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Workplace bullying among healthcare professionals in Sweden: a descriptive study
Workplace bullying is a taboo event which occurs worldwide, although the prevalence varies significantly between and within countries. Nurses have been regarded an occupational risk group for bullying at the work place. Bullying in health and social care contexts is sometimes reported as frequent and, other times, as not occurring, which sparked our interest in mapping the occurrence of bullying in the health and social care system in Sweden. Thus, the purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of bullying, and to discuss cultural traditions and environmental factors that affect bullying...
Un outil en ligne gratuit pour aider les travailleurs de nuit à mieux gérer leur sommeil
La professeure Marie Dumont, de l’UdeM, lance un outil en ligne gratuit destiné aux travailleurs de nuit pour les aider à mieux gérer leur sommeil. Il repose sur ses 30 ans de recherche sur le sujet. Accessible gratuitement, «Mieux vivre le travail de nuit» comprend quatre modules que l’usager peut parcourir à son rythme. «Basé sur des connaissances scientifiques plutôt que sur des opinions comme c’est souvent le cas sur Internet, il propose également plusieurs ressources et références qui permettront...
Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying.
Work environment hypothesis, a predominant theoretical framework in workplace bullying literature, postulates that job characteristics may trigger workplace bullying. Yet, these characteristics are often assessed by employees based on their experience of the job. This study aims to assess how job characteristics, independently assessed via Occupational Information Network (O*NET), are related to perceived job characteristics reported by employees, which, in turn, are associated with self-reported workplace bullying. Multilevel mediation analyses from 3,829 employees in 209 occupations confirmed...
Risques psychosociaux : peu d'employeurs agissent sur les causes
Selon une étude menée par la DGFAP, les politiques de prévention des risques psychosociaux combinant des actions de type secondaire et tertiaire sont les plus répandues, dans le secteur public comme dans le privé. Cette étude menée en 2016 s'est intéressée aussi bien à la vision des employeurs qu'à celle des salariés. Selon les employeurs, près de 90 % des agents du secteur public et près de 70 % des salariés du secteur privé travaillent dans un établissement ayant pris...
L’amélioration des conditions de travail des aidants par le prisme de la conciliation des temps sociaux : vecteur d’un meilleur climat organisationnel et de la rétention des employés
Cet article rend compte d'une recherche menée auprès d'un vaste échantillon de 1910 employeurs québécois par l'entremise d'une enquête électronique. Les résultats permettent de dégager les perceptions des employeurs à l'égard de la main-d'œuvre proche aidante, ainsi que les mesures et les pratiques que ces employeurs déploient afin de s'ajuster aux besoins de leurs salariés et d'aider ces derniers à articuler leurs responsabilités de soins avec celles du...
Compassion Fatigue in Palliative Care Nursing. A Concept Analysis
Parue dans le Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, cette étude visait à définir la fatigue de compassion dans le contexte des soins infirmiers palliatifs. À la suite de la réalisation d'une revue de la littérature, les auteurs ont été en mesure de proposer une définition du concept. Pour les soins infirmiers palliatifs, la fatigue de compassion a été définie comme étant l'état dans lequel l'empathie et la compassion sont perdues. Cet état est démontré par des...
Job satisfaction and mental health of temporary agency workers in Europe: a systematic review and research agenda
The current systematic literature review aimed to analyse the associations between temporary agency work (TAW), job satisfaction, and mental health in Europe, as well as to outline a future research agenda. Twenty-eight scientific articles were identified by searching different data bases (i.e. PSYNDEX, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science) for the time span from January 2000 to December 2016. Our review reveals first that TAW is not consistently negatively related to job satisfaction. However, job insecurity and working conditions are important mediators in the relation of TAW and lowered job...
Organisation et contraintes du temps de travail : une typologie en six catégories
En 2016, un peu moins de la moitié des salariés du secteur privé et des agents du secteur public ont des semaines de travail dites « standard ». Ce type de semaine est travaillé du lundi au vendredi selon des journées essentiellement « standard » (entre 7h et 20h) et rarement le week-end. Il concerne en grande partie les professions intermédiaires et les cadres et professions intellectuelles supérieures. Au sein de la fonction publique, ce type de semaine est plus courant parmi les fonctionnaires que parmi les contractuels...
Revue systématique sur les effets du télétravail chez les gestionnaires
Le télétravail représente une option envisageable pour diminuer la surcharge de travail des cadres du réseau de la santé et des services sociaux québécois. Cet arrangement de travail permettrait de se centrer sur des tâches exigeant un plus haut degré de concentration, tout en demeurant disponible pour les équipes de travail. La présente évaluation des technologies et des modes d'intervention (ETMI) a pour but d'identifier les effets du télétravail pour les cadres et de statuer si cette pratique...
Live Theatre and Events Industry Survey 2018
Late in 2017, elected MEAA entertainment, crew, and sport representatives from across the live theatre and events industry decided to join together to build an industry-wide campaign to improve members' working lives across the sector. The first step is this survey. The survey provides a snapshot of the wages, conditions, and health and safety standards that crew, technical, front-of-house, and events workers in live theatre and venues are faced with every day. Some parts of the survey were developed in response to the 2017 Sexual Harassment in Live Theatre survey conducted by MEAA Equity,...
Does paid vacation leave protect against depression among working Americans
A national longitudinal fixed effects analysis Objectives: The United States is the only advanced economy globally that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation leave. Although empirical studies have linked paid vacation leave to happiness and stress, no study has investigated the association between paid vacation leave and depression. Using a nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 3380 working men and women aged 45–52 years from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study explored whether paid vacation leave may protect against depression. Methods: Multivariate...
Bilans du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail
Ces ouvrages, préparés annuellement par le ministère chargé du travail et présenté aux partenaires sociaux réunis au sein du Conseil d’orientation sur les conditions de travail (COCT), dessinent un panorama global de l’action en faveur de la prévention des risques professionnels et de l’amélioration des conditions de travail. Source: https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/ministere/documentation-et-publications-officielles/rapports/article/rapports-bilans-du-conseil-d-orientation-sur-les-conditions-de-travail-coct
Organizational change and employee mental health
A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress Objective: The goal of this paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods: A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured...
Short time between shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers
A register-based cohort study Objectives: Short time between consecutive work shifts (quick returns, ie, ≤11 hours between shifts) is associated with sleepiness and fatigue, both of which have been linked to risk of injury. This paper aims to study quick returns between work shifts and risk of injury among Danish hospital workers. Method: The study population included 69 200 employees, primarily working at hospitals, corresponding to 167 726 person years at risk between 2008–2015. Information on working hours was obtained from payroll data in the Danish Working Hour Database and linked...
Long-term occupational trajectories and suicide
A 22-year follow-up of the GAZEL cohort study Objective: Most suicides occur among individuals of working age. Risk is elevated in some occupational groups, however relations between long-term occupational trajectories and suicide are not well known. We describe career-long occupational trajectories and examine their influence on suicide. Methods: Data come from GAZEL, a French cohort study set among employees of a large national utilities company. Occupational grade was obtained from company records from the time of hiring (1953?1988). Groupbased trajectory models were used to define occupational...
The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source: https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition
ERM report 2018: Impact of restructuring on working conditions
Using data from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), carried out in 2015, the ERM report 2018 examines how workplace factors may influence the relationship between restructuring (with job losses) and the outcomes for employees. It also reviews policy and academic research on good practice in restructuring. The findings are then distilled into a model that may contribute to the design and implementation of effective measures to support the stayers. The good practice elements are exemplified by company case studies from four countries – Bulgaria, Germany, the Netherlands and...
Les ouvriers intérimaires sont-ils plus exposés aux risques professionnels?
En France, les ouvriers intérimaires, qui représentent la majorité des personnes en intérim et 8 % des ouvriers, sont très fortement exposés à des contraintes physiques dans leur travail. Ils sont 22 % à manipuler des charges lourdes plus de 20 heures par semaine contre 12 % pour l’ensemble des ouvriers. Ces contraintes s’expliquent toutefois davantage par les caractéristiques des métiers qu’exercent les intérimaires que par leur statut d’intérimaire. À première vue, les ouvriers...
Bi-directional relation between effort-reward imbalance and risk of neck-shoulder pain
Assessment of mediation through depressive symptoms using occupational longitudinal data Objectives: Bi-directional associations between perceived effort?reward imbalance (ERI) at work and neckshoulder pain have been reported. There is also evidence of associations between ERI and depressive symptoms, and between depressive symptoms and pain while the links between ERI, depressive symptoms and pain have not been tested. We aimed to assess whether depressive symptoms mediate the association between ERI and neck-shoulder pain, as well as the association between neck-shoulder pain and ERI. Methods...
Guichet unique pour la sécurité des véhicules
Les risques de véhicules liés au travail représentent 29% de tous les accidents du travail mortels. Cependant, les bonnes pratiques pour éviter et réduire ces risques ont déjà été mises en œuvre dans les États membres de l'UE. Le partage peut aider les employeurs et les travailleurs à améliorer la sécurité des véhicules. Avec cet e-guide interactif de bonnes pratiques sont fournis ainsi qu'un aperçu des règlements pertinents et des informations sur trois aspects principaux...
Digital Platforms, Gig Economy, Precarious Employment, and the Invisible Hand of Social Class
Digital platform capitalism, as exemplified by companies like Uber or Lyft has the potential to transform employment and working conditions for an increasing segment of the worforce. Most digital economy workers are exposed to the health damaging precarious employment conditions characteristic of the contemporary working class in high income countries. Just as with Guy Standing or Mike Savage's “precariat” it might appear that digital platform workers are a new social class or that they do not belong to any social class. Yet the class conflict interests (wages, benefits, employment...
Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress
Objective: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. Methods: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress. Relationships between office workstation type and these variables were...
Job strain, long work hours, and suicidal ideation in US workers
A longitudinal study Purpose: To investigate whether chronic psychosocial work stressors (low job control, high job demands, job strain, low supervisor and coworker support, job insecurity, and long work hours) are longitudinally associated with suicidal ideation in a working population. Methods: Five-hundred seventy-eight workers (aged 34–69) were chosen for this analysis from those who participated in both project 1 (2004–2006 at baseline) and project 4 (2004–2009 at follow-up) of the Midlife Development in the United States II study. The median time interval between the two...
Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002-2015
Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002–2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada. Methods: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21 228 lost-time workers' compensation claims (2002–2015) and 13 245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004–2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence...
Has the Economic Crisis Worsened the Work-Related Stress and Mental Health of Temporary Workers in Spain?
This paper analyses the causal effects of temporary employment on work-related stress and mental health before (2006/07) and during the economic crisis (2011/12) and examines whether the economic recession worsened these two health outcomes. To control for selection bias, propensity scores (PS) are computed separately for men and women using microdata from two cross-sectional surveys, considering temporary (treatment group) versus permanent employment (control group). Next, we use difference-in-differences estimators stratifying by age, education level, and regional unemployment differences using...
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