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Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
Out of sight, out of mind?
Research into the Occupational Safety and Health of Distributed Workers Less well-defined workforce and recent changes to more flexible working patterns are introducing challenges to today's workplaces. One of these transformations is exemplified by the way many workers spend at least some of their work time working away from a main office or location. Leading the occupational safety and health of these distributed workers is challenging, due to less opportunities for face-to-face contact and potential issues of access to safety, health and wellbeing resources. The goal of this research is...
Zero Accident Vision based strategies in organisations: Innovative perspectives
The Zero Accident Vision (ZAV) is a promising approach developed in industry, but not so much addressed by the safety science research community. In a discussion paper in Safety Science (2013) a call was made for more research in this area. Three years later is a good time to take status of developments in this field. A first set of empirical studies has been published, several authors see new perspectives with the vision, while misunderstandings still flourish with a focus on ‘zero incidents' as a ‘goal', rather than the ‘vision' that all occupational incidents are...
Les très petites entreprises
Une équation à plusieurs inconnues On les appréhende comme un ensemble, mais la réalité des très petites entreprises, celles de moins de dix salariés, est plurielle. Aussi les enjeux en matière de conditions de travail réclament-ils de nouvelles approches, plus globales, territoriales et pragmatiques. Source: Travail & changement , No 356, septembre-octobre 2014. http://bourgognefranchecomte.aract.fr/download/site-principal/document/pdf/parutions/tc356.pdf
Improving Employee Productivity Through Improved Health
Objective : The objective of this study was to estimate productivity-related savings associated with employee participation in health promotion programs. Methods : Propensity score weighting and multiple regression techniques were used to estimate savings. These techniques were adjusted for demographic and health status differences between participants who engaged in one or more telephonic health management programs and nonparticipants who were eligible for but did not engage in these programs. Results : Employees who participated in a program and successfully improved their health care or lifestyle...
A model for occupational safety and health intervention diffusion to small businesses
Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations...
The design and implementation of knowledge management systems and e-learning for improved occupational health and safety in small to medium sized enterprises
This paper presents a review of the current challenges associated with occupational safety and health (OSH) in small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). OSH knowledge management and e-learning are considered in turn in the light of current research knowledge, with examination of the challenges and requirements of small businesses. Barriers to progression and suitable solutions from the field of research are discussed. SMEs need to manage their knowledge capital to capture and retain tacit knowledge. Employees need to collaborate and interact in order to make this tacit knowledge explicit and to...
Workplace wellness fails bottom line, waistlines: Report
A long-awaited report on workplace wellness programs, which has still not been publicly released, delivers a blow to the increasingly popular efforts, Reuters has learned, casting doubt on a pillar of the Affordable Care Act and a favourite of the business community. According to a report by researchers at the RAND Corp, programs that try to get employees to become healthier and reduce medical costs have only a modest effect. Those findings run contrary to claims by the mostly small firms that sell workplace wellness to companies ranging from corporate titans to mom-and-pop operations. Source ...
Pike River Coal Mine : Guidelines for company directors on their health and safety responsibilities
An important resource for company directors, and part of the Ministry’s work to implement recommendations from the Royal Commission on the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy, is now available. The Good Governance Practices Guideline for Managing Health and Safety Risks was developed jointly by the Ministry and the Institute of Directors with input from employer and employee groups. The guideline gives practical advice to company directors on managing health and safety risk and influencing performance in this critical area in their organisations. It is an essential resource for directors providing...
The case for research into the zero accident vision
This discussion paper is written out of a concern. We noticed that many companies with a good safety reputation have adopted a zero accident vision, yet there is very little scientific research in this field. The zero accident vision addresses the accidents causing deaths and severe injuries among company staff. In Finland, where more than 280 companies are currently a member of the Finnish ‘Zero Accident Forum', we see that this has supported the member companies to realize significant safety improvements over time, even though their safety performance was already much better than the...
Lean manufacturing
Cette brochure a pour objectif d'apporter à l'ensemble des acteurs de la prévention, ainsi qu'aux décideurs, un éclairage sur les questions que pose le lean vis-à-vis des aspects de santé et de sécurité au travail. En particulier, elle entend donner des repères pour identifier ce qui, dans une organisation de type lean, peut entraîner des situations à l'origine d'accidents, de troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ou de risques psychosociaux (RPS). Des pistes d'action sont également proposées...
Les clés du succès : manager la santé et la sécurité au travail
Des employeurs de plus en plus nombreux choisissent aujourd'hui d'intégrer la prévention dans la gestion globale de leur entreprise en mettant en place un management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail. Cette approche peut favoriser une amélioration continue et durable de la santé et de la sécurité. Mais pour être réellement efficace, elle impose de respecter certains principes clés. Source : http://kiosque.inrs.fr/lettre/archives/001/001_070.html
Working to rule, or working safely? Part 1: A state of the art review
The paper reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view of rules as dynamic, local, situated constructions of operators...
Working to rule or working safely? Part 2: The management of safety rules and procedures
Part 1, the companion paper to this paper (Hale and Borys, this issue) reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how work rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view...
The economics of health and safety at work: an interdiciplinary review of the theory and policy
This paper engages in an interdisciplinary survey of the current state of knowledge related to the theory, determinants and consequences of occupational safety and health (OSH). It first describes the fundamental theoretical construct of compensating wage differentials, which is used by economists to understand the optimal provision of OSH in a perfectly competitive labour market. The plethora of incentives faced by workers and firms in job and insurance markets that determine the ultimate level of OSH are discussed in detail. The extensive empirical evidence from the hedonic wage and stated choice...
A review of the literature on effective leadership behaviours for safety
There is widespread agreement between industry, regulators, academics and the press that leadership is a key component of a safe organisation. While there is considerable literature on leadership, very little of this addresses the issue of safety, particularly in the major hazard sector. This research aims to identify specific leadership styles, attitudes, behaviours and practices. Source . http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr952.pdf
Leading indicators of construction safety performance
The concept of using leading indicators of safety performance is introduced with a clear contrast given with lagging indicators. Leading indicators of safety performance are measures of the safety process as it applies to construction work, while lagging indicators pertain to the safety results, namely the extent of the occurrence of worker injuries. Leading indicators consist of both passive as well as active measures. Passive measures are those which can be predictive over an extended period of time while active measures are those which can initiate corrective steps in a short period of time...
The main benefits associated with health and safety management systems certification in Portuguese small and medium enterprises post quality management system certification
The purpose of this study is to characterize how Portuguese Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) view the Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMSs) certification process, after receiving the Quality Management System (QMS) certification. References were based on the ISO 9001 standard for a QMS and OHSAS 18001 for OHSMS. The method used to evaluate the implemented systems, was by form of questionnaire. Those questioned had to have a certified quality management system, an implemented OHSMS and be a SME. The questionnaire was sent to 300 SMEs; 46 responses were received and validated...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of occupational injury prevention programs at the company level
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational injury prevention program, known as the Preferential Action Plan (PAP), focused on companies with high incidence rates of occupational injuries. We studied 1189 companies in the industrial, construction and services sectors between 1999 and 2007 in the Valencia region (Spain). Our sample included 507,262 workers, among whom 44,250 non-fatal occupational injuries with at least a workday lost were registered. Companies included in a PAP program were divided into three intervention groups, according to the year that each company entered...
Review of workplace innovation and its relation with occupational safety and health
This report provides evidence that high levels of occupational safety and health (OSH) performance (low accident rates and absenteeism, OSH culture) correlate with workplace innovation and human performance. Workplace innovations are strategy induced and participatory adopted changes in an organisation’s practice of managing, organising and deploying human and non-human resources that lead to simultaneously improved organisational performance and improved quality of working life. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace-innovation-review?sourceid=rss&utm_source...
Motivation for employees to participate in workplace health promotion : literature review
This report presents the findings of a literature review that identifies the motivating factors for employees to participate in workplace health promotion (WHP). This knowledge can be used to improve WHP programmes and, consequently, participation rates. The findings section of the report is divided into two key areas. The first outlines and describes some of the key findings from the literature concerning workers’ motivation to participate in WHP, and the second examines the role that diversity may play in workers’ participation and recruitment. WHP is the combined efforts of employers...
Determining safety inspection thresholds for employee incentives programs on construction sites
The goal of this project was to evaluate approaches of determining the numerical value of a safety inspection score that would activate a reward in an employee safety incentive program. Safety inspections are a reflection of the physical working conditions at a construction site and provide a safety score that can be used in incentive programs to reward workers. Yet it is unclear what level of safety should be used when implementing this kind of program. This study explored five ways of grouping safety inspection data collected during 19 months at Harvard University-owned construction projects...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
Leadership and Occupational Safety and Health: case studies and literature review
This report examines how good leadership practices can promote better occupational safety and health (OSH) behaviour amongst employees. It considers what are the necessary corporate leadership factors on which success depends. It does so by reviewing existing literature on OSH leadership. It also examines 16 detailed case studies from companies across the EU highlighting good practice, the type of activities that deliver achievements, innovative approaches, success factors and the role of stakeholders. In this report recommendations for improving OSH leadership are also made and explored. Source...
Safety, incentives, and the reporting of work-related injuries among union carpenters
"You're pretty much screwed if you get hurt at work" Background: In the high-risk construction industry little is known about the prevalence or effects of programs offering rewards for workers and/or their supervisors for improved safety records or those that punish workers in some way for injury. Methods : We conducted an anonymous survey of 1,020 carpenter apprentices in three union training programs to document prevalence of their exposure to such efforts. We explored associations between perceptions of the reporting of work-related injury and elements of these programs. Results...
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