Since the inception of the “Revitalising Health and Safety Initiative” (“RHS”) in 2000, a number of industries within the manufacturing sector have launched industry wide initiatives.
Additionally a number of industries started initiatives prior to RHS, with the aim of driving down rates of accidents and ill health. These initiatives are now termed ‘targeted initiatives’.
Eleven targeted initiatives have been operating in cement, ceramics, concrete, glass, glazing, foundries, ship building, paper, rubber, quarries and waste sectors. Whilst these initiatives were not necessarily conceived in the context of the Strategic Programme, they do provide an opportunity to review whether they can be used as a model for future targeted initiatives.
Around 5 million employees per year are estimated to suffer from work-related accidents involving ‘over-3-day’ absence from work, and a further 5,500 are killed in the European Union (EU). The average estimated number of fatal occupational accidents was 350,000 and there were 264 million non-fatal accidents in 1998, according to the International Labor Organisation (ILO). Given the magnitude of the problem, well-designed prevention strategies are needed. Accident investigation stands as a significant way to prevent occupational accidents because it clarifies accident causation factors and mechanisms.
Human reliability assessment (HRA) involves the use of qualitative and quantitative methods to assess the human contribution to risk. There are many and varied methods available for HRA, with some high hazard industries developing ‘bespoke’, industry focused methods.
The Safety and Health in Mines Research Advisory Board (SHMRAB) is one of the Health and Safety Executive’s (HSE) advisory bodies and is a sub-committee of the Mining Industry Committee (MIC). This review is for 2007.
The following examples illustrate how companies within the air transport industry have tackled real issues concerning health and safety.
- Aviation fuel mini-bowser content
- Assessment and treatment for musculoskeletal disorders
- Improved maintenance steps
- Literacy & numeracy training
- Manual handling training for baggage handlers
- Motorised tugs reduce manual handling of aircraft step
- Turnround plan