Conditions reliées à l’exposition au béryllium au Québec : 1999-2011

Les dossiers médicaux de 123 travailleurs ayant soumis une réclamation à la Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) pour une condition reliée à l'exposition au béryllium entre le 1er janvier 1999 et le 31 décembre 2011 ont été analysés. Trois formes distinctes de conditions reliées au béryllium ont été étudiées, soit : la sensibilisation au béryllium, la bérylliose chronique asymptomatique et la bérylliose chronique.
Parallèlement à l'analyse des dossiers médicaux, les données concernant la profession et le secteur d'activité économique ont été extraites du Fichier des lésions professionnelles de la CNESST.

Source: https://www.inspq.qc.ca/publications/2337

European Quality of Life Survey 2016

Nearly 37,000 people in 33 European countries (28 EU Member States and 5 candidate countries) were interviewed in the last quarter of 2016 for the fourth wave of the European Quality of Life Survey. This overview report presents the findings for the EU Member States. It uses information from previous survey rounds, as well as other research, to look at trends in quality of life against a background of the changing social and economic profile of European societies. Ten years after the global economic crisis, it examines well-being and quality of life broadly, to include quality of society and public services. The findings indicate that differences between countries on many aspects are still prevalent – but with more nuanced narratives. Each Member State exhibits certain strengths in particular aspects of well-being, but multiple disadvantages are still more pronounced in some societies than in others; and in all countries significant social inequalities persist. An executive summary is available - see Related content.

Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2017/fourth-european-quality-of-life-survey-overview-report

Observatoire des troubles musculo-squelettiques des actifs agricoles

Bilan 2011-2015
Toute démarche de prévention devant nécessairement s'appuyer sur un état des lieux, ce bilan national permet de connaître plus précisément les caractéristiques en France des Troubles Musculo-Squelettiques (TMS) dans le secteur agricole.
Les principaux objectifs de cette étude sont de :
- suivre, sur les cinq dernières années, l'évolution annuelle d'indicateurs spécifiques pour les TMS des actifs agricoles dont les données ou caractéristiques sont connues et consolidées, regrouper ces indicateurs dans des tableaux de bord,
- établir un bilan national sur des grandes tendances, à partir de quelques indicateurs de référence couramment utilisés (nombre de maladies avec et sans arrêt de travail, nombre de maladies graves, indice et taux de fréquence des maladies avec et sans arrêt de travail, coût des maladies, …),
- répondre à l'accord cadre des partenaires sociaux européens en agriculture en centralisant les données relatives aux TMS en agriculture.

Source: http://ssa.msa.fr/lfr/documents/21447876/0/11953%20Observatoire%20des%20TMS%202011%202015/34b585be-8f72-4496-b62e-fa8526710474

Asthma Mortality Among Persons Aged 15-64 Years, by Industry and Occupation

United States, 1999–2016
In 2015, an estimated 18.4 million U.S. adults had current asthma, and 3,396 adult asthma deaths were reported (1). An estimated 11%–21% of asthma deaths might be attributable to occupational exposures (2). To describe asthma mortality among persons aged 15–64 years,* CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death data† for 1999–2016 and industry and occupation information collected from 26 states§ for the years 1999, 2003, 2004, and 2007–2012. Proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs)¶ for asthma among persons aged 15–64 years were calculated. During 1999–2016, a total of 14,296 (42.9%) asthma deaths occurred among males and 19,011 (57.1%) occurred among females. Based on an estimate that 11%–21% of asthma deaths might be related to occupational exposures, during this 18-year period, 1,573–3,002 asthma deaths in males and 2,091–3,992 deaths in females might have resulted from occupational exposures. Some of these deaths might have been averted by instituting measures to prevent potential workplace exposures. The annual age-adjusted asthma death rate** per 1 million persons aged 15–64 years declined from 13.59 in 1999 to 9.34 in 2016 (p<0.001) among females, and from 9.14 (1999) to 7.78 (2016) (p<0.05) among males. The highest significantly elevated asthma PMRs for males were for those in the food, beverage, and tobacco products manufacturing industry (1.82) and for females were for those in the social assistance industry (1.35) and those in community and social services occupations (1.46). Elevated asthma mortality among workers in certain industries and occupations underscores the importance of optimal asthma management and identification and prevention of potential workplace exposures.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6702a2.htm?s_cid=mm6702a2_x

Les blessures professionnelles et leurs déterminants

Mieux comprendre le rôle du secteur industriel et de la profession
L'ampleur actuelle de la morbidité et de la mortalité liées aux blessures professionnelles (c.-à-d. accidents du travail, troubles liés aux mouvements répétitifs) pèse lourd sur la productivité des travailleurs, des entreprises et de la société canadienne. Annuellement, les données révèlent qu'un Canadien sur quinze est blessé dans l'exercice de son travail, alors que les coûts économiques générés par les blessures professionnelles mortelles et non mortelles figurent parmi les principales causes contributives au fardeau économique de la maladie au Canada. Ainsi, malgré la présence de disparités importantes dans la distribution sociale des facteurs de risque liés aux blessures professionnelles, les connaissances actuelles n'ont pas permis à ce jour de vérifier et de départager la contribution relative de déterminants contextuels tels que la profession ou le secteur industriel de celle des facteurs individuels (par ex. : profil sociodémographique, style de vie, traits de personnalité, état de santé préexistant) et associés à l'environnement de travail immédiat (p.ex. : risques professionnels, nature du contrat de travail). Ces connaissances n'ont pas permis non plus d'établir la nature du rôle spécifique de l'état de santé mentale des travailleurs au regard de l'incidence des blessures professionnelles.
Le but de cette recherche était double. Premièrement, elle cherchait à établir la contribution de la profession et du secteur industriel à l'explication des blessures professionnelles. Deuxièmement, elle visait à valider un modèle explicatif des blessures professionnelles, intégrant les déterminants individuels (c.-à-d. profil sociodémographique, style de vie, traits de personnalité, et conditions chroniques de santé), environnementaux (p. ex. : les facteurs du travail tels les risques professionnels et la nature du contrat de travail, ainsi que les facteurs hors travail tels le statut marital et parental), et contextuels (c.-à-d. profession, secteur industriel) des blessures professionnelles.

Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/publications-et-outils/publication/i/100966/n/blessures-professionnelles-determinants-role-secteur-industriele-profession

The cost of work-related stress to society

A systematic review
A systematic review of the available evidence examining the cost of work-related stress (WRS) would yield important insights into the magnitude of this social phenomenon. The objective of this review was to collate, extract, and synthesize economic evaluations of the cost of WRS to society. A research protocol was developed. Included cost-of-illness (COI) studies estimated the cost of WRS at a societal level, and were published in English, French or German. Searches were carried out in ingentaconnect, EBSCO, JSTOR, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Google, and Google scholar. Included studies were assessed against 10 COI quality assessment criteria. Fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. These originated from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the EU-15. The total estimated cost of WRS was observed to be considerable and ranged substantially from US$221.13 million to $187 billion. Productivity related losses were observed to proportionally contribute the majority of the total cost of WRS (between 70 to 90%), with health care and medical costs constituting the remaining 10 to 30%. The evidence reviewed here suggests a sizable financial burden imposed by WRS on society. The observed range of cost estimates was understood to be attributable to variations in definitions of WRS; the number and type of costs estimated; and, in how production loss was estimated. It is postulated that the cost estimates identified by this review are likely conservative because of narrow definitions of WRS and the exclusion of diverse range of cost components.

Source: Hassard, J., Teoh, K. R. H., Visockaite, G., Dewe, P., & Cox, T. (2018). Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23(1), 1-17.
 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000069

Boussole

Boussole est le nouvel outil en ligne de la Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de l'assurance contre les accidents du travail (CSPAAT) de l'Ontario. L'outil apporte plus de transparence à la sécurité professionnelle en Ontario en donnant aux gens la possibilité de consulter les statistiques sur la santé et la sécurité de tous les lieux de travail et de comparer ces statistiques entre les différentes entreprises. Voici un aperçu de ce que l'outil permet de faire:
- obtenir des données sur le nombre et le type de lésions d'un lieu de travail;
- avoir une idée de la gravité des lésions en examinant le nombre de personnes qui ont interrompu le travail au-delà du jour de l'accident et le nombre de personnes qui reçoivent toujours des prestations un an après l'accident;
- comparer les statistiques de santé et sécurité de jusqu'à cinq entreprises différentes à la fois.

Source: http://www.wsib.on.ca/WSIBPortal/faces/WSIBArticlePage?fGUID=939604048075005229&_adf.ctrl-state=v051bj3sg_29&_afrLoop=278836623971000&_afrWindowMode=0&_afrWindowId=13bpsy2yc1_51#%40%3F_afrWindowId%3D13bpsy2yc1_51%26_afrLoop%3D278836623971000%26_afrWindowMode%3D0%26fGUID%3D939604048075005229%26_adf.ctrl-state%3D13bpsy2yc1_79

Frequent Exertion and Frequent Standing at Work, by Industry and Occupation Group - United States, 2015

Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs. A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain. To determine which industry and occupation groups currently have the highest prevalence rates of frequent exertion at work and frequent standing at work, CDC analyzed data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Occupational Health Supplement (OHS) regarding currently employed adults in the United States. By industry, the highest prevalence of both frequent exertion and frequent standing at work was among those in the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry group (70.9%); by occupation, the highest prevalence was among those in the construction and extraction occupation group (76.9%). Large differences among industry and occupation groups were found with regard to these ergonomic hazards, suggesting a need for targeted interventions designed to reduce workplace exposure.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6701a1.htm

Comparing workers’ compensation across Australia and New Zealand

The 2017 Comparison of workers' compensation arrangements in Australia and New Zealand report is now available.
Workers' compensation providers, governments and businesses operating across multiple workers' compensation schemes can use this report to compare the coverage, benefits and return to work provisions offered by each scheme.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/news-and-events/news/comparing-workers-compensation-across-australia-and-new-zealand

Working conditions of workers of different ages

Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and well-being, work–life balance, career prospects and job security, and working conditions such as autonomy, hours of work and psychosocial aspects of the workplace. This report analyses these factors in depth for the 28 EU Member States, using data from the latest European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS 2015) and in the context of Eurofound's concept of ‘sustainable work over the life course'. An executive summary is available - see Related content.

Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/report/2017/working-conditions-of-workers-of-different-ages

Comparative Analysis of the Burden of Injury and Illness at Work in Selected Countries and Regions

Developed countries have made tremendous progress in Workplace Safety and Health in terms of reducing the burden of occupational injuries caused by accidents. Developing countries and transition economies experience both high injury and illness risks at work. There is a clear need to look more carefully at the long latency diseases and disorders caused by work. In order to have a baseline for priority setting and future work, a better picture of the burden caused by work is needed. Data on both fatalities and non-fatal outcomes, attributable fractions based on the exposure-outcome relationship, Labour Force Surveys including ad hoc modules on workplace injuries and ill-health and data from several comparable countries have been obtained, modified, adapted, and used. Comparisons between countries are not straightforward but an effort has been made to compare numbers and rates. Globally there were 2.3 million work-related deaths in 2011. While cancers (666,000 deaths) and cardiovascular diseases (827,000 deaths) kill much more workers than injuries (353,000 deaths), the number of Years of Lives Lost to work-related injuries is still very high as those injured were much younger than, for example, those who died from work-related cancers. Various estimates indicated that largely comparable numbers exist for work-related cancer, while other work-related diseases, disorders and injuries were less comparable due to non-coverage of some and poor coverage of others. For major countries and regions, China had 173,000 work-related cancer deaths while the European Union (EU28) had 103,000. China's workforce is around three times bigger but also younger than that of EU28. China had an estimated 99,000 injury deaths at work while EU28 had 4,700 such deaths. For smaller comparable countries, Hungary had 96 fatal occupational injuries, 3,986 work-related disease deaths, totalling 4,082 deaths. Singapore had 115 fatal occupational injuries based on compensation records, and an estimated one workrelated suicide and 1,323 fatal work-related diseases totalling 1,439 fatal work-related injuries and illnesses. Hungarian and Singaporean burden and fatal work-related disease cases and rates of work-related diseases were comparable taken the size of workforce. Fatal injury rates in these countries are at the same level than in most Western European countries and Japan and are among the 20 safest countries globally. Of individual factors causing deaths asbestos appears to be the most significant one with an estimated 237,000 (184,000 – 290,000) work-related deaths. In workers' self-reported surveys carried out in 2007-2008, Hungarian and Singaporean non-fatal injury rates were also comparable. Later surveys showed increasing non-fatal trends and compensation sources indicated lower fatality trends. Background data for calculations and comparative tables are presented in separately available datasets by WHO regions and country and based on the 2014 ILO study. The authors concluded that health disorders at work are much less comparable than fatal injuries across countries and regions. Future studies can improve the estimates but there is no reason to wait for further research to start taking action to reduce both injuries and illnesses. Many work-related diseases, such as occupational cancers can be eliminated by reducing the exposures. Applying a mindset of Vision Zero and Zero Harm at work is needed for eliminating or radically reducing the burden of injuries and illnesses from work.

Source: Takala, J., Hämäläinen, P., Nenonen, N., Takahashi, K., Chimed-Ochir, O. et Rantanen, J. O. R. M. A. (2017). Cent. Eur. J. Occup. Environ. Med, 23, 6-31.
http://www.efbww.org/pdfs/CEJOEM%20Comparative%20analysis.pdf

Quelles sont les évolutions récentes des conditions de travail et des risques psychosociaux ?

Les premiers résultats de la dernière enquête « Conditions de travail » conduite en 2016 font état d'une stabilisation des contraintes de rythme de travail et d'une baisse de certaines contraintes psychosociales (charge mentale en diminution, horaires moins contraignants, soutien social fort et stabilisation de la demande émotionnelle) qui s'accompagnent d'un recul des comportements hostiles. En revanche l'autonomie des salariés poursuit son recul. Les contraintes physiques sont globalement stabilisées à un niveau qui reste élevé.

Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2017-082v3.pdf

ÉPICEA, une base de données sur les accidents du travail au service de la prévention

La base de données ÉPICEA recense des cas d'accidents du travail de salariés du régime général. Les données recueillies abordent le contexte de l'accident,son déroulement, sesconséquences et les mesures préconisées à la suite de l'analyse. La base peut être interrogée dans sa version " publique " sur internet, ou dans son intégralité par l'intermédiaire de l'INRS. Elle fournit des cas couvrant tous les risques professionnels. Cette information constitue une ressource précieuse pour des actions de sensibilisation en entreprise, de formation ou pour toute réflexion portant sur la prévention des accidents du travail.

Source: TIissot C. (2017). Références en santé au travail (152), 91-97.
http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/CataloguePapier/DMT/TI-TM-43/tm43.pdf

Economic evaluations of ergonomic interventions preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders

Systematic review of organizational-level interventions
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation.
Methods: Systematic review. Studies were searched in eight electronic databases and in reference lists of included studies. Companion papers were identified through backward and forward citation tracking. A quality assessment tool was developed following guidelines available in the literature. An integration of quantitative economic results and qualitative implementation data was conducted following an explanatory sequential design.
Results: Out of 189 records, nine studies met selection criteria and were included in our review. Out of nine included studies, grouped into four types of interventions, seven yielded positive economic results, one produced a negative result and one mixed results (negative cost-effectiveness and positive net benefit). However, the level of evidence was limited for the four types of interventions given the quality and the limited number of studies identified. Our review shows that among the nine included studies, negative and mixed economic results were observed when the dose delivered and received by participants was low, when the support from top and/or middle management was limited either due to limited participation of supervisors in training sessions or a lack of financial resources and when adequacy of intervention to workers' needs was low. In studies where economic results were positive, implementation data showed strong support from supervisors and a high rate of employee participation.
Conclusion: Studies investigating the determinants of financial outcomes of prevention related to implementation process are very seldom. We recommend that in future research economic evaluation should include information on the implementation process in order to permit the interpretation of economic results and enhance the generalizability of results. This is also necessary for knowledge transfer and utilization of research results for prevention-oriented decision-making in occupational health and safety.

Source: Sultan-Taïeb, H., Parent-Lamarche, A., Gaillard, A., Stock, S., Nicolakakis, N., Hong, Q. N., ... et Berthelette, D. (2017). BMC public health, 17(1), 935.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4935-y

CNESST - Statistiques annuelles 2016

Ce document contient une série de tableaux et graphiques qui présentent les différentes activités de la CNESST au cours de l'année 2016, en regard des éléments de sa mission, soit la prévention-inspection, la réparation, le financement, les normes du travail et l'équité salariale.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1046.aspx

Plus de Messages Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives