2017-02-01 12:00 - Messages

Modes et méthodes de production en France en 2040

Quelles conséquences pour la santé et la sécurité au travail?
Les travaux des groupes de travail ainsi que les déclinaisons en santé et sécurité au travail sont rassemblés dans ce document sous la forme de cinq chapitres qui font une synthèse partielle des principales données acquises au cours de l'exercice :
1. Que produira la France demain ?
2. Le triomphe du logiciel (automatisation, robotisation)?
3. Le retour au local comme outil de développement(s)?
4. Vers la multiplication des formes de travail?
5. Quelles évolutions de la prescription et des rythmes de travail?

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=VEP%203

Quels risques professionnels et quelle prévention en 2040?

Après avoir présenté les évolutions du monde du travail qui ont eu une influence majeure au cours des vingt-cinq dernières années en termes de risques professionnels et de prévention, puis les principaux enjeux susceptibles de structurer la production en France au cours des vingt-cinq années à venir et d'avoir une forte influence dans le domaine du travail et des risques associés, ce troisième et dernier article présente les principales conséquences potentielles identifiées par un groupe d'experts de l'INRS, sur la base des questionnements issus de la phase prospective.

Source: Séverine Brunet, Michel Héry, Catherine Levert, Agnès Aublet-Cuvelier, Stéphane Binet, Ève Bourgkard, Philippe Jandrot, Guy Peissel-Cottenaz, Jérôme Triolet. (2016). Hygiène & sécurité du travail (245).
http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=VP%2016

Oeuvrer ensemble pour promouvoir un milieu de travail sûr et salubre

La Commission d'experts pour l'application des conventions et recommandations publie une étude d'ensemble sur les instruments de sécurité et de santé au travail relatifs au cadre promotionnel, à la construction, aux mines et à l'agriculture.
Après un aperçu du contexte historique et des objectifs des instruments sélectionnés (chapitre I), la présente étude passe en revue les politiques, systèmes et programmes nationaux de SST et met en évidence l'importance capitale des données pour l'élaboration de ces politiques, systèmes et programmes (chapitre II). Elle souligne ensuite le rôle de la coopération dans l'élaboration et l'application de mesures de SST ainsi que les responsabilités, obligations et droits spécifiques des employeurs et des travailleurs (chapitre III). Le chapitre IV traite du développement d'une culture nationale de la sécurité et de la santé et de mesures de prévention et de protection particulières, tandis que le chapitre V porte sur les mesures destinées à mettre en application la législation nationale qui régit la SST. Le chapitre VI traite de l'impact des instruments et d'une éventuelle action normative. Tous ces aspects sont étudiés à la fois d'une manière générale et dans les contextes respectifs des secteurs de la construction, de l'industrie minière et de l'agriculture.

Source: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---relconf/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_543633.pdf

Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector

The garment and footwear sector is one of the largest consumer goods sectors in the world. Although it represents an important economic driving force, the tragic collapse of the Rana Plaza factory in 2013 brought global attention to the risks of severe adverse impacts both in manufacturing but also further upstream.
The OECD has developed a Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector. This Guidance, developed through an intense multi-stakeholder process, supports a common understanding of due diligence and responsible supply chain management in the sector.

Source: http://mneguidelines.oecd.org/responsible-supply-chains-textile-garment-sector.htm

Ex-post evaluation of the European Union occupatinal safety and health Directives

Occupational safety and health (OSH) forms an integral part of the European labour market. It is an important element of the European social protection structure. In the context of European integration and realisation of the internal market, a common framework was established through Directive 89/391/EEC (Framework Directive) aiming at securing a minimum level of protection from work-related health and safety risks for the workers of all Member States. This framework built on the existing systems at the time and laid down important common principles of prevention, risk assessment, information, training etc. It established minimum protection levels while allowing Member States to go further if so desired. Building on these common principles, 23 further Directives have been adopted dealing with specific risks and situations. Together this set of rules constitutes the OSH framework.
The Commission is required to regularly evaluate the implementation of the OSH framework. This evaluation report draws from a number of elements, including an independent study, National Implementation Reports (NIRs) from all Member States and numerous consultation mechanisms involving independent experts, inspectors and representatives from industry, workers and Member States. The value of occupational safety and health interventions has to be considered in the light of which interventions at which level are most useful. This exercise also forms part of the Commission's Regulatory Fitness (REFIT) Programme with a special focus on SMEs. The REFIT Programme focuses on efficiency, effectiveness and legislative simplification including avoiding unnecessary regulatory burden.

Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/25879/245190/file/Commission+europ%C3%A9enne+-+Ex-post+evaluation+of+the+European+Union+occupatinal+safety+and+health+Directives+%2810+janvier+2017%29.pdf

Safer and Healthier Work for All

Modernisation of the EU Occupational Safety and Health Legislation and Policy
Over the last 25 years, the EU has been a front-runner in setting high standards of worker protection against health and safety risks at work on its territory, and has promoted high levels of protection also in third countries. Occupational safety and health policy is contributing to the objective of improving the safety and health of workers in the EU. According to the most recent available data the incidence rate of deaths in accidents at work dropped by almost 1/4 as compared with the situation in 2008, however, with different trends in individual Member States. The percentage of EU workers reporting at least one health problem caused or made worse by work decreased by nearly 10%.
The EU legislative framework has played a pivotal role in shaping national and company level occupational safety and health strategies. The detailed ex-post evaluation of the EU acquis, checking their relevance as well as efficiency, effectiveness, coherence and EU added value, carried out by the Commission confirms that the framework meets its ambition to adequately protect workers. This REFIT evaluation comprised the Framework Directive 89/391/EEC and 23 related Directives.
It concluded that the overall structure of the EU occupational safety and health acquis, consisting of a goal-oriented Framework Directive complemented by specific Directives, is generally effective and fit-for-purpose. However, it pointed to specific provisions of individual Directives that have become outdated or obsolete, and highlighted the need to find effective ways to address new risks. The way in which Member States have transposed the EU occupational safety and health Directives varies considerably across Member States. Compliance costs therefore vary and cannot be easily dissociated from more detailed national requirements. However, overall, the evaluation clearly concluded that compliance with the occupational safety and health Directives is more challenging for SMEs than large establishments, while at the same time the major and fatal injury rates are higher for SMEs. Specific support measures are therefore necessary to reach SMEs and help them increase their compliance in an efficient and effective way.

Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/25865/245103/file/Commission+europ%C3%A9enne+-+Communication+Safer+and+Healthier+Work+for+All.+Modernisation+of+the+EU+Occupational+Safety+and+Health+Legislation+and+Policy+%2810+janvier+2017%29.pdf

HSA - Programme of Work 2017

This programme of work, the second prepared under the Health and Safety Authority's Strategy 2016–2018, has been developed to contribute to our long-term vision of healthy, safe and productive lives.

Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Corporate/HSA_Programme_of_Work_2017.pdf

Creating a Future for Occupational Health

Objectives: Economic, social, technical, and political drivers are fundamentally changing the nature of work and work environments, with profound implications for the field of occupational health. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners entering the field are largely being trained to assess and control exposures using approaches developed under old models of work and risks.
Methods: A speaker series and symposium were organized to broadly explore current challenges and future directions for the occupational health field. Broad themes identified throughout these discussions are characterized and discussed to highlight important future directions of occupational health.
Findings: Despite the relatively diverse group of presenters and topics addressed, some important cross-cutting themes emerged. Changes in work organization and the resulting insecurity and precarious employment arrangements change the nature of risk to a large fraction of the workforce. Workforce demographics are changing, and economic disparities among working groups are growing. Globalization exacerbates the ‘race to the bottom’ for cheap labor, poor regulatory oversight, and limited labor rights. Largely, as a result of these phenomena, the historical distinction between work and non-work exposures has become largely artificial and less useful in understanding risks and developing effective public health intervention models. Additional changes related to climate change, governmental and regulatory limitations, and inadequate surveillance systems challenge and frustrate occupational health progress, while new biomedical and information technologies expand the opportunities for understanding and intervening to improve worker health.
Conclusion: The ideas and evidences discussed during this project suggest that occupational health training, professional practice, and research evolve towards a more holistic, public health-oriented model of worker health. This will require engagement with a wide network of stakeholders. Research and training portfolios need to be broadened to better align with the current realities of work and health and to prepare practitioners for the changing array of occupational health challenges.

Source: Peckham, Trevor K., Baker, Marissa, G., Camp, Janice E., Kaufman, Joel D., & Seixas, Noah S. (2017). Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(1), 3-15.
https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxw011

Envoyé: 2017-02-06 15:22 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
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L’Anses présente son programme de travail pour l’année 2017

L’évolution des modes et habitudes de consommation, le développement de nouvelles technologies, la présence de multiples sources de contaminations, dans l’environnement général ou en milieu professionnel, ou encore l’évolution des facteurs organisationnels du travail, sont susceptibles d’exposer les populations à de nouveaux risques, au travers de l’alimentation, au domicile, au travail, pendant les transports ou les loisirs. Après une année 2016 particulièrement active, qui a vu un nouvel élargissement de ses missions et la publication de nombreux travaux d’expertise, l’Agence met l’accent en 2017 sur ces nouveaux risques du quotidien.

Source: https://www.anses.fr/fr/system/files/PRES2017DPA03.pdf

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