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Working conditions and workers' health
This report uses European Working Conditions Survey data to examine working conditions and their implications for worker's health. Ensuring the sustainability of work in the context of ageing populations implies a greater number of people in employment who can remain in the workforce for longer. The report examines the interplay between work demands – which carry an increased risk of exhaustion – and work resources – which support workers in greater engagement and well-being. The findings indicate that physical risks have not increased but remain important, while emotional...
Whistle While You Work
Job Insecurity and Older Workers' Mental Health in the United States We estimate the effects of job insecurity on older workers' health outcomes using an instrumental variables approach which exploits downsizing and state-industry level changes in employment. We provide evidence that job insecurity, as measured by the self-reported probability of job loss, increases stress at work, the risk of clinical depression and lowers selfreported health status. IV estimates are much larger than OLS estimates which we interpret as evidence that job insecurity which is outside the control of workers...
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health?
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health? The paper is to our knowledge the first to assess directly if age interacts with psychosocial work environment factors as risk factors for self-rated health. The paper could generally not find major modifying effects applying a RERI approach and a linear approach, and excluding people with poor health at baseline or including these people. Source: Burr H, Hasselhorn HM, Kersten N, Pohrt A, Rugulies R. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health .
Shift work and cognitive aging: a longitudinal study
Shift work, which interferes with circadian rhythms, has evident acute effects on cognitive performance; however, its long-term impact on cognitive development remains unclear. This longitudinal study concluded shift work during midlife impacts neither cognitive performance at retirement nor cognitive trajectories across late life. Source: Bokenberger, K., Ström, P., AK, D. A., Åkerstedt, T., & Pedersen, N. L. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health .
Exposition des salariés aux facteurs de pénibilité dans le travail
Les facteurs de pénibilité au travail ont été définis dans la loi de novembre 2010 portant réforme des retraites et confirmés dans la loi de janvier 2014. Ces dix facteurs couvrent des expositions à des contraintes physiques marquées, à un environnement physique agressif et à certains rythmes de travail. Si le nombre de salariés exposés à des facteurs de pénibilité dépend fortement des seuils qui permettent de les définir, les caractéristiques des personnes concernées...
Socioeconomic position, psychosocial work environment and disability in an ageing workforce: a longitudinal analysis of SHARE data from 11 European countries
Objectives Prevention of disability in the ageing workforce is essential for sustaining economic growth in Europe. In order to provide information on entry points for preventive measures, it is important to better understand sociodemographic, socioeconomic and work-related determinants of disability in older employees. We aimed to test the hypothesis that low socioeconomic position and exposure to a stressful psychosocial work environment at baseline contribute to later disability. We further assumed that the association of socioeconomic position with disability is partly mediated by exposure to...
Do work factors modify the association between chronic health problems and sickness absence among older employees?
The aim of this study was to (i) assess how common chronic health problems and work-related factors predict sickness absence and (ii) explore whether work-related factors modify the effects of health problems on sickness absence. Common health problems were related to follow-up sickness absence, most strongly to high cumulative sickness absence (>9 days per year). Baseline psychological health problems were strongly related to high sickness absence at follow-up [odds ratio (OR) 3.67, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.80–4.82]. Higher job demands at baseline increased the likelihood of...
Working beyond 65: A qualitative study of perceived hazards and discomforts at work
Objective : This qualitative study explored self-reports of hazards and discomforts in the workplace and coping strategies among those choosing to work beyond the age of 65 years. Participants: 30 people aged 66-91 years took part. Most worked part-time in professional or administrative roles. Methods : Each participant engaged in one semi-structured interview. Results : Participants described some hazards and discomforts in their current work, but no recent accidents. The main age-related discomfort was tiredness. Other hazards that recurred in participants' accounts were physical demands...
Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe
Objectives The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers. Results Poor health was a risk factor for disability pension [hazard ratio (HR) 3.90, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.51–6.05], and a lack of physical activity was a risk factor for disability pension (HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.68–5.55) and unemployment (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.01). A lack of job control was a risk factor for disability...
Eurofound publishes a study on sustainable work and the ageing workforce
A new study of Eurofound, based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, examines the ways older workers perceive the sustainability of their work, taking account of differences between workers in terms of age, occupation and gender. In addition, the working conditions of the ageing workforce across Member States of the European Union are compared. Source :
A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45 years and older). Methods: The 6-month intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled trial design. Workers who were randomised to the intervention group (n=367; control: n=363) received the Vital@Work intervention containing (1) a Vitality Exercise Program (VEP) combined with (2) three visits to Personal Vitality Coach. The VEP consisted of a weekly yoga session...
Synthèse des principales données sur l'emploi des seniors
Ce dossier fournit les données statistiques les plus récentes disponibles sur l'emploi, l'activité et le chômage des seniors, les 50-64 ans, avec graphiques à l'appui. Le taux d'emploi des seniors est variable selon la tranche d'âge. En 2010, 64,2% des hommes de 55-59 ans sont en emploi et 57,2% des femmes de la même tranche d'âge. Ces taux d'emploi chutent à partir de 60 ans : taux d'emploi des hommes de 60-64 ans est 19,1%. Celui des femmes est de 16,7%. Le taux de chômage des hommes de 55-64 ans...
Récompense au travail ressentie et santé des seniors
Selon le modèle de Siegrist, le sentiment de recevoir une faible récompense au travail en contrepartie de l’effort fourni représente un facteur de risque psychosocial affectant la santé. À partir de l’enquête européenne SHARE, menée en 2004 et 2006 auprès des personnes de 50 ans et plus, cette étude propose de mesurer l’effet de ce déséquilibre entre récompense et effort sur l’état de santé des seniors, puis d’identifier des facteurs relatifs au travail pouvant expliquer...

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