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Analysis of the relationship between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 and business performance in different organizational contexts
This paper investigates how the characteristics of operational processes—systematic and project-based—affect the impact of adopting the safety management systems on different performance metrics. The proposed approach allows the development of a framework which matches safety problems and risks encompassed by organizational tasks with solutions generated by new safety knowledge linked to the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard. Our analysis of the effect over work accidents, as well as operational and economic performance of implementing the OHSAS 18001 in Spanish manufacturing, construction...
Prévenir les risques professionnels: Un enjeu économique pour l'entreprise
L'évaluation économique de la prévention des risques professionnels fait l'objet d'une littérature abondante. Il existe néanmoins presque autant de méthodologies et de résultats différents que d'études, ce qui rend le sujet très complexe et difficilement généralisable. Celui-ci suscite pourtant un intérêt grandissant, aussi bien en France qu'en Europe, où de nombreux organismes cherchent à approfondir les recherches et les approches existantes. L'ensemble des études...
NIOSH Web Tool Demonstrates that in Mining, Safety Pays
Safety Pays in Mining - a new, free web tool from NIOSH - shows mining companies the cost of worker injuries. This tool offers mining companies information on not only the cost of injury claims, but a few suggestions on how that same money might be spent in other ways. Preventing injuries saves workers from pain and disability and saves companies money at the same time. Injuries on the job profoundly affect mining companies’ profits and daily operations. In addition to paying direct costs or increased premiums for workers’ compensation insurance, mining companies might need to pay for...
Les avantages de l’investissement en matière de SST
Les 17 et 18 septembre 2014, la conférence «Investing in OSH – how benefits beat the costs» (investir dans la SST - des avantages supérieurs aux coûts) a été organisée par les points focaux des pays du Benelux en étroite collaboration avec le ministère néerlandais des affaires sociales et de l’emploi, l’EU-OSHA et la TNO. L’après-midi du 17 septembre a été consacré aux investissements en matière de SST au niveau de l’entreprise. Plusieurs cas d’entreprises...
The bigger picture. Assessing economic aspects of chemicals substitution
Assessing the economic aspects of substitution is a complex task. Even in cases where substitution is a relatively straightforward process of replacing one chemical with another, basing an economic assessment on a comparison of the price per kilo is often irrelevant. Progressive companies, as featured in this report, know that one must include several other factors when assessing the true costs of hazardous chemicals and the benefits of replacing them. Assessing the socioeconomic aspects when regulating hazardous substances can be even more challenging. Nevertheless, such assessments need to be...
The Role of Accounting in Work Health and Safety Governance
Currently there is a lack of standardised and accepted indicators to measure the work health and safety performance of organisations and businesses at the organisational level. Work health and safety information can and is being reported on a voluntary basis, however reporting is often selective and inconsistent. This hinders comparisons of work health and safety performance and due diligence reporting over time and across organisations. These papers are a series of research papers that will inform a broader three staged policy development project taking place over the next three years. The aim...
A study of influences of the workers' compensation and injury management regulations on aviation safety at a workplace
As the aviation industries developed, so too did the recognition that there must be an effective regulatory framework to address issues related to the workers' compensation and rehabilitation. All employees would like to work and return home safely from their workplace. Therefore, the efficient management of workplace injury and disease reduces the cost of aviation operations and improves flight safety. Workers' compensation and injury management laws regulate a majority of rehabilitation and compensation issues, but achieving an injury-free workplace remains a major challenge for the regulators...
Workplace health and safety, business productivity and sustainability
Leadership and culture is one of the key Action Areas of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022. There is strong evidence that performance is improved when organisations address work health and safety risks along with other important business risks. In 2014, Safe Work Australia commissioned the Centre for Workplace Leadership at Melbourne University to provide a summary of this evidence. The report suggests the evidence supports the general business case for investment in work health and safety – that those investments provide a positive return through reduced costs associated...
A review of risk factors of accidental slips, trips, and falls among firefighters
This review covers the incidence and financial cost of slips, trips and falls among firefighters. The physical factors that may be related to slip, trip, or fall-related accidents are summarized by their intrinsic (balance, age, experience, muscular strength and fitness, body mass, fatigue) and extrinsic (equipment, reduced vision, surface condition, heat) nature. Much of the evidence relating risk factors to accidental falls in the fire service is weak or anecdotal. There is a need to reduce occupational risk factors leading to slips, trips, and physical injury during firefighting operations given...
Financial Incentives of Experience Rating in Workers' Compensation: New Evidence From a Program Change in Ontario, Canada
Objective : To investigate the incentive for primary and secondary prevention associated with experience rating in a retrospective workers' compensation program. Methods : Panel data on 21,558 firms from 1998 to 2007 were used to estimate the relationship between the degree of experience rating and seven measures of workplace occupational health and safety outcomes. We focused on the impact of a policy change in 2004 in which the degree of experience rating was substantially increased for all firms. Results: The 2004 increase in experience rating was associated with a reduction in the total...
International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives
On November 29 and 30, 2012, the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) hosted the International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives. More than 180 researchers, students, policy-makers, members of the injured worker community, employer representatives, worker representatives and other stakeholders—primarily from Ontario, but also from other parts of Canada, the United States, Europe, Australia and New Zealand—came together in Toronto to participate in the symposium. The aim was to provide a forum to discuss the social, economic and...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of occupational injury prevention programs at the company level
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational injury prevention program, known as the Preferential Action Plan (PAP), focused on companies with high incidence rates of occupational injuries. We studied 1189 companies in the industrial, construction and services sectors between 1999 and 2007 in the Valencia region (Spain). Our sample included 507,262 workers, among whom 44,250 non-fatal occupational injuries with at least a workday lost were registered. Companies included in a PAP program were divided into three intervention groups, according to the year that each company entered...
Safety risk management for electrical transmission and distribution line construction
Prior research has established that electrical contractors involved in the construction and maintenance of electrical transmission and distribution (T&D) lines are at extremely high risk of electrocution. The result of inadvertent contact with T&D lines often is death or severe injury that involves damage to internal organs, musculoskeletal disorders, neurological damages and severe burns. The Electrical Safety Foundation International has demonstrated that contact with overhead power lines has been the single largest cause of electrical fatalities over the last decade. To reduce this disproportionate...
International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives (FIS 2012)
December 18—Slide presentations from the Institute for Work & Health's International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives (FIS 2012) are now posted online, where available. Slidecasts of most keynote presentations at the symposium, held in late November in Toronto, will also be available shortly. On November 29 and 30, 2012, the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) hosted the International Symposium on the Challenges of Workplace Injury Prevention through Financial Incentives. More than 180 researchers, students, policy-makers, members...
Design optimization of hazardous substance storage facilities to minimize project risk
The storage of dangerous substances is a high risk procedure: a historical analysis revealed that 17% of the major accidents associated with the chemical industry are related to this process. When a storage facility is designed, the investment in safety is not always optimal. The safety measures that are applied are sometimes redundant or ill-maintained. One way to improve safety in a storage facility would be to take advantage of the fact that dividing the mass of dangerous substance results in less catastrophic accidents. In this paper, we present a new method for optimizing the design of storage...
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