2019-08-01 12:00 - Messages

Safe Work Australia Operational Plan 2019–2020

This plan describes the activities to be undertaken by Safe Work Australia in performing its statutory functions during 2019–2020, within the total operating budget of $21M.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-corporate-plan-2019-2023

La quatrième révolution industrielle et l’innovation sociale sur le lieu de travail

Les éléments fondamentaux du débat sur l'avenir du travail sont, dans leur grande majorité, les évolutions techniques. Dans le présent document de réflexion, nous nous concentrons sur l'innovation sociale dans le contexte de la numérisation et ses répercussions sur les emplois, les travailleurs et les lieux de travail de l'avenir, ainsi que sur les défis que ces évolutions posent aux réglementations et à la gouvernance en matière de sécurité et de santé au travail (SST).
Le document décrit la nouvelle société innovante et les nouveaux modèles d'entreprise, dans lesquels une partie accrue du travail est effectuée en ligne et en dehors des environnements de bureau, souvent par des travailleurs indépendants. Le besoin de résilience et de capacité d'adaptation des individus, les nouvelles catégories de travailleurs qui font leur apparition, ainsi que les défis spécifiques auxquels sont confrontés les nouvelles recrues et les travailleurs plus âgés sont également examinés, de même que la nécessité, pour les organisations actives dans le domaine de la SST, de réorienter leur action vers un soutien personnalisé aux travailleurs.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/tools-and-publications/publications/new-technology-and-social-innovation-work/view

Artificial Intelligence: Implications for the Future of Work

What does Artificial Intelligence (AI) have to do with workplace safety and health? NIOSH has been at the forefront of workplace safety and robotics, creating the Center for Occupational Robotics Research (CORR) and posting blogs such as A Robot May Not Injure a Worker: Working safely with robots. However, much remains unknown regarding the related field of AI, specifically the application of AI at work. AI is a broad transdisciplinary field with roots in logic, statistics, cognitive psychology, decision theory, neuroscience, linguistics, cybernetics, and computer engineering.   Machine learning (ML), a sub-discipline of AI, has led to the application of internet searches, ecommerce sites, goods and services recommender systems, image and speech recognition, sensor technologies, robotic devices, and cognitive decision support systems.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2019/08/26/ai/

ASTM E2920 - Standard Guide for Recording Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

This guide is intended to define work-related injuries and illnesses in a way that can be easily understood and measured across countries. These injuries and illnesses can be used to evaluate, compare, and continually improve management systems and programs related to worker safety and health. Although several levels of severity may be defined, the primary objective is to identify cases with meaningful connection to work and cases with such potential consequence that they have value for prevention purposes. The resultant data and incidence rates should improve global benchmarking consistency.

Source: https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2920.htm

New OSH indicator proposed for the UN Sustainable Development Goals

The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Labour Office (ILO) have developed a proposal for a new occupational safety and health (OSH) indicator for the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), relating to Goal 8: “Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all”.
The new indicator captures deaths from diseases attributed to occupational risk factors (accounting for an estimated 73.3% of all work-related deaths), filling a substantial gap in coverage of Target 8.8 in the SDG Global Indicator Framework: “Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment”.

Source: https://osha.europa.eu/fr/oshnews/new-osh-indicator-proposed-un-sustainable-development-goals

The evolution of the OHS profession in New Zealand

This article examines the evolution of the OHS profession in Aotearoa New Zealand (hereafter New Zealand) and we argue that development of a profession cannot be considered in isolation at one moment in time. We show that an occupational group develops as a result of historical contextual issues that shape how stakeholders perceive the need for, status, and role of that group, and whether it should be seen as a distinct trade or a profession. We also provide a working definition of “a profession” and outline the early development of New Zealand’s generalist OHS professions in New Zealand. We conclude with a discussion of the key themes and future challenges facing the OHS profession in New Zealand. We commence, however, with a brief explanation of the methodology applied in this exercise.

Source: Peace, C., Lamm, F., Dearsly, G. et Parkes, H. (2019). Safety Science, 120, 254-262.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.005

The Value of Occupational Health Research

History, Evolution and Way Forward
This report has approached the ‘value' of OH research from a general OH perspective i.e. improving health, wellbeing and functional capability of the working age population, a societal and public health perspective and an economic perspective.
These elements have been addressed by: a brief scoping review of workplace interventions with economic evaluations, qualitative interviews of key stakeholders in the field of OH research, and supplemented by an overview of related reports and publications, including those on occupational epidemiology and other OH research areas.
Systematic reviews to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of OH interventions6-9 have identified poor methodological quality as a key barrier to drawing meaningful conclusions. It has been five years since the most recent review so we undertook a brief scope of the literature and its methodological quality to explore whether there had been any improvement since then in the quality of economic evaluations. We found a relatively low number of intervention studies in OH research that incorporated economic evaluations. Few were cost-effective or costbeneficial.
For the majority, the economic evaluations were typically of low methodological quality and often from an ‘employer' perspective only. Only a small number included a broader societal perspective. The majority of studies did not consider a long-term time horizon nor use any extrapolation or modelling approaches.

Source: https://www.som.org.uk/sites/som.org.uk/files/SOM_Value_OH_Research_June2019.pdf

Vers un droit du travail 3.0

Le droit du travail se retrouve aujourd’hui confronté aux bouleversements sans précédents engendrés par les révolutions des technologies de l’information et de la biotechnologie. Moyens de contrôle « augmentés » de l’activité des salariés, essor des plateformes numériques, implantation croissante de l’intelligence artificielle :autant de défis posés aussi bien aux entreprises et aux partenaires sociaux qu’aux pouvoirs publics.
C’est que le fait (numérique) précède le droit, qui plus est dans un contexte de mondialisation des économies où par exemple le marché des Chatbots – les assistants virtuels en ligne – représente d’ores et déjà un poids économique considérable, et accuse une croissance constante.
Mais loin d’une simple utilisation statique de l’outil, la diversité des fonctionnalités offertes en fait également un vecteur d’évolutions sociétales qui questionnent au plus profond sur la nature même de la relation de travail, jusqu’à la place du travailleur salarié.
En effet, un droit du travail 3.0 aux interactions humaines de plus en plus limitées, semble ainsi se dessiner, et nécessite d’ores et déjà d’être examiné à travers ses différentes manifestations.

Source: https://www.institutdiderot.fr/vers-un-droit-du-travail-3-0/

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