational performance and improved quality of working life. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace-innovation-review?sourceid=rss&utm_source...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
Comment les salariés s'expriment-ils sur le travail et les conditions de travail ?
Les résultats du sondage Anact / CSA Le réseau Anact et le groupe CSA ont réalisé un sondage concernant « La place accordée à l'expression des salariés sur le travail et les conditions de travail dans l'entreprise ». A l'occasion de la 9ème édition de la Semaine pour la qualité de vie au travail, le réseau Anact a souhaité mieux connaître comment les salariés s'expriment sur le travail et les conditions de travail et recueillir leur opinion sur la prise en charge de l'amélioration...
Leadership and Occupational Safety and Health: case studies and literature review
This report examines how good leadership practices can promote better occupational safety and health (OSH) behaviour amongst employees. It considers what are the necessary corporate leadership factors on which success depends. It does so by reviewing existing literature on OSH leadership. It also examines 16 detailed case studies from companies across the EU highlighting good practice, the type of activities that deliver achievements, innovative approaches, success factors and the role of stakeholders. In this report recommendations for improving OSH leadership are also made and explored. Source...
After restructuring: labour markets, working conditions and life satisfaction
The ERM Report 2012 focuses on the consequences of restructuring for employees. It examines which employees lost their job at the onset of the economic crisis, which of them found a new job and how both job loss and subsequent re-employment impacted on their overall life situation and satisfaction. It also looks at the impact on working conditions for employees who remain at the restructured firm. Source : Eurofound (2012), ERM report 2012 - After restructuring: labour markets, working conditions and life satisfaction Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. http://www.eurofound.europa...
Prévention des RPS : améliorer l’offre d’accompagnement des entreprises
La monté des risques psychosociaux entraîne une forte demande d’accompagnement de la part des entreprises. Face à la qualité inégale de l'offre, le ministère du travail à confié à l'ANACT une mission d'animation de réseaux de consultants. Conseils, RRH, syndicalistes et institutionnels étaient réunis à Paris le 11 septembre pour échanger sur les modalités d'animation en région. Retour vidéo. Source : http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow...
Qualité du travail et de l’emploi en Belgique, Enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail - 2012
Analyse des résultats belges de l'enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail (Eurofound, EWCS 2010). Un consortium de chercheurs belges a été contacté pour élaborer un rapport ciblé particulièrement sur la qualité du travail et de l’emploi en Belgique, sur la base des informations recueillies par le biais de l’EECT belge en 2010 sur 4000 travailleurs. Une convention a été signée entre la Belgique et Eurofound (Fondation européenne pour l'amélioration des conditions de...
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