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Exoskeletons in Construction
Will they reduce or create hazards? Wearable exoskeleton devices can reduce some of the mechanical stress of manual labor. These wearable machines can be powered by electricity or by human motion, and they can be as large as a space suit or as small as a glove. They are used to amplify or transform worker movements, improve biomechanics and efficiency, and are increasingly prevalent in the public and private sectors. NIOSH published its first blog on this topic in 2016. As these devices are deployed more widely in the workplace, sound research is required to assess potential dangers and benefits...
Oeuvrer ensemble pour promouvoir un milieu de travail sûr et salubre
La Commission d'experts pour l'application des conventions et recommandations publie une étude d'ensemble sur les instruments de sécurité et de santé au travail relatifs au cadre promotionnel, à la construction, aux mines et à l'agriculture. Après un aperçu du contexte historique et des objectifs des instruments sélectionnés (chapitre I), la présente étude passe en revue les politiques, systèmes et programmes nationaux de SST et met en évidence l'importance capitale des données...
Manutention sécuritaire des dispositfs de signalisation lors de travaux routiers
Ce guide se veut un outil d'information pour les employeurs, les maîtres d’œuvre et les travailleurs, concernant les méthodes sécuritaires pour procéder à l'installation et à l'enlèvement des dispositifs de signalisation des travaux routiers. Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-1585.aspx
The effectiveness of HSE’s regulatory approach: The construction example
This project has examined the effectiveness HSE’s approach to regulation of the construction sector since 2001. HSE provided a catalyst for change – utilising its unique information on the industry and expertise in understanding reasonably practicable control to support risk creators in their control of these risks. HSE worked through the supply chain by engaging and acting in partnership with those able to bring about widespread change - such as company directors, or strategic bodies focused on particular interest groups r sectors. New broader intervention approaches were designed...
Les travailleurs du BTP à l'épreuve du dumping social
Le dernier numéro de HesaMag contient un dossier spécial intitulé: "Les travailleurs du BTP à l'épreuve du dumping social". Au cours de la dernière décennie, la concurrence n'a cessé de croître entre les travailleurs européens du secteur de la construction. La libre circulation des travailleurs dans une Europe élargie vers l'est a déclenché une spirale à la baisse des salaires et la détérioration des conditions de travail et de sécurité. L'Union...
A universal rig for supporting large hammer drills: Reduced injury risk and improved productivity
Drilling holes into concrete with heavy hammer and rock drills is one of the most physically demanding tasks performed in commercial construction and poses risks for musculoskeletal disorders, noise induced hearing loss, hand arm vibration syndrome and silicosis. The aim of this study was to (1) use a participatory process to develop a rig to support pneumatic rock drills or large electric hammer drills in order to reduce the health risks and (2) evaluate the usability of the rig. Seven prototype rigs for supporting large hammer drills were developed and modified with feedback from commercial contractors...
Délimitation d'un chantier de construction et identification du maître d'oeuvre
Les principales questions concernant la délimitation d'un chantier de construction et l'identification du maître d'œuvre trouvent réponse dans cette brochure. Il permet aux intervenants du secteur de la construction d'identifier plus rapidement celui qui sera responsable d'assurer la santé, la sécurité et l'intégrité physique des travailleurs sur le chantier. Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/200/Pages/DC_200_16155.aspx
Disparity between construction safety standards
A global analysis Construction workers are often exposed to the inherent risks associated with working conditions on construction sites. Safety standards of various countries prescribe a variety of mechanical safeguards and procedures to ensure that work is performed safely, but it is evident from the available statistical data on construction safety standards that there is no globally-standardized system of regulations nor is there a common definition for the computation of injury/fatality rates. The components that form these statistics vary from country to country in many aspects, including...
Apprentissage en toute sécurité
L'organisme suisse de prévention Suva a lancé une campagne de prévention des accidents du travail destinée aux apprentis. Parmi les ressources proposées, on trouve notamment une série de fiches métiers qui mettent en lumière quelques bonnes pratiques permettant de réduire la sinistralité des jeunes travailleurs. Source : http://www.suva.ch/fr/startseite-suva/praevention-suva/arbeit-suva/starter-kits-suva.htm?WT.seg_1=rss&WT.rss_f=RSS_FR_News&WT.rss_a=Campagne+-+Apprentissage+en+toute+s%E9curit%E9&WT.rss_ev=r
Mémos pour les artisans du bâtiment
Le pôle d'innovation IRIS-ST met à disposition sur son site Web une série de mémos pratiques déclinés par métiers pour les entreprises artisanales du bâtiment. Ces mémos proposent des contenus courts facilement utilisables sur un chantier. Disponibles dans un format « pocket », ils peuvent se glisser dans la poche d'un bleu de travail. L'INRS a participé à la rédaction de ceux portant sur l'aménagement des véhicules utilitaires légers (VUL). Source : http://www.iris...
Accidents in masonry construction: The contribution of production activities to accidents, and the effect on different worker groups
Masonry is a construction trade with high risk of work-related injuries. This study analyzes 141 recordable incidents that occurred over a period of 3 years in a large masonry company. The incidents were analyzed from three perspectives: First, they were analyzed with respect to the nature of events (falls, overexertion, etc.). Second, the analysis examined the production activity that the injured worker was performing. Third, the incidents were analyzed according to the injured workers' position in the crew – that is, foreman, masons, laborers, and forklift operator. The findings first...
Un guide de prévention du risque routier conçu pour les entreprises de travaux publics
Experts de la prévention du risque routier, entreprises et institutions de prévention ont travaillé ensemble pour élaborer ce guide pratique destiné à mieux prévenir les accidents sur la route. Ce guide s’inscrit dans le cadre de mise en œuvre de la charte pour la prévention du risque routier signée le 5 février 2013 entre l’État, la Délégation à la sécurité et à la circulation routières (DSCR), la direction des risques professionnels à la Caisse...
Poor standards of health and safety in the demolition and dismantling of lifts
HSE is concerned about the poor management of risks involved in the dismantling or demolition of lifts in buildings due for refurbishment or demolition. Recent accident investigations, including fatalities, have suggested that poor work practices are commonplace during this activity. This document reminds those undertaking or controlling such work of the need to fully assess and manage the risks arising. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/safetybulletins/demolition-dismantling-lifts.htm?eban=govdel-equipment-at-work&cr=28-Jun-2013
Simple Solutions for Home Building Workers
Home building is physically demanding work and manual material handling may be the most difficult part of the job. Manual material handling includes all of the tasks that require you to lift, lower, push, pull, hold or carry materials. These activities increase the risk of painful strains and sprains and more serious soft tissue injuries. Soft tissues of the body include muscles, tendons, ligaments, discs, cartilage and nerves. Soft tissue injuries cause workers pain, suffering and lost income. They can also restrict non-work activity, like sports and hobbies. Builders' and employers' costs...
Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building
This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other hazards are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations...
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