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Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms
A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms...
Pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire, stratégie de faire face et stratégie de défense chez les enseignants débutants
Un autre regard sur les éléments contributifs d’une vulnérabilité au phénomène de décrochage professionnel Cet article porte sur la pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire dans l’enseignement secondaire en France. À partir de présupposés issus d’une approche transactionnelle du stress et d’une psychodynamique du travail son originalité est d’en documenter la complémentarité pour analyser les facteurs contributifs de cette pénibilité et pour comprendre...
Dérives de la recherche et détresse psychologique chez les universitaires
Les professeures et professeurs des universités québécoises se montrent généralement engagés dans leur travail. Pourtant, de 20 à 25 % d'entre eux révèlent avoir vécu un problème d'ordre psychologique lié à ses conditions d'exercice. Comment reconnaître ce qui peut favoriser ou compromettre la santé psychologique et l'engagement dans une carrière professorale? Comment prévenir les malaises observés et y remédier? Pour répondre à ces questions...
Pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire, stratégie de faire face et stratégie de défense chez les enseignants débutants
Un autre regard sur les éléments contributifs d'une vulnérabilité au phénomène de décrochage professionnel Cet article porte sur la pénibilité au travail en milieu scolaire dans l'enseignement secondaire en France. À partir de présupposés issus d'une approche transactionnelle du stress et d'une psychodynamique du travail son originalité est d'en documenter la complémentarité pour analyser les facteurs contributifs de cette pénibilité et pour comprendre les stratégies...
Climate congruence: How espoused psychosocial safety climate and enacted managerial support affect emotional exhaustion and work engagement
The alignment between espoused (saying) and enacted (doing) psychosocial safety climate (PSC; a climate for worker psychological health) is important to consider in relation to health and work outcomes. This diary study explored the interplay (moderation and mediation processes) between espoused PSC (organizational level PSC) and daily enacted PSC (operationalized in the specific domain of managerial support) and their relationships to worker psychological health (i.e., daily emotional exhaustion) and motivation (i.e., daily work engagement). In all, 545 diary data points were collected within...
Workplace Bullying Among Teachers
An Analysis From the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) Model Perspective This paper adopts the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model to analyze workplace bullying among teachers. The data used for this research are obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Given the objective of this work, a subsample of 261 education employees is collected: 48.7% of these teachers report having experienced workplace bullying (N=127), while 51.3% indicate not considering themselves as bullied at work (N=134). In order to test the research model and hypotheses, this study relies on the use of partial least...
Santé psychologique des chercheurs
Un mal-être profond semble affecter le monde du travail en général. Une détresse psychologique agissant comme un sérieux signal de déséquilibre. Cet extension du domaine du stress atteindrait aussi celles et ceux qui pratiquent la recherche, même s'ils exercent un « métier » où les facteurs de protection sont nombreux: autonomie, actions qui ont du sens, exercice de sa compétence et collégialité. Quelles tensions, pressions ou souffrances sont ressenties par le corps professoral universitaire...
Preventing secondary traumatic stress in educators
Teachers can be vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) because of their supportive role with students and potential exposure to students' experiences with traumas, violence, disasters, or crises. STS symptoms, similar to those found in posttraumatic stress disorder, include nightmares, avoidance, agitation, and withdrawal, and can result from secondary exposure to hearing about students' traumas. This article describes how STS presents, how teachers can be at risk, and how STS can manifest in schools. A US Department of Education training program is presented, and thoughts on future...
La santé psychologique et la performance au travail
Des liens longitudinaux bidirectionnels? Bien que certains indicateurs d'attitude ou de vécu affectif aient été liés à la performance individuelle au travail, peu d'études se sont intéressées à ces liens au plan longitudinal. Les méthodes de recherches longitudinales sont pourtant pertinentes, considérant qu'ils permettent d'inférer la direction de la relation entre les variables. S'intéressant au concept bidimensionnel de santé psychologique au travail, composé de fort bien...
Physical Assaults Among Education Workers
Findings From a Statewide Study OBJECTIVE: Enumerate and describe physical assaults occurring to Pennsylvania education workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was mailed to a random sample of 6450 workers, stratified on gender, occupation, and region. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors for physical assault. RESULTS: During the 2009-2010 school year, 309 of 2514 workers were assaulted 597 times. Special education teachers, urban workers, and those in their first 3 years of employment were at an increased risk. Most assaults did not lead to medical care or time away from work;...
Work environment and participation: the case of teachers in Denmark and New Zealand
Employees' participation in decision making at work is often identified as a key element in work environment quality. In this comparative case study, the focus is on teachers' work in Denmark and Zealand. The substantial variations in work environment quality found across four schools are shown to be associated with corresponding differences in participation. In particular, perceived work environment quality is associated with collective and representative forms of participation. Source : Knudsen, Herman ; Markey, Raymond. Industrial Relations Journal, 2013, vol. 44, no 1, p.38-56. http...
Occupational safety and health and education: a whole-school approach
A Whole-School Approach to OSH integrates risk education and school safety and health management throughout the school’s activities and the way it functions, making them part of school life. It also actively involves staff and pupils in school safety management. The approach improves both risk education and the learning environment for staff and pupils. This report that presents and analyses in-depth cases focused on implementing the whole-school approach. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/occupational-safety-and-health-and-education-a-whole-school-approach
STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress
A European initiative “STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress” recently published its main results, including a guidebook that aims at providing educators and educational/training institutions with a useful, practical and validated tool to manage properly psychosocial risks in the educational sector and to improve educators’ resilience towards stress. Source : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/ . Certaines publications sont disponibles en français : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/index_FR.html Rapport sur la situation du tress : analyse des besoins...
Risk factors for work-related injuries among university student employees
This study identified contributing risk factors in the occurrence of work-related injuries among university students employed at a single university. Four hundred seventy-six student employees completed the survey in March 2010. The majority of respondents were female (66%) and the average age of all respondents was 20.7 yr. A pre-validated survey instrument was taken from the Youth Employment and School Study (YESS) and contained scales for the risk factors of interest. Results show significant differences in the amount of work-school conflict, boredom, workplace hazards, and workload between...
Pupils with special educational needs in basic education schools and teachers’ sickness absences
A register-linkage study Objectives : We examined whether having a high percentage of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in basic education schools increases the risk of sickness absence among teachers and whether this risk is dependent on the pupil–teacher ratio (PTR), an indicator of teacher resources at school. Methods : We obtained register data on 8089 teachers working in 404 schools in 10 municipalities in Finland during the school year 2004–2005. We used multilevel multinomial regression models to examine the risk of teachers' short- and long-term sickness absence...
ETUCE, Teachers’ work-related stress – survey results and brochure
The European trade union committee for education - ETUCE - has made available a study report containing the full overview of the results of its stress survey as well as the ETUCE project brochure on Teachers' work-related stress: European-wide Survey - Assessment, Comparison and Evaluation of the Impact of Psychosocial Hazards on Teachers at their Workplace in the EU. The full survey report and annexes are only available in English. The ETUCE brochure summarising the project and its results is available in English, French ... Source : http://etuce.homestead.com/ETUCE_en.html http://teachersosh...
Tackling Stress in Higher Education
The stress experienced by workers in higher education greatly exceeds levels laid down in the Health and Safety Executive's management standards, according to the college union UCU. http://www.ucu.org.uk/media/pdf/8/a/ucu_hestress_dec08.pdf
La violence dans l'enseignement
Selon une récente étude de la Fondation européenne pour l'amélioration des conditions de vie et de travail, les cas de violence physique et psychologique sur le lieu de travail sont de plus en plus fréquents. Cette conclusion s'appuie sur la quatrième Enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail (European Working Conditions Survey ou EWCS) de 2005, pour laquelle la Fondation avait interviewé près de 30.000 travailleurs dans les 27 États membres. Dans le cadre de cette enquête, la Fondation compare le secteur...

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