2017-11-01 12:00 - Messages

INRS - Faits et chiffres 2016

Le rapport annuel "Faits et chiffres 2016" de l'INRS présente un panorama des activités de l'Institut en matière de prévention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles. Il illustre la vocation de l'INRS à fournir des réponses validées et adaptées aux attentes des entreprises et de leurs salariés.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%204479

Systematic Review for Occupational Safety and Health Questions

There are many different types of occupational safety and health questions and a variety of scientific methods to answer them. Systematic review is one method for comprehensively reviewing a body of scientific literature. It is an explicit and transparent process to identify, select, synthesize, and critically appraise the scientific literature relevant to a specific question.
Systematic review methods include:
•A clear statement of the question that the literature search is intended to address
• Explicit, pre-specified methods to gather and assess the quality of the evidence that minimizes bias
• Documentation of criteria for decision making
One benefit of the use of systematic review methods is improving the transparency and public documentation of how scientific evidence is collected. Its use also helps document the thoroughness of a scientific assessment and the use of the best available evidence. The use of systematic review methods does not replace the need for expert scientific judgment.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/11/28/systematic-review/

Envoyé: 2017-11-28 15:02 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
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Déplacements en forêt

Ce guide constitue avant tout un outil de prévention pour éliminer ou pour réduire les risques pour les employeurs et les travailleurs du milieu forestier au cours de leurs déplacements. Il explique et précise aussi certaines notions réglementaires et propose quelques actions à poser en cas d’urgence.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-1597.aspx

Portail de veille sur les conditions de travail

Qualité de vie au travail, management, prévention des risques, dialogue social, risques psychosociaux, organisation du travail, transformation numérique, égalité professionnelle, articulation des temps, santé au travail, ce portail de veille recense plus de 50000 références.
Le portail est organisé en 3 rubriques :
•Notre sélection : une sélection d'ouvrages récents
•Dossier : des dossiers consacrés à des sujets émergents réalisés par des experts
•Lu pour vous : une sélection d'ouvrages pour mettre en lumière les débats et réflexions autour d'un même sujet

Source: https://veille-travail.anact.fr/

New Compendium Highlights Development of Clinical Decision Support to Enhance Worker Health

A new compilation of articles published in the November issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, describes an effort led by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop and evaluate clinical decision support (CDS) designed to assist primary care clinicians' with care of their working patients using CDS tools in electronic health records. This is the first effort to systematically develop and assess the practicality and usefulness of providing clinical decision support linked to work through health information systems in the primary care setting.
“Primary care practitioners are often the first to see patients with work-related conditions, care for patients who may have trouble managing their health at work, or see patients whose health affects their ability to work,” said NIOSH Director John Howard, M.D. “The information presented in this compendium demonstrates the potential to put resources directly in the hands of primary care clinicians that can promote better care of working patients using 21st century information technology.”
The compendium, which is part of a larger NIOSH effort to facilitate recognition of the relationship between work and health and how to address it through health information technology, includes:
•An overview of the project
•Three articles that describe the process of producing proposed recommendations to introduce computer-mediated CDS into health information systems, to assist providers in the care of working patients. Each article covers one of three topic areas:
1.The diagnosis and management of work-related asthma
2.Workplace factors that affect diabetes management
3.Decisions about return-to-work after an episode of acute low-back pain not associated with work
•Results of a qualitative evaluation that gathered feedback from five primary care settings representing various areas nationwide and types of clinical practices.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-11-14-17.html

Analysis of the relationship between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 and business performance in different organizational contexts

This paper investigates how the characteristics of operational processes—systematic and project-based—affect the impact of adopting the safety management systems on different performance metrics. The proposed approach allows the development of a framework which matches safety problems and risks encompassed by organizational tasks with solutions generated by new safety knowledge linked to the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard. Our analysis of the effect over work accidents, as well as operational and economic performance of implementing the OHSAS 18001 in Spanish manufacturing, construction and professional services organizations during 2006–2009 shows that organizations modify existing safety practices to mitigate work accidents, and that safety learning effects widely vary across industry sectors. Organizations whose current knowledge is mostly codified and processes are highly systematic benefit more from safety knowledge and experience, whereas the effects of the OHSAS 18001 dilute in organizations whose knowledge is high in tacitness, and whose processes difficult the visibility of the consequences of work accidents. This study has important implications for managing knowledge acquisition processes. The findings offer valuable insights on how managers can develop communication and coordination actions to cope with the potential incompatibilities between safety management systems, the properties of knowledge and work environmental conditions.

Source: Lafuente, E., Abad, J. (2018). Safety Science, 103, 12–22.

ISO 19434:2017 - Mining - Classification of mine accidents

ISO 19434:2017 establishes a classification of mine accidents by their origin or causes, by the type of accident, and by their results or consequences. The latter includes only the accidents resulting into consequences on people, not equipment or machinery.
Different categories of causes, types and consequences of mine accidents are briefly defined, and a 3-digit code is assigned to each category. These can be combined to ultimately allocate a unique 15-digit code to each type of mine accident. This code can then be used in statistical analysis. Similarly, an allocated code clearly shows to which categories of causes, type of accident and resulting consequences the mine accident belongs to.
ISO 19434:2017 is applicable to all surface and underground mines.

Source: https://www.iso.org/standard/64897.html

Mid-term review of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022

The mid-term review of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 examined:
◾progress against the Strategy’s targets
◾how the Strategy has influenced WHS activities
◾whether the key elements of the Strategy can continue to drive safety improvements, and
◾the areas of WHS that require greater attention over the next five years to achieve the Strategy’s vision.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/mid-term-review-australian-work-health-and-safety-strategy-2012-2022

Occupational Health and the Performing Arts: An Introduction

Objective: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions.
Methods: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed. Literature sources included medical databases, unindexed art-health publications, and popular press articles.
Results: Resources discussing hazards and health issues in theater, dance, voice, and instrumental musicians were located and reviewed.
Conclusions: Treatment providers have a history of involvement with segments of the performing arts. The occupational health approach to workplace health issues can effectively complement these efforts. Sources of further information on performing arts health concerns are available.

Source: Hinkamp, D., Morton, J., Krasnow, D. H., Wilmerding, M. V., Dawson, W. J., Stewart, M. G., ... et McCann, M. (2017). Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 59(9), 843-858.

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