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Workplace Social System and Sustained Return-to-Work: A Study of Supervisor and Co-worker Supportiveness and Injury Reaction
Objective: To examine the impact of the social workplace system on sustained return-to-work (SRTW). Methods: A random sample of workers' compensation claimants was recruited to complete a survey following claim acceptance (baseline), and 6 months later (time 2). SRTW, at baseline and time 2, was classified as those reporting being back at work for >28 days. Co-worker and supervisor support were assessed using five and seven items, respectively, and total scores were produced. A list of potential supervisory and co-worker reactions were presented to participants who were asked whether the...
Work, organisational practices, and margin of manoeuver during work reintegration
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration. METHODS: A qualitative method was used. A large auto manufacturing plant was selected owing to work, organisational...
Effects of graded return-to-work
A propensity-score-matched analysis Objectives: Graded work exposure is deemed to have a therapeutic effect. In Germany, graded return-to-work (GRTW) is therefore frequently used following a rehabilitation program if workers are still unable to perform full job duties. The aim of the analyses was to determine long-term effects on disability pension and regular employment. Methods: Analyses were performed with longitudinal administrative data. Patients aged 18–60 years who attended an orthopedic, cardiac, oncological, or psychosomatic rehabilitation between January and June 2007 were eligible...
Les enjeux organisationnels de la reprise du travail de salariés après une longue absence
Cette étude s'appuie sur une intervention ergonomique réalisée à la demande d'un établissement bancaire à la suite de difficultés rencontrées par des agents au moment du retour au travail après une longue absence. De nombreux travaux ont été menés au sujet des reprises de travail à la suite d'un problème de santé, mais ceux-ci ne constituent qu'une partie de ces situations. L'objectif de notre étude porte sur les situations de reprise du travail quelle que soit l'origine...
After the storm: the social relations of return to work following electrical injury
In this study, we explored the experiences of 13 individuals who had suffered an electrical injury at work and had subsequently returned to work. In this article, we report on the social, institutional, and relational elements that workers perceived to influence return to work experiences and the provision of workplace accommodations. These elements included (a) worker resources, (b) job characteristics, (c) workplace setting, (d) injury elements, (e) workers' compensation context, and (f) supports and advocacy provided. We conclude that the availability and provision of supportive accommodations...
Remain in Work—What Work-Related Factors Are Associated With Sustainable Work Attendance
A General Population-Based Study of Women and Men Objective: To analyze if organizational climate and work commitment, demand and control, job strain, social support, and physical demands at work are associated with remain in work (RIW), that is, work attendance without sick leave over 15 days per year. Methods: This Swedish cross-sectional study was based on 4013 workers (aged 19 to 64 years), randomly selected from a general population. Data were collected (2008) through postal questionnaire and registers. Results: Fair organizational climate, the combination of fair organizational climate and...
A Theoretical Model of Co-worker Responses to Work Reintegration Processes
Purpose Emerging research has shown that co-workers have a significant influence on the return-to-work outcomes of partially fit ill or injured employees. By drawing on theoretical findings from the human resource and wider behavioral sciences literatures, our goal was to formulate a theoretical model of the influences on and outcomes of co-worker responses within work reintegration. Methods From a search of 15 data bases covering the social sciences, business and medicine, we identified articles containing models of the factors that influence co-workers' responses to disability accommodations;...
Workplace Rehabilitation and Supportive Conditions at Work: A Prospective Study
Purpose To investigate the impact of rehabilitation measures on work ability and return to work (RTW), specifically the association between workplace rehabilitation/supportive conditions at work and work ability and RTW over time, among women on long-term sick leave. Methods Questionnaire data were collected (baseline, 6 and 12 months) from a cohort of women (n = 324). Linear mixed models were used for longitudinal analysis of the repeated measurements of work ability index (WAI), work ability score and working degree. These analyses were performed with different models; the explanatory variables...
Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded...
Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded...
Studies reveal crucial role of co-workers in return-to-work process
Co-workers can play an important role after a work-related injury. They can provide details about the circumstances of an accident, offer emotional support to the injured worker and help with job tasks upon a co-worker's return to work (RTW). Working with an injured co-worker, however, can also strain work relationships and increase workload. The purpose of this study was to determine the role that co-workers play after a work-related injury and during the RTW process in the unionized, electrical construction sector. Methods We conducted two focus groups with injured electricians and union...
The 11-item workplace organizational policies and practices questionnaire (OPP-11): examination of its construct validity, factor structure, and predictive validity in injured workers with upper-limb disorders
Background Reliable and valid measurement of workplace organizational policies and practices (OPPs) is needed to evaluate their influences on the prevention and management of occupational injuries. Methods Injured workers (n = 614) attending an upper-limb specialty clinic operated by the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board of Ontario were recruited for a 1-year study. The OPP-11, completed at baseline, was examined for scaling properties (floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, and item-convergent/discriminant validity), construct validity, and factor structure. Predictive validity for...
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences
The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09638288.2011.553708 Tjulin, Åsa et coll. (2011). The social interaction of return to work explored from co-workers experiences. Disability & Rehabilitation , 33 (21-22) : 1979-1989. Purpose .   The objective was to explore the role and contribution of co-workers in the return-to-work process. The social interaction of co-workers in the return-to-work process are analysed within the framework of the Swedish national and local employer organisational...
Organizational Return to Work Support and Sick Leave Duration: A Cohort of Spanish Workers With a Long-Term Non–Work-Related Sick Leave Episode
Sampere, Maite (2011). Organizational Return to Work Support and Sick Leave Duration: A Cohort of Spanish Workers With a Long-Term Non–Work-Related Sick Leave Episode. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 53(6):674-9. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between organizational support and time to return to work (RTW) in workers with long-term non-work-related sick leave. METHODS: Cohort participants were 571 workers, with a non-work-related sick leave episode of more than 15 days, recruited during the first visit in a health insurance company (mutua). Workers completed a...
Relation Between Perceived Health and Sick Leave in Employees With a Chronic Illness
Boot, Cécile R. L. (2011). Relation Between Perceived Health and Sick Leave in Employees With a Chronic Illness. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation , 21 (2): 211-219. (article en libre accès) Introduction : To improve work participation in individuals with a chronic illness, insight into the role of work-related factors in the association between health and sick leave is needed. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the contribution of work limitations, work characteristics, and work adjustments to the association between health and sick leave in employees with a chronic...
Use of low-back pain guidelines by occupational therapists: A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators
Poitras, Stéphane, Durand, Marie-José, Côté, Anne-Marie et Tousignant, Michel (2011). Use of low-back pain guidelines by occupational therapists: A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators. Work , 9(4): 465-475. Volume 39, Number 4 / 2011 Pages 465-475 Objective: Identify barriers and facilitators related to the use of low-back pain guidelines as perceived by occupational therapists (OTs). Methods and participants: A qualitative approach was used. Nine OTs with varied characteristics were randomly selected. Participants were asked to use the guidelines with at least...
Relationship between the margin of manoeuvre and the return to work after a long-term absence due to a musculoskeletal disorder: an exploratory study
Durand, Marie-José et al. (2011). Relationship between the margin of manoeuvre and the return to work after a long-term absence due to a musculoskeletal disorder: an exploratory study. Disability & Rehabilitation , 33(13-14): 1245-1252. (Accès limité) Purpose . The application of the margin of manoeuvre (MM) concept in work rehabilitation is new. It allows for variations in both health status and work demands, and the interaction between the two, to be taken into account. The objective of this exploratory study was to document the relationship between the presence...
Functional and Occupational Characteristics Associated With Very Early Return to Work After Stroke in Japan
Tanaka H et al. (2011). Functional and occupational characteristics associated with very early return to work after stroke in Japan. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , 92 (5): 743-748. To examine clinical, functional, and occupational factors associated with very early return to work after stroke, and to identify factors manageable through occupational arrangements, patient education, and other welfare programs. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Acute care of the first stroke event in 21 acute care hospitals specializing in clinical and occupational health. Participants...
Association of hip osteoarthritis and manual handling of loads over 20 kg
Physically loading work factors may play a considerable role in the development of hip osteoarthritis. Recurrent work-related manual handling of workloads over 20 kg was associated with hip osteoarthritis in both genders between the ages of 30 and 97. The risk was visible after 12 years' exposure. These results are based on a study of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland and National Institute for Health and Welfare. There were a nationally representative sample of 3110 Finnish men and 3446 women in the study. Source : Kaila...
Looking upstream to understand low back pain and return to work: Psychosocial factors as the product of system issues
Abstract Low back pain ( LBP ) is the most common and expensive musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder in industrialized countries. There is evidence that personal and occupational psychosocial variables play a more important role than spinal pathology or the physical demands of the job. However, it is unclear which psychosocial variables are most important. The objective of this study is to understand which psychosocial variables are deemed most important to various workplace stakeholders involved in the process of returning a worker with LBP to work. Nine focus groups were convened with injured workers...
Disability Management: Organizational Diversity and Dutch Employment Policy
Introduction While Human Resource Managers (HRM) and line managers could play a significant role in the prevention of job-related problems and in promotion of early job-continuation, it is not clear wether the chronically ill workers are recognized as a group. Unlike some other groups, distinguished by gender, age or ethnicity, those with chronic illness are less distinct and may not be included in diversity management programs. The aim of this research is to address theory and evidence in literature about the topic, as well as to inquire whether chronic illness of the employees is ‘visible'...
Occupational Safety and Health Interventions to Reduce Musculoskeletal Symptoms in the Health Care Sector
Introduction Health care work is dangerous and multiple interventions have been tested to reduce the occupational hazards. Methods A systematic review of the literature used a best evidence synthesis approach to address the general question “Do occupational safety and health interventions in health care settings have an effect on musculoskeletal health status?” This was followed by an evaluation of the effectiveness of specific interventions. Results The initial search identified 8,465 articles, for the period 1980–2006, which were reduced to 16 studies based on content and quality...
Expanding the Concept of Acculturation in Mexican American Rehabilitation Psychology Research and Practice
Objective This study examined the association between return-to-work (RTW) outcomes and sociodemographic, clinical, and work characteristics among a cohort of injured workers who underwent knee surgery between 2001–2005 in British Columbia, Canada. Methods Workers’ compensation databases were used to identify the retrospective cohort and abstract the study variables. Multinomial logistic regression provided odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the association between RTW (unspecified, partial, full, or non-RTW) and the independent variables. Results Data was abstracted...
Employment maintenance and the factors that impact it after vocational rehabilitation and return to work
To determine post-return-to-work disability and functioning amongst occupationally injured workers and to test the extent to which demographic and other variables relate to employment maintenance. In addition, the project sought to document what workers believe determined their work continuation. Method .Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted to inquire about participant's ( N =150) post-vocational rehabilitation return-to-work experiences. Results were interpreted using the health and health-related domains from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health...
Toward a Climate for Work Resumption: The Nonmedical Determinants of Return to Work
Objective: People who have been on long-term absence from work because of ill health usually have reduced chances to resume work again. Nevertheless, little is known about its causal factors. The aim of this study is to present and test an empirical model to predict return to work of employees who are long-term absent for physical- or mental ill health reasons. Method: A longitudinal study has been performed with a sample of long-term absents in five European countries (N = 1460). Results: Health improvement is necessary but it alone not sufficient as precondition for return to work. Psychological...
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