2010-12-01 12:00 - Messages
Health examination of workers before employment begins to prevent injuries and disease
The aim of pre-employment examinations is to screen job applicants who may have an increased risk for occupational disease or injury while on the job. By not employing job applicants with an increased risk, disease or injury will be prevented but it comes at the cost for the applicants of not having a job. Another option is to remedy the problems found at the examination through work accommodation or training of physical fitness. Many employers and other stakeholders believe that health examinations of job applicants thus prevent occupational diseases and sickness absence.
We found seven studies, including 5872 participants that evaluated the whole process of health examinations including rejection of applicants with increased risks of occupational disease, injury or sickness absence. One of these studies found that a general examination did not reduce sick leave significantly among administrative workers compared to no intervention. One study found a decrease in sick leave with a more job focused pre-employment examination compared to a general health examination. Three studies evaluated the inclusion of functional capacity evaluation in the pre-employment examination with contradictory effects on injury rates and number of medical visits. One study found a decrease in occupational asthma after incorporating a bronchial challenge test in the pre-employment examination. Two studies with 2164 participants compared job applicants that passed the health examination without problems to those who got recommendations for addressing the health problems that were found. None of the studies found a difference in injury rates between groups. This indicated that the problems identified were effectively mitigated. The rates of rejecting job applicants varied from 2% to 35%.
Source : http://www2.cochrane.org/reviews/en/ab008881.html
La Mission SSTFP de l'INTEFP annonce la création d'un nouveau site dédié à la santé et la sécurité au travail dans les fonctions publiques. En ce sens, il se place en complémentarité du site Travailler mieux de la Direction générale du travail.
Source : http://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-anact-travail-changement-11-10.php
Maintenance is not only necessary to ensure reliability of technical structures or productivity of the company, but regular maintenance has an important role in providing safer and healthier working conditions. While maintenance is absolutely essential to keep equipment, machines and the work environment safe and reliable and prevent harm, the maintenance work itself is a high-risk activity. This report provides information on successful initiatives in the workplace illustrating how safety and health risks associated with maintenance can be managed. Many companies, insurers and authorities have successfully developed solutions to improve safety and health during maintenance. The new approaches presented in this report demonstrate clearly that good occupational safety and health (OSH) management practices are at the heart of reliable and safe maintenance.
Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/safe-maintenance-TEWE10003ENC/view
Le 3 novembre 2010, plus de 300 personnes ont participé à cet événement au cours duquel des experts de la recherche présentaient les résultats de leurs travaux en santé psychologique et des représentants de milieu de travail témoignaient de leur expérience. Les présentations des conférenciers (PDF) sont maintenant en ligne. À venir : des extraits vidéo.
Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/description-conference-3Novembre.html