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Occupational safety and health interventions to protect young workers from hazardous work – A scoping review
Abstract Occupational injury rates are higher among young people when compared to older age groups. Objective Identifying preventive occupational safety and health interventions that aim at protecting young workers from hazards at work while considering their ongoing physical and mental maturation. Methods We ran a sensitive search strategy in twelve electronic databases to locate studies. Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts, and later full texts for eligibility. One person extracted the details of studies and another checked for errors. Data were analyzed in an iterative...
Occupational Safety and Health Among Young Workers in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Literature Review
This review aimed to identify risk factors for occupational accidents and illnesses among young workers in the Nordic countries and to attain knowledge on specific vulnerable groups within the young working force that may need special attention. We conducted a systematic review from 1994 to 2014 using five online databases. Of the 12,528 retrieved articles, 54 met the review criteria and were quality assessed, in which data were extracted focusing on identifying occupational safety, health risk factors, and vulnerable groups among the young workers. The review shows that mechanical factors such...
Les jeunes Québécois qui font appel aux agences de placement
Comment perçoivent-ils leurs conditions de travail et quels avantages en retirent-ils? Ce texte examine la situation des jeunes travailleurs embauchés par les agences de placement au Québec. Il est fondé sur les résultats d'une recherche menée par le biais d'entrevues semi-dirigées auprès de 40 jeunes de la grande région de Québec. Nos analyses montrent que les jeunes travailleurs d'agence sont fortement scolarisés, ont de faibles revenus et sont en importante proportion des immigrants et des étudiants...
Safety climate and accidents at work
Cross-sectional study among 15,000 workers of the general working population Methods: In the 2012 round of the Danish Work Environment and Health Study, 15,144 workers from the general working population of Denmark replied to questions about safety climate and accidents at work. Mutually adjusted logistic regression analyses determined the association between variables. Results: Within the last year, 5.7% had experienced an accident resulting in sickness absence. The number of safety climate problems was progressively associated with the odds ratio (OR) for accidents. For one safety climate problem...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Adolescent workers' experiences of and training for workplace violence
Adolescent workers may not be aware that violence is a safety concern in the workplace. As part of a larger mixed-methods pilot study, investigators used a self-administered survey and individual interviews with 30 adolescent workers from a chain of food service stores in a Midwestern metropolitan area to explore experiences of workplace violence (WPV) and ways of learning WPV-specific information. Participants reported experiencing verbal and sexual harassment and robberies. Most participants reported awareness of WPV-specific policies and procedures at their workplace; the ways participants reported...
Roles of age, length of service and job in work-related injury: A prospective study of 63,620 person-years in female workers.
Background The roles of age, length of service and job in various work-related injury types are unknown and deserve investigations among female workers. This study assessed their roles in the occurrence of injury. Methods Three-year prospective study of all 22,952 permanently employed women at the French national railway company: 63,620 person-years, 756 injuries with working days lost, coded using the company's injury classification derived from that of the French health insurance scheme. We investigated the incidence of four types of injury: fall on same level, fall to lower level, materials...
Assessment of occupational health and safety hazard exposures among working college students
Background Adolescents and young adults have higher injury rates than their adult counterparts in similar jobs. This study used the working college student population to assess health and safety hazards in the workplace, characterize related occupational diseases and injuries, and describe worker health/safety activities provided by employers. Methods College students (≥17 years old) were assessed via online surveys about work history, workplace exposure to hazards, occupational diseases/injuries, and workplace health/safety activities. Results Approximately half (51%) of participants (n ...
Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees
This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between...
Study finds persistence of higher injury risk for new workers
We know that newly hired workers face a higher injury rate. Recent research from the Institute for Work & Health finds that the higher risk of work injury among new workers has persisted over the past ten years. This suggests workplaces need to do more to ensure new workers get the training and supervision they need to stay safe on the job. Source : At Work, Issue 69, Summer 2012: Institute for Work & Health, Toronto http://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/69/study-finds-persistence-of-higher-injury-risk-for-new-workers
Flexicurity: Actions at Company Level
The aim of flexicurity is to improve employment opportunities for workers, while at the same time increasing flexibility, enabling organisations to adapt their operations and employment levels to business needs. The past few years have, however, been particularly challenging for European labour markets: the recent financial crisis and recession have had an inevitable negative impact on EU labour markets and unemployment levels. This has called into question the effectiveness of the flexicurity strategy in terms of supporting vulnerable workers. Eurofound research in six EU Member States analysed...
Les transformations des parcours d’emploi et de travail au fil des générations
Lorsqu'on les interroge sur leur passé professionnel, les générations les plus récentes retracent des parcours moins stables que les plus anciennes. En 2006, l'expérience du chômage concernait près d'un individu sur deux pour les générations nées après 1960, alors qu'elle était beaucoup moins fréquente pour les générations antérieures dont les carrières professionnelles étaient pourtant plus longues. Les nouvelles générations sont plus diplômées...
Harassment at work?
Empowerment and autonomy as coping strategies of young workers There is a considerable number of researches about workplace violence, but few relate young workers and work harassment. This study aimed to investigate the reported perceptions of young apprentices and trainees about moral harassment at work and related coping strategies. Forty adolescent workers (22 men and 18 women) between 15 and 20 years old who received training by a non-governmental organization in São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. Data collection included individual and collective interviews. It was used an...
Ontario youth work injury rate declining more steeply, converging with adult rate
Working is a big part of the lives of Canadian teenagers and young adults. One of the most consistent findings in occupational health and safety research over the last two decades is that younger workers have more non-fatal work injuries (and lost-time claims) than adults. Given this tendency, this study sought to examine trends in young worker and adult lost-time claim rates in Ontario in recent years. This type of information is helpful because it provides policy-makers in occupational health and safety with evidence/information to help them determine the best place to target their prevention...
Espagne : les jeunes ouvriers de la construction, principales victimes des accidents mortels du travail
Les autorités de la Communauté autonome de Castille-La Manche (centre de l'Espagne) viennent de publier un rapport qui analyse la cause des accidents du travail mortels qui se sont produits dans cette région d'Espagne entre 2005 et 2007. L'analyse porte sur 90 cas. Elle permet de mieux comprendre les causes qui contribuent à ces accidents. Différents groupes de causes ont été identifiés. Les deux groupes de causes qui contribuent le plus aux accidents mortels sont l'organisation du travail et une mauvaise gestion de la prévention...
Les cheminements longs
Données, méthodes et apports pour les analyses du marché du travail. XVIèmes journées d'étude sur les données longitudinales dans l'analyse du marché du travail Pour ces XVIes Journées du Longitudinal, le thème retenu des cheminements longs donne l'occasion de dresser un état des lieux des analyses de trajectoires individuelles sur longue période. Depuis plusieurs années, les travaux présentés lors des journées d'étude du Céreq mettent l'accent sur l'apport...
Le nombre d'accidents du travail des jobistes continue à baisser
Prévention et Interim, le Service Central de Prévention pour le secteur du Travail Intérimaire, a présenté les statistiques des accidents du travail des étudiants jobistes pour 2009. La baisse du nombre d'accidents perdure mais leur gravité a augmenté. Source : http://fr.prevent.be/net/net01.nsf/p/A3CB684F2919144FC125769500390BD2
Promoting young people’s inclusion in labour market
Policy concern is growing in many Member States about the rising numbers of young people who are entering long-term disability schemes – in many cases, because of mental health problems, such as depression or anxiety disorders. Eurofound's research into the issue will feature at an upcoming high-level conference on labour market inclusion hosted by the Swedish Presidency, on 26–27 October in Stockholm. Politicians, experts, researchers and stakeholders from across the EU will look at ways of tackling the issue. Source : http://www.se2009.eu/en/meetings_news/2009/10/26/high_level_conference_on_labour_market_inclusion
Mutations du travail
Différentes générations vivent ensemble dans les entreprises et se partagent le marché du travail. Face aux mutations du travail, chacune dispose d’atouts et de faiblesses; des points critiques sont présents dans chaque groupe d’âge. La qualité et l’équilibre des relations intergénérationnelles sont un enjeu important pour la cohésion sociale et l’intégration de toutes les générations dans le monde du travail. http://www.ftu-namur.org/fichiers/Emerit56.pdf

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