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Work, organisational practices, and margin of manoeuver during work reintegration
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration. METHODS: A qualitative method was used. A large auto manufacturing plant was selected owing to work, organisational...
Return to work after mild-to-moderate stroke: work satisfaction and predictive factors
A large proportion of stroke patients are unable to return to work (RTW), although figures vary greatly. A total of 121 mild-to-moderate stroke patients, who had a paid job at the time of their stroke were included (a) to quantify RTW and work satisfaction one-year post-stroke (using the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation) and (b) to determine factors predicting RTW post-stroke, based on stroke-related, personal and neuropsychological variables. Half of the patients were not in work (28%) or were working less (22%) than pre-stroke. Ninety percent of those in fulltime employment...
Return to work after cancer
There is an increasing amount of information available for line managers, human resources and occupational health professionals on helping individuals with cancer stay in work. However, until this research, there had been a lack of evidence on specific health and safety issues and effective approaches to risk assessment and risk management for occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals, and others, to support those undergoing treatment or returning to work after cancer. The research addresses this evidence gap by: - seeking to understand the health and safety implications of returning to...
Absenteeism due to Functional Limitations Caused by Seven Common Chronic Diseases in US Workers
Objective: The study examined the relationship between functional limitation due to chronic diseases and absenteeism among full-time workers. The studied chronic diseases include arthritis/rheumatism, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, and stroke. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2011 to 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Economic impact was determined by workdays lost and lost income. Results: Increase in absenteeism was observed for each studied condition. Employees with multiple conditions also saw increase absenteeism. Employers lose 28.2 million workdays annually...
Predictors of permanent work disability among =50-year-old patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
Objectives: This study aimed to describe the incidence and periprocedural predictors of permanent work disability (PWD) pension among patients ≤50 years old who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Patient records of 910 consecutive patients undergoing PCI at four Finnish hospitals in 2002–2012 were reviewed for baseline and procedural data and late adverse events. Data on permanent work disability (PWD) pension allocation were acquired from the Finnish Centre for Pensions, which governs the statutory pension security in Finland. Results: Mean follow-up was 41 ...
La survenue du cancer: effets de court et moyen termes sur l’emploi, le chômage et les arrêts maladie
La réduction des inégalités face à la maladie est un des attendus majeurs du troisième Plan cancer 2014-2019 qui préconise de « diminuer l'impact du cancer sur la vie personnelle » afi n d'éviter la « double peine » (maladie et exclusion du marché du travail). Dans ce contexte, nous évaluons l'impact de un à cinq ans d'un primo-enregistrement en Affection de longue durée (ALD) caractérisant le cancer sur la situation professionnelle et la durée passée en emploi...

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