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Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress
Objective: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. Methods: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress. Relationships between office workstation type and these variables were...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des policiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant comme objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de policiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est une cause importante de décès au travail chez les policiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Deux mille quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (2099) policiers ainsi que sept cent cinquante-six (756) policières ont répondu au questionnaire en ligne. Les données ont été...
Common human factors underlying worker fatalities in the waste and recycling industry
Research was carried out to identify common human factors underlying fatal incidents and to provide insights into possible options for concerted action to help reduce the likelihood of serious incidents or fatalities. The research reviewed 18 fatal incidents and included in-depth interviews with HSE inspectors involved in the incident investigations. Of these incidents, 12 were in ‘small and medium enterprises', SMEs (with less than 250 employees) and 6 in large enterprises (250 or more). The research identified two priority human factors areas to tackle to reduce worker fatalities: equipment...
Développement du monoripage et conditions de travail
Depuis quelques années se développe la pratique du monoripage, c'est-à-dire la collecte des déchets par un équipage constitué d'un opérateur de collecte et d'un chauffeur. Une étude menée par l'INRS révèle que dans les conditions observées une telle collecte est physiquement plus intense que celle réalisée en biripage. Elle présente alors un risque plus élevé de troubles musculosquelettiques et une astreinte cardiaque excessive. L'étude montre qu'il...
Shiftwork and the Retinal Vasculature Diameters Among Police Officers
Objective: To investigate associations of central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), a measure of retinal arteriolar width, and central retinal venular equivalents (CRVE), a measure of retinal venular width, with shiftwork in 199 police officers (72.9% men). Methods: Shiftwork (day, afternoon, night) was assessed using electronic payroll records. Four digital retinal images per officer were taken. Mean diameters of the retinal vasculature were compared across shifts using analysis of variance (ANOVA)/analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: Among all officers (mean age = 46.6 ± 6.8 years...
Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada
Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and severities for Canadian PSP. Methods: An online survey was made available in English or French from September 2016 to January 2017. The survey assessed current symptoms, and participation...
Emotional demands at work and the risk of clinical depression
A longitudinal study in the Danish public sector OBJECTIVE: This study is a 2-year follow-up study of different dimensions of work-related emotional demands as a predictor for clinical depression. METHODS: In a two-wave study, 3224 (72%) public employees from 474 work-units participated twice by filling in questionnaires. Sixty-two cases of clinical depression were diagnosed. Emotional demands were examined as perceived and content-related emotional demands, individually reported and work-unit based. Support, meaningful work, and enrichment were considered as potential effect modifiers. RESULTS...
Organizational justice and disability pension from all-causes, depression and musculoskeletal diseases
A Finnish cohort study of public sector employees Work-related psychosocial factors that are measured once may not provide an accurate estimate of long-term exposure. Thus, we used repeated measures of organizational justice to evaluate its association with disability pension in a cohort of 24 895 Finnish public sector employees. High organizational justice was associated with lower risk of disability pension due to depression and musculoskeletal diseases. Source: Juvani A, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Salo P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http...
What is the preferred number of consecutive night shifts?
Results from a crossover intervention study among police officers in Denmark Among police officers in Denmark, we studied (i) how many consecutive night shifts participants preferred at baseline; (ii) preferences regarding three intervention conditions (two, four, and seven consecutive night shifts followed by the same number of days off/day shifts: ‘2 + 2', ‘4 + 4', ‘7 + 7') at follow-up; (iii) characteristics of participants preferring each of these intervention conditions. Questionnaire data from a crossover intervention study were used (baseline: n = 73; follow...
Supervisor and team leader competence in roadside waste and recycling collection
It is widely recognised that team leaders and supervisors have an important role in persuading their crews of the importance of health and safety procedures and safety performance standards. To enable them to fulfil this role they need to have the necessary leadership, interpersonal and communication skills. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the training and competence requirements for these roles and whether any training-related improvements are required. The aim of the project was to identify the competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours) required for road side waste...
A Comparative Study of Workplace Bullying Among Public and Private Employees in Europe
Objectives: Workplace bullying emerges from a set of individual, organizational, and contextual factors. The purpose of this article is hence to identify the influence of these factors among public and private employees. Methods: The study is carried out as a statistical–empirical cross-sectional study. The database used was obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey 2010. Results: The results reveal a common core with respect to the factors that determine workplace bullying. Despite this common base that integrates both models, the distinctive features of the harassed employee...
Conditions de travail et performance des organisations publiques
Entre contraintes économiques et changements sociétaux, les trois fonctions publiques vivent une profonde mutation. Devant les tensions croissantes et la perte de repères ressentie par les agents, la question des conditions de travail et de la qualité de vie au travail s'impose. Source: Travail & Changement , avril-mai-juin 2015,numéro 359. http://fr.calameo.com/read/0000881550fa85c59f4c0
Work characteristics, personal resources, and employee well-being
A longitudinal study among Finnish firefighters In today´s work life, employees are expected not only to be reasonably healthy, but also to be highly engaged and work efficiently. However, at the same time, the prevalence of mental health disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal systems is high. Therefore, understanding and enhancing employee well-being as a whole is essential. This study examined the longitudinal effects of work characteristics, personal resources, and lifestyle on employee well-being by applying three theoretical frameworks Job Demands-Resources model, Conservation...
Psychological distress and dyslipidemia in Chinese police officers
A 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating whether psychological distress in police officers was associated with dyslipidemia. METHODS: A survey was conducted to examine the psychological distress among 5867 police officers in Tianjin, China, from 2007 to 2011. Psychological distress was measured using the Symptom Check List-90-Revised. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) of the incidence of dyslipidemia predicted by psychological distress. RESULTS: Among the 3300 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline...
Law Enforcement Officer Motor Vehicle Safety
Motor-vehicle crashes are the leading cause of occupational fatality among Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs), yet data on motor-vehicle-related incidents and motor-vehicle operations are scant. Unfortunately, the limited avail­ability of data makes it difficult for agencies to develop and implement evidence-based prevention programs. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored a statewide survey on officers' thoughts about and experiences with motor-vehicle-related incidents. This statewide survey included a random sample of 60 law enforcement agencies and...
Workaholism and Mental Health Problems Among Municipal Middle Managers in Norway
Objective: To provide empirical knowledge about the antecedents and outcomes of workaholism among municipal middle managers within the framework of the job demands–resources model. Methods: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect cross-sectional data (n = 118) on job demands, job resources, work engagement, workaholism, and mental health problems. Results: Workaholism correlated positively with both work engagement and mental health problems. Job demands affected workaholism and mental health problems more strongly than did job resources. The results indicate that workaholism...
Workplace violence and depressive symptomatology among police officer
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of depression in police officer is higher than in the general population. Police officers are often exposed to work place violence, long time work, shift work and other pcychosocial stressers. This study was conducted to evaluate the occupational factors associated with depressive symptomatology in police officer. METHOD: The study sample was 7476 police officers. A structured questionnaire was used to assess exposures to violence, shift working with jobs, health behaviours and sociodemographic factors. Subjects with depressive symptomatology was who experienced depressive...
Physical Activity in Police Beyond Self-Report
Objective: Police officers have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease. Reductions in occupational physical activity may contribute to the risk, yet there have been few efforts to characterize the physical demands of police work beyond self-report. Purpose: To compare measured physical activity between work and off-duty hours and assess the effects of stress on physical activity. Methods: Officers (n = 119) from six departments wore a pattern recognition monitor for 96 hours to measure total energy expenditure (kilocalorie per hour) (1k/cal = 4184 joules), activity intensity, and step count per...
Violence au travail
Sondage dans trois secteurs professionnels Entre janvier 2011 et octobre 2012, l'équipe a mené une étude réalisée sous la forme d'un sondage Internet auprès de 2889 travailleurs des secteurs des affaires municipales, des affaires provinciales et de la santé et des services sociaux. Les travailleurs de ces trois secteurs professionnels courent un risque particulièrement élevé d'être victimes ou témoins d'actes de violence grave. Le sondage portait sur les actes de violence dont les travailleurs auraient...
Contributions of ergonomics to the construction of bus drivers health and excellence in public transport and at work
This article is the product of research that analyzed the work of bus drivers of a public transportation company that is considered a benchmark reference in its field of operations, in which it strives to achieve operating excellence. Within this context, the authors sought to understand how such a company has managed to maintain a policy that is capable of reconciling quality public transport while also providing working conditions compatible with the professional development, comfort and health of its workers. Ergonomic work analysis and activity analysis were the guiding elements used in this...
Reducing work and family conflict in teachers: a randomised controlled trial of Workplace Triple P
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a workplace parenting intervention aimed at reducing work-family conflict and improving work and family functioning in teachers. One hundred and seven teachers (who were also parents) were randomly allocated to either a Workplace Triple P intervention condition or a waitlist control condition. Analyses indicated the intervention had a positive effect on a range of occupational variables including work-to-family conflict, family-to-work conflict, occupational stress and teaching efficacy. Intervention effects were also found for family- and...
Inmates-to-staff assaults, PTSD and burnout: profiles of risk and vulnerability
Prison employees are often confronted with critical incidents and chronic stressors that may lead to trauma or burnout symptoms. However, most of the research on clinical aspects of interpersonal violence in prisons (inmates-to-staff violence, specifically) focuses either on trauma or on burnout. The purpose of the present study is (a) to examine both burnout and posttraumatic stress among prison staff and (b) to examine the influences of inmates-to-staff violent relations on posttraumatic stress in terms of risk profile to develop PTSD. A random sample of French correctional employees has completed...
Is absence related to work stress? A repeated cross-sectional study on a special police force
Background Sickness absence due to illness is considered an indicator of work-related stress. Police work is a very stressful job. Sickness absence and sick leave are frequent among policemen. Methods We tested whether stress variables were predictors of absenteeism in a police unit specifically assigned to the maintenance of law and order. Results Control, Reward, and Support were negatively related to frequency of absence and short-term absence. Demand and Effort were positively related to total lost days. Absence recorded in the previous year was the best predictor of absenteeism. We also found...
The influence of indirect collective trauma on first responders' alcohol use
Previous research has suggested increased risk for negative outcomes such as increased alcohol use among first responders who are involved with the response to a community disaster; however it is not clear how indirect exposure to a critical incident impacts first responders. This work examined the impact of secondary or indirect trauma on changes in alcohol use among urban firefighters who were not directly involved in the response to a large scale community-level disaster. Firefighters enrolled in larger trial of health outcomes whose interview period coincided with the crash of a commercial...
Souffrance au travail : 71 mesures pour arrêter les dégâts
La FGAF (Fédération Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires) publie un livre blanc sur la souffrance au travail permettant d'améliorer la qualité de vie au travail des agents de la fonction publique. Sur 200 pages, ce document dresse un état des lieux complet sur la souffrance au travail des fonctionnaires et des agents publics, une question de plus en plus cruciale dans le débat sur les conditions de travail. Réalisé avec la participation des 18 organisations membres de la FGAF issues des 4 fonctions publiques (Etat, territoriale...
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