Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Travail en mouvement » PME (RSS)
Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry
Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in ‘small and medium enterprises', SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more). The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
The business case for safety and health: Cost–benefit analyses of interventions in small and medium-sized enterprises
This report examines the economic aspects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions in small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs). First, case studies in the existing literature were identified and examined. Second, 13 new case studies on OSH initiatives in European SMEs were developed, with a business case for each intervention prepared according to a common model. The OSH interventions studied were generally profitable, and these new case studies therefore provide a useful tool to allow owners and managers of SMEs an insight into the potential benefits of improving OSH and the key factors...
Les très petites entreprises
Une équation à plusieurs inconnues On les appréhende comme un ensemble, mais la réalité des très petites entreprises, celles de moins de dix salariés, est plurielle. Aussi les enjeux en matière de conditions de travail réclament-ils de nouvelles approches, plus globales, territoriales et pragmatiques. Source: Travail & changement , No 356, septembre-octobre 2014. http://bourgognefranchecomte.aract.fr/download/site-principal/document/pdf/parutions/tc356.pdf
A model for occupational safety and health intervention diffusion to small businesses
Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations...
The design and implementation of knowledge management systems and e-learning for improved occupational health and safety in small to medium sized enterprises
This paper presents a review of the current challenges associated with occupational safety and health (OSH) in small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). OSH knowledge management and e-learning are considered in turn in the light of current research knowledge, with examination of the challenges and requirements of small businesses. Barriers to progression and suitable solutions from the field of research are discussed. SMEs need to manage their knowledge capital to capture and retain tacit knowledge. Employees need to collaborate and interact in order to make this tacit knowledge explicit and to...
Evaluer les RPS dans le secteur sanitaire et social : Un nouvel outil pour faire le point sur les risques psychosociaux
Cet outil a été développé pour aider les petites structures (moins de 50 salariés) du secteur sanitaire et social à évaluer les risques psychosociaux (RPS) et à intégrer ces risques dans leur document unique. Il est composé : - d'une grille sous forme Excel comprenant une quarantaine de questions, à renseigner collectivement (responsable de la structure et salariés). Elle permet de s'interroger et d'identifier la présence ou non d'éventuels RPS dans la structure. - d'un tableau...
The main benefits associated with health and safety management systems certification in Portuguese small and medium enterprises post quality management system certification
The purpose of this study is to characterize how Portuguese Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) view the Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMSs) certification process, after receiving the Quality Management System (QMS) certification. References were based on the ISO 9001 standard for a QMS and OHSAS 18001 for OHSMS. The method used to evaluate the implemented systems, was by form of questionnaire. Those questioned had to have a certified quality management system, an implemented OHSMS and be a SME. The questionnaire was sent to 300 SMEs; 46 responses were received and validated...
Petites et très petites entreprises. Vers une sécurité à grande échelle : Dossier TS
Dans les petites entreprises (moins de 50 salariés), la prévention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles est à la fois perçue comme difficile à mettre en oeuvre, faute d'une organisation dédiée au sein des établissements et source d'inquiétudes diffuses et récurrentes : un accident du travail grave ou une maladie professionnelle avérée sont susceptibles de déstabiliser, voire de mettre en péril, l'ensemble des activités de l'entreprise. Le rôle des partenaires...
Quelle prévention dans les PME / TPE ? Une nouvelle étude de l’INRS
L’INRS a publié le 8 mars les résultats d’une étude réalisée par l'institut LH2, du 8 au 22 décembre 2010, sur les risques professionnels dans les entreprises de moins de 50 salariés. Celle-ci révèle un manque de préoccupation et de connaissances dans le domaine des risques professionnels. Quand on sait que les structures de moins de 50 salariés représentent 98% des entreprises relevant du régime général, on imagine l’urgence pour tous les acteurs de la prévention...
The Big Picture
Solving the “problem” of OHS in small business Solutions to the “problem” of health and safety in small business are slow in coming. At the 2009 Alf Nachemson Memorial Lecture, Dr. Joan Eakin drew upon her years of research to help explain why. Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/at-work/59/the-big-picture-solving-the-problem-of-ohs-in-small-business

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives