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Common Psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Common Mental Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases, and Cancers
A Review of Reviews Supporting a Cross-Disease Approach Purpose: This systematic review aimed at identifying the common psychosocial factors that facilitate or hinder the return to work (RTW) after a sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), or cancers (CAs). Methods: We conducted a review of reviews searching 13 databases from 1994 to 2016 for peer-reviewed, quantitative, cohort studies investigating factors influencing RTW after a CMD, CVD, or CA. Then, for each disease we identified additional cohort studies published after the date of the latest review...
Effectiveness of Workplace Interventions in Return-to-Work for Musculoskeletal, Pain-Related and Mental Health Conditions
An Update of the Evidence and Messages for Practitioners Purpose: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods: We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient. Results: Seven electronic...
Effectiveness of Workplace Interventions in Return-to-Work for Musculoskeletal, Pain-Related and Mental Health Conditions
An Update of the Evidence and Messages for Practitioners Purpose: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods: We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient. Results: Seven electronic...
Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Interventions for Lower-Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders
A Systematic Review Lower-extremity (LE) musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can have a major impact on the ability to carry out daily activities. The effectiveness of interventions must be examined to enable occupational therapy practitioners to deliver the most appropriate services. This systematic review examined the literature published between 1995 and July 2014 that investigated the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for LE MSDs. Forty-three articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Occupational therapy interventions varied on the basis of population subgroup: hip fracture...
Rehabilitation and return to work after cancer: Literature review
As treatments have improved, there are more and more people surviving cancer in Europe. While most cancer survivors return to work after treatment, many face long-term symptoms and impairments that can make it difficult for them to do so. This report provides an overview of the relevant scientific literature, conducted to collect information on existing initiatives, policies and practices on rehabilitation and return to work after cancer and gather examples of successful interventions. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/rehabilitation-and-return-work-after-cancer...
Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Interventions for Adults With Musculoskeletal Conditions of the Forearm, Wrist, and Hand
A Systematic Review Occupational therapy practitioners are key health care providers for people with musculoskeletal disorders of the distal upper extremity. It is imperative that practitioners understand the most effective and efficient means for remediating impairments and supporting clients in progressing to independence in purposeful occupations. This systematic review provides an update to a previous review by summarizing articles published between 2006 and July 2014 related to the focused question, What is the evidence for the effect of occupational therapy interventions on functional outcomes...
Effectiveness of multifaceted implementation strategies for the implementation of back and neck pain guidelines in health care
A systematic review For the optimal use of clinical guidelines in daily practice, mere distribution of guidelines and materials is not enough, and active implementation is needed. This review investigated the effectiveness of multifaceted implementation strategies compared to minimal, single, or no implementation strategy for the implementation of non-specific low back and/or neck pain guidelines in health care. Source: Suman, A., Dikkers, M. F., Schaafsma, F. G., van Tulder, M. W., & Anema, J. R. (2016). Implementation Science, 11 (1), 126. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2Fs13012-016-0482-7
Measurement Properties of the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale in Patients With Nonspecific Low Back Pain
Systematic Review Background: The Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS) has been translated into different languages, and several studies on its measurement properties have been done. Purpose: The purpose of this review was to critically appraise and compare the measurement properties, when possible, of all language versions of the QBPDS by systematically reviewing the methodological quality and results of the available studies. Method: Bibliographic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched for articles with the key words “Quebec,” “back,” “pain...
Web-Based Interventions for Chronic Back Pain: A Systematic Review
Background: Chronic low back pain is one of the most common presenting complaints to a physician's office. Treatment is often challenging and recovery depends on various factors, often resulting in significant investments of time and resources. Objective: The aim of this review is to determine which Web-based interventions aimed at chronic low back pain are of benefit to patients. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying Web-based interventions directed at adults with chronic low back pain were included. Retrospective studies, narrative reviews, nonrandomized trials, and observational...
Research review on rehabilitation and return to work
This review is part of a project of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), initiated by the European Parliament, on the safety and health of older workers. The objective of the review is to provide an up-to-date summary of knowledge regarding vocational rehabilitation and return-to-work systems, programmes and interventions and their different components. Source: https://osha.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Research%20review%20on%20rehabilitation%20and%20return%20to%20work.pdf
Effectiveness of very early workplace interventions to reduce sickness absence
A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis This systematic review identified a lack of evidence to support the effectiveness of "very early" (less than 15 days after the start of sickness absence) workplace intervention to reduce sick leave compared to usual care. Lack of consensus on definition of "very early/early" interventions, methodological design of studies, the extent, and timing of usual care provided and variable compliance between groups might explain the absence of demonstrated benefit. Source: Vargas-Prada S, Demou E, Lalloo D, Avila-Palencia I, Sanati...
Effectiveness of Occupation- and Activity-Based Interventions to Improve Everyday Activities and Social Participation for People With Traumatic Brain Injury
A Systematic Review This systematic review presents research on the effectiveness of occupation- and activity-based interventions to improve everyday activities and areas of occupation and social participation for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Nineteen studies identified through a comprehensive database search were reviewed and synthesized into five themes: (1) multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary treatment approaches, (2) community-based rehabilitation programs, (3) treatment approaches using client-centered goals and relevant contexts, (4) social skills training and peer mentoring...
L’évaluation clinique, les traitements et le retour en emploi de travailleurs souffrant d’atteintes de la coiffe des rotateurs
Bilan des connaissances Les atteintes musculosquelettiques de l'épaule constituent une problématique importante au sein de la population générale, et particulièrement chez les travailleurs. Ce type d'atteintes affecte le statut fonctionnel de l'épaule et la qualité de vie des personnes et peut entrainer, chez les travailleurs, des problématiques d'absentéisme ou des pertes de productivité. Les travailleurs effectuant des tâches avec les bras au-dessus des épaules ou des tâches répétitives...
Prognostic factors of return to work after traumatic or non-traumatic acquired brain injury
PURPOSE: To investigate and to determine evidence of prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed (2008-2014), applying terms for ABI and RTW. In addition, studies published after 2003 of a previous review on the same topic were added. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed and evidence was classified. RESULTS: Twenty-seven studies were included. There is strong evidence that a high education level is positively associated with RTW after traumatic ABI; a low education level...
The Effect of Occupation-based Cognitive Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury
A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among people younger than 35 years in the United States. Cognitive difficulty is a common consequence of TBI. To address cognitive deficits of patients with TBI, various cognitive rehabilitation approaches have been used for the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the overall effect of occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on patients' improvement in cognitive performance components, activity of daily living (ADL) performance, and values, beliefs...
Interventions to improve return to work in depressed people
Depression is a major problem that affects about 300 million people globally. Symptoms of depression include the core symptoms of low mood or loss of interest coupled with other symptoms such as feelings of inadequacy and hopelessness or sleep problems. These symptoms usually impair functioning and therefore sickness absence is common in people with depression. We evaluated the effectiveness of interventions that can help depressed workers to resume work activities. Source: Nieuwenhuijsen K, Faber B, Verbeek JH, Neumeyer-Gromen A, Hees HL, Verhoeven AC, van der Feltz-Cornelis CM, Bültmann...
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain
Low back pain (LBP) is responsible for considerable personal suffering worldwide. Those with persistent disabling symptoms also contribute to substantial costs to society via healthcare expenditure and reduced work productivity. While there are many treatment options, none are universally endorsed. The idea that chronic LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological and social influences, the 'biopsychosocial model', has received increasing acceptance. This has led to the development of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR...
Prévention de l'incapacité prolongée chez les travailleurs indemnisés pour troubles musculo-squelettiques
Une revue systématique de la littérature - Mise à jour 2008-2013 La présente mise à jour confirme et renforce les tendances déjà observées dans la revue de la littérature précédemment citée et couvrant la période 2000-2007 : l'intérêt pour le dépistage des travailleurs à risque d'incapacité prolongée, l'intérêt pour les points de vue de différents acteurs intervenant dans le processus de prévention, l'intérêt...
Bilan des connaissances sur les facteurs de risque de l’arthrose du genou et sur les outils d’évaluation et les interventions en matière de soins et services
L'arthrose est une maladie chronique caractérisée par une dégénérescence progressive du cartilage et de l'os sous-chondral, entraînant de la douleur, des limitations fonctionnelles et des incapacités à long terme. Les articulations portantes sont particulièrement vulnérables au développement de la maladie, mais l'arthrose du genou (AG) est plus susceptible de causer des incapacités fonctionnelles. Bien que la maladie soit principalement présente chez les personnes âgées de plus de...
Systematic review of return to work after mild traumatic brain injury
Results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the best available evidence on return to work (RTW) after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and other databases were searched (2001-2012) with terms including "craniocerebral trauma" and "employment." Reference lists of eligible articles were also searched. STUDY SELECTION: Controlled trials and cohort and case-control studies were selected according to predefined criteria. Studies had to assess RTW or employment outcomes in at least 30 MTBI cases...
Quality of Working Life Issues of Employees with a Chronic Physical Disease
A Systematic Review Purpose: To assess issues that contribute to the Quality of Working Life (QWL) of employees with a chronic physical disease. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using the databases PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE. Experiences and perceptions during the working life of employees with a chronic physical disease were extracted and synthesized into issues that contributed to their QWL. We organized these synthesized QWL issues into higher order themes and categories with qualitative data analysis software. Results: From a total of 4,044 articles identified by the search...
Absence from work and return to work in people with back pain
A systematic review and meta-analysis Background: A considerable proportion of work absence is attributed to back pain, however prospective studies in working populations with back pain are variable in setting and design, and a quantitative summary of current evidence is lacking.Objective: To investigate the extent to which differences in setting, country, sampling procedures and methods for data collection are responsible for variation in estimates of work absence and return to work.Methods: Systematic searches of seven bibliographic databases. Inclusion criteria were: adults in paid employment...
Are work disability prevention interventions effective for the management of neck pain or upper extremity disorders?
A systematic review by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration Purpose We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise and synthesize literature on the effectiveness of work disability prevention (WDP) interventions in workers with neck pain, whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), or upper extremity disorders. Methods We searched electronic databases from 1990 to 2012. Random pairs of independent reviewers critically appraised eligible studies using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria. Scientifically admissible studies were summarized...
Employers' Attitudes Towards Hiring and Retaining People with Disabilities: A Review of the Literature
This selective review provides an overview of salient research findings related to employers' attitudes towards disability and prospective influences on employers to improve employment outcomes of people with disabilities. Research studies included for review are mainly those which investigated employer attitudes towards disability as predispositions to hiring people with disability. Selected studies were classified into three categories including hiring and accommodating employees with disabilities, work performance, and affective reactions and behavioural intentions of employers. Excluded...
A classification of components of workplace disability management programs: results from a systematic review
Purpose: This paper presents results from a Campbell systematic review on the nature and effectiveness of workplace disability management programs (WPDM) promoting return to work (RTW), as implemented and practiced by employers. A classification of WPDM program components, based on the review results, is proposed. Methods : Twelve databases were searched between 1948 to July 2010 for peer-reviewed studies of WPDM programs provided by employers to re-entering workers with occupational or non-occupational illnesses or injuries. Screening of articles, risk of bias assessment and data extraction were...
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