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Safety climate and accidents at work
Cross-sectional study among 15,000 workers of the general working population Methods: In the 2012 round of the Danish Work Environment and Health Study, 15,144 workers from the general working population of Denmark replied to questions about safety climate and accidents at work. Mutually adjusted logistic regression analyses determined the association between variables. Results: Within the last year, 5.7% had experienced an accident resulting in sickness absence. The number of safety climate problems was progressively associated with the odds ratio (OR) for accidents. For one safety climate problem...
Chronic Disease Risks From Exposure to Long-Hour Work Schedules Over a 32-Year Period
Objectives: This study aims at evaluating the chronic disease risk related to prolonged work in long-hour schedules for eight major chronic diseases: heart disease, non-skin cancer, arthritis, diabetes, chronic lung disease, asthma, chronic depression, and hypertension. Methods: The study used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 covering 32 years of job history (1978 to 2009) for 7492 respondents. Logistic regression analyses were performed to test the relationship between average weekly work hours, and the reported prevalence of those conditions for each individual. Results...
Precarious work and precarious workers
Towards an improved conceptualisation Discussion of the implications of precarious work for individual workers remains hesitant and often confused. A clear conceptualisation would separate out five analytical levels: precariousness in employment, precarious work, precarious workers individually and as an emerging class, and precarity as a general condition of social life. To illustrate the need to avoid slippage between the concepts of precarious work and precarious workers, we present one ‘theory-relevant' example – full-time secondary school students in Australia who hold part...
What Factors Are Associated With Occupational Health Office Staffing, Job Stress, and Job Satisfaction?
Objective: This study sought to identify factors associated with occupational health staffing in health care settings, provide benchmarking data, and investigate relationships between staffing and worker stress and satisfaction. Methods: Members of the Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare were sent an online survey. Data on facility served, staffing, job attitudes, and work stress were collected and analyzed. Results: Number and types of personnel served were the largest predictors of staffing, accounting for 38 and 41% of the variability seen, respectively. Number of...
Night shift work and incidence of diabetes in the Danish Nurse Cohort
Objectives: Night shift work has been associated with poor sleep, weight gain, metabolic syndrome, which are recognised risk factor for diabetes. However, only a few studies have examined the effect of shift work on diabetes risk. Here, we study the association between shift work and incidence of diabetes in Danish nurses. Methods: We used the Danish Nurse Cohort with 28 731 participating female nurses recruited in 1993 (19 898) or 1999 (8833), when self-reported baseline information on diabetes prevalence, lifestyle and working time were collected, and followed them in the Danish Diabetes Register...
Multi-wave cohort study of sedentary work and risk of ischemic heart disease
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate whether sedentary work is a distinct risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD) when the effect of occupational sitting is disentangled from that of occupational physical activity. Methods: Data on occupational sitting time and several covariates were derived from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS) conducted every five years from 1990–2005 among the active Danish population. This study was designed as a multi-wave longitudinal study including participants employed at entry. Respondents were followed in national registers, first for...
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Gender-specific association between night-work exposure and type-2 diabetes
Results from longitudinal study of adult health, ELSA-Brasil Objectives Diabetes is a multifactorial disease of increasing prevalence. The literature suggests an impact of night work on metabolic components, though the relationship with diabetes is unclear. Our aim was to investigate gender-specific associations between night work and type-2 diabetes (DM2) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) using baseline data of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Methods The cohort comprised 15 105 civil servants, aged 35–74 years. Baseline assessments (2008–2010) included...
Supervisor and team leader competence in roadside waste and recycling collection
It is widely recognised that team leaders and supervisors have an important role in persuading their crews of the importance of health and safety procedures and safety performance standards. To enable them to fulfil this role they need to have the necessary leadership, interpersonal and communication skills. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the training and competence requirements for these roles and whether any training-related improvements are required. The aim of the project was to identify the competencies (knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours) required for road side waste...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Adolescent workers' experiences of and training for workplace violence
Adolescent workers may not be aware that violence is a safety concern in the workplace. As part of a larger mixed-methods pilot study, investigators used a self-administered survey and individual interviews with 30 adolescent workers from a chain of food service stores in a Midwestern metropolitan area to explore experiences of workplace violence (WPV) and ways of learning WPV-specific information. Participants reported experiencing verbal and sexual harassment and robberies. Most participants reported awareness of WPV-specific policies and procedures at their workplace; the ways participants reported...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Workplace stress and working from home influence depressive symptoms among employed women with young children
BACKGROUND: Poor balance between work and family can be a major stressor for women with young children and have a negative impact on emotional well-being. Family-friendly workplace attributes may reduce stress and depressive symptoms among this population. However, few studies have analyzed the role of specific workplace attributes on mental health outcomes among women with young children because available data are limited. PURPOSE: This study examines the impact of workplace attributes on changes in depressive symptoms among working women with young children between 6 and 24 months of age. METHOD...
Physical Capacity and Risk for Long-Term Sickness Absence
A Prospective Cohort Study Among 8664 Female Health Care Workers Objective: To assess the prospective associations between self-reported physical capacity and risk of long-term sickness absence among female health care workers. Methods: Female health care workers answered a questionnaire about physical capacity and were followed in a national register of sickness absence lasting for two or more consecutive weeks during 1-year follow-up. Using Cox regression hazard ratio analyses adjusted for age, smoking, body mass index, physical workload, job seniority, psychosocial work conditions, and previous...
Why do workaholics experience depression?
A study with Chinese university teachers This study focuses on the relationships of workaholism to job burnout and depression of university teachers. The direct and indirect (via job burnout) effects of workaholism on depression were investigated in 412 Chinese university teachers. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap method were used. Results revealed that workaholism, job burnout, and depression significantly correlated with each other. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap test indicated the partial mediation role of job burnout on the relationship between workaholism and depression...
Precarious employment and new-onset severe depressive symptoms
A population-based prospective study in South Korea Objectives: Considering the effect of sex and head of household responsibilities, this study was designed to evaluate whether precarious employment is associated with the development of new-onset severe depressive symptoms. Methods: We followed 1699 male and 1066 female waged workers, ≤59 years of age and without moderate depressive symptom, from the Korean Welfare Panel Study 2007–2013. Their employment status was classified as full-time permanent, precarious, self-employed, or unemployed after baseline. Except for occupation and company...
Exposition des salariés aux facteurs de pénibilité dans le travail
Les facteurs de pénibilité au travail ont été définis dans la loi de novembre 2010 portant réforme des retraites et confirmés dans la loi de janvier 2014. Ces dix facteurs couvrent des expositions à des contraintes physiques marquées, à un environnement physique agressif et à certains rythmes de travail. Si le nombre de salariés exposés à des facteurs de pénibilité dépend fortement des seuils qui permettent de les définir, les caractéristiques des personnes concernées...
Femmes-hommes : quelles différences d’exposition aux risques psychosociaux ?
L'Anact a réalisé un état des lieux des facteurs psychosociaux de risques au travail et de la santé mentale des femmes et des hommes au travail. Pour cela, l'auteure, Anne-Marie Nicot, a réalisé une approche par genre des données statistiques nationales. Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=39947654
Usure professionnelle : le défi de l’anticipation
Telle qu'elle est actuellement envisagée, la pénibilité est largement abordée sous l'angle de la compensation. Mais cette approche peut freiner l'ouverture d'une réflexion de fond sur la soutenabilité du travail, dans une logique de prévention et d'anticipation. Source: Travail & changement , no 357, Novembre/Décembre 2014. http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/16082384.PDF
Profiling contextual factors which influence safety in heavy vehicle industries
A significant proportion of worker fatalities within Australia result from truck-related incidents. Truck drivers face a number of health and safety concerns. Safety culture, viewed here as the beliefs, attitudes and values shared by an organisation's workers, which interact with their surrounding context to influence behaviour, may provide a valuable lens for exploring safety-related behaviours in heavy vehicle operations. To date no major research has examined safety culture within heavy vehicle industries. As safety culture provides a means to interpret experiences and generate behaviour...
For better or worse? Changing shift schedules and the risk of work injury among men and women
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of work injury associated with changes in shift schedules and identify whether work injury risks differ between men and women. Methods: Longitudinal panels from the Survey of Labor and Income Dynamics were used to describe work schedule patterns over a 6-year period among a representative sample of Canadian workers (N=19 131). Cox regression was used to estimate the risk of work injury among workers who (i) switched from regular day to nonstandard shifts, (ii) switched from nonstandard to day shifts and (iii) remained in nonstandard shifts...
Taking risks and survival jobs
Foreign-born workers and work-related injuries in Australia Higher rates of work-related injuries (WRI) have been reported among foreign-born workers in many countries, but little is known about the situation in Australia, which initially had large waves of European followed by Asian migration and where the recruitment of skilled migrants has dominated recently. The aim of the study was to examine WRI among foreign-born workers in Australia. This was a two phase mixed methods study. The first stage used the 2005/6 and 2009/10 Australian national Multi-Purpose Household Survey (MPHS) information...
Combined Effects of Shiftwork and Individual Working Time Control on Long-Term Sickness Absence
A Prospective Study of Finnish Employees Objective: To investigate whether the effects of shiftwork on long-term sickness absence vary according to the level of individual working time control (WTC). Methods: A representative sample of Finnish employees (1447 men and 1624 women) was combined with a register-based follow-up. A negative binomial model was used in the analysis of long-term sickness absence days. The results were adjusted for various background and work-related factors. Results: Individual WTC decreased long-term sickness absence. The higher rate of sickness absences in shiftwork was...
Is Sickness Presenteeism a Risk Factor for Depression?
A Danish 2-Year Follow-Up Study Objective: To examine the prospective association between sickness presenteeism (SP), that is, working while ill, and the onset of depression. Methods: We carried out a two-wave (2006 to 2008) questionnaire-based study among 1271 employees from 60 Danish workplaces. Sickness presenteeism was assessed by asking participants to report the number of days that they went to work despite illness in the preceding year. Results: Multivariate logistic regression revealed that, after controlling for several health-related variables and other relevant confounders, reporting...
Workplace bullying as an antecedent of mental health problems
A five-year prospective and representative study PURPOSE: The present study investigates the proposed long-term relationship between exposure to workplace bullying and subsequent mental health in the form of anxiety and depression with a time lag of 5 years, exploring potential gender differences in these relationships. METHODS: The study employs a prospective design with a 5-year time lag in a representative sample of the Norwegian workforce. A cohort of 1,613 employees reported on their exposure to workplace bullying and their symptoms of anxiety and depression at both measurement times. RESULTS...
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