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Psychosocial work environment and mental health-related long-term sickness absence among nurses
Purpose: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. Methods: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up. Cox regression models estimated hazard ratios (HR) and related 95% confidence intervals (CI)....
Organizational justice and disability pension from all-causes, depression and musculoskeletal diseases
A Finnish cohort study of public sector employees Work-related psychosocial factors that are measured once may not provide an accurate estimate of long-term exposure. Thus, we used repeated measures of organizational justice to evaluate its association with disability pension in a cohort of 24 895 Finnish public sector employees. High organizational justice was associated with lower risk of disability pension due to depression and musculoskeletal diseases. Source: Juvani A, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Salo P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http...
Travailler avec une maladie chronique évolutive
Face à la multiplication des pathologies dans la population active, les entreprises ne peuvent plus se contenter de réponses individuelles. La solution passe par la mise en oeuvre de politiques collectives, à même de favoriser le maintien en emploi des personnes atteintes. Source: Travail & Changement , numéro 360, juillet-août-septembre 2015. http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/17170384.PDF
Les facteurs influençant le retour au travail après une dépression
Le point de vue et le rôle des acteurs syndicaux En 2005, l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) stipulait que dans moins d'une décennie, la dépression constituerait une des premières causes d'incapacité avec les maladies cardiovasculaires (World Health Organization, 2005). En effet, on constate une augmentation des prestations d'invalidité attribuables aux troubles mentaux, notamment la dépression. Celles-ci sont à l'origine de plus de 40% de toutes les réclamations d'assurance-salaire (MSSS, 2005)...
Is temporary employment a risk factor for work disability due to depressive disorders and delayed return to work?
The Finnish Public Sector Study Objectives: Research on temporary employment as a risk factor for work disability due to depression is mixed, and few studies have measured work disability outcome in detail. We separately examined the associations of temporary employment with (i) the onset of work disability due to depression, (ii) the length of disability episodes, and (iii) the recurrence of work disability, taking into account the possible effect modification of sociodemographic factors. Methods: We linked the prospective cohort study data of 107 828 Finnish public sector employees to national...
Travailler avec une maladie chronique
Les 10 recommandations de la Déclaration de Bruxelles Pendant deux ans, les représentants de 28 pays européens - dont l'Anact et l'Aract Aquitaine pour la France - ont travaillé sur le thème du maintien dans l'emploi des personnes atteintes d'une maladie chronique évolutive. Venant conclure ces travaux, la "déclaration de Bruxelles" présente 10 recommandations à destination des employeurs et des gouvernements. Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=36337649
Plan cancer 2014-2019 : priorité au retour à l'emploi
François Hollande a présenté le 4 février 2014 le 3e plan cancer, couvrant la période 2014-2019. Le maintien et le retour à l'emploi des personnes atteintes de cancer font partie des axes d'action prioritaires. Parmi les personnes qui sont en activité lors du diagnostic d'un cancer, trois personnes sur dix ont perdu leur emploi ou l'ont quitté deux ans après. Le 3e plan cancer 2014-2019 se fixe pour objectif d'augmenter de 50% les chances de retour à l'emploi à l'horizon 2020. Pour celles qui...
Travailler avec une maladie chronique
Un guide de bonnes pratiques Ce guide de bonnes pratiques s'adresse principalement aux employeurs et aux responsables qui sont confrontés à la difficulté et à l'éventualité de devoir gérer des salariés atteints de maladie chronique, et de les soutenir dans le maintien dans l'emploi ou encore de les aider dans le processus de retour au travail après une période d'absence. Il propose un argumentaire pour convaincre les employeurs d'investir dans la qualité de vie au travail et la promotion de la santé...
A Theoretical Model of Co-worker Responses to Work Reintegration Processes
Purpose Emerging research has shown that co-workers have a significant influence on the return-to-work outcomes of partially fit ill or injured employees. By drawing on theoretical findings from the human resource and wider behavioral sciences literatures, our goal was to formulate a theoretical model of the influences on and outcomes of co-worker responses within work reintegration. Methods From a search of 15 data bases covering the social sciences, business and medicine, we identified articles containing models of the factors that influence co-workers' responses to disability accommodations;...
Studies reveal crucial role of co-workers in return-to-work process
Co-workers can play an important role after a work-related injury. They can provide details about the circumstances of an accident, offer emotional support to the injured worker and help with job tasks upon a co-worker's return to work (RTW). Working with an injured co-worker, however, can also strain work relationships and increase workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the role that co-workers play after a work-related injury and during the RTW process in the unionized, electrical construction sector. Methods We conducted two focus groups with injured electricians and union...
The Combination of Work Organizational Climate and Individual Work Commitment Predicts Return to Work in Women But Not in Men
Objective : To analyze if the combination of organizational climate and work commitment can predict return to work (RTW). Methods : This prospective Swedish study was based on 2285 participants, 19 to 64 years old, consecutively selected from the employed population, newly sick-listed for more than 14 days. Data were collected in 2008 through postal questionnaire and from register data. Results : Among women, the combination of good organizational climate and fair work commitment predicted an early RTW with an adjusted relative risk of 2.05 (1.32 to 3.18). Among men, none of the adjusted variables...
Factors affecting RTW following acute low-back pain
Steenstra, Ivan et coll. (2012). Factors affecting RTW following acute low-back pain. Institute for Work & Health (IWH) Sommaire d'une recension des écrits sur les déterminants du retour au travail chez les personnes souffrant de lombalgies aigues. Although most workers with acute low-back pain (i.e. pain for up to six weeks) return to work following a relatively straightforward path, anywhere from one-fifth to one-third go on to suffer chronic low-back pain (i.e. pain for longer than three months). This results in potentially lengthy absences from work. This systematic review...
Measuring Workplace Social Support for Workers with Disability
Lysaght, Rosemary et coll. (2012). Measuring Workplace Social Support for Workers with Disability. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. Introduction Social support in the workplace has been has been demonstrated to serve as a contributor to a worker’s ability to manage work demands and to manage stress. Research in the area of disability management indicates that interpersonal factors play an important role in the success of return-to-work interventions. The role of workplace support has received limited attention in rehabilitation, despite the salience of support to the disability management...
Du trouble mental à l'incapacité au travail : une perspective transdisciplinaire
Cet ouvrage collectif, dirigé par deux professeurs-chercheurs engagés dans le domaine de la réadaptation au travail, propose de passer en revue les éléments essentiels à une bonne compréhension du retour et de la réintégration au travail de personnes aux prises avec un trouble mental. Au sein de notre société moderne, notamment dans les organisations, les troubles mentaux constituent désormais une problématique qui préoccupe les acteurs concernés par le retour et la réintégration...
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2011.553708 Tjulin, Åsa et coll. (2011). The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences. Disability & Rehabilitation , 33 (21-22) : 1979-1989. Purpose .   The objective was to explore the role and contribution of co-workers in the return-to-work process. The social interaction of co-workers in the return-to-work process are analysed within the framework of the Swedish national and local employer organisational...
Are immigrants in the nursing industry at increased risk of bullying at work? A one-year follow-up study
Hogh, Annie et al. (2011). Are immigrants in the nursing industry at increased risk of bullying at work? A one-year follow-up study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 52 (1) : 49-58. The purpose of this study was to explore whether (a) immigrant health care workers (HCW) are more at risk of bullying at work than Danish staff members, (b) this association is increased by previous exposure to bullying and (c) immigrants experience more bullying from supervisors, colleagues and clients/residents. We analyzed cross-sectional baseline data from 5,635 health care students of whom 10.4% were immigrants...
Return to work following disabling occupational injury – facilitators of employment continuation
Return to work following occupational injury is an important rehabilitation milestone; however, it does not mark the end of the return-to-work process. Following a return to the workplace, workers can experience difficulties that compromise their rehabilitation gains. Although there has been investigation of factors related to a return to the workplace, little attention has been paid to understanding what facilitates continued return-to-work success as this paper aims to do. Methods This study used data gathered during one-on-one telephone interviews with 146 people who experienced a work-related...
Exploring the meaning of early contact in return-to-work from workplace actors' perspective
The objective of this article was to explore the meaning of early contact in return-to-work, and how social relational actions and conditions can facilitate or impede early contact among actors in the workplace. Method . An exploratory qualitative method was used, consisting of individual open-ended interviews with 33 workplace actors at seven worksites across three public employers in Sweden. The workplace actors represented in these interviews included re-entering workers, supervisors, co-workers and human resources managers. Organisational policies on return-to-work were collected from the three...
Work in cancer survivors: a model for practice and research
As with other illnesses, several variables can impact the transition back to the workplace, long-term work productivity, or job retention among cancer survivors. We developed a model related to work and cancer based in part on the general area of work disability and the specific literature on cancer survivors and work. Methods: A systematic search of the literature on work and cancer was conducted to determine whether an evidence base existed to support the proposed model. Results : Forty-five papers met the review criteria. The percentage of studies that addressed modifiable categories included...
What Concerns Workers with Low Back Pain? Findings of a Qualitative Study of Patients Referred for Rehabilitation
Health and workplace strategies to address work loss and sickness absence due to low back pain are urgently required. A better understanding of the experiences of those struggling to stay at work with back pain may help clinicians and employers with their treatment and management approaches. Methods A qualitative approach using thematic analysis was used. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 25 low back pain patients who had been referred for multidisciplinary back pain rehabilitation. All were in employment and concerned about their ability to work...
Early employer response to workplace injury: What injured workers perceive as fair and why these perceptions matter
The authors examined whether early employer response to workplace injury affects injured workers' subsequent attitudes and mental health. At 1 month and 6 months postinjury, telephone surveys were conducted with 344 workers from Ontario, Canada, who had experienced a musculoskeletal lost-time workplace injury. One-month reports of initial supervisor reaction to the injury and the use of workplace-based return-to-work strategies (early contact with worker, ergonomic assessment, presence of designated coordinator, accommodation offer) were hypothesized to predict reports of fairness, affective...
Looking upstream to understand low back pain and return to work: Psychosocial factors as the product of system issues
Abstract Low back pain ( LBP ) is the most common and expensive musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder in industrialized countries. There is evidence that personal and occupational psychosocial variables play a more important role than spinal pathology or the physical demands of the job. However, it is unclear which psychosocial variables are most important. The objective of this study is to understand which psychosocial variables are deemed most important to various workplace stakeholders involved in the process of returning a worker with LBP to work. Nine focus groups were convened with injured workers...
Managing pain in the workplace: a focus group study of challenges, strategies and what matters most to workers with low back pain
Purpose .Most working adults with low back pain (LBP) continue to work despite pain, but few studies have assessed self-management strategies in this at-work population. The purpose of this study was to identify workplace challenges and self-management strategies reported by workers remaining at work despite recurrent or persistent LBP, to be used as a framework for the development of a workplace group intervention to prevent back disability. Method .Workers with LBP ( n =38) participated in five focus groups, and audio recordings of sessions were analysed to assemble lists of common challenges...
Impact of Burnout and Psychosocial Work Characteristics on Future Long-Term Sickness Absence
titre complet: Impact of Burnout and Psychosocial Work Characteristics on Future Long-Term Sickness Absence. Prospective Results of the Danish PUMA Study Among Human Service Workers. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine if burnout and psychosocial factors predicted long-term sickness absence (>2 weeks) at work unit level. Methods: Data were collected prospectively at 82-work units in human services (PUMA cohort, PUMA: Danish acronym for Burnout, Motivation and Job satisfaction) followed up during the proceeding 18 months regarding onset of long-term sickness absence. Questionnaire...
Workplace Characteristics, Depression, and Health-Related Presenteeism in a General Population Sample
Objectives: To investigate the relationships between workplace psychosocial factors, work/family conflicts, depression, and health-related presenteeism in a sample of employees who were randomly selected from the communities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 4032 employees representative of the working population aged 25 to 64 years in Alberta, Canada. Data about workplace characteristics, depression, and health-related presenteeism were collected through telephone. Results: In the participants, 47.3% and 42.9% reported some degree of impaired job performance in completing work and avoiding...
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