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Workplace Violence Toward Mental Healthcare Workers Employed in Psychiatric Wards
Background: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers (HCWs) employed in psychiatric inpatient wards is a serious occupational issue that involves both staff and patients; the consequences of WPV may include increased service costs and lower standards of care. The purpose of this review was to evaluate which topics have been focused on in the literature and which are new in approaching the concern of patient violence against HCWs employed in psychiatric inpatient wards, in the past 20 years. Methods: We searched for publications in PubMed and Web of Science using selected keywords. Each...
Psychosocial safety climate, emotional exhaustion, and work injuries in healthcare workplaces
Preventing work injuries requires a clear understanding of how they occur, how they are recorded, and the accuracy of injury surveillance. Our innovation was to examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influences the development of reported and unreported physical and psychological workplace injuries beyond (physical) safety climate, via the erosion of psychological health (emotional exhaustion). Self-report data (T2, 2013) from 214 hospital employees (18 teams) were linked at the team level to the hospital workplace injury register (T1, 2012; T2, 2013; and T3, 2014). Concordance between survey...
Proceedings from the 5th International Conference on Violence in the Health Sector
The 5th International Conference on Violence in the Health Sector was held on October 26-28, 2016. This year's theme was "Broadening our view – responding together." Source: http://www.oudconsultancy.nl/Resources/Proceedings_5th_ICVHS_Dublin.pdf
How institutions matter for job characteristics, quality and experiences
A comparison of home care work for older people in Australia and Sweden This article seeks to understand a puzzling finding: that workers in publicly funded home care for older people in Australia, compared to those in Sweden, feel that they are better able to meet their clients' needs, that their workplaces are less pressed, and that their work is less burdensome and more compatible with their family and social commitments. This finding seems to challenge expectations fostered by comparative sociological research that job quality and care services are inferior in Australia compared to Sweden...
Des conditions de travail en EHPAD vécues comme difficiles par des personnels très engagés
Les conditions de travail des soignants d'établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes changent sous l'effet de l'évolution récente des profils de résidents : amplification des tâches sanitaires au détriment du relationnel, renforcement des exigences de qualification des professionnels et du contrôle qualité, exigence accrue des résidents.Aux dires des personnels soignants, travailler en EHPAD est difficile, aussi bien physiquement que psychiquement, et la charge mentale y est...
Évaluation et intervention en matière de climat psychologique de travail chez le personnel infirmier
Une revue de la littérature Cette revue de littérature a pour thème central l'influence du climat psychologique de travail et de la satisfaction au travail sur l'intention de quitter chez les infirmières. Plus spécifiquement, il s'agit d'abord d'exposer l'influence des dimensions du climat psychologique de travail, soit les perceptions liées à la nature de l'emploi, au rôle professionnel, à la qualité du leadership, à la qualité de l'équipe de travail ainsi qu'à l'organisation...
High Stress and Negative Health Behaviors
A Five-Year Wellness Center Member Cohort Study Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. Methods: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. Results: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P<0.05) between stress level and poor physical health behaviors (physical...
The Impact of a Rigorous Multiple Work Shift Schedule and Day Versus Night Shift Work on Reaction Time and Balance Performance in Female Nurses
A Repeated Measures Study Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a demanding work schedule involving long, cumulative work shifts on response time and balance-related performance outcomes and to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders between day and night shift working nurses. Methods: A questionnaire was used to identify the prevalence of past (12-month) and current (7-day) musculoskeletal disorders. Nurses worked three 12-hour work shifts in a 4-day period. Reaction time and balance tests were conducted before and after the work period. Results: The work...
Characteristics of shift work and their impact on employee performance and wellbeing
A literature review Objectives: To identify the characteristics of shift work that have an effect on employee's performance (including job performance, productivity, safety, quality of care delivered, errors, adverse events and client satisfaction) and wellbeing (including burnout, job satisfaction, absenteeism, intention to leave the job) in all sectors including healthcare. Review methods: The search was conducted between January and March 2015. Studies were drawn from all occupational sectors (i.e. health and non health), meeting the inclusion criteria: involved participants aged ≥18...
Night shift work and incidence of diabetes in the Danish Nurse Cohort
Objectives: Night shift work has been associated with poor sleep, weight gain, metabolic syndrome, which are recognised risk factor for diabetes. However, only a few studies have examined the effect of shift work on diabetes risk. Here, we study the association between shift work and incidence of diabetes in Danish nurses. Methods: We used the Danish Nurse Cohort with 28 731 participating female nurses recruited in 1993 (19 898) or 1999 (8833), when self-reported baseline information on diabetes prevalence, lifestyle and working time were collected, and followed them in the Danish Diabetes Register...
Antecedents to workplace injury in the health care industry
A synthesis of the literature Background: The U.S. Department of Labor has identified the health care industry as a major source of all U.S. workplace injuries. Studies have shown that injury within the health care workforce is related to high turnover rates, burnout, poor job satisfaction, and leaving the health care workforce permanently, thus contributing to the existing health care workforce shortages. Purpose: The purpose of this synthesis of the literature was twofold. The first was to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the occupational health and safety literature to determine the key...
A multilevel study on the association of observer-assessed working conditions with depressive symptoms among female eldercare workers from 56 work units in 10 care homes in Denmark
Objectives: Eldercare workers in Denmark have a higher prevalence of poor psychological health than other occupational groups. We examined the association between working conditions assessed by trained observers and depressive symptoms assessed by self-report in a study of female Danish eldercare workers. Methods: Working conditions were observed based on action regulation theory and defined as (1) regulation requirements, a workplace resource providing opportunity for decision-making and skill development and (2) barriers for task completion. We examined the associations of individual and work...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Stress among nurses working in emergency, anesthesiology and intensive care units depends on qualification
A Job Demand-Control survey Background: The nurse stress literature reports an overwhelming culture of acceptance and expectation of work stressors, ironically linked to the control of the workplace to effectively and proactively manage stress. The stressors involved in delivering “stress management” have been well studied in nursing-related workplaces, especially in acute care settings in accordance with the Karasek Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model. However, little is known about the effects of specificity of an acute care unit and the level of qualifications on stress experienced...
Physical Capacity and Risk for Long-Term Sickness Absence
A Prospective Cohort Study Among 8664 Female Health Care Workers Objective: To assess the prospective associations between self-reported physical capacity and risk of long-term sickness absence among female health care workers. Methods: Female health care workers answered a questionnaire about physical capacity and were followed in a national register of sickness absence lasting for two or more consecutive weeks during 1-year follow-up. Using Cox regression hazard ratio analyses adjusted for age, smoking, body mass index, physical workload, job seniority, psychosocial work conditions, and previous...
Les conditions de travail dans les établissements de santé
Les conditions de travail dans les établissements de santé sont particulières : contraintes de rythme de travail élevées, exposition à des produits dangereux, tensions avec le public, confrontation à la souffrance des patients. Les enquêtes sur les conditions de travail, réalisées depuis une décennie dans le milieu hospitalier, mettent toutefois en avant une diminution globale des contraintes de rythme et une stabilisation des contraintes horaires. Source: http://www.drees.sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/panorama2014_dossier1.pdf
L’approche relationnelle de soins dans les CHSLD
Mieux comprendre son implantation et explorer son impact L'Approche relationnelle de soins (ARS) est une pratique de soins que l'ASSTSAS implante depuis une dizaine d'années dans les établissements de soins de longue durée par le biais d'une formation de formateurs et qui vise autant la qualité des services aux résidents que la santé au travail des soignants. Cette recherche est exploratoire - il s'agit de la première étude portant sur l'ARS - et collaborative de par le partenariat établi avec un organisme décideur...
What are the significant factors associated with burnout in doctors?
Background Burnout syndrome is well established as a condition that affects a significant proportion of practising doctors. Although much literature exists on the prevalence of burnout, only specific variables associated with this condition have been analysed. Aims To identify and categorize key factors that are associated with burnout across various medical specialities and geographical locations. Methods Three electronic databases were searched for literature on the factors associated with burnout published in the past 5 years. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied in three stages. We...
Total and Cause-Specific Mortality of U.S. Nurses Working Rotating Night Shifts
Background : Rotating night shift work imposes circadian strain and is linked to the risk of several chronic diseases. Purpose : To examine associations between rotating night shift work and all-cause; cardiovascular disease (CVD); and cancer mortality in a prospective cohort study of 74,862 registered U.S. nurses from the Nurses' Health Study. Methods : Lifetime rotating night shift work (defined as ≥3 nights/month) information was collected in 1988. During 22 years (1988–2010) of follow-up, 14,181 deaths were documented, including 3,062 CVD and 5,413 cancer deaths. Cox proportional...
La médecine du travail aux urgences
Dans la plupart des pays européens, le médecin du travail est un acteur central de la prévention des risques professionnels. Médecin au service des salariés, il doit veiller à ce que le travail ne nuise pas à leur santé. De par sa connaissance de leur environnement professionnel, il intervient également auprès des employeurs afin qu'ils l'améliorent. La dégradation depuis plusieurs années des conditions d'exercice de ce métier représente donc une véritable menace pour la santé...
Caring for Yourself While Caring for Others
Caring for Yourself While Caring for Others is a free and active curriculum to assist trainers in meeting the health and safety training needs for homecare workers and to enhance communication between homecare workers and their clients. The activities in this curriculum are designed to encourage participants in promoting safe and healthy work environments–for their clients and for themselves. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2015-102/default.html
Proceedings from the Fourth International Conference on Violence in the Health Sector (October 22-24, 2014)
The full conference proceedings are available online. Source: http://www.oudconsultancy.nl/Resources/Proceedings%204th%20Workplace%20Violence.pdf
The aftermath of workplace violence among healthcare workers
A systematic literature review of the conséquences Workplace violence is an important health and safety issue. Healthcare workers are particularly at risk of experiencing workplace violence. Despite the research that was conducted in this domain, little is known about the consequences of being a victim of workplace violence, specifically in the healthcare sector. Therefore, this article aims to review the literature regarding the consequences of exposure to workplace violence in the healthcare sector. Sixty-eight studies were included in the review and they were evaluated according to 12...
Short rest periods between work shifts predict sleep and health problems in nurses at 1-year follow-up
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the number of work shifts separated by less than 11 hours (quick returns) at baseline (T1) could predict health problems in nurses at 1-year follow-up (T2). METHODS: 1224 nurses responded to a questionnaire-based survey in 2009 (T1) and 2010 (T2). Crude and adjusted logistic regression analyses were completed to assess the association between annual number of quick returns at T1 and the following outcome variables at T2: shift work disorder (SWD), excessive sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), pathological fatigue (Chalder Fatigue Scale) and anxiety and depression...
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