2015-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Problématiques émergentes en santé au travail

Le 28e congrès de la Société d'hygiène et de médecine du travail dans les armées et industries d'armement (SHMTAIA) s'est déroulé le 16 et 17 octobre 2014 à Poitiers, sous le haut patronage du ministre de la Défense. Les problématiques émergentes en santé au travail ont été abordées sur des thèmes allant du risque organisationnel aux risques physiques et chimiques, en passant par des données de l'enquête SUMER 2010.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=TD%20218

Taiwanese farm workers’ pesticide knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and clothing practices

The purpose of this study was to assess Taiwanese fruit farm workers' knowledge, attitudes, behaviours, and clothing practices regarding pesticide activities. Seventy-seven fruit farm workers from four districts of Tainan City, Taiwan completed the questionnaire.
Results indicated that farmer workers had a good overall level of knowledge of the adverse effects of pesticides on human health and most had experienced symptoms of pesticide poisoning. Farm workers' attitudes toward pesticide use and handling indicated that they saw pesticides useful in controlling pests. Farm workers indicated the limited availability of comfortable clothing designed for a hot and humid climate while still providing sufficient protection was the main reason for not wearing personal protective clothing (PPC) and personal protective equipment (PPE). Emphasis on safety precautions is needed when using pesticides, and the importance of PPC and PPE is essential for the health of farm workers.

Source: Weng CY, Black C. Int. J. Environ. Health Res. 2015, p. 1-12.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2015.1020415 

Aircrew Safety & Health

Aircrew job hazards have changed over the years, from cigarette smoke on flights to heightened safety concerns as a result of 9/11. Aircrew, including pilots and flight attendants, experience the mental and physical stress of the job as well as potential hazards, such as cosmic radiation, communicable disease, and pesticides.
Here you can learn more about common crewmember concerns, and what you can do to keep yourself safe and healthy.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/aircrew/default.html

The international contribution to occupational health research

Objective: The importance of international occupational health research is established in achieving the World Health Organization's vision of “occupational health for all”. The aim of this short communication is to describe the geographical distribution of research published in leading occupational health journals.
Methods: Seven leading occupational health journals were identified, based on citation rates and impact factors. All research papers published in these journals in 2011 and 2012 were identified and attributed to a country, based on the affiliation of the first author. The crude rate and rates adjusted by GDP and population were calculated for each country.
Results: A total of 1466 papers were identified, with first authors based in 56 different countries. Over half of the papers were published by first authors based in 4 countries (USA, UK, the Netherlands and Japan). The leading 10 countries contributed 76% of the total number of papers and the leading 20 countries 94%. Of the 1466 papers, 89% were published by authors based in high-income countries. An analysis of the adjusted rates of publications by population and GDP revealed dominance by the Scandinavian countries.
Conclusions: The data are consistent with results of previous studies showing that a large proportion of papers are produced by researchers in the USA, but that the highest rates adjusted by GDP are from Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands. This indicates that a small number of countries continue to dominate research published in leading occupational health journals. As a result, the areas of research risk being biased to the needs of those countries rather than the wider international community.

Source: Ferris M, Hirst A, Sanati NA, Sanati KA. 2015. Scand J Work Environ Health
http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3488

L’Anses présente ses priorités de travail pour 2015

Cette année est synonyme d'un élargissement du champ de compétences avec une nouvelle mission pour l'Anses : la délivrance des autorisations de mise sur le marché des produits phytopharmaceutiques, matières fertilisantes et supports de culture à compter de juillet 2015. Parmi les nouveaux défis à relever : la mise en place d'un dispositif spécifique de vigilance pour être réactif en cas d'impact négatif des produits sur le terrain.

Source: https://www.anses.fr/fr/content/l%E2%80%99anses-pr%C3%A9sente-ses-priorit%C3%A9s-de-travail-pour-2015

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