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Risk Perception Key to Workplace Safety and Health
A recent study of 1,334 workers from 20 mine sites found that miners who avoid risk were less likely to experience near-miss incidents, according to a paper published in the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Why is it important to know about near-miss incidents? Previous NIOSH research showed that the likelihood of future injury may increase with the number of near misses. A near miss, otherwise known as a “close call,” is an occurrence that could have caused harm but did not. In high-risk occupations, near-miss incidents must be reported. Risk management, including...
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among chinese underground coal miners
Although underground coal miners are quite susceptible to depressive symptoms due to a highly risky and stressful working environment, few studies have focused on this issue. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and to explore its associated factors in this population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a coal-mining population in northeast China. A set of self-administered questionnaires was distributed to 2500 underground coal miners (1,936 effective respondents). Depressive symptoms, effort-reward imbalance (ERI), overcommitment (OC), perceived...
Pike River Coal Mine : Guidelines for company directors on their health and safety responsibilities
An important resource for company directors, and part of the Ministry’s work to implement recommendations from the Royal Commission on the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy, is now available. The Good Governance Practices Guideline for Managing Health and Safety Risks was developed jointly by the Ministry and the Institute of Directors with input from employer and employee groups. The guideline gives practical advice to company directors on managing health and safety risk and influencing performance in this critical area in their organisations. It is an essential resource for directors providing...
Near Misses in High–Risk Occupations
In this study, the authors hypothesize that safety-specific job engagement is important to prevent occupational near misses in high-risk occupations. The authors also hypothesize that safety program–focused justice perceptions and the absence of job distractions provide the workplace conditions necessary to support this engagement. Further, safety-specific job engagement mediates the prediction of occupational near misses by justice perceptions and job distractions. Results of a survey administered to 2,488 full-time employees working in the manufacturing, nuclear research and production...
Human factors in the major hazard industries
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has recently published two significant reports assisting both it and other organisations sharing the aim of using human factors to better manage and prevent the risk of major accident hazards. In the first report, (RR758) the authors, Greenstreet Berman Ltd consider the extent to which those with influence within high hazard industries take account of Human factors and Ergonomics (HF/E) when making decisions about ‘process safety'. The second report, from Oxford University (RR772) details the offshore working time arrangements in operation in the...
Activités, expérience et santé à l’épreuve des évolutions du travail : recherches dans quatre secteurs professionnels
Ce rapport de recherche présente les exposés et débats de l’édition 2007 du séminaire « Ages et travail » organisé par le Créapt. Le thème retenu en 2007 était :« Activités, expérience et santé à l’épreuve des évolutions du travail : recherches dans quatre secteurs professionnels ». Ces quatre secteurs sont la santé, le transport ferroviaire, la métallurgie et l’agriculture.

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