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Discussion about promotion of coal mine safe production levels from strengthening labour management
Fires, floods, gas, roof and coal dust are known as the five major disasters of coal mine, which have always been treated as the focus of prevention and control of coal mine in safety production. Taking the example of Changzhi's experience in Shanxi Province, in order to improve the security basic qualities and skills of mine workers they have reinforced the labor management of the coal industry, built the five systems and two large database, this paper introduces the method of Changzhi city and preliminary effect, it is concluded that improving the safety quality of staffs is the fundamental...
Human health and safety risks management in underground coal mines using fuzzy TOPSIS
The scrutiny of health and safety of personnel working in underground coal mines is heightened because of fatalities and disasters that occur every year worldwide. A methodology based on fuzzy TOPSIS was proposed to assess the risks associated with human health in order to manage control measures and support decision-making, which could provide the right balance between different concerns, such as safety and costs. For this purpose, information collected from three hazardous coal mines namely Hashouni, Hojedk and Babnizu located at the Kerman coal deposit, Iran, were used to manage the risks affecting...
Patterns in mining haul truck accidents
To help develop ergonomics audit programs for mining, one source of data on both work tasks and their failures is accident reports. These are available in most industries and are often used in human factors engineering, but typically to justify and evaluate interventions rather than to provide task details and failure mechanisms. Because fatal accidents in particular contain considerable detail resulting from thorough follow-up investigations, they are thus a useful starting point for analysis. A set of 40 detailed fatal accident reports for mining haul truck accidents were analyzed to develop...
Mining Feature: NIOSH Illumination Research Addresses Visual Performance Needs with LED Technology
Improved illumination in underground mines could be a key to reducing the second leading accident class of nonfatal lost-time injuries—slips, trips, and falls. While past research efforts have focused on such factors as cost, battery life, and miner preference, NIOSH’s latest illumination research takes a more modern approach—conducting experiments to assess human visual performance in simulated mining environments and using the experimental results to design improved illumination technologies. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/features/IlluminationFeature.html
Mining Publication: A new perimeter control blast design concept for underground metal/nonmetal drifting applications
This report presents a new concept in perimeter control blasting for underground metal/nonmetal mine drifting applications focusing on the importance of the buffer holes in a blast design. The new blast design concept applies the understanding of radial damage that is caused by the buffer hole column charge. Buffer hole radial damage is defined by a practical damage limit applied to the rock lying between the buffer holes and the perimeter. A favorable comparison was made between five successful controlled blast designs and the concept of practical damage limit. This concept is easy to use and...
Through-the-Earth, Post-Accident Communications—an Emerging Technology
A NIOSH Technology News report on technology to provide a two-way communications system to improve miners' ability to communicate from underground to surface. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/UserFiles/Works/pdfs/2013-105.pdf
A review of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in mining
A common problem for high risk industries such as mining is how to provide effective safety related training. Virtual reality simulation offers the opportunity to develop perceptual expertise, perceptuo-motor skills, and cognitive skills such as problem-solving, and decision-making under stress, without exposing trainees or others to unacceptable risks. This review examines the evidence for the effectiveness of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in mining. Evidence exists to demonstrate the effectiveness of virtual reality as a medium for safety related training in a range...
Une nouvelle technologie pour sauver la vie des mineurs
Un partenariat de transfert de connaissances (KTP, Knowledge Transfer Partnership) entre le fabricant de composés électroniques Tioga, basé à Derby, East Midlands, et l'université de Nottingham, a permis la mise au point d'un dispositif qui pourrait permettre de sauver des vies dans l'industrie minière. Depuis 2008, l'université de Nottingham travaille sur une technologie appelée Heart Light, qui permet de surveiller en continu le rythme cardiaque d'un nouveau né à l'aide d'un petit dispositif placé...
National Survey of the Mining Population
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted the first comprehensive survey of the U.S. mining population in more than 20 years. The National Survey of the Mining Population captured the current profile of the U.S. mining workforce. Data collection began in March 2008 and continued through August 2008. Randomly selected mining operations in all of the major mining sectors (i.e., coal, metal, nonmetal, stone, and sand and gravel) received the survey and had the option of completing a paper or web-based questionnaire. A total of 737 mining operations returned completed...
When Do You Take Refuge? Decisionmaking During Mine Emergency Escape Instructor´s Guide and Lesson Plans
This training program "When Do You Take Refuge? Decisionmaking during Mine Emergency Escape," was created by a multidisciplinary team at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to help trainees practice correct decisionmaking skills during an underground mine emergency. The training program consists of three parts. The first part is the computer-based training (CBT) program which can be used by groups or individual trainees. The CBT program is run on a computer (refer to the Computer System Requirements section) and uses a multimedia software application called...
Hazards arising from the conveyance and use of gas from Non-Conventional Sources (NCS)
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) recognises that there is increasing interest in the use of non-conventional source (NCS) gases and that conveyance of the gas from the source to the end user will be through the existing natural gas grid. All gas transported and used has to comply with the Gas Safety (Management) Regulations [GS(M)R] and this raises questions with regard to the suitability of the NCS gas within the network and the possible additional hazards that may result over and above those associated with natural gas. The HSE commissioned this study to review the available data on NCS...
Summary of the Making Green Jobs Safe Workshop
Green jobs—good for the environment, good for the economy. But how do we assure that green jobs are also good for workers? The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), through the Prevention through Design Program, launched the Going Green: Safe and Healthy Jobs initiative to make sure that green jobs are good for workers by integrating worker safety and health sustainability. Green jobs, which have been defined broadly as jobs that help improve the environment and enhance sustainability, offer opportunities as well as challenges for workers. Examples of green jobs include...
Impacts of shale gas and shale oil extraction on the environment and on human heath
Cette étude publiée par la Direction générale des politiques internes du Parlement européen discute de l'impact possible de la fracturation hydraulique sur l'environnement et la santé humaine. Des données quantitatives et qualitatives des impacts sont tirées de l'expérience américaine puisque l'extraction du gaz de schiste en Europe est encore peu développée. Les émissions de gaz à effet de serre sont également évaluées sur la base d'un examen critique de la...
NIOSH Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Cap Lamp Improves Illumination and Decreases Injury Risk for Underground Miners
Researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) set out to discover whether alternative lighting methods could provide more effective lighting and improve safety in the mining environment. Initial research explored the effectiveness of a NIOSH-developed light-emitting diode (LED) cap lamp when compared to both a traditional incandescent and a commercially-available LED cap lamp; the NIOSH product reduced disability glare—crucial for seeing any hazard—by up to 54%. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2011-192/pdfs/2011-192.pdf
Industries extractives
Cette fiche sectorielle donne un aperçu des conditions de travail dans le secteur des industries extractives. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef08145_fr.htm
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