2013-02-01 12:00 - Messages

WorkSafeBC Occupational Disease Portal

This new web portal provides information about hazards such as asbestos, carbon monoxide, pesticides, and mould/bacteria to help prevent occupational disease.


Source : http://www2.worksafebc.com/Topics/OccDisease/home.asp

Decompression sickness and tunnel workers

Underwater construction and tunnel operations use compressed air to stabilize soil and keep out water. In these conditions, workers are at risk of decompression sickness (DCS). DCS can be treated or prevented using a decompression chamber guided by decompression tables. The tables direct the time and pressure intervals needed to ensure workers are brought back to surface pressure safely. This webpage provides information about decompression sickness and the NIOSH decompression tables. These tables are accessible for use by workers, employers, and safety and health professionals.

Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/decompression/

 

Un nouveau site internet Santé-Travail

Les Services de Santé au Travail Paca –Corse mettent à disposition sur internet de nombreuses ressources pour répondre aux besoins des professionnels. www.presanse.org met en commun les ressources et les compétences des Services de Santé au travail des régions Paca et Corse et offre de nombreux outils pratiques et utiles pour la mise en œuvre d’une politique de prévention des risques professionnels.

Le site est actualisé au jour le jour et propose :

•Des données générales sur la Santé au Travail, des informations sur les responsabilités des employeurs, et les droits et devoirs des salariés
•Des documents informatifs (brochures, affiches, fiches pratiques…) sur tous les thèmes de la Santé au Travail, du stress au travail sur écran, en passant par la manutention, le travail en hauteur et l’amiante
•Des fiches métiers, qui abordent les risques particuliers liés à certaines professions : vétérinaire, mécanicien, boulanger, coiffeur, animateur… tous les métiers sont concernés !
•Des contacts utiles, et toutes les coordonnées des structures Santé Travail, dans la région mais également au niveau national
•Des actualités et des informations sur la Santé au Travail : événements régionaux, données juridiques

Source : http://www.presanse.org/article.php?laref=22

International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives

On November 29 and 30, 2012, the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) hosted the International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives. More than 180 researchers, students, policy-makers, members of the injured worker community, employer representatives, worker representatives and other stakeholders—primarily from Ontario, but also from other parts of Canada, the United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand—came together in Toronto to participate in the symposium. The aim was to provide a forum to discuss the social, economic and policy implications of using financial incentives as a mechanism for preventing workplace injuries.


Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/prevention-incentives-2012/proceedings

 

On the "post-dictive use" of the fault tree method for accident investigation to aid judicial procedures

This paper describes a methodology for accident assessment in the frame of a judicial procedure and provide the formal mathematical relations for the fault tree application to the case. The predictive use of Fault Tree (FT) technique is well known: the best estimate of an undesirable event (the Top Event, TE) frequency is computed from all the basic frequencies of component failures, human errors, and external events. The FT use is less frequent in "post-dictive" mode: in situations for which the TE is verified, as in the case of a judicial procedure. In such circumstances, several experts are appointed by the judge (JE) and by the parties, the plaintiffs and defendants (PEs), to reconstruct the event by following a top-down procedure analogous to that necessary for FT construction. They start from the event and try to find out the causes of the event, using all the circumstantial evidences. PEs often form different hypotheses, reaching contrasting conclusions, strongly influenced by the part represented, with JE in a more balanced position. It is so crucial to adopt a methodology that helps the experts, in particular the JE, to delimit, as much as possible, the area of the uncertainties. FT may be useful for this purpose. In fact, the FT construction allows to incorporate the evidences acquired from the investigations at the level of basic events: the basic events, now, are qualified as "true", "false" or "unknown" (in the predictive contest, they are quoted through frequencies). In this way, it is possible to select the sequences accountable for the TE. In this paper a formal development for FT application to judicial procedure is given, together with a real case study. The method can be applied to all kind of accidents, provided that the situation can be described by a fault tree.
Source : Vestrucci P. Safety Sci. 2013; 53: 240-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2012.10.010
 

Prévention du risque chimique dans les garages automobiles

Les salariés du secteur du commerce et de la réparation automobile sont parmi ceux qui sont les plus exposés aux agents cancérogènes, mutagènes et toxiques pour la reproduction (CMR). Selon l’enquête SUMER 2010, 66% d’entre eux seraient concernés par l’exposition à ce risque contre 13% en moyenne tous secteurs confondus. Le document de la Direccte Nord Pas de Calais dresse un tableau très complet des maladies professionnelles qui touchent fréquemment les mécaniciens et détaille les sources d’exposition au risque chimique. Principalement en cause, les huiles usagées, les fumées d’échappement des véhicules en particulier diesel, l’amiante et les fibres céramiques réfractaires notamment en cas d’intervention sur des véhicules anciens, les carburants et les pneus.
La pénétration des substances toxiques peut se faire par voie cutanée ou respiratoire.

Le guide de prévention du risque chimique indique les principales mesures de prévention organisationnelle et individuelle qui peuvent être mises en œuvre, parmi lesquelles : le port de gants; des mesures d’hygiène : lavage des mains, utilisation de chiffons propres; l’installation d’extracteurs de gaz; la ventilation des zones de stockage de pneus; la location de fontaines de dégraissage. 

Source : http://www.nord-pas-de-calais.direccte.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/La_sante_au_travail_Entretien_et_reparation_de_vehicules_-_constats_et_actions_de_prevention_face_au_risque_chimique.pdf

Evaluation des risques en milieux de soins : guide pratique

Dans le cadre du Plan Régional de Santé au travail, les acteurs de la santé au travail en Ile-de-France proposent un outil d'aide à l'évaluation et à la prévention des risques professionnels en établissements de soins. Les professionnels travaillant en établissements de santé (hôpitaux, centres médico-sociaux, maisons de retraite) sont potentiellement exposés à divers risques professionnels pouvant occasionner accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles.

Les principaux risques identifiés sont au nombre de six :

1.Les risques liés à l'activité physique
2.Les risques biologiques
3.Les risques liés aux déplacements : les chutes de plain pied
4.Les risques liés aux produits chimiques et aux produits Cancérigènes Mutagènes et Reprotoxiques (CMR)
5.Les risques liés aux rayonnements ionisants
6.Les risques psychosociaux (RPS)
Pour chacun de ces risques, une méthodologie précise d'évaluation et de prévention est proposée et développée : repérer les dangers; déterminer l'exposition; Hiérarchiser et évaluer les risques; démarche de prévention et plan d'action

 Source : http://www.travailsantesecurite-idf.fr/var/drtefp/storage/original/application/99b83abbdd2097bea2d6b2d23330ffb8.pdf

 

The effects of the enforcement legislation in the Finnish occupational safety and health inspectorate

The goals of this quantitative and qualitative study were to explore the four following questions: (1) what kinds of views do OSH inspectors have on the application and function of the Enforcement Act, (2) how do the OSH inspectors define the effectiveness of OSH enforcement, (3) how effective are the enforcement practices, and (4) how can the effectiveness of OSH enforcement be improved. In Finland the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health oversees the activities of the OSH divisions, which operate in the Regional State Administrative Agencies. A total of 229 inspectors responded to the questionnaire; the response rate was 71%. With respect to the evaluations of the present situation of OSH enforcement, three factors were identified. Factor 1 was designated as “Need of Guidance and Instructions Given by the Ministry”, Factor 2 as “Functions of Present Enforcement Practices”, Factor 3 as “Contradictions in Quality and Quantity Criteria of Inspections”. Five factors were found in the evaluation of the improvements of the effectiveness of OSH enforcement. Factor 1 was designated as “How Advice, Quality, Quantity and Skills identified in inspections could be made more effective”, Factor 2 as “Improving Effectiveness by Inspections on Operations of Safety Management Systems based on Performance Agreement”, Factor 3 as “Improving Effectiveness by Harmonizing of Activities of the OSH Inspectors and OSH Inspectorates”, Factor 4 as “Effectiveness at a Distance carried out Inspections and Follow-up” and Factor 5 as “Effectiveness of Follow-up Enforcement”.

Source : Niskanen, T.  The effects of the enforcement legislation in the Finnish occupational safety and health inspectorate, Safety Science, vol. 55, june 2013, p. 135-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.01.002

The Scissor Lift Dilemma: Guardrails vs. Fall Arrest Systems

Millions of workers utilize scissor lifts to perform work at heights. Over the years, it has become the go-to mobile tool for those working at lower heights. But when it comes to fall protection on scissor lifts, guardrails - which have been the standard for many years - might not cut it.


Source : http://ehstoday.com/construction/scissor-lift-dilemma-guardrails-vs-fall-arrest-systems

Dossier petite enfance : elle court elle court la prévention

La revue mensuelle Travail & Sécurité de l'INRS, dans son dernier numéro de février 2013, consacre son dossier à la prévention dans les métiers de la petite enfance. Après un tour d'horizon des secteurs et des métiers, il fait le point sur les problématiques rencontrées et sur des démarches de prévention existantes : conditions de travail, sinistralité préoccupante, travail solitaire, troubles musculosquelettiques, gestes et manutentions, pénibilité du travail.

Source : Travail et sécurité, no 736, février 2013, p. 11-22 http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/archivests/archivests.nsf/(alldocparref)/TS736Complet_1/$file/TS736Complet.pdf?openelement

2 nouveaux films sur le captage des poussières de bois

L’INRS publie 2 vidéos présentant Capro et Yota, des dispositifs de captage des poussières de bois. Ces films pédagogiques sont destinés à convaincre les utilisateurs de s’équiper afin de prévenir les risques pour la santé. Présenter de manière pédagogique des solutions de captage à la source des poussières de bois : c’est l’objectif des 2 nouveaux films courts réalisés par l’INRS. Destinées aux chefs d’entreprise et aux opérateurs du secteur de la menuiserie, ces vidéos se focalisent sur deux dispositifs en particulier : Capro(/accueil/produits/innovation/equipement/capro.htm), associé aux scies à format, et Yota(/accueil/produits/innovation/equipement/yota.html), dédié aux scies à ruban. A l’aide de mises en situation et d’animations multimédias, ces films poursuivent un double objectif : contribuer à une meilleure compréhension des systèmes de captage et convaincre de l’intérêt de leur installation dans les ateliers. On y voit ainsi comment les poussières sont canalisées puis captées par ces systèmes d’aspiration, au lieu d’être dispersées dans l’air.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/film-captage-poussiere-bois.html

Dangers of Bathtub Refinishing

At least 14 workers have died since 2000 as a result of using stripping agents containing methylene chloride during bathtub refinishing.  Many stripping products (including those that may also be available to consumers) contain high percentages of methylene chloride. Methylene chloride is extremely dangerous when not used properly.  Alternative products and processes exist for bathtub refinishing.  Products containing methylene chloride should be avoided when possible.  Earlier this week NIOSH and OSHA released a joint Hazard Alert titled Methylene Chloride Hazards for Bathtub Refinishers http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2013-110/pdfs/2013-110.pdf

Source : http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2013/02/bathtub-refinishing/

“Lean occupational” safety: An application for a Near-miss Management System design

A critical component of a safety management system is the Near-miss Management System (NMS). An effective NMS aims to recognize signals from the operational field in order to apply more effective prevention strategies. These systems are widespread in industrial contexts characterized by a high risk level, such as major hazard and hospital sectors. Few examples occur in manufacturing processes which are characterized by different operational conditions at workplace and, consequently, different risk types. The Lean Thinking (or Management) strategy currently represents a worldwide competitive tool for improving productivity in the manufacturing sector all over the world. Thus, the application of these principles forces firms to define new approaches to design and manage the whole organization and consequently the safety management system. The paper proposes innovative design of a NMS based on the integration of principles of Lean Management in occupational safety for a worldwide automotive supplier firm. As no reference model has been previously defined, several factors have been assessed aiming to efficiently integrate occupational safety in the current Lean Management system. Innovative features characterizing the proposed model have been also discussed together with first results obtained by the full scale application.

Source : M.G. Gnoni, S. Andriulo, G. Maggio, P. Nardone. “Lean occupational” safety: An application for a Near-miss Management System design http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2012.09.012.,

Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence

Keywords:green buildings;job hazard analysis;leadership in energy and environmental design;occupational safety and health;preventive maintenance workers;United States Green Building Council
Background Many newly constructed green buildings (GB) are certified using the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system for new construction and major renovation which focuses on architectural and mechanical design to conserve energy, reduce environmental harm, and enhance indoor quality for occupants. This study evaluated the preventive maintenance (PM) worker occupational safety and health (OSH) risks related to the design of GB. Methods PM job hazard analyses (JHA) were performed on the tasks required to operate and maintain five GB features selected from 13 LEED certified GB. A 22-item JHA and OSH risk scoring system were developed. Results Potentially serious OSH hazards included: green roofs made of slippery material without fall protection; energy recovery wheels and storm water harvesting systems in confined spaces; skylights without guard rails; and tight geothermal well mechanical rooms constraining safe preventive practices. Conclusions GB can present PM OSH risks and these should be eliminated in the building design phase. 

Source : Omar, M. S., Quinn, M. M., Buchholz, B. and Geiser, K. (2013), Are green building features safe for preventive maintenance workers? Examining the evidence. Am. J. Ind. Med.. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22166

Prévention des risques de chutes de hauteur

Face aux situations dangereuses posées par le travail en hauteur, une démarche de prévention adaptée s'impose. Cette nouvelle brochure réalisée conjointement par l'INRS et l'OPPBTP (référence ED 6110) fait le point sur cette problématique. Son objectif : aider les entreprises à faire leur choix parmi les équipements de protection disponibles.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/brochure-risque-chute-hauteur.html

 

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