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Work, organisational practices, and margin of manoeuver during work reintegration
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration. METHODS: A qualitative method was used. A large auto manufacturing plant was selected owing to work, organisational...
Engaging Employers to Prevent Disability
The Journal is honored to be publishing this special issue and grateful to all of the very talented contributors involved. The papers in this issue of the Journal provide not only a state-of-the-art review of employer factors and interventions but also provide information about research design challenges and recommendations that will be useful for anyone planning research in this domain. Practitioners will also appreciate the efforts to include information from the “grey literature” and to highlight issues of employer decision-making and implementation. All of the papers have been published...
Organizational justice and disability pension from all-causes, depression and musculoskeletal diseases
A Finnish cohort study of public sector employees Work-related psychosocial factors that are measured once may not provide an accurate estimate of long-term exposure. Thus, we used repeated measures of organizational justice to evaluate its association with disability pension in a cohort of 24 895 Finnish public sector employees. High organizational justice was associated with lower risk of disability pension due to depression and musculoskeletal diseases. Source: Juvani A, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Elovainio M, Salo P, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http...
Effects of graded return-to-work
A propensity-score-matched analysis Objectives: Graded work exposure is deemed to have a therapeutic effect. In Germany, graded return-to-work (GRTW) is therefore frequently used following a rehabilitation program if workers are still unable to perform full job duties. The aim of the analyses was to determine long-term effects on disability pension and regular employment. Methods: Analyses were performed with longitudinal administrative data. Patients aged 18–60 years who attended an orthopedic, cardiac, oncological, or psychosomatic rehabilitation between January and June 2007 were eligible...
Les enjeux organisationnels de la reprise du travail de salariés après une longue absence
Cette étude s'appuie sur une intervention ergonomique réalisée à la demande d'un établissement bancaire à la suite de difficultés rencontrées par des agents au moment du retour au travail après une longue absence. De nombreux travaux ont été menés au sujet des reprises de travail à la suite d'un problème de santé, mais ceux-ci ne constituent qu'une partie de ces situations. L'objectif de notre étude porte sur les situations de reprise du travail quelle que soit l'origine...
La réinsertion professionnelle
Il peut s’avérer difficile pour les salariés victimes d’accidents ou de maladies – en lien ou non avec le travail – de revenir vers l’emploi. D’autant plus lorsque leur état de santé ne leur permet plus d’exercer un métier qui a souvent constitué l’essentiel de leur expérience professionnelle. De nombreuses initiatives locales ont permis pourtant un retour vers l’emploi, souvent au prix de changements conséquents, pour le salarié comme pour l’entreprise. Source: Dossier thématique...
Functional and occupational characteristics predictive of a return to work within 18 months after stroke in Japan
Implications for rehabilitation Objective: This study examined clinical, functional, and occupational factors associated with return to work within 18 months after stroke, specifically focusing on the impact of higher cortical dysfunction on return to work in the chronic phase. Methods: This prospective cohort study in 21 hospitals specializing in clinical and occupational health recruited consecutive working-age inpatients receiving acute care for their first stroke (n = 351). A unified database was used to extract patient information from hospital records at the time of admission, discharge,...
Unintended consequences
The social context of cancer survivors and work Purpose: This article describes the ways in which socioeconomic characteristics and workplace contexts shape the unintended consequences that cancer survivors can experience as they return to work. The study was conducted in an employment setting where there is a major focus on productivity and economic growth in the business sector. Methods: Five focus groups (N = 33 participants) were conducted in 2012 in Singapore. Questions were directed at obtaining information related to the meaning of a job and reactions to return to work as a...
Plan cancer 2014-2019 : priorité au retour à l'emploi
François Hollande a présenté le 4 février 2014 le 3e plan cancer, couvrant la période 2014-2019. Le maintien et le retour à l'emploi des personnes atteintes de cancer font partie des axes d'action prioritaires. Parmi les personnes qui sont en activité lors du diagnostic d'un cancer, trois personnes sur dix ont perdu leur emploi ou l'ont quitté deux ans après. Le 3e plan cancer 2014-2019 se fixe pour objectif d'augmenter de 50% les chances de retour à l'emploi à l'horizon 2020. Pour celles qui...
Heavy work and disability pension
A long term follow-up of Swedish construction workers Objectives : The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of disability pensions over time among workers with physically demanding jobs. Methods : The occurrence of disability pension was prospectively studied between 1980–2008 among 325 549 Swedish construction workers. The risks for disability pension and years lost of working life were compared among 22 occupational groups, adjusting for age, body mass index, height, and smoking habits. Results : The risk varied considerably among blue-collar workers. For example, rock...
Guide soutenir le retour au travail et favoriser le maintien en emploi
Faciliter le retour au travail d'un employé à la suite d'une absence liée à un problème de santé psychologique Ce guide a été conçu pour vous aider à élaborer une démarche d'accompagnement et de soutien au retour au travail d'un employé à la suite d'une absence liée à un problème de santé psychologique, afin de faciliter son rétablissement et son retour au travail. Il s'agit d'un outil pratique, qui allie l'accompagnement individuel...

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