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Intelligence artificielle et travail
L'intelligence artificielle conduira à des transformations profondes du travail. Pour s'y préparer, le rapport passe au crible trois secteurs – transports, bancaire et santé, élabore des scénarios d'évolution et propose des pistes d'action. Sur la base de l'analyse présentée, le rapport identifie trois axes pour répondre aux enjeux soulevés par l'intelligence artificielle en matière de travail : •conduire, à l'échelle de la branche ou de la filière, des travaux...
La transition énergétique et la main-d’oeuvre québécoise
Promouvoir des transformations durables sur le plan écologique et social dans les secteurs du transport, du bâtiment et de l'énergie Ce document de travail vise à anticiper les impacts de la transition énergétique envisagée sur la main-d'oeuvre et les entreprises du Québec à l'horizon 2030 dans le but de promouvoir des transformations durables du marché du travail sur le plan écologique et social. Il est organisé autour de quatre questions structurantes, soit : - Quelles formes prennent les transformations...
Compilation des instruments sur le travail maritime
Une importante convention internationale du travail, la convention du travail maritime, 2006, a été adoptée par la Conférence internationale du Travail à sa 94e session (maritime). Parfois qualifiée de «charte des droits» des gens de mer, cette convention précise le droit des gens de mer à des conditions de travail décentes et aide à instaurer les conditions d'une concurrence loyale pour les armateurs. Elle a été conçue comme un instrument juridique de portée mondiale appelé...
Occupational risk factors for endometriosis in a cohort of flight attendants
Objectives: This study aimed to (i) compare odds of endometriosis in a cohort of flight attendants against a comparison group of teachers and (ii) investigate occupational risk factors for endometriosis among flight attendants. Methods: We included 1945 flight attendants and 236 teachers aged 18–45 years. Laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis was self-reported via telephone interview, and flight records were retrieved from airlines to obtain work schedules and assess exposures for flight attendants. We used proportional odds regression to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORadj) and 95% confidence...
Code of Practice for Health and Safety in Dock Work
Safe ports make for efficient ports which are well positioned to support Ireland’s economy and create employment through export led growth. Source: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Publications_and_Forms/Publications/Latest_Publications/Code_of_Practice_for_Health_and_Safety_in_Dock_Work.64073.shortcut.html
Questions prioritaires relatives à la sécurité et à la santé dans le secteur du transport routier
Rapport pour discussion à la Réunion sectorielle tripartite sur les questions prioritaires relatives à la sécurité et à la santé dans le secteur du transport routier (Genève, 12-16 octobre 2015) Source: http://www.ilo.org/sector/Resources/publications/WCMS_400599/lang--fr/index.htm
Les drives - Prévention des risques professionnels
L'activité de préparation de commandes clients, dans les drives de la grande distribution à prédominance alimentaire, a montré aux observateurs de terrain des CARSAT la présence de facteurs de risques liés à l'activité physique. Ce guide décrit les différentes phases de l'activité dans les types de drive existants, précise les risques et suggère des pistes de prévention sans être exhaustif. Les salariés des enseignes, les préventeurs, ainsi que les responsables...
Aircrew Safety & Health
Aircrew job hazards have changed over the years, from cigarette smoke on flights to heightened safety concerns as a result of 9/11. Aircrew, including pilots and flight attendants, experience the mental and physical stress of the job as well as potential hazards, such as cosmic radiation, communicable disease, and pesticides. Here you can learn more about common crewmember concerns, and what you can do to keep yourself safe and healthy. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/aircrew/default.html
A study of influences of the workers' compensation and injury management regulations on aviation safety at a workplace
As the aviation industries developed, so too did the recognition that there must be an effective regulatory framework to address issues related to the workers' compensation and rehabilitation. All employees would like to work and return home safely from their workplace. Therefore, the efficient management of workplace injury and disease reduces the cost of aviation operations and improves flight safety. Workers' compensation and injury management laws regulate a majority of rehabilitation and compensation issues, but achieving an injury-free workplace remains a major challenge for the regulators...
A Health and Safety Evaluation at an Airline Catering Facility
The airline industry predicts that more than 24 million people will fly during the Thanksgiving holiday this year. If you are one of those passengers, chances are that you'll have a snack or a soda on your way to your destination. Before reaching your seat, those snacks, beverages, and meals are prepared, assembled, and delivered by a catering company. In a recent Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) report, we described our evaluation of a catering facility in Michigan. We conducted the evaluation at the request of a union representing airline catering employees. The union was concerned about risks...
Safety in docks
L148 Safety in Docks: Approved Code of Practice and guidance (ACOP) covers safety in dock operations and is aimed at those who have a duty to comply with provisions of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. This includes people who control dock premises, suppliers of plant and equipment, dock employers, managers, safety officers, safety representatives and workers. The ACOP has been developed through close consultation with employer and employee representatives, and has been designed to address both the larger end of the industry as well as those engaged in dock work in small harbours. The...
Risques à Courir
Chaque jour, des milliers d'aides-éboueurs parcourent des millions de kilomètres en courant des risques. Ce guide permet de mieux comprendre, à l'aide notamment de rapports d'enquête de la CSST, de nombreuses photographies et d'analyses portant sur la collecte bilatérale et la manoeuvre de recul, les risques inhérents au métier d'aide-éboueur. Vous pouvez le télécharger gratuitement ou en commander des copies papier : http://www.viaprevention.com/upload/aste/editor/asset/Collecte_aideseboueurs_guide.pdf http...
Modeling fatigue-induced collision relative risk: implications of service hours and fatigue management policies on transit bus operators in Florida
This research explores the association between fatigue-induced crash risk, transit operator hours of service and fatigue management policies in the state of Florida. Data used in this study include incident data archived by transit agencies and bus driver schedules. The results show a decreasing trend of collision risks when drivers start their schedules late morning or afternoon compared with early morning. The effect of time on task shows increasing collision risk as drivers drive long hours without enough off duty periods. Source : Mtoi E, Moses R, Sando T. J. Transp. Res. Forum 2013; 52(1)...
Mobile elevated work platform (MEWP) incident analysis - RR961
Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWPs) are commonly used across all industrial sectors by a whole variety of trades, including mechanical and electrical contractors, and painters and decorators, as a safe, temporary method of working at height. There is a large range of MEWPs on the market and their controls and functionality varies depending on the category, manufacturer, model and size of machine. As their popularity and range of applications has grown, concerns have emerged about trapping/crushing accidents involving MEWPs. This report identifies accidents involving MEWPs and analyses common...
Mobile elevated work platforms (MEWPs): Phase 3
HSE has carried out a programme of research projects focused on MEWPs, in order to provide a better understanding of some of the issues involved and to help work towards their improved and safer design and operation. An initial phase of work, reported in HSE Research Report RR961, examined the human factors involved in such accidents as a means of identifying possible solutions. The subsequent phase of work (to be published later in 2013) went on to critically evaluate MEWP control interfaces and platform environments. The work detailed in this current report is the third phase of MEWPs research...
Road safety and in-vehicle monitoring (black box) technology policy paper
In-vehicle monitoring (black box) technology is rapidly increasing in the UK, with many different forms of this technology now available. Essentially it monitors how, when and where a vehicle is being driven, records the data and provide an analysis as feedback to the driver and/or other parties. Some also provide in-vehicle alerts if pre-set parameters are exceeded (for example, hard acceleration). The driving behaviours that are monitored are ones that influence the likelihood of the driver crashing (for example, speed) or the severity of the crash (for example, seat belt use). These are proxies...
Design optimization of hazardous substance storage facilities to minimize project risk
The storage of dangerous substances is a high risk procedure: a historical analysis revealed that 17% of the major accidents associated with the chemical industry are related to this process. When a storage facility is designed, the investment in safety is not always optimal. The safety measures that are applied are sometimes redundant or ill-maintained. One way to improve safety in a storage facility would be to take advantage of the fact that dividing the mass of dangerous substance results in less catastrophic accidents. In this paper, we present a new method for optimizing the design of storage...
Un système innovant pour éviter les collisions engin-piéton
Chaque année en France, une vingtaine de personnes décède et 1 200 000 jours de travail sont perdus suite à des incidents impliquant des matériels de manutention et de levage. Une société française, Proxipi, a imaginé un système innovant de prévention des collisions engin/piéton à prévenance bi-directionnelle, alertant aussi bien le conducteur de l’engin que le piéton. La particularité de ce système est qu’il est efficace dans tous les environnements, même métalliques...
Se brancher sur la sécurité : Les batteries des chariots élévateurs électriques
Sous-titré L'utilisation sécuritaire, le nouveau guide de Via Prévention présente les moyens pour minimiser tous ces risques. Le document reprend également les principales composantes techniques de l'équipement et expose les spécifications normatives encadrant les activités de santé sécurité du travail d'une utilisation sécuritaire des batteries Source : http://www.viaprevention.com/upload/viaprevention/publications/201289103310-2.pdf
The critical re-action: Learning from accidents
How do organizations react and learn from accidents? The current paper deals with the justified necessity of acting upon, and learning from accidents. The aim is to discuss organizational dynamics and interplay, evoked and put into (re)action 'after the fact'. The paper is part of an interview study that was designed to invite individuals to reflect back, and search for patterns in terms of how they interpret the learning impact of an accident, not just in terms of changes within their own organization that can be traced back to accidents, but for the sector as a whole. A presumption for...
Falls from vehicles – What are the risks?
Many falls from vehicles occur during loading and unloading – you don't have to fall far to land hard. This page give you further information on where these risk are. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/fallsfromvehicles/index.htm?eban=govdel-motor-vehicle-repair&cr=11-Jun-2012
OSHA Updates Tire Servicing Materials Charts
The revised materials address OSHA's Materials Handling and Storage standard that protects workers who service single-piece and multi-piece rim wheels. OSHA has revised its tire servicing materials to address current hazards in the industry and help workers safely perform maintenance on large vehicle tires. The revised materials address OSHA's Materials Handling and Storage standard that protects workers who service single-piece and multi-piece rim wheels. Following recent talks with representatives from tire, rubber, and wheel manufacturers, OSHA determined a need for new materials with...
Occupational health and safety in the maritime sector
Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health & Safety , Volume 18, number 1, September 2011 Source : http://www.ttl.fi/en/publications/electronic_journals/asian_pacific_newsletter/Documents/AsianPacific_%20Newsletter2_2011.pdf
Summary of the Making Green Jobs Safe Workshop
Green jobs—good for the environment, good for the economy. But how do we assure that green jobs are also good for workers? The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), through the Prevention through Design Program, launched the Going Green: Safe and Healthy Jobs initiative to make sure that green jobs are good for workers by integrating worker safety and health sustainability. Green jobs, which have been defined broadly as jobs that help improve the environment and enhance sustainability, offer opportunities as well as challenges for workers. Examples of green jobs include...
Managing risks to drivers in road transport
This report contains case studies in managing risks to road transport drivers. The cases cover freight drivers and bus drivers and feature a variety of initiatives and interventions to protect drivers. They show that by taking account of how the sector operates in practice, and the characteristics of drivers themselves and the way they work, risks can be successfully managed. Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/managing-risks-drivers_TEWE11002ENN
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