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A retrospective cohort study of shift work and risk of incident cancer among German male chemical workers
Objective: Human evidence of carcinogenicity concerning shift work is inconsistent. This industry-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between working in a rotating shift and cancer incidence. Methods: The cohort consisted of male production workers (12 609 shift and 15 219 day), employed in a large chemical industry for at least one year between 1995–2005, and residing in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Incident cancer cases from 2000–2009 were identified through record linkage with the cancer registry of Rhineland-Palatinate. Information on exposure...
Bien-être émotionnel au travail et changement organisationnel. Le cas Essilor
Pour s'adapter aux modifications d'un environnement très concurrentiel, la plupart des entreprises mettent en place des projets de changements organisationnels. Ce faisant, elles se heurtent à des difficultés liées notamment aux situations de mal-être que ces changements peuvent induire. Cet article vise à explorer les effets de nouvelles politiques managériales sur le bien-être émotionnel des salariés. A partir du cas d'un des sites du Groupe Essilor, les auteurs explorent les politiques mises en oeuvre dans le contexte...
Near Misses in High–Risk Occupations
In this study, the authors hypothesize that safety-specific job engagement is important to prevent occupational near misses in high-risk occupations. The authors also hypothesize that safety program–focused justice perceptions and the absence of job distractions provide the workplace conditions necessary to support this engagement. Further, safety-specific job engagement mediates the prediction of occupational near misses by justice perceptions and job distractions. Results of a survey administered to 2,488 full-time employees working in the manufacturing, nuclear research and production...
Economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics intervention in a textile plant
In this study we report on the economic evaluation of a participatory ergonomics process undertaken at a clothing manufacturer in Southwestern Ontario, Canada that employs approximately 300 workers. We undertake a cost-benefit analysis from the company perspective. Intervention costs amounted to $65,787 and intervention benefits $360,614 (2011 Canadian dollars). The net present value was $294,827, suggesting that the intervention was worth undertaking based on the costs and consequences over the measurement period spanning more than four years. Based on these costs and benefits, the benefit-to...
Caractère soutenable du travail et trajectoires ouvrières
Études de cas dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires L'article analyse les conditions du travail ouvrier dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires à partir d'entretiens réalisés en 2006 auprès d'ouvriers et de responsables d'usines. Il montre que celles-ci sont particulièrement défavorables dans les usines fournisseurs soumises à la domination de donneurs d'ordres puissants tels que les constructeurs automobiles et les enseignes de la grande distribution. Les exigences...
Inquiry into recruitment and employment in the meat and poultry processing sector
Report of the findings and recommendations In October 2008, the Commission launched an inquiry into recruitment and employment in the meat and poultry processing sector in England and Wales. We wanted to examine how the people working in this industry are recruited, and how they are treated once they are at work. This would help us to identify practices that inhibit equality and damage relations between different nationalities and types of worker, and barriers that prevent progress. It would also allow us to make recommendations to overcome these issues by drawing on current good practice in the...

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