Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Travail en mouvement » Indicateurs (RSS)
Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying.
Work environment hypothesis, a predominant theoretical framework in workplace bullying literature, postulates that job characteristics may trigger workplace bullying. Yet, these characteristics are often assessed by employees based on their experience of the job. This study aims to assess how job characteristics, independently assessed via Occupational Information Network (O*NET), are related to perceived job characteristics reported by employees, which, in turn, are associated with self-reported workplace bullying. Multilevel mediation analyses from 3,829 employees in 209 occupations confirmed...
An Approach to Assess the Burden of Work-Related Injury, Disease, and Distress
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made. This...
Developing register-based measures for assessment of working time patterns for epidemiologic studies
Objectives: Epidemiological studies suggest that long working hours and shift work may increase the risk of chronic diseases, but the “toxic” elements remain unclear due to crude assessment of working time patterns based on self-reports. In this methodological paper, we present and evaluate objective register-based algorithms for assessment of working time patterns and validate a method to retrieve standard payroll data on working hours from the employer electronic records. Methods: Detailed working hour records from employers' registers were obtained for 12 391 nurses and physicians...
L’OCDE lance l’Indicateur du vivre mieux 3.0 : la satisfaction à l’égard de la vie, la santé et l’éducation sont au cœur des priorités
L’OCDE a lancé une version 3.0 de son Indicateur du vivre mieux ( http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/fr/ ), outil en ligne interactif qui permet aux individus de créer leur propre index sur la base de leurs priorités dans 11 domaines que l’OCDE a identifiés comme essentiels pour le bien-être. La version actualisée contient les dernières statistiques de base, les données nationales ainsi que les observations des utilisateurs. Elle est également disponible en espagnol pour la première fois. « Notre Indicateur du...
A hierarchical factor analysis of a safety culture survey
Introduction Recent reviews of safety culture measures have revealed a host of potential factors that could make up a safety culture (Flin et al., 2000 and Guldenmund, 2000). However, there is still little consensus regarding what the core factors of safety culture are. The purpose of the current research was to determine the core factors, as well as the structure of those factors that make up a safety culture, and establish which factors add meaningful value by factor analyzing a widely used safety culture survey. Method A 92-item survey was constructed by subject matter experts and was administered...
La Dares souligne le rôle important des conditions de travail dans les absences au travail
L'absentéisme est souvent perçu comme un comportement opportuniste du salarié. Or une publication récente de la DARES soutient que les variations du taux absentéisme relèvent pour beaucoup des différentes contraintes physiques et/ou mentales auxquelles les salariés peuvent être exposés. Les enquêtes statistiques exhaustives sur l'absentéisme sont rares. L'étude "Les absences au travail des salariés pour raisons de santé : un rôle important des conditions de travail"...
Leading indicators of construction safety performance
The concept of using leading indicators of safety performance is introduced with a clear contrast given with lagging indicators. Leading indicators of safety performance are measures of the safety process as it applies to construction work, while lagging indicators pertain to the safety results, namely the extent of the occurrence of worker injuries. Leading indicators consist of both passive as well as active measures. Passive measures are those which can be predictive over an extended period of time while active measures are those which can initiate corrective steps in a short period of time...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of occupational injury prevention programs at the company level
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational injury prevention program, known as the Preferential Action Plan (PAP), focused on companies with high incidence rates of occupational injuries. We studied 1189 companies in the industrial, construction and services sectors between 1999 and 2007 in the Valencia region (Spain). Our sample included 507,262 workers, among whom 44,250 non-fatal occupational injuries with at least a workday lost were registered. Companies included in a PAP program were divided into three intervention groups, according to the year that each company entered...
Determining safety inspection thresholds for employee incentives programs on construction sites
The goal of this project was to evaluate approaches of determining the numerical value of a safety inspection score that would activate a reward in an employee safety incentive program. Safety inspections are a reflection of the physical working conditions at a construction site and provide a safety score that can be used in incentive programs to reward workers. Yet it is unclear what level of safety should be used when implementing this kind of program. This study explored five ways of grouping safety inspection data collected during 19 months at Harvard University-owned construction projects...
Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Presenteeism
Objective : The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of presenteeism, to develop and test a model of the relationship between workplace factors and presenteeism, and to assess the perceived influence of manager, coworkers, and self on presenteeism. Methods : We used survey data collected for 6309 employees from seven different organizations. Results : Nearly 60% of the sample reported presenteeism during a 3-month period. The model was supported, with presenteeism linking workplace factors and health outcomes to productivity, as predicted. The majority of participants (67%) indicated...
Photographie statistique selon le sexe des AT/MP et des accidents de trajet entre 2000 et 2010 en France
Photographie statistique selon le sexe des AT/MP et des accidents de trajet entre 2000 et 2010 en France L'ANACT a analysé les chiffres 2000-2010 de la sinistralité au travail en France sous l'angle du genre. Cette étude permet d'avancer quelques constats et hypothèses concernant la santé des salariés femmes et hommes au travail. On observe que les accidents du travail concernent davantage les hommes que les femmes. Mais le nombre des accidents du travail touchant les femmes est en constante augmentation depuis 2000 tandis que celui des accidents...
L’investissement dans la sécurité et la santé joue un «rôle déterminant» dans les performances économiques, confirme une étude de l’AISS
Une étude pilote coordonnée par l'AISS sur les coûts et bénéfices économiques des investissements dans la prévention, qui a porté sur 300 entreprises implantées dans 15 pays différents, a comparé des données relatives aux mesures de prévention adoptées et analysé les pratiques mises en œuvre. Ses résultats montrent que le ratio coût-bénéfices des investissements dans la prévention peut atteindre 2,2, voire plus pour les mesures directes comme les investissements...
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...
Well-being at work: innovation and good practice
The EU Well-being at Work project in 2008 sought to encourage comprehensive action promoting the better health, safety and well-being of the workforce simultaneously with the organisation’s productivity and success. A report published by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health describes the management changes needed to achieve well-being at work and presents a self-evaluation matrix that organisations can use to determine the standard of their performance Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2011/06/FI1106011I.htm http://osha.europa.eu/fop/finland/fi/good_practice/progress/tyohyvinvointi...
Quels indicateurs de la qualité de vie au travail ?
Dossier spécial dans Travail & changement , No 334, Novembre / Décembre 2010 Le foisonnement des indicateurs mis en place dans les entreprises est un indéniable gage de bonne foi dans leur tentative d'aborder la qualité de vie au travail. Mais cette multitude est aussi révélatrice d'un manque de cohésion à l'échelle nationale. L'Anact s'est donc essayé à rendre plus utiles et incontournables ces indicateurs, regroupé en quatre grandes familles dessinant les contours d'un indice, le CSE...
A review of methods used across Europe to estimate work-related accidents and illenesses among the self-employed
The overall proportion of self-employed workers is stable in Europe, however there has been a marked growth over recent years in the number of self-employed working in the services and construction sectors. The level of self-employment in high risk sectors such as agriculture and construction means that the capturing of accurate OSH data for this group becomes ever more important. Currently, such information is available at European level from surveys of workers, such as Eurofound's European working conditions survey (EWCS) and the LFS (2007 ad-hoc module on accidents at work and work-related...
Painting, Firefighting, and Shiftwork
IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans , Volume 98 (2010) This publication represents the views and expert opinions of an IARC Monographs Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, which met in Lyon, 2–9 October 2007. Source : http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol98/
Absence from work
This study addresses patterns of absenteeism in the EU27 and Norway, the costs involved, policies for dealing with absence and general developments in relation to promoting health and well-being. Average rates of absence across Europe are between 3% and 6% of working time and the cost is estimated to be about 2.5% of GDP. While some countries are attempting to control costs, others put the emphasis on promoting health and well-being. The purpose of this study is to outline the overall extent of absence from work and the policies that have been developed to deal with it. Source : http://www.eurofound...
Why Do Employees Come to Work When Ill?
An investigation into sickness presence in the workplace This leading-edge report emphasises that employers should not ignore the impact of sickness presence – working when ill- as it relates to lower performance, higher sickness absence, higher work-related stress and poorer psychological wellbeing. Source : http://www.theworkfoundation.com/research/publications/publicationdetail.aspx?oItemId=242&parentPageID=102&PubType
La crise économique, un facteur générateur d’absences ?
L'absentéisme en entreprise est un indicateur de dysfonctionnements divers : organisation du travail, santé du personnel, engagement et implication, qualité des relations sociales. Les conditions de travail jouent donc un rôle crucial dans les variations de cet indicateur. Mais qu'en est-il en temps de crise ? Dans une année 2009 marquée par un fort ralentissement économique, et une augmentation du chômage, la peur de perdre son emploi devrait avoir fait reculer l'absentéisme. ALMA Consulting Group nous livre le contraire...
Absentéisme : le débat est ouvert
Dossier spécial dans Travail & changement , No 329, Janvier / Février 2010 Difficile de se pencher sur un sujet lorsque celui-ci est encore mal défini... mais se fait bel et bien sentir. C'est pourtant bien la tâche incombant aux entreprises pour mieux comprendre et prévenir l'absentéisme, qui a considérablement crû en France ces vingt dernières années. Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/3300374.PDF
Sécurité d'emploi et employabilité : contribution au débat sur la flexicurité
Le concept de flexicurité (l’équilibre entre les besoins de flexibilité et de sécurité des employées et des employeurs) émerge depuis quelques années comme une thématique centrale. Un rapport de la « Fondation européenne pour l’amélioration des conditions de vie et de travail » précise quatre indicateurs qui doivent être pris en compte dans la discussion sur la flexicurité. L’analyse est basée sur les résultats de l’Enquête européenne sur...
Achieving Business Excellence - Health, Well-Being and Performance
This publication is designed to disseminate knowledge and to promote good practice: Healthy societies need healthy employees in healthy enterprises. Contents The European network "Enterprise for Health" (EfH): managing healthy work - learning from each other The role of corporate health and workplace partnership in Europe's economies - nice to have or key to strategic asset? Developing the business case for investing in corporate health and workplace partnership - indicators and instruments Healthy ageing - a challenge for business and societies Mental health and leadership: practices...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives