International Newsletter on Occupational Safety and Health - Networking

The Special Issue of the OSH Newsletter is published through the collaborative effort of the ILO, the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), and the Department of Public Health / Occupational Health of Helsinki University (HU).

Source: http://www.icohweb.org/site/news-detail.asp?id=135

La CNESST en bref - Année 2016

Cette publication présente un portrait sommaire d'information financière ainsi que diverses statistiques sur les grands secteurs de la mission de la CNESST. Elle contient des informations relatives aux lésions professionnelles, au programme Pour une maternité sans danger, des données portant sur les normes du travail et sur l'équité salariale, quelques données sur la prévention, un portrait financier, certaines données sur les recours ainsi que quelques comparaisons interprovinciales. Les données sont soit extraites de rapports comptables ou statistiques existants soit produites à partir des systèmes respectifs.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC_200_1047.aspx

Où va le travail humain à l'ère du numérique?

C'est un fait difficilement contestable : les technologies numériques sont en train de révolutionner non seulement nos conditions de travail mais aussi notre rapport au travail. La rencontre entre des équipements toujours plus performants et de puissants algorithmes fait éclore les start-up un peu partout. Ces fameuses plateformes font preuve d'impressionnantes capacités d'adaptation et de contournement des contraintes qui se dressent sur leur route. Elles parviennent à instaurer avec leurs "partenaires" un rapport de force totalement déséquilibré.
 Dans l'industrie, débarquent petit à petit des équipements high-tech imaginés pour l'industrie des loisirs (lunettes intelligentes, applications de réalité augmentée, etc.) et une nouvelle génération de robots dits "collaboratifs", "apprenants" ou même "intelligents".
Les professions intellectuelles n'échappent pas à la vague. Des plateformes, encore elles, proposent les services de programmeurs, traducteurs, rédacteurs, conseillers juridiques, etc. à des clients répartis à travers le monde.

Source: (2017). HesaMag (16).
http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag

Whole-system approaches to improving the health and wellbeing of healthcare workers

A systematic review
Background: Healthcare professionals throughout the developed world report higher levels of sickness absence, dissatisfaction, distress, and “burnout” at work than staff in other sectors. There is a growing call for the ‘triple aim' of healthcare delivery (improving patient experience and outcomes and reducing costs; to include a fourth aim: improving healthcare staff experience of healthcare delivery. A systematic review commissioned by the United Kingdom's (UK) Department of Health reviewed a large number of international healthy workplace interventions and recommended five whole-system changes to improve healthcare staff health and wellbeing: identification and response to local need, engagement of staff at all levels, and the involvement, visible leadership from, and up-skilling of, management and board-level staff.
Objectives: This systematic review aims to identify whole-system healthy workplace interventions in healthcare settings that incorporate (combinations of) these recommendations and determine whether they improve staff health and wellbeing.
Methods: A comprehensive and systematic search of medical, education, exercise science, and social science databases was undertaken. Studies were included if they reported the results of interventions that included all healthcare staff within a healthcare setting (e.g. whole hospital; whole unit, e.g. ward) in collective activities to improve physical or mental health or promote healthy behaviours.
Results: Eleven studies were identified which incorporated at least one of the whole-system recommendations. Interventions that incorporated recommendations to address local need and engage the whole workforce fell in to four broad types: 1) pre-determined (one-size-fits-all) and no choice of activities (two studies); or 2) pre-determined and some choice of activities (one study); 3) A wide choice of a range of activities and some adaptation to local needs (five studies); or, 3) a participatory approach to creating programmes responsive and adaptive to local staff needs that have extensive choice of activities to participate in (three studies). Only five of the interventions included substantial involvement and engagement of leadership and efforts aimed at up-skilling the leadership of staff to support staff health and wellbeing. Incorporation of more of the recommendations did not appear to be related to effectiveness. The heterogeneity of study designs, populations and outcomes excluded a meta-analysis. All studies were deemed by their authors to be at least partly effective. Two studies reported statistically significant improvement in objectively measured physical health (BMI) and eight in subjective mental health. Six studies reported statistically significant positive changes in subjectively assessed health behaviours.
Conclusions: This systematic review identified 11 studies which incorporate at least one of the Boorman recommendations and provides evidence that whole-system healthy workplace interventions can improve health and wellbeing and promote healthier behaviours in healthcare staff.

Source: Brand, S. L., Coon, J. T., Fleming, L. E., Carroll, L., Bethel, A., et Wyatt, K. (2017). PloS one, 12(12).
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188418

La transition énergétique et la main-d’oeuvre québécoise

Promouvoir des transformations durables sur le plan écologique et social dans les secteurs du transport, du bâtiment et de l'énergie
Ce document de travail vise à anticiper les impacts de la transition énergétique envisagée sur la main-d'oeuvre et les entreprises du Québec à l'horizon 2030 dans le but de promouvoir des transformations durables du marché du travail sur le plan écologique et social. Il est organisé autour de quatre questions structurantes, soit :
- Quelles formes prennent les transformations du marché du travail qui sont induites par la transition énergétique au Québec ?
- Quels sont les travailleuses et les travailleurs qui peuvent tirer profit de ces transformations ?
- Quels sont ceux et celles à risque de voir leurs conditions de travail fragilisées ou qui devront s'adapter à des technologies ou des modes de travail nouveaux ?
- Quelles pistes d'action pourraient être adoptées pour influencer ces transformations afin de renforcer l'économie verte et l'économie sociale au Québec ?

Source: http://copticom.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2018_Document_main-oeuvre-et-transition-%C3%A9nerg%C3%A9tique.pdf

Plateformisation 2027 - Conséquences de l’ubérisation sur la santé et la sécurité au travail

Le monde du travail assiste à une profonde transformation de ses modèles d’organisation, de production et de commercialisation. De nouvelles formes d’emploi et d’organisation du travail posent alors la question des conséquences possibles sur la santé et la sécurité de ces travailleurs du 21ème siècle.
Ces dernières années, le développement des plateformes d’intermédiation qui permettent une mise en relation massive de clients et de prestataires de services s’accompagne de nombreuses interrogations de la part des acteurs du travail. Si ce phénomène reste encore marginal - environ 200 000 travailleurs concernés (Les plateformes collaboratives, l’emploi et la protection sociale - Rapport IGAS - Mai 2016) - il interpelle, car les organisations du travail mises en place par ces nouveaux acteurs échappent largement aux cadres de régulation en vigueur. De plus, ces nouvelles pratiques ont déjà un effet sur l’organisation de nombreuses entreprises traditionnelles.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/header/presse/cp-plateformisation-2027.html

Envoyé: 2018-01-12 8:32 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
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Eurofound - Programming document 2017–2020: Work programme 2018

This programming document describes Eurofound’s planned work over the programming period 2017–2020. It sets out the policy and institutional context for the programme, describes the multiannual programme for the four-year period and sets out the work programme for 2018. The multiannual programme is based on six strategic areas of intervention, in which the Agency will implement a series of activities. These 10 activities are described in more detail in the work programme for 2018, including the objectives, outputs, expected results, indicators and resources for each activity. A series of annexes provides further information on the Agency relevant to the programme.

Source: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/work-programme/2017/programming-document-2017-2020-work-programme-2018

Understanding the Economic Benefit Associated with Research and Services at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

An Approach and Three Case Studies
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop an approach, reported here, for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. The cases provide concrete illustrations of the ways in which NIOSH research could affect worker health and safety practices and outcomes, as well as some initial estimates of the economic benefit associated with those impacts.
The authors selected the case studies to illustrate variation in types of NIOSH research and in intended users. The first case study examines research to develop, test, and support implementation of engineering control measures to limit exposure to silica among road construction workers. This case study offers an example of NIOSH's intervention and surveillance research and provision of technical assistance. The second case study involves two NIOSH studies that strengthened the evidence base about the linkage between firefighting activities and increased risk of certain cancers among firefighters. This case study provides an example of etiological and exposure surveillance research, coupled with an intervention study. The third case study involves a NIOSH evaluation of the effectiveness of Ohio's Safety Intervention Grant Program in reducing the prevalence and costs of workplace injuries. This case study illustrates intervention research targeting government organizations. The first and second case studies led to the development of control technologies, and all three case studies involved dissemination and stakeholder engagement efforts that promoted the adoption of risk-reducing technologies and practices.

Source: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2256.html

International minimum requirements for health protection at the workplace

WHO has already developed several public health standards and guidelines applicable to work settings, such as indoor air quality guidelines, radiation protection standards, international chemical safety cards, and a guide for water safety in public buildings. Other guidance documents are currently being developed including on occupational exposure to nanoparticles, electromagnetic fields, UV and optical radiation and occupational risks in housing.
This report provides an analysis of the current spectrum of global, regional and national norms including conventions, standards, directives, regulations, guides, and codes directly relating to protecting health in the workplace. It identifies gaps in what is currently available and makes recommendations for improvements. Consideration has been given to exposure to hazardous substances, noise and vibration, radiation, musculoskeletal and psychosocial risks, as well as general workplace and welfare issues such as lighting, thermal comfort, drinking water and sanitation, first aid and health surveillance.

Source: http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/minimum-requirements-for-health-protection/en/

NIOSH Extramural Research and Training Program

Annual Report of Fiscal Year 2016
This special issue of the annual report marks the end of the second decade of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA). It reviews how the extramural research program has contributed to improving workplace safety and health over the past 10 years.
We report on how NIOSH invested in our multidisciplinary centers, investigator-initiated research projects, and cooperative research agreements. We also report on our training project grants, state surveillance programs, small business innovation research, and global health initiatives.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-106/

IRSST - Plan quinquennal de production scientifique et technique 2018-2022

Ce plan stratégique constitue la feuille de route de l’IRSST pour les cinq prochaines années. Il devient la pierre d’assise de toutes nos actions futures. Il fixe les objectifs à atteindre et balise l’itinéraire qu’empruntera chacun de nos champs de recherche, Prévention durable en SST et environnement de travail, Prévention des risques chimiques et biologiques, Prévention des risques mécaniques et physiques et Réadaptation au travail, au cours de la période 2018-2022.

Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/Portals/0/upload/5-institut/Plan/plan-quinquennal-2018-2022.pdf

WorkSafe New Zealand - Annual Report 2016-2017

The Annual Report for WorkSafe New Zealand gives a snapshot of our work each year, and provides financial statements.

Source: https://worksafe.govt.nz/dmsdocument/3196-annual-report-2016-2017

Food and agriculture global value chains: Drivers and constraints for occupational safety and health improvement

The project aimed to gather evidence on ways to approach OSH within the global supply chains (GSC) discussion and possible entry points to build intervention models for the improvement of OSH in GSCs. From that perspective, the project sought to understand the dynamics at play in GSCs with a view to identifying drivers and constraints for OSH improvements, should these lie within specific business relationships in the supply chain or within institutional and policy environments in sourcing and consumer countries.

Source: http://www.ilo.org/safework/projects/WCMS_588089/lang--en/index.htm

Indoor workplaces

Recommended procedure for the investigation of working environment
The present report, “Indoor workplaces: Recommended procedure for investigation of the working environment”, now in a third and completely revised edition, is intended to assist in the systematic investigation of health problems and subjective disorders arising at indoor workplaces, and in the identification of practical solutions. It describes a concept, geared to use in the field, for step-by-step identification of the causes, giving
consideration to all essential factors which according to present knowledge must be considered possible causes of problems in indoor areas. Topics covered include health complaints, buildings, facilities, workplace organization, physical, chemical and biological hazards, and mental factors. The individual elements contain a wealth of information for the user which extends beyond investigation in response to complaints. This information is required for a greater understanding of the issues and serves at the same time as a basis for the redesign of workplaces in indoor areas such that they enhance performance and do not give rise to complaints.

Source: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/praxishilfen/innenraumarbeitsplaetze/index-2.jsp

Envoyé: 2017-12-04 10:23 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
Classé sous :
Révolution 4.0 : à l’aube d’une nouvelle SST?

Les nouvelles technologies se trouvent actuellement dans une phase intensive de développement et de déploiement. Qu’il s’agisse de véhicules autonomes, d’intelligence artificielle, d’interconnexion entre les objets, de réalité augmentée ou d’usines intelligentes, la révolution 4.0 se met en marche sur plusieurs fronts à la fois.
Certaines de ces technologies sont déjà présentes dans les milieux de travail tandis que d’autres pourraient s’y retrouver d’ici quelques années. Bien que l’on entende beaucoup parler des technologies de la révolution 4.0, il y a très peu d’information sur leurs effets sur la santé et la sécurité du travail.

Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-2017

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