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Work, organisational practices, and margin of manoeuver during work reintegration
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration. METHODS: A qualitative method was used. A large auto manufacturing plant was selected owing to work, organisational...
Effects of graded return-to-work
A propensity-score-matched analysis Objectives: Graded work exposure is deemed to have a therapeutic effect. In Germany, graded return-to-work (GRTW) is therefore frequently used following a rehabilitation program if workers are still unable to perform full job duties. The aim of the analyses was to determine long-term effects on disability pension and regular employment. Methods: Analyses were performed with longitudinal administrative data. Patients aged 18–60 years who attended an orthopedic, cardiac, oncological, or psychosomatic rehabilitation between January and June 2007 were eligible...
Les enjeux organisationnels de la reprise du travail de salariés après une longue absence
Cette étude s'appuie sur une intervention ergonomique réalisée à la demande d'un établissement bancaire à la suite de difficultés rencontrées par des agents au moment du retour au travail après une longue absence. De nombreux travaux ont été menés au sujet des reprises de travail à la suite d'un problème de santé, mais ceux-ci ne constituent qu'une partie de ces situations. L'objectif de notre étude porte sur les situations de reprise du travail quelle que soit l'origine...
After the storm: the social relations of return to work following electrical injury
In this study, we explored the experiences of 13 individuals who had suffered an electrical injury at work and had subsequently returned to work. In this article, we report on the social, institutional, and relational elements that workers perceived to influence return to work experiences and the provision of workplace accommodations. These elements included (a) worker resources, (b) job characteristics, (c) workplace setting, (d) injury elements, (e) workers' compensation context, and (f) supports and advocacy provided. We conclude that the availability and provision of supportive accommodations...
Remain in Work—What Work-Related Factors Are Associated With Sustainable Work Attendance
A General Population-Based Study of Women and Men Objective: To analyze if organizational climate and work commitment, demand and control, job strain, social support, and physical demands at work are associated with remain in work (RIW), that is, work attendance without sick leave over 15 days per year. Methods: This Swedish cross-sectional study was based on 4013 workers (aged 19 to 64 years), randomly selected from a general population. Data were collected (2008) through postal questionnaire and registers. Results: Fair organizational climate, the combination of fair organizational climate and...
A Theoretical Model of Co-worker Responses to Work Reintegration Processes
Purpose Emerging research has shown that co-workers have a significant influence on the return-to-work outcomes of partially fit ill or injured employees. By drawing on theoretical findings from the human resource and wider behavioral sciences literatures, our goal was to formulate a theoretical model of the influences on and outcomes of co-worker responses within work reintegration. Methods From a search of 15 data bases covering the social sciences, business and medicine, we identified articles containing models of the factors that influence co-workers' responses to disability accommodations;...
Workplace Rehabilitation and Supportive Conditions at Work: A Prospective Study
Purpose To investigate the impact of rehabilitation measures on work ability and return to work (RTW), specifically the association between workplace rehabilitation/supportive conditions at work and work ability and RTW over time, among women on long-term sick leave. Methods Questionnaire data were collected (baseline, 6 and 12 months) from a cohort of women (n = 324). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of work ability index (WAI), work ability score and working degree. These analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables...
Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded...
Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded...
Studies reveal crucial role of co-workers in return-to-work process
Co-workers can play an important role after a work-related injury. They can provide details about the circumstances of an accident, offer emotional support to the injured worker and help with job tasks upon a co-worker's return to work (RTW). Working with an injured co-worker, however, can also strain work relationships and increase workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the role that co-workers play after a work-related injury and during the RTW process in the unionized, electrical construction sector. Methods We conducted two focus groups with injured electricians and union...
The 11-item workplace organizational policies and practices questionnaire (OPP-11): examination of its construct validity, factor structure, and predictive validity in injured workers with upper-limb disorders
Background Reliable and valid measurement of workplace organizational policies and practices (OPPs) is needed to evaluate their influences on the prevention and management of occupational injuries. Methods Injured workers (n = 614) attending an upper-limb specialty clinic operated by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board of Ontario were recruited for a 1-year study. The OPP-11, completed at baseline, was examined for scaling properties (floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, and item-convergent/discriminant validity), construct validity, and factor structure. Predictive validity for...
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2011.553708 Tjulin, Åsa et coll. (2011). The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences. Disability & Rehabilitation , 33 (21-22) : 1979-1989. Purpose .   The objective was to explore the role and contribution of co-workers in the return-to-work process. The social interaction of co-workers in the return-to-work process are analysed within the framework of the Swedish national and local employer organisational...
Organizational Return to Work Support and Sick Leave Duration: A Cohort of Spanish Workers With a Long-Term Non–Work-Related Sick Leave Episode
Sampere, Maite (2011). Organizational Return to Work Support and Sick Leave Duration: A Cohort of Spanish Workers With a Long-Term Non–Work-Related Sick Leave Episode. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 53(6):674-9. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between organizational support and time to return to work (RTW) in workers with long-term non-work-related sick leave. METHODS: Cohort participants were 571 workers, with a non-work-related sick leave episode of more than 15 days, recruited during the first visit in a health insurance company (mutua). Workers completed a...
Relation Between Perceived Health and Sick Leave in Employees With a Chronic Illness
Boot, Cécile R. L. (2011). Relation Between Perceived Health and Sick Leave in Employees With a Chronic Illness. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation , 21 (2): 211-219. (article en libre accès) Introduction : To improve work participation in individuals with a chronic illness, insight into the role of work-related factors in the association between health and sick leave is needed. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the contribution of work limitations, work characteristics, and work adjustments to the association between health and sick leave in employees with a chronic...
Use of low-back pain guidelines by occupational therapists: A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators
Poitras, Stéphane, Durand, Marie-José, Côté, Anne-Marie et Tousignant, Michel (2011). Use of low-back pain guidelines by occupational therapists: A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators. Work , 9(4): 465-475. Volume 39, Number 4 / 2011 Pages 465-475 Objective: Identify barriers and facilitators related to the use of low-back pain guidelines as perceived by occupational therapists (OTs). Methods and participants: A qualitative approach was used. Nine OTs with varied characteristics were randomly selected. Participants were asked to use the guidelines with at least...
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