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Trends and topics in occupational diseases over the last 60 years from PubMed
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of scientific production on occupational diseases (OD) during the period 1945–2015 in order to describe publication trends on that topic and identify the major diseases as well as the predominant actors (journals, countries) involved in this field. Methods: A PubMed search was carried out to extract articles related to occupational diseases during the period 1 January 1945 to 31 December 2015 using a specific query. Data were downloaded from PubMed in Extensible Markup Language (XML) and processed through a dedicated parser...
Quelle(s) épidémiologie(s) pour la santé au travail? Réflexions à partir des cancers professionnels
Depuis le début des années 1990, l’épidémiologie est le théâtre de vifs débats internes, portant sur la nature de la discipline et le rôle qu’elle est censée jouer dans la société. À partir d’une étude critique de la littérature sur les cancers professionnels, l’article propose de restituer la nature des différents conflits opposant les principaux paradigmes de recherche en santé au travail, et d’en comprendre les fondements et logiques sociales. S’appuyant...
Pour une prévention durable des TMS en entreprise
Maladies professionnelles reconnues les plus fréquentes, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ont augmenté de 60% depuis 2003 dans la population active. De multiples causes sont en jeu, liées au poste de travail et à son environnement, à l'organisation du travail ainsi qu'au climat social dans l'entreprise. De ce fait, elles imposent de mettre en place une démarche globale d'évaluation et de prévention des risques, en privilégiant la prévention à la source et en favorisant le maintien dans l'emploi...
If it bleeds, it leads
The construction of workplace injury in Canadian newspapers, 2009–2014 Background: Public perceptions of workplace injuries are shaped by media reports, but the accuracy of such reports is unknown. Objectives: This study identifies differences between workers' compensation claims data and newspaper reports of workplace injuries in Canadian newspapers and media sources. Methods: This study applies quantitative content analysis to 245 Canadian English-language newspaper articles from 2009 to 2014. Workers' compensation claims data is drawn from the Association of Workers' Compensation...
Les maladies professionnelles : portrait, défis et perspectives
Colloque IRSST 2014 Les fichiers PowerPoint des conférences sont disponibles sur la page de l'événement. Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-irsst-2014-programme.html?utm_source=SendBlaster&utm_medium=email&utm_term=2014%2D11%2Dcoloque%2Dsondage&utm_content=2014%2D11%2Dcoloque%2Dsondage&utm_campaign=2014%2D11%2Dcoloque%2Dsondage
A review of risk factors of accidental slips, trips, and falls among firefighters
This review covers the incidence and financial cost of slips, trips and falls among firefighters. The physical factors that may be related to slip, trip, or fall-related accidents are summarized by their intrinsic (balance, age, experience, muscular strength and fitness, body mass, fatigue) and extrinsic (equipment, reduced vision, surface condition, heat) nature. Much of the evidence relating risk factors to accidental falls in the fire service is weak or anecdotal. There is a need to reduce occupational risk factors leading to slips, trips, and physical injury during firefighting operations given...
Hydraulic injection injury
Hydraulic injection can be defined as the puncturing of the epidermis by a jet of a fluid under pressure. Hydraulic injection injury is the term used to describe an injury sustained by an individual following an injection of fluid, usually while operating or inspecting pressurised hydraulic equipment. While reported instances of injury through hydraulic injection are comparatively uncommon in the UK, the risk of injury through hydraulic injection is common to all hydraulic equipment irrespective of the system volume and can occur at relatively low pressures. This report and the experimental work...
Accidents in masonry construction: The contribution of production activities to accidents, and the effect on different worker groups
Masonry is a construction trade with high risk of work-related injuries. This study analyzes 141 recordable incidents that occurred over a period of 3 years in a large masonry company. The incidents were analyzed from three perspectives: First, they were analyzed with respect to the nature of events (falls, overexertion, etc.). Second, the analysis examined the production activity that the injured worker was performing. Third, the incidents were analyzed according to the injured workers' position in the crew – that is, foreman, masons, laborers, and forklift operator. The findings first...
Heat Blamed for Death of Massachusetts Postal Worker
Working outside during this recent heat wave isn’t just uncomfortable for workers. For one mail carrier, heat and humidity were deadly. Just days after Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Dr. David Michaels, the National Weather Service’s Director Dr. Louis Uccellini and television and radio meteorologists across the country held a teleconference to discuss the danger of heat to workers and provide life-saving information to share with outdoor workers in their communities, a U.S. Postal Service worker in Medford, Mass., collapsed and died during his mail...
The Role of Taxicab Security Equipment in Preventing Driver Homicides Examined in New Study
A new study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) examines the effectiveness of specific safety equipment in reducing murder rates among taxi cab drivers, who face a high risk of being the victim of workplace homicide. While many cities and companies have made efforts to improve taxicab driver safety through the use of security equipment, such as in-vehicle cameras and partitions, the research into the effectiveness of these efforts has been limited. This study, newly published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that the installation of in-vehicle...
NIOSH Announces a New Center for Workers' Compensation Studies
In 2013, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Center for Workers’ Compensation Studies (CWCS) was created to organize workers’ compensation data that are already being analyzed by NIOSH researchers in existing programs, such as the Economics Program, Surveillance Program, and the Center for Motor Vehicle Safety. The mission of the CWCS is to use workers’ compensation data to prevent and reduce the severity of workplace injuries and illnesses. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workercomp/cwcs/
Patterns in mining haul truck accidents
To help develop ergonomics audit programs for mining, one source of data on both work tasks and their failures is accident reports. These are available in most industries and are often used in human factors engineering, but typically to justify and evaluate interventions rather than to provide task details and failure mechanisms. Because fatal accidents in particular contain considerable detail resulting from thorough follow-up investigations, they are thus a useful starting point for analysis. A set of 40 detailed fatal accident reports for mining haul truck accidents were analyzed to develop...
Mining Feature: NIOSH Illumination Research Addresses Visual Performance Needs with LED Technology
Improved illumination in underground mines could be a key to reducing the second leading accident class of nonfatal lost-time injuries—slips, trips, and falls. While past research efforts have focused on such factors as cost, battery life, and miner preference, NIOSH’s latest illumination research takes a more modern approach—conducting experiments to assess human visual performance in simulated mining environments and using the experimental results to design improved illumination technologies. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/features/IlluminationFeature.html
Mobile elevated work platform (MEWP) incident analysis - RR961
Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWPs) are commonly used across all industrial sectors by a whole variety of trades, including mechanical and electrical contractors, and painters and decorators, as a safe, temporary method of working at height. There is a large range of MEWPs on the market and their controls and functionality varies depending on the category, manufacturer, model and size of machine. As their popularity and range of applications has grown, concerns have emerged about trapping/crushing accidents involving MEWPs. This report identifies accidents involving MEWPs and analyses common...
ZERO Excuses - Campaign for Hand Safety
The theatre work environment is a very hazardous place, and we continually put our hands at risk: •Stage rigging has heavy counterweights to handle, ropes to pull, and wire rope ends that may not be properly seized. •Stage Lighting Instruments can be very hot and burn you. •Moving platforms and wood can expose you to splinters. •Metal parts can have sharp edges. •Dry Ice used for atmospheric effects can super-cool your skin and kill it (ice burns). •Shop chemicals can burn the skin or accelerate the development of skin diseases / cancers. •Even non-hazardous grime...
The Cooler Solution
The dangers of the quartz halogen work light are well known: They can heat up to more than 570 degrees Fahrenheit, hot enough to ignite paper and wood. The 500W quartz halogen portable work light is everywhere, and why not? They are cheap, easily moved, and they put out a lot of light to help you work in an area. And while they come in a couple of different styles (on tripods, floor stands, or magnet mounts), at their core they are all the same: dangerous tools that harm workers, start fires, and set off explosions. In our experience working with contractors, electricians, and plant workers, we...
Mobile elevated work platforms (MEWPs): Phase 3
HSE has carried out a programme of research projects focused on MEWPs, in order to provide a better understanding of some of the issues involved and to help work towards their improved and safer design and operation. An initial phase of work, reported in HSE Research Report RR961, examined the human factors involved in such accidents as a means of identifying possible solutions. The subsequent phase of work (to be published later in 2013) went on to critically evaluate MEWP control interfaces and platform environments. The work detailed in this current report is the third phase of MEWPs research...
Arena Rigger fails to clip-in and falls 100 feet
Friday, April 5, 2013 - San Antonio. Texas. A high steel rigger fell to his death at the AT&T Center Arena while striking a show at 2:00 AM. Witnesses said he had detached himself from the fall safety line while repositioning himself and lost his footing while moving around a beam. A late load-out can be dangerous as fatigue can play a factor in clarity of thought and situational awareness. Source : http://theatresafetyblog.blogspot.ca/2013/04/arena-rigger-fails-to-clip-in-and-falls.html
Performing Arts Safety Bulletin #7 Rigging Systems and Flown Scenery
Anyone who is responsible for rigging must understand the legislation before proceeding with any rigging work. Rigging is one of the most dangerous tasks in the theatre and it presents hazards for: • The operator (musculoskeletal and other bodily injuries) • The performers or crew onstage below (being crushed by falling scenery) • The audience (being crushed by falling scenery) • Other set pieces, furniture, stage floors and the rigging equipment itself Source : http://www.actsafe.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/PASB-07-Rigging-Flown-Scenery.pdf
Workplace hazard identification and management: The case of an underground mining operation
This paper uses the findings from two workshops conducted with 77 employees of an underground mining operation in Western Australia in April and May 2011. Risk management requires all managers and employees to identify hazards in their work environments. Managers assume that their employees have sufficient knowledge and skills to successfully identify not only obvious but also emerging hazards. For this study, two workshops were conducted using an action research methodology. In the first workshop, “Hazard Identification” it was found that the range of workplace hazards the staff could...
Injuries in the commercial fishing fleet of Norway 2000–2011
A working fishing vessel at sea is an elaborate collection of interacting accident potentials, barely controlled. Even the deck underfoot betrays the unwary, as can every other aspect of the normal daily grind onboard, as fishers ply their trade in weather foul and fair. All elements of the vessel at sea conspire in making this the most dangerous and difficult of all professional callings, an inexplicable calling where life and limb are continually at risk. This article is based on an examination of reported occupational injuries from the Norwegian fishing fleet from 2000 to 2011. The aim is the...
Farm safety report released by Safe Work Australia
The Work-related injuries and fatalities on Australian farms report released by Safe Work Australia today has found one in six workers killed in Australia were working on a farm. The report monitored statistics over an eight year period until 30 June 2011. While only 3 percent of workers are employed in the agriculture sector, on average 44 farm workers are killed each year and another 17 400 suffer a work-related injury. Other key findings from the report include: • Vehicles accounted for nearly three quarters of work-related fatalities on farms. o In the eight years of the study 93 workers...
LED Screen Falls Injuring Three at Miami Ultra Music Festival
Thursday, March 14, 2013 - Workers setting-up modular LED display screens for the annual Miami Ultra Music Festival were trapped under screen components that fell about 30 feet (10m) from the overhead trusses. Fortunately, Fire and Rescue teams were on the festival site preparing for the two-weekend event that runs over Spring Break. They were able to respond immediately and free the trapped workers. The workers were transported to local hospitals where two were checked and found to have only minor injuries, and one worker remains hospitalized with two broken legs. The incident occurred just prior...
Electric shocks at work in Europe: development of a job exposure matrix
Objectives Electric shocks have been suggested as a potential risk factor for neurological disease, in particular for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. While actual exposure to shocks is difficult to measure, occurrence and variation of electric injuries could serve as an exposure proxy. We assessed risk of electric injury, using occupational accident registries across Europe to develop an electric shock job-exposure-matrix (JEM). Materials and methods Injury data were obtained from five European countries, and the number of workers per occupation and country from EUROSTAT was compiled at a 3-digit...
Financial Incentives of Experience Rating in Workers' Compensation: New Evidence From a Program Change in Ontario, Canada
Objective : To investigate the incentive for primary and secondary prevention associated with experience rating in a retrospective workers' compensation program. Methods : Panel data on 21,558 firms from 1998 to 2007 were used to estimate the relationship between the degree of experience rating and seven measures of workplace occupational health and safety outcomes. We focused on the impact of a policy change in 2004 in which the degree of experience rating was substantially increased for all firms. Results: The 2004 increase in experience rating was associated with a reduction in the total...
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