Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Travail en mouvement » Organisation de la production » Santé psychologique (RSS)
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Influence of organizational context on nursing home staff burnout
A cross-sectional survey of care aides in Western Canada Purpose: Our study examined care aide characteristics, organizational context, and frequency of dementia-related resident responsive behaviours associated with burnout. Burnout is the experience of emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. Care aide burnout has implications for turnover, staff health, and quality of care. Design and methods: We used surveys collected from 1194 care aides from 30 urban nursing homes in three Western Canadian provinces. We used a mixed-effects regression analysis to assess care aide characteristics...
Joint association of sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions with registered long-term sickness absence
A Danish cohort study Objectives: Sleep problems and adverse psychosocial working conditions are associated with increased risk of long-term sickness absence. Because sleep problems affect role functioning they may also exacerbate any effects of psychosocial working conditions and vice versa. We examined whether sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions interact in their associations with long-term sickness absence. Methods: We linked questionnaire data from participants to two surveys of random samples of the Danish working population (N=10 752) with registries on long-term sick leave...
Characteristics of shift work and their impact on employee performance and wellbeing
A literature review Objectives: To identify the characteristics of shift work that have an effect on employee's performance (including job performance, productivity, safety, quality of care delivered, errors, adverse events and client satisfaction) and wellbeing (including burnout, job satisfaction, absenteeism, intention to leave the job) in all sectors including healthcare. Review methods: The search was conducted between January and March 2015. Studies were drawn from all occupational sectors (i.e. health and non health), meeting the inclusion criteria: involved participants aged ≥18...
A practical scale for Multi-Faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment
The current study sought to develop a practical scale to measure 3 facets of workplace health climate from the employee perspective as an important component of a healthy organization. The goal was to create a short, usable yet comprehensive scale that organizations and occupational health professionals could use to determine if workplace health interventions were needed. The proposed Multi-faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment (MOHCA) scale assesses facets that correspond to 3 organizational levels: (a) workgroup, (b) supervisor, and (c) organization. Ten items were developed and tested...
The crossover of psychological distress from leaders to subordinates in teams
The role of abusive supervision, psychological capital, and team performance This study examines the underlying mechanism of the crossover process in work teams. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize that a leader's psychological distress positively influences subordinates' psychological distress through abusive supervision. We further hypothesize that team performance attenuates the association between a leader's psychological distress and abusive supervision. In addition, we expect that psychological capital attenuates the positive relationship between abusive...
Long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine
A follow-up study with register linkage Objective: This study aimed to investigate the possibility of a prospective association between long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine. Methods: Survey data drawn from random samples of the general working population of Denmark in the time period 1995–2010 were linked to national registers covering all inhabitants. The participants were followed for first occurrence of redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medicine. The primary analysis included 25 959 observations (19 259 persons) and yielded a total of 2914 new cases of psychotropic...
Les effets paradoxaux de la surveillance électronique dans un centre d'appels sous-traitant
Le développement de systèmes de surveillance électronique sur les plateformes d'appels téléphoniques permet l'enregistrement et la mesure de la performance des salariés de manière continue. L'expérimentation dont rend compte ce Connaissance de l'emploi vise à mieux comprendre le fonctionnement des systèmes de surveillance électronique dans un contexte de travail réel. Elle teste les effets d'une diminution de l'intensité de la surveillance électronique sur la qualité...
Workplace stress and working from home influence depressive symptoms among employed women with young children
BACKGROUND: Poor balance between work and family can be a major stressor for women with young children and have a negative impact on emotional well-being. Family-friendly workplace attributes may reduce stress and depressive symptoms among this population. However, few studies have analyzed the role of specific workplace attributes on mental health outcomes among women with young children because available data are limited. PURPOSE: This study examines the impact of workplace attributes on changes in depressive symptoms among working women with young children between 6 and 24 months of age. METHOD...
Pilotage du travail et risques psychosociaux
Selon l'enquête Sumer 2010, un tiers des salariés n'ont ni entretien individuel d'évaluation, ni objectifs chiffrés. L'entretien individuel d'évaluation fondé sur des critères « précis et mesurables » mais sans objectifs chiffrés concerne, quant à lui, 20 % des salariés. Ces derniers déclarent plus souvent que les premiers bénéficier d'autonomie et de soutien social de la part de leur hiérarchie ou de leurs collègues, et moins souvent ressentir des conflits...
Le syndrome d'épuisement, une maladie professionnelle
Cette étude à la fois qualitative, quantitative et assise sur l'examen de la littérature académique en la matière n'a évidemment pas l'ambition d'un travail de recherche fondamentale. Elle est toutefois le fruit d'un travail collectif pluridisciplinaire approfondi et rigoureux entre médecin du travail, psychologue clinicien, psychologue du travail, statisticien et spécialiste de l'organisation du travail. Par ailleurs, la variété des entreprises dans lesquelles intervient Technologia ainsi que la multiplicité...
Psychosocial Work Conditions, Health, and Leadership of Managers
Although psychosocial work conditions, health and leadership are concepts that have been studied for a long time, more knowledge is needed on how they are related in managers. Existing research suggests that managers are very influential in their workplaces, but the way in which their workplaces influence them is often overlooked. As a result, the potential reciprocity between managers' psychosocial work conditions, health and leadership is not in focus. Furthermore, managers have often been studied as a uniform group and little consideration has been given to potential differences between...
Bien-être émotionnel au travail et changement organisationnel. Le cas Essilor
Pour s'adapter aux modifications d'un environnement très concurrentiel, la plupart des entreprises mettent en place des projets de changements organisationnels. Ce faisant, elles se heurtent à des difficultés liées notamment aux situations de mal-être que ces changements peuvent induire. Cet article vise à explorer les effets de nouvelles politiques managériales sur le bien-être émotionnel des salariés. A partir du cas d'un des sites du Groupe Essilor, les auteurs explorent les politiques mises en oeuvre dans le contexte...
Preventing construction worker injury incidents through the management of personal stress and organizational stressors
Construction workers (CWs) are positioned at the lowest level of an organization and thus have limited control over their work. For this reason, they are often deprived of their due rewards and training or sometimes are even compelled to focus on production at the expense of their own safety. These organizational stressors not only cause the CWs stress but also impair their safety behaviors. The impairment of safety behaviors is the major cause of CW injury incidents. Hence, to prevent injury incidents and enhance safety behaviors of CWs, the current study aimed to identify the impact of various...
Psychosocial precursors and physical consequences of workplace violence towards nurses
A longitudinal examination with naturally occurring groups in hospital settings BACKGROUND: Workplace violence towards nurses is prevalent and consequential, contributing to nurses' reduced health and safety, worsened job attitudes, and compromised productivity. OBJECTIVES: To examine if organizational violence prevention climate as perceived by nurses predicts nurses' physical violence exposure and if physical violence exposure predicts nurses' somatic symptoms and musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. DESIGN: A two-wave longitudinal design with naturally occurring groups, with a 6-month...
Le lean et ses effets sur la santé
En France, le lean management a du mal à s’installer dans un débat équilibré entre ses vices et ses vertus. D’où vient le malaise persistant devant cette nouvelle offensive du lean ? Source : Lepetit, M. Le lean et ses effets sur la santé , La Revue de la CFDT no 103, p. 28-32 http://www.aprat.com/docs/le_lean_et_ses_effets_sur_la_sante__lepetit.pdf
The speed kills you
The Voice of Nebraska's Meatpacking Workers Over the last decade, important efforts have been made to shed light on the conditions of workers within the meatpacking industry and create momentum for change.1 What makes this report unique is that it focuses on what workers see and experience on a daily basis and their thoughts and ideas about what needs to change. What is apparent from this report is that meatpacking workers care deeply about getting this story out to the public in order to improve safety conditions in the plants. We surveyed 455 workers across Nebraska – one of the country's...
Psychosocial working conditions
Latest figures for 2009 The latest national statistics on Psychosocial working conditions, produced by the Health and Safety Executive, were released on 28 October 2009 according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority. This report presents analysis of 2009 data from an annual series of surveys on psychosocial working conditions which began in 2004. These surveys were set up to monitor changes in the psychosocial working conditions of Demand, Control, Managerial Support, Peer Support, Role, Relationships and Change in British workplaces. Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics...
Work factors affect off-the-job drinking habits
In this study, researchers looked at the relationship between drinking habits and how work is organized. Alcohol-related problems are a significant public health challenge, and the degree to which work contributes to alcohol abuse among employees remains a concern. Job stress and job alienation are two ways through which work organization may influence drinking. http://www.iwh.on.ca/highlights/work-factors-affect-off-the-job-drinking-habits
Contribution du travail à l'incidence des problèmes de détresse psychologique au Canada
L'étude a pour objet d'examiner la manière dont la profession et les condition de l'organisation du travail favorisent, sur une période de huit années, l'apparition d'un problème de détresse psychologique chez la main-d'oeuvre canadienne. Le modèle d'analyse se situe dans une perspective sociologique de l'action sociale qui tient compte de la diversité des environnements de vie et des caractéristiques individuelles. Regards sur le travail Printemps-été 2009, p. 2 http://www.travail.gouv...
Publication des actes du séminaire scientifique sur la prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail
Les 26, 27 et 28 novembre 2007 s'est tenu à Paris un séminaire scientifique, organisé par le réseau Anact sur le thème de la prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail (RPS). Cette rencontre a donné lieu à la production d'actes, aujourd'hui disponibles sur le site de l'Anact. Ceux-ci rassemblent les interventions des contributeurs sur les différentes approches d'analyse des RPS (gestion, psychologie du travail, médecine et épidémiologie, ergonomie) et les comptes-rendus des...
Wellbeing and work: Future challenges
The aim of the Project is to advise the Government and the private sector on how to achieve the best possible mental development and mental wellbeing for everyone in the UK in the future. http://www.foresight.gov.uk/Mental Capital/Wellbeing_and_work.pdf

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives