2013-04-01 12:00 - Messages

Lean manufacturing

Cette brochure a pour objectif d'apporter à l'ensemble des acteurs de la prévention, ainsi qu'aux décideurs, un éclairage sur les questions que pose le lean vis-à-vis des aspects de santé et de sécurité au travail.
En particulier, elle entend donner des repères pour identifier ce qui, dans une organisation de type lean, peut entraîner des situations à l'origine d'accidents, de troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ou de risques psychosociaux (RPS).
Des pistes d'action sont également proposées pour aborder les aspects de santé et de sécurité au travail.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/produits/mediatheque/doc/publications.html?refINRS=ED%206144

Aide à domicile. Bonnes pratiques de prévention des risques professionnels

Les actions de prévention sont déclinées selon six axes dans une démarche globale et participative. Pour chaque axe, les outils élaborés et publiés par l'INRS sont référencés pour aider les acteurs dans la mise en place des actions.
Ce document donne donc une vue d'ensemble de la démarche et situe tous les outils précédemment publiés dans cet ensemble.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/dms/inrs/CataloguePapier/ED/TI-ED-6148/ed6148.pdf

Tableaux des maladies professionnelles : Une base de données à consulter

25/04/2013-Tableaux des maladies professionnelles
Pour son édition 2013, la journée mondiale pour la santé et la sécurité veut inciter les acteurs de la prévention à lutter contre les maladies liées au travail. En proposant une base de données qui permet l’accès aux tableaux des maladies professionnelles français, l’INRS participe activement à ce défi.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/guide-electronique-tableau-maladie-professionnelle.html

http://www.inrs-mp.fr/mp/cgi-bin/mppage.pl?

Theatre Safety Blog : OSHA Campaigns for Ladder Safety

The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration unveiled a new bilingual English-Spanish booklet, "Falling Off Ladders Can Kill: Use Them Safely."  The short guide, part of OSHA's national campaign to prevent fatal falls — the leading cause of  death  in construction — provides clear, easy-to-follow information about ladder hazards and how to use ladders safely, featuring illustrations and plain language writing.  The falls prevention campaign now enters its second year and OSHA is working with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the National Occupational Research Agenda on outreach.

Source : http://theatresafetyblog.blogspot.ca/2013/04/osha-campaigns-for-ladder-safety.html

 

Prevention of occupational diseases: implementing the evidence

In reflecting on his career, Archie Cochrane once said that he felt it was a pity that he was mainly remembered for his work on randomised controlled trials (RCTs). He actually felt more proud of the research he had done on behalf of workers in British coal mines.[1] Based on his work, dust levels in coal mines have been lowered considerably, reducing the risk of pneumoconiosis. There have been improvements in many other occupational safety and health (OSH) statistics, such as injury rates and exposures to chemical agents,[2] but there are also OSH problems for which the statistics have not shown a decline. Occupational hearing loss is still reported among the most frequent occupational diseases in many countries. Around the world, workers and employers struggle with problems such as disability related to back pain and other musculoskeletal problems. And in health care, we still cannot fully protect workers from the risks of contracting infectious diseases from their work [...]

Source : Verbeek J, Morata TC, Ruotsalainen J, Vainio H. Prevention of occupational diseases: implementing the evidence [editorial]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013 30 April;4:ED000056. dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.ED000056

http://www.thecochranelibrary.com/details/editorial/4608821/Prevention-of-occupational-diseases-implementing-the-evidence.html

 

Exposition à l'amiante - Réglementation 2013 en questions-réponses

Exposition à l'amiante - Réglementation 2013 en questions-réponses
Le Ministère du Travail a mis en ligne un guide questions-réponses qui apporte des précisions nécessaires à la mise en oeuvre du décret du 4 mai 2012 et de ses arrêtés d'application. Le sujet vous paraîtra moins complexe après consultation du questions-réponses accessible en PDF depuis le site dédié.
Le guide sur le site www.travailler-mieux.gouv.fr

Source : http://www.travailler-mieux.gouv.fr/Amiante-un-Questions-Reponses.html

 

Slip-related characterization of gait kinetics: Investigation of pervious concrete as a slip-resistant walking surface

Slip-related falls are a significant health problem, particularly on icy walking surfaces. Pervious concrete, a material allowing rapid exfiltration of melted ice from the walking surface, may help reduce slipping risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare slipping characteristics of traditional and pervious concrete walking surfaces in icy conditions using kinetic biomechanical analyses. We hypothesized that pervious concrete, in comparison to traditional concrete, would be characterized by less severe ice-related alteration of friction during gait. Healthy young participants performed gait trials on traditional and pervious concrete surfaces during dry and icy conditions. Ground reaction forces were used to determine maximal magnitude and timing of loading phase normal force, shear force, and normalized friction usage, defined as the ratio of shear to normal force normalized to static coefficient of friction. Pervious concrete, in comparison to traditional concrete, exhibited smaller ice-related increases in normalized friction usage. While ice-related delays in achieving peak friction were observed on traditional concrete, icy conditions did not have an impact on maximal shear force magnitude or timing on pervious concrete. Our results indicate a larger margin between friction forces used during walking and those that would cause a slip, suggesting that pervious concrete may be a more slip-resistant alternative to traditional concrete in icy conditions. The findings reported here may lead to pavement design recommendations for the use of pervious concrete in areas of high pedestrian traffic and elevated slipping risk.

Source : Gregory W. King, Adam P. Bruetsch, John T. Kevern, Slip-related characterization of gait kinetics: Investigation of pervious concrete as a slip-resistant walking surface, Safety Science, vol. 57, August 2013, p. 52-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2013.01.023

Travailler le bois en sécurité

L'organisme suisse de prévention Suva propose une série de vidéos et de ressources interactives destinées à sensibiliser les salariés sur les risques liés à l'utilisation des machines à bois (scies, dégauchisseuse, toupie...). Un programme d'exercice permet aussi aux opérateurs de tester leurs connaissances sur les mesures et les réglages de sécurité de ces équipements.

Source : http://www.suva.ch/fr/startseite-suva/service-suva/lernprogramme-suva/holzbearbeitung-suva.htm?WT.seg_1=rss&WT.rss_f=RSS_FR_News&WT.rss_a=Menuisiers+-+Machines+%E0+travailler+le+bois&WT.rss_ev=r

Les clés du succès : manager la santé et la sécurité au travail

Des employeurs de plus en plus nombreux choisissent aujourd'hui d'intégrer la prévention dans la gestion globale de leur entreprise en mettant en place un management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail. Cette approche peut favoriser une amélioration continue et durable de la santé et de la sécurité. Mais pour être réellement efficace, elle impose de respecter certains principes clés.

Source : http://kiosque.inrs.fr/lettre/archives/001/001_070.html

Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) publishes Guidance on Managing Safety Rules and Procedures

Commissioned by the UK based Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), the objectives of this research were to:

  • carry out a literature review to gather information on good safety rule management
  • produce guidelines on what constitutes good practice
  • develop an intervention plan that safety practitioners could use to improve their own management of safety rules.

The research team carried out a literature search on the basis of 27 key words, in all relevant combinations, and tapped into 25 databases. This revealed an initial trawl of 301 relevant papers in the period since 1986. After reading the abstracts, the team reduced the number to 180.

The team produced a scientific review of the literature to present what can be concluded from experience-based and theoretical studies of rule-making and rule management from the diverse literature of safety science and related psychological, sociological and organisational fields. The literature review provided the theoretical 'state of the art' on rule use and management. The research team distilled this into a framework, consisting of nine steps, showing the generic process of rule management. The team presented preliminary results to researchers at conferences, and at a workshop of senior safety practitioners, whose comments and suggestions were incorporated in all sections of the final report. Based on these discussions, the team developed guidelines for use by safety practitioners. These outline good practice in each step, as a stimulus for reviewing an organisation's rule management. The team also developed a brief intervention plan to help safety practitioners and consultants review and benchmark rule management systems. The intervention plan is included at the end of the guidance.

Safety rules and procedures: the evidence base by Health and Safety Technology and Management Ltd and University of Ballarat (2012)
http://www.iosh.co.uk/books_and_resources/published_research.aspx#Rules


 

Bucket Bails Break Bones

The ubiquitous plastic bucket - it shows-up unannounced, hangs around like an unwanted house-guest, and finally spills it guts and gets thrown in the trash.

Source : http://theatresafetyblog.blogspot.ca/2013/03/bucket-bails-break-bones.html

Exposition aux champs électromagnétiques

Générées par de multiples applications industrielles, les champs électromagnétiques sont susceptibles d'altérer la santé des travailleurs exposés. Afin d'aider les entreprises à évaluer et à prévenir ces risques, l'INRS publie en coopération avec l'INERIS une nouvelle brochure à visée opérationnelle (de référence ED 6136).

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/accueil/header/actualites/brochure-risque-champ-electromagnetique.html

Actsafe : April 2013

La dernière édition du magazine Actsafe est disponible, elle porte sur les sujets suivants:

  • No Expiry on Aerial Lift Training
  • Tweet for Sweet Swag
  • April 28: 149 Families Mourn
  • Two New Motion Picture Safety Factsheets: Set-up and Use of Large Tents and Working Alone
  • North American Occupational Safety and Health (NAOSH) Week

Source : http://www.actsafe.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/AS_newsletter_V4No2_small.pdf

L’Europe se penche sur la santé et la sécurité des nouveaux métiers verts

Les préoccupations environnementales ont généré une croissance rapide des emplois « verts », mais une évaluation insuffisante des risques posés par ces nouvelles technologies et processus pour la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs.

Avec le projet Prévoyance, l'Agence Européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA) a pour objectif d'identifier les risques nouveaux et émergents de l'économie verte. En effet, les emplois verts sont susceptibles d'engendrer des problèmes importants en termes de Santé et Sécurité au Travail.

Source : http://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-europe-sante-securite-metiers-verts-1120413.php

Healthcare and other workers at risk of psychiatric trauma from needlestick injuries shows new research

A new study published today in the scientific journal Occupational Medicine has found that those who experience needlestick injuries can suffer persistent and substantial psychiatric illness or depression. Needlestick or ‘sharps’ injuries are a daily risk to nurses, medical and health ancillary workers. The physical health effects of a needlestick injury are well known but this new research has demonstrated the mental health consequences of sharps injuries. The researchers found that those affected suffered psychiatric trauma that is similar in severity to trauma caused by other events such as road traffic accidents. This had a major impact on work attendance, family relationships and sexual health. The duration of the psychiatric symptoms were linked to the length of time the person injured by the sharp had to wait for blood test results. Although sharps injuries mostly occur in healthcare settings, many other employees are also at risk including prison and police officers, park wardens, street cleaners and refuse collectors, tattoo artists and others who may come across carelessly or maliciously discarded hypodermic needles. A sharp contaminated with infected blood can transmit more than 20 diseases including hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This transmission risk causes worry and stress to the estimated 100,000 people who experience a needlestick accident every year.

Source : https://www.som.org.uk/news/media-releases/single-media/article/healthcare-and-other-workers-at-risk-of-psychiatric-trauma-from-needlestick-injuries-shows-new-resea/

https://www.som.org.uk/fileadmin/user_upload/Office/docs/press_release_paper-OCCMED_63_3.pdf

Road safety and in-vehicle monitoring (black box) technology policy paper

In-vehicle monitoring (black box) technology is rapidly increasing in the UK, with many different forms of this technology now available. Essentially it monitors how, when and where a vehicle is being driven, records the data and provide an analysis as feedback to the driver and/or other parties. Some also provide in-vehicle alerts if pre-set parameters are exceeded (for example, hard acceleration).
The driving behaviours that are monitored are ones that influence the likelihood of the driver crashing (for example, speed) or the severity of the crash (for example, seat belt use). These are proxies for crash and injury risk, and monitoring a driver‟s propensity to indulge in such behaviours enables the technology to calculate a risk rating for that driver. It also, potentially, enables measures to be identified that may reduce the driver‟s crash risk.

Source : The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, 2013, 45p. http://www.rospa.com/roadsafety/info/black-box-technology.pdf

Arena Rigger fails to clip-in and falls 100 feet

Friday, April 5, 2013 - San Antonio. Texas.  A high steel rigger fell to his death at the AT&T Center Arena while striking a show at 2:00 AM.  Witnesses said he had detached himself  from the fall safety line while repositioning himself and lost his footing while moving around a beam.  A late load-out can be dangerous as fatigue can play a factor in clarity of thought and situational awareness.

Source : http://theatresafetyblog.blogspot.ca/2013/04/arena-rigger-fails-to-clip-in-and-falls.html

Work-related stress does not increase the risk of most common cancers

The joint European individual-participant data meta-analysis of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH) and University College London (UCL) shows that work-related stress does not cause the most common cancers. A previous study of this subject has given inconsistent results. These new results were published in the British Medical Journal at the beginning of February 2013. The study followed 116, 000 people for an average of twelve years. During this time, five percent of these people developed some form of cancer. However, no association was found between work stress and the risk of the most common forms of cancer, i.e. colorectal, lung, breast or prostate cancers. "It seems that work stress is not a significant risk factor for cancer. Although decreasing work stress would undoubtedly improve the well-being of the working population, it would most probably not have an effect on the emergence of cancer on a population level," says Katriina Heikkilä, Specialist Research Scientist at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH).

Source : Work stress and risk of cancer: meta-analysis of 5700 incident cancer events in 116 000 European men and women, BMJ 2013; 346
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f165

Amiante : un nouvel arrêté précise les modalités de formation des travailleurs (France)

Le Ministère du Travail vient de publier un arrêté réglementant, les modalités de formation des travailleurs potentiellement exposés au risque amiante.

L'arrêté publié le 23 février 2013 par le Ministère du Travail refond et abroge les dispositions de l'arrêté du 22 décembre 2009 sur les modalités de formation des travailleurs à la prévention des risques liés à l'amiante.
Ce nouvel arrêté redéfinit un programme de formation permanent pour tous les travailleurs opérant avec un risque d'exposition à l'amiante, en fonction du niveau d'intervention et de l'encadrement.
Sont ainsi clairement définies les formations que doit assurer obligatoirement l'employeur depuis la formation préalable indispensable avant toute intervention en milieu amianté jusqu'à la formation des personnels d'encadrement technique ou de chantier.
A noter que les personnels formés avant l'entrée en vigueur du présent arrêté devront suivre une formation de mise à niveau ou de recyclage.
Enfin les conditions d'accréditation des organismes certificateurs et de certification obligatoire des organismes de formation intervenant dans le domaine du risque amiante sont reformulées dans le texte entré en vigueur à sa publication.

Source : http://www.preventica.com/actu-enbref-amiante-arrete-modalites-formation-travailleurs-1260313.php

Infographic: The Goal of GHS

Why do we need the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), and how does it work? This new infographic displays the answers in graphic form. Over 5,000 U.S. workplaces employing 43 million workers have environments that could expose workers hazardous chemicals. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), a system for standardizing the labeling and classification of chemicals around the world, creates a common framework to help reduce confusion surrounding these chemicals.

Source : http://ehstoday.com/osha/infographic-goal-ghs

 

Exposition des travailleurs de la construction à la silice cristalline – Exploitation d’une banque de données tirée de la littérature

Il n'y a pas que dans les mines où les travailleurs peuvent être exposés à la poussière de silice. Plusieurs études ont démontré des niveaux d'exposition élevés dans le secteur de la construction où l'on retrouve plusieurs matériaux contenant de la silice, tels que le béton, le ciment, et le mortier. Les chercheurs veulent donc dresser un portrait détaillé de l'exposition à la silice en exploitant une banque récemment créée dans le cadre d'un projet financé par l'IRSST et contenant plus de 10 000 données d'exposition chez les travailleurs de la construction. L'activité consiste à utiliser cette banque de données pour établir des profils d'exposition par métiers et tâches, et élucider l'influence des outils, des matériaux utilisés, et des moyens de maîtrise du risque.

Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-772.pdf

Control of exposure to silica dust : A guide for employees

This leaflet explains what employers and employees should do to prevent lung disease caused by exposure to silica at work. Silica is a natural substance found in most rocks, sand and clay and in products such as bricks and concrete. In the workplace these materials create dust when they are cut, sanded, carved etc. Some of this dust may be fine enough to breathe deeply into the lungs and cause harm to health. The fine dust is called respirable crystalline silica (RCS) and is too fine to see with normal lighting. The leaflet explains how RCS can damage health and what to do to prevent harm.

Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg463.pdf

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