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Les ouvriers intérimaires sont-ils plus exposés aux risques professionnels?
En France, les ouvriers intérimaires, qui représentent la majorité des personnes en intérim et 8 % des ouvriers, sont très fortement exposés à des contraintes physiques dans leur travail. Ils sont 22 % à manipuler des charges lourdes plus de 20 heures par semaine contre 12 % pour l’ensemble des ouvriers. Ces contraintes s’expliquent toutefois davantage par les caractéristiques des métiers qu’exercent les intérimaires que par leur statut d’intérimaire. À première vue, les ouvriers...
Factors underlying observed injury rate differences between temporary workers and permanent peers
BACKGROUND: Temporary workers face increased risk of injury as compared to permanent workers in similar occupations. This study explores the role played by several potential risk factors. METHODS: Injured temporary and permanent workers, matched by industry, tenure and demographic characteristics, were interviewed to isolate the association of temporary employment with several injury risk factors. RESULTS: Temporary workers had higher workers' compensation claims rates than their permanent worker-peers. In interviews temporary workers a reported a lower frequency of exposure to hazards. However...
Work orientations, well-being and job content of self-employed and employed professionals
Drawing on psychology-derived theories and methods, a questionnaire survey compared principal kinds of work orientation, job content and mental well-being between self-employed and organisationally employed professional workers. Self-employment was found to be particularly associated with energised well-being in the form of job engagement. The presence in self-employment of greater challenge, such as an enhanced requirement for personal innovation, accounted statistically for self-employed professionals' greater job engagement, and self-employed professionals more strongly valued personal challenge...
Les jeunes Québécois qui font appel aux agences de placement
Comment perçoivent-ils leurs conditions de travail et quels avantages en retirent-ils? Ce texte examine la situation des jeunes travailleurs embauchés par les agences de placement au Québec. Il est fondé sur les résultats d'une recherche menée par le biais d'entrevues semi-dirigées auprès de 40 jeunes de la grande région de Québec. Nos analyses montrent que les jeunes travailleurs d'agence sont fortement scolarisés, ont de faibles revenus et sont en importante proportion des immigrants et des étudiants...
Les travailleurs invisibles
Les risques pour la santé des travailleurs des agences de location de personnel La croissance du marché de l'emploi atypique contribue à la précarisation des conditions de vie et de travail d'un nombre important de travailleurs. Bien que toutes les formes d'emploi atypique ne soient pas nécessairement précaires, elles offrent généralement une moins bonne protection sociale et des salaires moins élevés. Le travail par l'intermédiaire des agences de location de personnel, une forme d'emploi atypique,...
Precarious work and precarious workers
Towards an improved conceptualisation Discussion of the implications of precarious work for individual workers remains hesitant and often confused. A clear conceptualisation would separate out five analytical levels: precariousness in employment, precarious work, precarious workers individually and as an emerging class, and precarity as a general condition of social life. To illustrate the need to avoid slippage between the concepts of precarious work and precarious workers, we present one ‘theory-relevant' example – full-time secondary school students in Australia who hold part...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Precarious employment and new-onset severe depressive symptoms
A population-based prospective study in South Korea Objectives: Considering the effect of sex and head of household responsibilities, this study was designed to evaluate whether precarious employment is associated with the development of new-onset severe depressive symptoms. Methods: We followed 1699 male and 1066 female waged workers, ≤59 years of age and without moderate depressive symptom, from the Korean Welfare Panel Study 2007–2013. Their employment status was classified as full-time permanent, precarious, self-employed, or unemployed after baseline. Except for occupation and company...
Association between change in employment status and new-onset depressive symptoms in South Korea
A gender analysis Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of change in employment status with new-onset depressive symptoms, particularly differences stemming from workers' gender, in South Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. After excluding participants who had depressive symptoms at baseline (2007), we analyzed 2891 participants who became a precarious or permanent worker or unemployed at follow-up (2008) among waged workers who were permanent or precarious workers at baseline. Workers were classified as permanent workers if they...
Une étude Inserm sur le stress au travail des indépendants
Ces dernières années, la connaissance sur les phénomènes de stress au travail concernant les salariés a progressé. Mais qu'en est-il des indépendants, regroupant travailleurs isolés ou chefs de petites entreprises, professions intellectuelles ou manuelles ? L'Inserm dévoile le rapport d'un groupe d'experts. Le régime social des indépendants (RSI), qui assure la couverture maladie et de retraite des artisans et des commerçants, des professions libérales et des chefs d’entreprise indépendants...
Wellbeing and work: Future challenges
The aim of the Project is to advise the Government and the private sector on how to achieve the best possible mental development and mental wellbeing for everyone in the UK in the future. http://www.foresight.gov.uk/Mental Capital/Wellbeing_and_work.pdf

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