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New Compendium Highlights Development of Clinical Decision Support to Enhance Worker Health
A new compilation of articles published in the November issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, describes an effort led by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop and evaluate clinical decision support (CDS) designed to assist primary care clinicians' with care of their working patients using CDS tools in electronic health records. This is the first effort to systematically develop and assess the practicality and usefulness of providing clinical decision support linked to work through health information systems in the primary care...
Analysis of the relationship between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 and business performance in different organizational contexts
This paper investigates how the characteristics of operational processes—systematic and project-based—affect the impact of adopting the safety management systems on different performance metrics. The proposed approach allows the development of a framework which matches safety problems and risks encompassed by organizational tasks with solutions generated by new safety knowledge linked to the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard. Our analysis of the effect over work accidents, as well as operational and economic performance of implementing the OHSAS 18001 in Spanish manufacturing, construction...
Managing the Safety, Health and Security of Mobile Workers
An Occupational Safety and Health Practitioner's Guide Published by IOSH and the International SOS Foundation. This work will help prepare the occupational safety and health practitioner to become part of a multidisciplinary team that manages work-related travel safety, health and security within an organisation. Source: https://www.internationalsosfoundation.org/~/media/international-sos-foundation/files/resources/international/white-papers/iosh-whitepaper.pdf
Workplace health and safety, business productivity and sustainability
Leadership and culture is one of the key Action Areas of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022. There is strong evidence that performance is improved when organisations address work health and safety risks along with other important business risks. In 2014, Safe Work Australia commissioned the Centre for Workplace Leadership at Melbourne University to provide a summary of this evidence. The report suggests the evidence supports the general business case for investment in work health and safety – that those investments provide a positive return through reduced costs associated...
Nouveau service de gestion en ligne permettant de mettre en œuvre, de tenir à jour et d’améliorer des programmes de santé et de sécurité
Le Centre canadien d'hygiène et de sécurité au travail (CCHST) a conçu un nouveau service en ligne de gestion de la santé et de la sécurité au travail, «OSH Wise», en vue d'aider les organisations à mettre en œuvre, à tenir à jour et à améliorer leurs programmes de santé et de sécurité tout en s'acquittant de leurs responsabilités réglementaires. Le service de gestion « OSH Wise » peut aider les petites et moyennes entreprises à...
Model of safety inspection
Safety inspection is a common element of safety management systems but has been subject to little scholarly research. A naturalistic study conducted in the amusement ride inspection domain identified key features of the task and derived a model fitting the inspection process independent of experience. A survey extended to two additional safety inspection domains supported the central features of the task description including generalist assignment of safety inspectors, high complexity, consecutive use of checklists, risk-informed decision making, and lack of performance feedback. Inspectors adapted...
New guidance to help with health and safety
The Heath and Safety Executive (HSE) has launched new guidance to help make it easier for larger organisations and businesses to understand how to manage health and safety. The completely refreshed and enhanced ‘Managing for Health and Safety’ guidance (also known as HSG65) is now available online at: Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/press/2013/hse-new-hs-guidance.htm?eban=rss - http://www.hse.gov.uk/managing/
Un guide du SGDSN pour élaborer son plan de continuité d’activité
Le SGDSN (Secrétariat Général de la Défense et de la Sécurité Nationale) propose un guide pratique gratuit très complet pour élaborer et mettre en œuvre sa démarche de PCA. La fréquence et la force des crises qui secouent régulièrement le monde actuel peuvent avoir des impacts fortement négatifs sur les organisations publiques et privées qui ne se seraient pas préparées. Dans ce contexte, l’élaboration d’un plan de continuité d’activité (PCA...
Pike River Coal Mine : Guidelines for company directors on their health and safety responsibilities
An important resource for company directors, and part of the Ministry's work to implement recommendations from the Royal Commission on the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy, is now available. The Good Governance Practices Guideline for Managing Health and Safety Risks was developed jointly by the Ministry and the Institute of Directors with input from employer and employee groups. The guideline gives practical advice to company directors on managing health and safety risk and influencing performance in this critical area in their organisations. It is an essential resource for directors providing...
The case for research into the zero accident vision
This discussion paper is written out of a concern. We noticed that many companies with a good safety reputation have adopted a zero accident vision, yet there is very little scientific research in this field. The zero accident vision addresses the accidents causing deaths and severe injuries among company staff. In Finland, where more than 280 companies are currently a member of the Finnish ‘Zero Accident Forum', we see that this has supported the member companies to realize significant safety improvements over time, even though their safety performance was already much better than the...
« Regard global sur la prévention : pour mieux y voir ! » : actes du Colloque de l’ASSTSAS 2013
Vous pouvez consulter les actes du Colloque de l'ASSTSAS 2013. Le colloque avait pour thème : « Regard global sur la prévention : pour mieux y voir ! » Source : http://www.asstsas.qc.ca/evenements/colloque-asstsas/colloque-2013-actes-du-colloque.html
Prévention : dix entreprises européennes récompensées pour leurs bonnes pratiques
Le 29 avril dernier, l'Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-Osha) organisait la onzième édition des "Prix des bonnes pratiques". Ce concours mettant en lice plusieurs centaines d'entreprises de toutes tailles issues de 29 pays récompensait, cette année, les meilleurs exemples de collaboration entre patrons et employés en matière de prévention des risques. Les lauréats de cette édition, issus de secteurs très divers (soins de santé, commerce de détail...
Lean manufacturing
Cette brochure a pour objectif d'apporter à l'ensemble des acteurs de la prévention, ainsi qu'aux décideurs, un éclairage sur les questions que pose le lean vis-à-vis des aspects de santé et de sécurité au travail. En particulier, elle entend donner des repères pour identifier ce qui, dans une organisation de type lean, peut entraîner des situations à l'origine d'accidents, de troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ou de risques psychosociaux (RPS). Des pistes d'action sont également proposées...
Les clés du succès : manager la santé et la sécurité au travail
Des employeurs de plus en plus nombreux choisissent aujourd'hui d'intégrer la prévention dans la gestion globale de leur entreprise en mettant en place un management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail. Cette approche peut favoriser une amélioration continue et durable de la santé et de la sécurité. Mais pour être réellement efficace, elle impose de respecter certains principes clés. Source : http://kiosque.inrs.fr/lettre/archives/001/001_070.html
Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) publishes Guidance on Managing Safety Rules and Procedures
Commissioned by the UK based Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), the objectives of this research were to: carry out a literature review to gather information on good safety rule management produce guidelines on what constitutes good practice develop an intervention plan that safety practitioners could use to improve their own management of safety rules. The research team carried out a literature search on the basis of 27 key words, in all relevant combinations, and tapped into 25 databases. This revealed an initial trawl of 301 relevant papers in the period since 1986. After reading...
Workplace hazard identification and management: The case of an underground mining operation
This paper uses the findings from two workshops conducted with 77 employees of an underground mining operation in Western Australia in April and May 2011. Risk management requires all managers and employees to identify hazards in their work environments. Managers assume that their employees have sufficient knowledge and skills to successfully identify not only obvious but also emerging hazards. For this study, two workshops were conducted using an action research methodology. In the first workshop, “Hazard Identification” it was found that the range of workplace hazards the staff could...
Dossier : inspection préventive (ASSTSAS)
Les articles de ce dossier vous en apprendront plus sur les éléments à inspecter, sur la façon de procéder ainsi que sur les avantages de mettre sur pied un programme d’inspection. Pourquoi inspecter ? Pour agir avant l'accident ! Que faut-il inspecter ? La recherche des risques ! Chercher l'erreur - Soins à domicile : le déplacement des clients Devenez un vrai pro de l'inspection ! Rencontre avec un pionnier de la vérification Des effets positifs qui améliorent les conditions de travail Quand la CSST débarque...
Financial Incentives of Experience Rating in Workers' Compensation: New Evidence From a Program Change in Ontario, Canada
Objective : To investigate the incentive for primary and secondary prevention associated with experience rating in a retrospective workers' compensation program. Methods : Panel data on 21,558 firms from 1998 to 2007 were used to estimate the relationship between the degree of experience rating and seven measures of workplace occupational health and safety outcomes. We focused on the impact of a policy change in 2004 in which the degree of experience rating was substantially increased for all firms. Results: The 2004 increase in experience rating was associated with a reduction in the total...
“Lean occupational” safety: An application for a Near-miss Management System design
A critical component of a safety management system is the Near-miss Management System (NMS). An effective NMS aims to recognize signals from the operational field in order to apply more effective prevention strategies. These systems are widespread in industrial contexts characterized by a high risk level, such as major hazard and hospital sectors. Few examples occur in manufacturing processes which are characterized by different operational conditions at workplace and, consequently, different risk types. The Lean Thinking (or Management) strategy currently represents a worldwide competitive tool...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of occupational injury prevention programs at the company level
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of an occupational injury prevention program, known as the Preferential Action Plan (PAP), focused on companies with high incidence rates of occupational injuries. We studied 1189 companies in the industrial, construction and services sectors between 1999 and 2007 in the Valencia region (Spain). Our sample included 507,262 workers, among whom 44,250 non-fatal occupational injuries with at least a workday lost were registered. Companies included in a PAP program were divided into three intervention groups, according to the year that each company entered...
Safety risk management for electrical transmission and distribution line construction
Prior research has established that electrical contractors involved in the construction and maintenance of electrical transmission and distribution (T&D) lines are at extremely high risk of electrocution. The result of inadvertent contact with T&D lines often is death or severe injury that involves damage to internal organs, musculoskeletal disorders, neurological damages and severe burns. The Electrical Safety Foundation International has demonstrated that contact with overhead power lines has been the single largest cause of electrical fatalities over the last decade. To reduce this disproportionate...
Determining safety inspection thresholds for employee incentives programs on construction sites
The goal of this project was to evaluate approaches of determining the numerical value of a safety inspection score that would activate a reward in an employee safety incentive program. Safety inspections are a reflection of the physical working conditions at a construction site and provide a safety score that can be used in incentive programs to reward workers. Yet it is unclear what level of safety should be used when implementing this kind of program. This study explored five ways of grouping safety inspection data collected during 19 months at Harvard University-owned construction projects...
The role of the judiciary in occupational health and safety prosecutions: institutional processes and the production of deterrence
Drawing on interviews with judicial officers in two Australian states, this article examines the role of judges in sentencing occupational health and safety offenders. Specifically, it focuses on the deterrent impact of occupational health and safety prosecutions, including judges' understanding of deterrence and the judicial role in deterring serious breaches of occupational health and safety legislation. Judges thought that occupational health and safety prosecutions had some deterrent impact on prosecuted offenders, but were sceptical as to whether prosecutions led to lasting improvements...
A review of the literature on effective leadership behaviours for safety
There is widespread agreement between industry, regulators, academics and the press that leadership is a key component of a safe organisation. This view is widely supported by findings from almost all major incident inquiries and investigations. However, the widespread agreement that leadership is central to safety does not extend to how leadership should deliver safety, what needs to be done, and rather importantly, who should be doing it. While there is considerable literature on leadership, very little of this addresses the issue of safety, particularly in the major hazard sector. Source : http...

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