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Working conditions and workers' health
This report uses European Working Conditions Survey data to examine working conditions and their implications for worker's health. Ensuring the sustainability of work in the context of ageing populations implies a greater number of people in employment who can remain in the workforce for longer. The report examines the interplay between work demands – which carry an increased risk of exhaustion – and work resources – which support workers in greater engagement and well-being. The findings indicate that physical risks have not increased but remain important, while emotional...
Guide de bonnes pratiques pour favoriser l'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés
L'embauche, le maintien et le retour en emploi des travailleurs expérimentés sont une partie de la solution à la rareté attendue de la main-d'œuvre, d'autant plus que ces travailleurs montrent déjà une tendance à être de plus en plus actifs sur le marché du travail. En effet, l'un des faits marquants qui se dégagent des tendance du marché du travail depuis un certain nombre d'années est la hausse continue de la participation des travailleurs expérimentés. Après la vague...
Framework for Considering Productive Aging and Work
Objectives: The U.S. population is experiencing a demographic transition resulting in an aging workforce. The objective of this article is to elucidate and expand an approach to keep that workforce safe, healthy, and productive. Methods: This article elucidates the framework for the National Center for Productive Aging at Work of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Subject matter experts used a snowball method to review published literature to substantiate elements in the framework. Results: Evidence-based literature supports a productive aging framework for the workforce...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Live Longer, Work Longer: The Changing Nature of the Labour Market for Older Workers in OECD Countries
Population ageing poses stark dilemmas for labour markets, social protection systems and cultural norms. It will put strong downward pressure on labour supply, leading to falling real incomes and huge financial pressures on social protection systems unless there is an offsetting increase in employment rates. This is especially true for older workers whose employment rates are well below those of prime-age adults. In this paper, I examine how the labour market for older workers has evolved in OECD countries since 1990, what are the main forces at work, what are the main obstacles to working longer...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Accidents du travail et de trajet des salariés seniors en France
En France, le nombre de travailleurs de 50 ans et plus a fortement progressé ces dernières années du fait des évolutions démographiques et de la progression du taux d'emploi des seniors. D'après les projections de l'Insee, le nombre de seniors devrait encore s'accroître dans les années à venir. Pour autant, très peu d'études sont disponibles pour décrire les risques professionnels auxquels ils sont confrontés. L'objectif de cette étude était de calculer des indicateurs...
Mieux vieillir au travail
Qui veut travailler loin ménage son usure Les tendances démographiques actuelles, associées aux politiques visant à l'allongement de la vie professionnelle, participent à l'augmentation de la proportion de salariés « âgés » dans les entreprises en France. Dans ce contexte, permettre à chacun de bien vieillir au travail et de trouver sa place tout au long de son parcours en entreprise est devenu un enjeu de taille. Source: (2018). Travail & Sécurité (791). http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Workplace interventions to improve work ability
A systematic review and meta-analysis of their effectiveness Objective: Extended working lives due to an ageing population will necessitate the maintenance of work ability across the life course. This systematic review aimed to analyze whether workplace interventions positively impact work ability. Methods: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Embase databases using relevant terms. Work-based interventions were those focused on individuals, the workplace, or multilevel (combination). Work ability – measured using the work ability index (WAI) or the single-item work ability score (WAS...
Extending working life: What do workers want?
In the context of moves to raise the legal retirement age in many EU Member States, this article explores the views of workers about the issue of extending working life. It highlights differences in the share of workers regarding the age they would like to work to and the ability to work until 60 in terms of employment status, gender and country. It also presents the views of social partners on the subject, with trade unions in most Member States opposing the extension of working life through raising the pension age and employer organisations being generally in favour of this. Source: https://www...
Cognitive Functioning, Aging, and Work
A Review and Recommendations for Research and Practice There is a larger proportion and number of older adults in the labor force than ever before. Furthermore, older adults in the workforce are working until later ages. Although a great deal of research has examined physical health and well-being of working older adults, less research has focused on cognitive functioning. The purpose of this article is to provide a broad contemporary and multidisciplinary review of the intersection between cognitive functioning, aging, and work as a follow-up to a paper previously written by Fisher et al. (2014...
Does age modify the association between physical work demands and deterioration of self-rated general health?
The study findings suggest that physical work demands, in particular demanding body postures, have a stronger impact on health among older employees than among younger employees. Source: Burr, H., Pohrt, A., Rugulies, R., Holtermann, A., & Hasselhorn, H. M. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3625
What makes for fulfilling work in later life?
The Centre for Ageing Better today releases a new report, Fulfilling work: what do older workers value about work and why? which identifies the characteristics of work that are important to people aged 50 and over, and explores actions employers can take to attract and retain them. Understanding what older workers want is the first step in helping employers, policy makers and others create age-friendly workplaces. Ageing Better commissioned the Institute of Employment Studies to carry out the study. The report finds that health is the most important factor affecting older workers' decisions...
Trends in labour force participation of older men
Examining the influence of policy reforms, normative change and deindustrialization in the Netherlands, 1992–2009 This study examines trends in labour force participation of older men (55–64 years) in the Netherlands between 1992 and 2009 using Dutch Labour Force Survey data. In this period, the share of early retirees and disability recipients steadily decreased, while labour force participation of Dutch older men increased. The authors characterize these developments both theoretically and empirically in terms of policy reforms, normative change and deindustrialization. More specifically...
Advancing Worker Well-being Across the Working Life
NIOSH's New Center for Productive Aging & Work According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, by 2020, American workers 55 years or older will increase by almost 10 million, or at a rate of 33.5%. In addition, by 2020, most workplaces will have five generations working side by side. An aging workforce means having to think about how workers and organizations address the needs and challenges of older workers, as well as take advantage of the opportunities that aging and an age-diverse workforce can bring to the work environment. Recognizing the importance of aging in the context of work...
Time pressure and coworker support mediate the curvilinear relationship between age and occupational well-being
As the proportion of older employees in the workforce is growing, researchers have become increasingly interested in the association between age and occupational well-being. The curvilinear nature of relationships between age and job satisfaction and between age and emotional exhaustion is well-established in the literature, with employees in their late 20s to early 40s generally reporting lower levels of occupational well-being than younger and older employees. However, the mechanisms underlying these curvilinear relationships are so far not well understood due to a lack of studies testing mediation...
Work preferences after 50
This policy brief highlights findings on a specific topic from Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) that is of particular interest from a policy perspective. It brings results of the analysis of these data together with evidence from other Eurofound projects to formulate a number of policy pointers. The focus of this policy brief is the weekly working time preferences of people aged 50 and over. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1403.htm
Ageing and work
Demographic change is a global phenomenon. The reasons for the ageing of the population are twofold: increased life expectancy and diminished birth rates. The former is the greatest achievement of mankind and should not be considered a problem, although many governments see it as a difficult financial burden due to heavier depency ratios. In many Asian-Pacific countries the proportion of the 65+ population is increasing and the working age population (15–64 years) is decreasing. However, the real problem is that we are not sufficiently prepared for an older society. Now is the time to act...
Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi : France 2014
Mieux travailler avec l'âge L'espérance de vie n'a jamais été aussi élevée qu'aujourd'hui tandis que la fécondité est en diminution dans la majorité des pays de l'OCDE. Pour faire face à ces tendances démographiques, il faut adapter les dépenses publiques de protection sociale et assurer leur viabilité à long terme, en particulier en favorisant l'emploi des seniors. Avec le recul de l'âge légal de la retraite, les seniors vont travailler plus longtemps et...
Working beyond 65 – What’s realistic?
The influence of health on longer working lives Extending the working life of people in Australia beyond the traditional age of retirement (which is 65 years of age) has benefits for the individual and governments. The financial burden of an ageing population is reduced for governments while the individual can enjoy a higher standard of living and other benefits such as greater social interaction. Source : http://www.productiveageing.com.au/userfiles/file/1013585PAC_WorkingBeyond65_Report%20Final.pdf
Transitions d'emploi chez les travailleurs âgés qui quittent un emploi à long terme
Analyse fondée sur des données administratives La présente étude rend compte des tendances d'emploi des travailleurs qui ont quitté un emploi à long terme (ELT), c'est-à-dire un travail d'une durée d'au moins 12 années consécutives, à titre de salariés à l'âge de 50 ans et plus, pendant les 10 années suivant ce départ, de la fin des années 1990 au début des années 2000. L'analyse est fondée sur le Fichier de données longitudinales...
Health and safety and the aging workforce
The population is aging in Canada and in the rest of the world. Death rates continue to fall and, as a result, life expectancy is increasing. Moreover, fertility rates are low in Western countries—where they are below replacement—and falling elsewhere in the world. These two phenomena are leading to a change in the age structure of the population, with projections forecasting that the proportion of the population over 65 will rise substantially. Concerns about the viability of social programs have prompted governments to encourage workers to remain in the workforce. What will persuade...
Socioeconomic position, psychosocial work environment and disability in an ageing workforce: a longitudinal analysis of SHARE data from 11 European countries
Objectives Prevention of disability in the ageing workforce is essential for sustaining economic growth in Europe. In order to provide information on entry points for preventive measures, it is important to better understand sociodemographic, socioeconomic and work-related determinants of disability in older employees. We aimed to test the hypothesis that low socioeconomic position and exposure to a stressful psychosocial work environment at baseline contribute to later disability. We further assumed that the association of socioeconomic position with disability is partly mediated by exposure to...
Flexicurity: Actions at Company Level
The aim of flexicurity is to improve employment opportunities for workers, while at the same time increasing flexibility, enabling organisations to adapt their operations and employment levels to business needs. The past few years have, however, been particularly challenging for European labour markets: the recent financial crisis and recession have had an inevitable negative impact on EU labour markets and unemployment levels. This has called into question the effectiveness of the flexicurity strategy in terms of supporting vulnerable workers. Eurofound research in six EU Member States analysed...
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