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Burden of Occupational Cancer in Ontario
Major Workplace Carcinogens and Prevention of Exposure The report presents estimates of occupational exposure and the associated burden of cancer by industry, as well as exposure reduction strategies for the most common occupational carcinogens in Ontario. A major feature of the report is the evidence-based policy recommendations directed at government, Ontario’s occupational health and safety system, employers and non-governmental organizations. Source: http://www.occupationalcancer.ca/2017/occupational-burden-ontario-report/
Effects of organizational safety practices and perceived safety climate on PPE usage, engineering controls, and adverse events involving liquid antineoplastic drugs among nurses
Antineoplastic drugs pose risks to the healthcare workers who handle them. This fact notwithstanding, adherence to safe handling guidelines remains inconsistent and often poor. This study examined the effects of pertinent organizational safety practices and perceived safety climate on the use of personal protective equipment, engineering controls, and adverse events (spill/leak or skin contact) involving liquid antineoplastic drugs. Data for this study came from the 2011 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers which...
L’hôtellerie - Un secteur en peine, mais les solutions existent
L'hôtellerie en France, c'est plus de 21 000 établissements dans lesquels travaillent 187 000 salariés. « Avec 215 jours d'arrêts par maladie professionnelle et l'attribution d'une incapacité dans 40 % des cas, les salariés de l'hôtellerie sont particulièrement exposés à un risque de désinsertion professionnelle », souligne Christophe Ballue, contrôleur de sécurité à la Cramif. Au total, plus de 520 000 journées de travail ont...
The bigger picture. Assessing economic aspects of chemicals substitution
Assessing the economic aspects of substitution is a complex task. Even in cases where substitution is a relatively straightforward process of replacing one chemical with another, basing an economic assessment on a comparison of the price per kilo is often irrelevant. Progressive companies, as featured in this report, know that one must include several other factors when assessing the true costs of hazardous chemicals and the benefits of replacing them. Assessing the socioeconomic aspects when regulating hazardous substances can be even more challenging. Nevertheless, such assessments need to be...
Indoor workplaces
Recommended procedure for the investigation of working environment Indoor workplaces are found in a wide variety of working environments such as offices, sales areas, hospitals, schools and preschool childcare facilities, and libraries. By definition, tasks involving hazardous substances (such as those encountered in a chemical laboratory) are not performed at such workplaces, nor do they include high-noise areas, such as workshops. Source: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/Publikationen/Reports-Download/Reports-2016/Report-Indoor-workplaces/
A universal rig for supporting large hammer drills: Reduced injury risk and improved productivity
Drilling holes into concrete with heavy hammer and rock drills is one of the most physically demanding tasks performed in commercial construction and poses risks for musculoskeletal disorders, noise induced hearing loss, hand arm vibration syndrome and silicosis. The aim of this study was to (1) use a participatory process to develop a rig to support pneumatic rock drills or large electric hammer drills in order to reduce the health risks and (2) evaluate the usability of the rig. Seven prototype rigs for supporting large hammer drills were developed and modified with feedback from commercial contractors...
Protecting Nail Salon Workers
Last week, the New York Times published a two-part series highlighting what it characterized as exploitative employment practices and unsafe working conditions for nail salon workers, including exposures to hazardous chemicals. On the heels of the reports, New York Governor Andrew M. Cuomo on May 11 ordered emergency measures in the state “to prevent unlawful practices and unsafe working conditions in the nail salon industry.” Recognizing and controlling occupational hazards are important steps to protect this vulnerable working population. Census data show there are 17,000 nail salons...
Taiwanese farm workers’ pesticide knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and clothing practices
The purpose of this study was to assess Taiwanese fruit farm workers' knowledge, attitudes, behaviours, and clothing practices regarding pesticide activities. Seventy-seven fruit farm workers from four districts of Tainan City, Taiwan completed the questionnaire. Results indicated that farmer workers had a good overall level of knowledge of the adverse effects of pesticides on human health and most had experienced symptoms of pesticide poisoning. Farm workers' attitudes toward pesticide use and handling indicated that they saw pesticides useful in controlling pests. Farm workers indicated...
Working Safely with Metalworking Fluids
The UK Lubricants Association (UKLA) has, produced a Do's & Don'ts Poster that can be downloaded from UKLA's website. This poster will help minimise health risks, maintain MWF quality and help prolong machine and tool life. Source : http://www.ukla.org.uk/MWFPS1_files/Dos-and-Don%27ts-updated-2012-0316-v5.pdf
23 nouvelles fiches sur les effets des produits chimiques sur la reproduction : nouveautés de la base Demeter
La base de données Demeter de l’Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS) intègre 23 nouvelles fiches concernant des produits chimiques et leurs effets sur la reproduction, portant à plus de 130 le nombre de références qu’elle contient. La base de données Demeter (Documents pour l’évaluation médicale des produits toxiques vis-à-vis de la reproduction) fournit une synthèse de l’état des connaissances sur les dangers de plus de 130 produits chimiques. Ces fiches sont destinées...
Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building
This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other hazards are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations...
Occupational safety and health issues associated with green buildings : E-fact 70
This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations or combinations associated with green buildings and therefore demand particular consideration. Source : https...
World at Work : The world at work: hotel cleaners
With tourism and hospitality representing the largest economic sector in the world,1 and more than 4.8 million rooms in accommodation establishments in the USA alone,2 hotel cleaners comprise a significant occupational segment. Regardless of geographic variation, hotel cleaners are predominantly women, immigrants and minorities working under adverse conditions such as long hours, ergonomic strain, chemical exposure, poor pay, low job control, job insecurity and a wide array of other physical and mental health risks.3–5 Such exposure has produced disproportionately high health disparities...
Exposition à l'amiante - Réglementation 2013 en questions-réponses
Exposition à l'amiante - Réglementation 2013 en questions-réponses Le Ministère du Travail a mis en ligne un guide questions-réponses qui apporte des précisions nécessaires à la mise en oeuvre du décret du 4 mai 2012 et de ses arrêtés d'application. Le sujet vous paraîtra moins complexe après consultation du questions-réponses accessible en PDF depuis le site dédié. Le guide sur le site www.travailler-mieux.gouv.fr Source : http://www.travailler-mieux.gouv.fr/Amiante-un-Questions...
Infographic: The Goal of GHS
Why do we need the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), and how does it work? This new infographic displays the answers in graphic form. Over 5,000 U.S. workplaces employing 43 million workers have environments that could expose workers hazardous chemicals. The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS), a system for standardizing the labeling and classification of chemicals around the world, creates a common framework to help reduce confusion surrounding these chemicals. Source : http://ehstoday.com/osha/infographic-goal-ghs
Exposition des travailleurs de la construction à la silice cristalline – Exploitation d’une banque de données tirée de la littérature
Il n'y a pas que dans les mines où les travailleurs peuvent être exposés à la poussière de silice. Plusieurs études ont démontré des niveaux d'exposition élevés dans le secteur de la construction où l'on retrouve plusieurs matériaux contenant de la silice, tels que le béton, le ciment, et le mortier. Les chercheurs veulent donc dresser un portrait détaillé de l'exposition à la silice en exploitant une banque récemment créée dans le cadre d'un projet...
Control of exposure to silica dust : A guide for employees
This leaflet explains what employers and employees should do to prevent lung disease caused by exposure to silica at work. Silica is a natural substance found in most rocks, sand and clay and in products such as bricks and concrete. In the workplace these materials create dust when they are cut, sanded, carved etc. Some of this dust may be fine enough to breathe deeply into the lungs and cause harm to health. The fine dust is called respirable crystalline silica (RCS) and is too fine to see with normal lighting. The leaflet explains how RCS can damage health and what to do to prevent harm. Source...
Allergies professionnelles. Une réalité insidieuse : Dossier Travail et Sécurité
Les allergies professionnelles, souvent considérées par les salariés comme une pathologie inhérente au métier, touchent généralement des personnes jeunes (39 ans en moyenne pour l'asthme et 35 ans pour les dermatoses), qui travaillent souvent dans des PME/TPE. Leur reclassement est difficile et elles sont souvent obligées de changer de métier. La prévention est peu aisée et passe, quand l'activité professionnelle le permet, par la substitution des produits contenant des allergènes, ou par l'automatisation...
Fatalities due to dichloromethane in paint strippers: A continuing problem
Background Exposure to dichloromethane (DCM or methylene chloride - CH2Cl2) in paint strippers continues to be an avoidable source of morbidity and mortality. DCM has been under regulatory scrutiny by occupational and consumer product agencies since the identification of its carcinogenicity in the mid-1980s. Methods We investigated two independent workplace incidents that resulted in three cases of DCM intoxication from paint stripper use. Results Each incident investigated resulted in a fatality. A third worker suffered obtundation requiring hospitalization and intubation. Conclusions The continued...
Prévention du risque chimique dans les garages automobiles
Les salariés du secteur du commerce et de la réparation automobile sont parmi ceux qui sont les plus exposés aux agents cancérogènes, mutagènes et toxiques pour la reproduction (CMR). Selon l’enquête SUMER 2010, 66% d’entre eux seraient concernés par l’exposition à ce risque contre 13% en moyenne tous secteurs confondus. Le document de la Direccte Nord Pas de Calais dresse un tableau très complet des maladies professionnelles qui touchent fréquemment les mécaniciens et détaille les sources...
Evaluation des risques en milieux de soins : guide pratique
Dans le cadre du Plan Régional de Santé au travail, les acteurs de la santé au travail en Ile-de-France proposent un outil d'aide à l'évaluation et à la prévention des risques professionnels en établissements de soins. Les professionnels travaillant en établissements de santé (hôpitaux, centres médico-sociaux, maisons de retraite) sont potentiellement exposés à divers risques professionnels pouvant occasionner accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles. Les principaux risques identifiés...
2 nouveaux films sur le captage des poussières de bois
L’INRS publie 2 vidéos présentant Capro et Yota, des dispositifs de captage des poussières de bois. Ces films pédagogiques sont destinés à convaincre les utilisateurs de s’équiper afin de prévenir les risques pour la santé. Présenter de manière pédagogique des solutions de captage à la source des poussières de bois : c’est l’objectif des 2 nouveaux films courts réalisés par l’INRS. Destinées aux chefs d’entreprise et aux opérateurs du...
Dangers of Bathtub Refinishing
At least 14 workers have died since 2000 as a result of using stripping agents containing methylene chloride during bathtub refinishing. Many stripping products (including those that may also be available to consumers) contain high percentages of methylene chloride. Methylene chloride is extremely dangerous when not used properly. Alternative products and processes exist for bathtub refinishing. Products containing methylene chloride should be avoided when possible. Earlier this week NIOSH and OSHA released a joint Hazard Alert titled Methylene Chloride Hazards for Bathtub Refinishers http://www...
Les risques du chercheur
Morsure d'animal, brûlure chimique, inhalation de produits nocifs… Une étude américaine publiée dans la revue Nature révèle que près de la moitié des chercheurs ont été victimes d'accident dans le cadre de leur travail en laboratoire. Il s'agit le plus souvent d'incidents bénins mais 30 % des scientifiques interrogés déclarent avoir été témoins d'un accident plus important ayant nécessité l'intervention de personnel médical. L'étude...
A fatal case of CO(2) intoxication in a fermentation tank
Carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) is an odorless constituent of air. Higher concentrations can be detected in geothermal and automotive emissions, fermentation, and sublimation of dry ice. An unskilled worker entered a fermentation tank to clean it, which had not been done for about 5 months allowing for high concentrations of CO(2) to build up. A second worker entered the tank to rescue the first one. Shortly after both were found the first worker was rescued directly whereas the tank had to be rotated to pull the second worker out. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was successful only for the first worker...
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