The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure

Objectives: To estimate the economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure in Canada.
Methods: We estimate the lifetime cost of newly diagnosed lung cancer and mesothelioma cases associated with occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure for calendar year 2011 based on the societal perspective. The key cost components considered are healthcare costs, productivity and output costs, and quality of life costs.
Results: There were 427 cases of newly diagnosed mesothelioma cases and 1904 lung cancer cases attributable to asbestos exposure in 2011 for a total of 2331 cases. Our estimate of the economic burden is $C831 million in direct and indirect costs for newly identified cases of mesothelioma and lung cancer and $C1.5 billion in quality of life costs based on a value of $C100 000 per quality-adjusted life year. This amounts to $C356 429 and $C652 369 per case, respectively.
Conclusions: The economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma associated with occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure is substantial. The estimate identified is for 2331 newly diagnosed, occupational and para-occupational exposure cases in 2011, so it is only a portion of the burden of existing cases in that year. Our findings provide important information for policy decision makers for priority setting, in particular the merits of banning the mining of asbestos and use of products containing asbestos in countries where they are still allowed and also the merits of asbestos removal in older buildings with asbestos insulation.

Source: Tompa, E., Kalcevich, C., McLeod, C., Lebeau, M., Song, C., McLeod, K., ... & Demers, P. A. (2017). Occup Environ Med.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-104173

Non-standard forms of employment

Recent trends and future prospects
The main focus of this paper is the growth of non-standard employment over the last decade. It finds that, apart from part-time work, there has not been an increase in non-standard employment during this time. However, both temporary contracts and self-employment grew, quite strongly in some Member States, in the long economic boom from the mid-1990s and up to the onset of the recession in 2007. It is, of course, primarily when times are bad that the need for employment and social protection is made manifest.

Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/customised-report/2017/non-standard-forms-of-employment-recent-trends-and-future-prospects

An international comparison of the cost of work-related accidents and illnesses

The economic advantages of occupational safety and health have never been more apparent. New estimates from an international project show that work-related accidents and illnesses cost the EU at least EUR 476 billion every year. The cost of work-related cancers alone amounts to EUR 119.5 billion.
The project results were presented at the XXI World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Singapore in September and are available on the EU-OSHA website as an interactive data visualisation.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/international-comparison-cost-work-related-accidents-and/view

L'économie de la sécurité et de la santé au travail

La valeur de la SST pour notre société
Le calcul utilise l'EVCI («espérance de vie corrigée de l'incapacité») en tant qu'indice de mesure des accidents et des maladies d'origine professionnelle. L'outil permet une présentation visuelle accessible des données relatives aux coûts que représentent, pour la société, les accidents et maladies d'origine professionnelle, qui couvre toutes les régions du monde et propose des renseignements plus spécifiques concernant chaque État membre de l'UE. Les coûts supportés par la société sont présentés en valeur monétaire et en termes de pourcentage du produit intérieur brut (PIB). En outre, la répartition de l'indice EVCI entre les principales affections d'origine professionnelle (cancers, troubles circulatoires, troubles musculo-squelettiques et blessures) à l'échelle de l'UE est également indiquée.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/economics-occupational-safety-and-health-value-osh-society

Oil and Gas Extraction Worker Fatalities 2014

This report describes fatal incidents identified by the NIOSH Fatalities in Oil and Gas Extraction (FOG) database that occurred in 2014. The purpose of FOG is to collect detailed information about worker fatalities related to U.S. oil and gas extraction. This report provides updates to fatalities published in the Oil and Gas Extraction Worker Fatalities, 2014 Mid-year Report: January 1, 2014–June 30, 2014, and also includes fatalities from the second half of the year. It is intended to serve as a resource for health and safety professionals, managers, and other stakeholders in identifying and eliminating hazards encountered by workers during oil and gas extraction operations. In this report, fatalities are presented by rig count, workforce, location, industry group, event type, operation, activities, and the number of fatalities per incident. Cardiac and undetermined fatalities with no known work exposure are excluded from this report (unless otherwise specified on page 11), but are included in FOG.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2017-193/

Fedris - Rapport annuel statistique 2016

Au 1er janvier 2017, le Fonds des maladies professionnelles (FMP) et le Fonds des accidents du travail (FAT) ont fusionné pour donner naissance à une nouvelle institution : Fedris, l'Agence fédérale des risques professionnels.
Cette nouvelle institution a repris l’ensemble des missions du Fonds des maladies professionnelles et du Fonds des accidents du travail.
Le rapport statistique qui vous est ici présenté reprend les activités du volet des maladies professionnelles au cours de l’année 2016 , dernière année avant la fusion. Les activités et procédures décrites sont donc celles qui étaient d’application au sein du Fonds des maladies professionnelles au cours de l’année 2016.

Source: https://www.fedris.be/sites/default/files/assets/FR/Statistiques/Statistische_jaarverslagen_BZ/rapport_statistique_2016.pdf

Regional Commercial Fishing Fatality Summaries (2010-2014)

NIOSH recently completed an analysis of commercial fishing fatalities in the United States for the years 2010-2014 in order to identify current hazards among fisheries in different regions of the country: Alaska, West Coast, East Coast, and the Gulf of Mexico.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fishing/pubs.html

HSA - Statistics Report 2016

The tables and graphs contained herein outline the most recently available statistics on occupational injury, illness and workplace fatalities in Ireland.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Statistics_Report_2016.76332.shortcut.html

DARES - Les expositions aux risques professionnels dans les petits établissements en 2010

Les salariés des très petits établissements (1 à 9 salariés) ne sont pas plus exposés aux risques physiques que ceux des plus grandes unités, sauf pour les vibrations et la conduite sur la voie publique. Les expositions aux agents cancérogènes apparaissent plus fréquentes pour les salariés dans les petits établissements (1 à 49 salariés), et la prévention de ces risques y est moins développée. En revanche, ils subissent des risques organisationnels et psychosociaux nettement moins importants. Ces constats demeurent lorsqu'on prend en compte les métiers exercés.

Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-expositions-aux-risques-professionnels-dans-les-petits-etablissements-en

Dares - Les seniors au travail

La durée du travail est-elle plus faible à l’approche de la retraite?
En 2016, au-delà de 55 ans, les salariés seniors travaillent plus à temps partiel que les plus jeunes. Une petite partie de ce temps partiel recouvre des situations de cumul emploi-retraite.
Le recours au temps partiel s’accentue avec l’âge. Il est alors plus fréquemment dû à des raisons personnelles et domestiques et à des problèmes de santé. Les ouvriers ont 5,6 fois plus de chances de déclarer être à temps partiel pour raison de santé que les cadres. La part du temps partiel « contraint » est la même chez les seniors que chez les plus jeunes.

Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-seniors-au-travail

WorkSafeBC Statistics 2016

WorkSafeBC Statistics 2016 is a compendium of statistics that sheds additional light on WorkSafeBC's core areas of operation. This includes claims, assessments, prevention, and service.

Source: https://www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/about-us/annual-report-statistics/2016-stats

Surveillance for Silicosis Deaths Among Persons Aged 15-44 Years

United States, 1999–2015
Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15–44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes† of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999–2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999–2013). During 1999–2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code J62 (pneumoconiosis due to dust containing silica),§ 38 (69%) had code J62.8 (pneumoconiosis due to other dust containing silica), and 17 (31%) had code J62.0 (pneumoconiosis due to talc dust) listed on their death certificate. Decedents whose cause of death code was J62.8 most frequently worked in the manufacturing and construction industries and production occupations where silica exposure is known to occur. Among the 17 decedents who had death certificates listing code J62.0 as cause of death, 13 had certificates with an underlying or a contributing cause of death code listed that indicated multiple drug use or drug overdose. In addition, 13 of the 17 death certificates listing code J62.0 as cause of death had information on decedent's industry and occupation; among the 13 decedents, none worked in talc exposure–associated jobs, suggesting that their talc exposure was nonoccupational. Examining detailed information on causes of death (including external causes) and industry and occupation of decedents is essential for identifying silicosis deaths associated with occupational exposures and reducing misclassification of silicosis mortality.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6628a2.htm?s_cid=mm6628a2_x

Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL)

Variation across occupation groups
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an individual’s or group’s self-perception of their physical and mental health over time. HRQOL goes beyond the traditionally diagnosable health outcomes to provide a measure of well-being, it has become an important part of health surveillance. HRQOL is used outside of public health by fields such as psychology, social work, economics, and urban planning. HRQOL is used to determine disease burden, to monitor progress in achieving the Healthy People Goals, to guide policy and legislation, to develop interventions, and to allocate resources where they are most needed.
This study suggests that workers’ jobs are associated with their HRQOL. Further research is needed to understand how work exposures or characteristics influence HRQOL and what work exposures or characteristics have the largest impact on HRQOL.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/07/26/hrqol/

Mesothelioma Mortality by Geographical Area

Mesothelioma mortality in Great Britain 1981-2015
Previous descriptive analyses of mesothelioma death rates for geographical areas within Great Britain have highlighted the effect of geographically-specific sources of asbestos exposure: geographical areas with the highest mortality rates tend to be those known to contain large industrial sites such as shipyards and asbestos product factories.
This factsheet provides an update of analyses of mesothelioma mortality by Unitary Authority (UA) and Local Authority (LA) area to include deaths occurring during the period 1981 to 2015, the longest period for which data are available according to the current UA and LA structure. It also provides more detailed analysis of temporal trends within these geographical areas using Generalised Additive Models (see Annex 1 for further details).
The analyses are based on the last area of residence of the deceased, as recorded on death certificates, and use Standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) which compare the mortality rate in a particular area with the mortality rate for GB, taking account of age differences (see Annex 1 for further details). SMRs are expressed as a percentage: values higher or lower than 100 indicate mesothelioma rates that are higher or lower, respectively, than for GB as a whole.

Source: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/mesothelioma/mesoarea1981to2015.pdf

Les activités rémunérées des étudiants: quelles formes et quelle organisation?

En moyenne de 2013 à 2015, parmi les 2,4 millions de jeunes âgés de 18 à 29 ans qui suivent des études dans l'enseignement supérieur, près de 23 % sont actifs au sens du Bureau international du travail (BIT). L'activité rémunérée d'un étudiant est particulière en raison du cumul de l'emploi et des études. Le taux et les formes d'emploi des étudiants varient en fonction du calendrier des études. Les étudiants qui travaillent déclarent majoritairement choisir d'occuper des contrats courts (CDD, contrat saisonnier ou contrat d'intérim) ou des emplois à temps partiel. Par ailleurs, les emplois revêtent de nombreuses formes dont le principal critère de différenciation est le lien avec les études.
Parmi les étudiants qui travaillent, plus de la moitié exerce une activité prévue par leurs études (stage, apprentissage, internat de médecine, etc.). Les autres exercent une activité sans lien avec leurs études, occasionnellement ou régulièrement au long de l'année. Ces activités non liées aux études correspondent plus souvent à des emplois moins qualifiés et à temps partiel. Elles peuvent néanmoins représenter une charge horaire lourde et contraignante vis-à-vis du temps requis par les études, en particulier lorsque l'activité est régulière.

Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/dares-etudes-et-statistiques/etudes-et-syntheses/dares-analyses-dares-indicateurs-dares-resultats/article/les-activites-remunerees-des-etudiants-quelles-formes-et-quelle-organisation

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