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Relationship between psychosocial strains at the workplace, depression, and cognitive deficiencies
The subject of mental disorders and work is of high priority for occupational safety and health, in particular where job stresses lead to depression and impairment of work ability. Factors potentially contributing to depression and work ability impairment include psychosocial work characteristics (PWC), burnout, cognitive deficits, and aging. Referencing the Job-Demand Resources (JD-R) model, burnout is viewed as mediating the association between PWC and depressive symptoms, but the mediating relationship between PWC and work ability remains to be tested. Further, cognitive deficits may be a marker...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Health warning for employers: Supporting older workers with health conditions
Research shows that employers are not properly supporting older workers experiencing long-term physical and mental health conditions. As the number of working age people with long-term health conditions rises, Government and employers need to improve workplaces and support systems to help people to manage their health conditions and continue to work. The report was based on research with over 1,000 people who are managing a health condition at work. It found that older workers are more likely than younger workers to be managing multiple long-term conditions and that health conditions are the main...
Organizational change, psychosocial work environment, and non-disability early retirement
A prospective study among senior public employees To date, this is the most exhaustive study to examine voluntary early retirement behavior among senior public service employees exposed to organizational change and subsequent assessment of the psychosocial work environment on the work-unit level. Decision-makers should consider the impact of organizational change and the psychosocial work environment in strategies to maintain senior public employees in the labor market. Source: Breinegaard, N., Jensen, J. H., & Bonde, J. P. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http...
Can psychosocial work conditions protect against age-related cognitive decline?
Results from a systematic review According to the use it or lose it hypothesis, intellectually stimulating activities postpone age-related cognitive decline. A previous systematic review concluded that a high level of mental work demands and job control protected against cognitive decline. However, it did not distinguish between outcomes that were measured as cognitive function at one point in time or as cognitive decline. Our study aimed to systematically review which psychosocial working conditions were prospectively associated with high levels of cognitive function and/or changes in cognitive...
Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees
Objectives: The aim this study was to examine the effect of changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions on physical health functioning among ageing municipal employees. Methods: Follow-up survey data were collected from midlife employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three time points: wave 1 (2000–2002), wave 2 (2007), and wave 3 (2012). Changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions were assessed between waves 1 and 2. Physical health functioning was measured by the physical component summary (PCS) of the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each of the three waves...
Socioeconomic position, psychosocial work environment and disability in an ageing workforce: a longitudinal analysis of SHARE data from 11 European countries
Objectives Prevention of disability in the ageing workforce is essential for sustaining economic growth in Europe. In order to provide information on entry points for preventive measures, it is important to better understand sociodemographic, socioeconomic and work-related determinants of disability in older employees. We aimed to test the hypothesis that low socioeconomic position and exposure to a stressful psychosocial work environment at baseline contribute to later disability. We further assumed that the association of socioeconomic position with disability is partly mediated by exposure to...
Vécu du travail et santé des enseignants en fin de carrière
Une approche ergonomique Notre recherche s'inscrit, on l'a dit, dans une réflexion sur les fins de carrière professionnelle dans la Fonction publique, menée par le Conseil d'orientation des retraites (COR). En nous centrant sur la population des enseignants de premier et second degré de plus de 50 ans, nous aborderons, tout au long de ce rapport et de façon articulée, trois questions : - la manière dont les enseignants vivent leurs dernières années d'activité professionnelle, notamment leur rapport à la...
Bien vieillir au travail
Que doivent prévoir les entreprises pour maintenir leurs salariés au travail en bonne santé ? Comment prévenir un vieillissement ou une usure prématurée liés au travail ? Un document, élaboré par la CNAMTS, les CRAMs et l'INRS, est mis à disposition et téléchargeable. Il propose des pistes d'action et une grille d'évaluation. Source : http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParIntranetID/OM:Document:4D33EFF7AB40E540C125768700578BDC/$FILE/Visu.html
Prévenir les situations de pénibilité
Cette fiche pratique fait le point sur les enjeux de la prévention des situations d'usure professionnelle, propose des repères pour l'action, des points de vigilance et en illustration des démarches d'entreprise. http://www.anact.fr/portal/page/portal/AnactWeb/NOTINPW_PAGES_TRANSVERSES/5_mediatheque/NOTINMENU_affichage_document?p_thingIdToShow=5437303
Santé et pénibilité en fin de vie active
Cet article explore l'impact de différentes stratégies d'emploi sur la satisfaction au travail et la santé perçue des seniors. Dans un contexte européen de politiques visant à accroître les taux d'emploi des seniors, la question du maintien en emploi des seniors en mauvaise santé et/ou subissant des conditions de travail pénibles est d'actualité. Les politiques de maintien en emploi reposent principalement sur des incitations financières et la restriction de l'accès aux dispositifs de cessation...

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