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The economics of health and safety at work: an interdiciplinary review of the theory and policy
This paper engages in an interdisciplinary survey of the current state of knowledge related to the theory, determinants and consequences of occupational safety and health (OSH). It first describes the fundamental theoretical construct of compensating wage differentials, which is used by economists to understand the optimal provision of OSH in a perfectly competitive labour market. The plethora of incentives faced by workers and firms in job and insurance markets that determine the ultimate level of OSH are discussed in detail. The extensive empirical evidence from the hedonic wage and stated choice...
Leading indicators of construction safety performance
The concept of using leading indicators of safety performance is introduced with a clear contrast given with lagging indicators. Leading indicators of safety performance are measures of the safety process as it applies to construction work, while lagging indicators pertain to the safety results, namely the extent of the occurrence of worker injuries. Leading indicators consist of both passive as well as active measures. Passive measures are those which can be predictive over an extended period of time while active measures are those which can initiate corrective steps in a short period of time...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
Safety, incentives, and the reporting of work-related injuries among union carpenters
"You're pretty much screwed if you get hurt at work" Background: In the high-risk construction industry little is known about the prevalence or effects of programs offering rewards for workers and/or their supervisors for improved safety records or those that punish workers in some way for injury. Methods : We conducted an anonymous survey of 1,020 carpenter apprentices in three union training programs to document prevalence of their exposure to such efforts. We explored associations between perceptions of the reporting of work-related injury and elements of these programs. Results...
Don’t Separate Workplace Wellness Initiatives from Safety and Health Programs
Some things are meant to work together. Just as you wouldn’t wear only one protective glove and leave the other sitting on the toolbox, incorporating workplace wellness initiatives into safety and health programs may result in a healthier, more productive workplace, new research reveals. “Workplace Health Protection and Promotion: A New Pathway for A Healthier – and Safer – Workforce,” a paper written by a task force from the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) and published in JOEM, suggests that employers can gain a more powerful punch...
Implementation of the Directives on Health and Safety at Work as a Cost Factor
The study aims at better understanding the importance of Occupational Health and Safety (OSH) as a contributing factor to the economic viability of an organisation and looks into the potential effects of the proposals currently on the table for reducing administrative burdens in the field of health and safety at work. It considers the costs and benefits of compliance with OSH obligations, new and emerging risks and the need for new prevention measures to address these. Source : http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/empl/dv/empl_study_healthsafety_/empl_study_healthsafety_en...

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