2019-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Systematic literature review on the effects of occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions at the workplace

Objectives The aim of this review was to assess the evidence that occupational safety and health (OSH) legislative and regulatory policy could improve the working environment in terms of reduced levels of industrial injuries and fatalities, musculoskeletal disorders, worker complaints, sick leave and adverse occupational exposures.

Methods A systematic literature review covering the years 1966?2017 (February) was undertaken to capture both published and gray literature studies of OSH work environment interventions with quantitative measures of intervention effects. Studies that met specified in- and exclusion criteria went through an assessment of methodological quality. Included studies were grouped into five thematic domains: (i) introduction of OHS legislation, (ii) inspection/enforcement activity, (iii) training, such as improving knowledge, (iv), campaigns, and (v) introduction of technical device, such as mechanical lifting aids. The evidence synthesis was based on meta-analysis and a modified Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.

Results The search for peer-reviewed literature identified 14 743 journal articles of which 45 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were eligible for meta-analysis. We identified 5181 articles and reports in the gray literature, of which 16 were evaluated qualitatively. There was moderately strong evidence for improvement by OHS legislation and inspections with respect to injuries and compliance.

Conclusions This review indicates that legislative and regulatory policy may reduce injuries and fatalities and improve compliance with OHS regulation. A major research gap was identified with respect to the effects of OSH regulation targeting psychological and musculoskeletal disorders.

Source : Scand J Work Environ Health 2019;45(2):103-113

http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3775

Safe Quarry - A Guide for Quarry Workers

Quarries vary greatly from small operations to large pits excavating large amounts of material and include a number of manufacturing plants. Although there are often a greater number of hazards at larger quarries, you may be at more risk at a smaller operation – depending on how well safety, health and welfare matters are controlled at the quarry. Every quarry must have an Operator. The Owner must appoint the Operator of the quarry. At most quarries the Owner is the Operator and is self-appointed. The Operator must be competent and have the necessary resources to operate the quarry. This booklet highlights some of the risks that quarry workers may encounter at work and explains how they should be addressed.

Source : https://www.hsa.ie/eng/publications_and_forms/publications/mines_and_quarries/safe_quarry_-_a_guide_for_quarry_workers.pdf

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