Understanding the Economic Benefit Associated with Research and Services at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

An Approach and Three Case Studies
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop an approach, reported here, for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. The cases provide concrete illustrations of the ways in which NIOSH research could affect worker health and safety practices and outcomes, as well as some initial estimates of the economic benefit associated with those impacts.
The authors selected the case studies to illustrate variation in types of NIOSH research and in intended users. The first case study examines research to develop, test, and support implementation of engineering control measures to limit exposure to silica among road construction workers. This case study offers an example of NIOSH's intervention and surveillance research and provision of technical assistance. The second case study involves two NIOSH studies that strengthened the evidence base about the linkage between firefighting activities and increased risk of certain cancers among firefighters. This case study provides an example of etiological and exposure surveillance research, coupled with an intervention study. The third case study involves a NIOSH evaluation of the effectiveness of Ohio's Safety Intervention Grant Program in reducing the prevalence and costs of workplace injuries. This case study illustrates intervention research targeting government organizations. The first and second case studies led to the development of control technologies, and all three case studies involved dissemination and stakeholder engagement efforts that promoted the adoption of risk-reducing technologies and practices.

Source: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2256.html

International minimum requirements for health protection at the workplace

WHO has already developed several public health standards and guidelines applicable to work settings, such as indoor air quality guidelines, radiation protection standards, international chemical safety cards, and a guide for water safety in public buildings. Other guidance documents are currently being developed including on occupational exposure to nanoparticles, electromagnetic fields, UV and optical radiation and occupational risks in housing.
This report provides an analysis of the current spectrum of global, regional and national norms including conventions, standards, directives, regulations, guides, and codes directly relating to protecting health in the workplace. It identifies gaps in what is currently available and makes recommendations for improvements. Consideration has been given to exposure to hazardous substances, noise and vibration, radiation, musculoskeletal and psychosocial risks, as well as general workplace and welfare issues such as lighting, thermal comfort, drinking water and sanitation, first aid and health surveillance.

Source: http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/minimum-requirements-for-health-protection/en/

NIOSH Extramural Research and Training Program

Annual Report of Fiscal Year 2016
This special issue of the annual report marks the end of the second decade of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA). It reviews how the extramural research program has contributed to improving workplace safety and health over the past 10 years.
We report on how NIOSH invested in our multidisciplinary centers, investigator-initiated research projects, and cooperative research agreements. We also report on our training project grants, state surveillance programs, small business innovation research, and global health initiatives.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2018-106/

IRSST - Plan quinquennal de production scientifique et technique 2018-2022

Ce plan stratégique constitue la feuille de route de l’IRSST pour les cinq prochaines années. Il devient la pierre d’assise de toutes nos actions futures. Il fixe les objectifs à atteindre et balise l’itinéraire qu’empruntera chacun de nos champs de recherche, Prévention durable en SST et environnement de travail, Prévention des risques chimiques et biologiques, Prévention des risques mécaniques et physiques et Réadaptation au travail, au cours de la période 2018-2022.

Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/Portals/0/upload/5-institut/Plan/plan-quinquennal-2018-2022.pdf

WorkSafe New Zealand - Annual Report 2016-2017

The Annual Report for WorkSafe New Zealand gives a snapshot of our work each year, and provides financial statements.

Source: https://worksafe.govt.nz/dmsdocument/3196-annual-report-2016-2017

Food and agriculture global value chains: Drivers and constraints for occupational safety and health improvement

The project aimed to gather evidence on ways to approach OSH within the global supply chains (GSC) discussion and possible entry points to build intervention models for the improvement of OSH in GSCs. From that perspective, the project sought to understand the dynamics at play in GSCs with a view to identifying drivers and constraints for OSH improvements, should these lie within specific business relationships in the supply chain or within institutional and policy environments in sourcing and consumer countries.

Source: http://www.ilo.org/safework/projects/WCMS_588089/lang--en/index.htm

Indoor workplaces

Recommended procedure for the investigation of working environment
The present report, “Indoor workplaces: Recommended procedure for investigation of the working environment”, now in a third and completely revised edition, is intended to assist in the systematic investigation of health problems and subjective disorders arising at indoor workplaces, and in the identification of practical solutions. It describes a concept, geared to use in the field, for step-by-step identification of the causes, giving
consideration to all essential factors which according to present knowledge must be considered possible causes of problems in indoor areas. Topics covered include health complaints, buildings, facilities, workplace organization, physical, chemical and biological hazards, and mental factors. The individual elements contain a wealth of information for the user which extends beyond investigation in response to complaints. This information is required for a greater understanding of the issues and serves at the same time as a basis for the redesign of workplaces in indoor areas such that they enhance performance and do not give rise to complaints.

Source: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/praxishilfen/innenraumarbeitsplaetze/index-2.jsp

Envoyé: 2017-12-04 10:23 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
Classé sous :
Révolution 4.0 : à l’aube d’une nouvelle SST?

Les nouvelles technologies se trouvent actuellement dans une phase intensive de développement et de déploiement. Qu’il s’agisse de véhicules autonomes, d’intelligence artificielle, d’interconnexion entre les objets, de réalité augmentée ou d’usines intelligentes, la révolution 4.0 se met en marche sur plusieurs fronts à la fois.
Certaines de ces technologies sont déjà présentes dans les milieux de travail tandis que d’autres pourraient s’y retrouver d’ici quelques années. Bien que l’on entende beaucoup parler des technologies de la révolution 4.0, il y a très peu d’information sur leurs effets sur la santé et la sécurité du travail.

Source: http://www.irsst.qc.ca/colloque-2017

INRS - Faits et chiffres 2016

Le rapport annuel "Faits et chiffres 2016" de l'INRS présente un panorama des activités de l'Institut en matière de prévention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles. Il illustre la vocation de l'INRS à fournir des réponses validées et adaptées aux attentes des entreprises et de leurs salariés.

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%204479

Systematic Review for Occupational Safety and Health Questions

There are many different types of occupational safety and health questions and a variety of scientific methods to answer them. Systematic review is one method for comprehensively reviewing a body of scientific literature. It is an explicit and transparent process to identify, select, synthesize, and critically appraise the scientific literature relevant to a specific question.
Systematic review methods include:
•A clear statement of the question that the literature search is intended to address
• Explicit, pre-specified methods to gather and assess the quality of the evidence that minimizes bias
• Documentation of criteria for decision making
One benefit of the use of systematic review methods is improving the transparency and public documentation of how scientific evidence is collected. Its use also helps document the thoroughness of a scientific assessment and the use of the best available evidence. The use of systematic review methods does not replace the need for expert scientific judgment.

Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/11/28/systematic-review/

Envoyé: 2017-11-28 15:02 par Maryse Gagnon | avec aucun commentaire
Classé sous :
Déplacements en forêt

Ce guide constitue avant tout un outil de prévention pour éliminer ou pour réduire les risques pour les employeurs et les travailleurs du milieu forestier au cours de leurs déplacements. Il explique et précise aussi certaines notions réglementaires et propose quelques actions à poser en cas d’urgence.

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-1597.aspx

Portail de veille sur les conditions de travail

Qualité de vie au travail, management, prévention des risques, dialogue social, risques psychosociaux, organisation du travail, transformation numérique, égalité professionnelle, articulation des temps, santé au travail, ce portail de veille recense plus de 50000 références.
Le portail est organisé en 3 rubriques :
•Notre sélection : une sélection d'ouvrages récents
•Dossier : des dossiers consacrés à des sujets émergents réalisés par des experts
•Lu pour vous : une sélection d'ouvrages pour mettre en lumière les débats et réflexions autour d'un même sujet

Source: https://veille-travail.anact.fr/

New Compendium Highlights Development of Clinical Decision Support to Enhance Worker Health

A new compilation of articles published in the November issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, describes an effort led by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop and evaluate clinical decision support (CDS) designed to assist primary care clinicians' with care of their working patients using CDS tools in electronic health records. This is the first effort to systematically develop and assess the practicality and usefulness of providing clinical decision support linked to work through health information systems in the primary care setting.
“Primary care practitioners are often the first to see patients with work-related conditions, care for patients who may have trouble managing their health at work, or see patients whose health affects their ability to work,” said NIOSH Director John Howard, M.D. “The information presented in this compendium demonstrates the potential to put resources directly in the hands of primary care clinicians that can promote better care of working patients using 21st century information technology.”
The compendium, which is part of a larger NIOSH effort to facilitate recognition of the relationship between work and health and how to address it through health information technology, includes:
•An overview of the project
•Three articles that describe the process of producing proposed recommendations to introduce computer-mediated CDS into health information systems, to assist providers in the care of working patients. Each article covers one of three topic areas:
1.The diagnosis and management of work-related asthma
2.Workplace factors that affect diabetes management
3.Decisions about return-to-work after an episode of acute low-back pain not associated with work
•Results of a qualitative evaluation that gathered feedback from five primary care settings representing various areas nationwide and types of clinical practices.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-11-14-17.html

Analysis of the relationship between the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 and business performance in different organizational contexts

This paper investigates how the characteristics of operational processes—systematic and project-based—affect the impact of adopting the safety management systems on different performance metrics. The proposed approach allows the development of a framework which matches safety problems and risks encompassed by organizational tasks with solutions generated by new safety knowledge linked to the adoption of the OHSAS 18001 standard. Our analysis of the effect over work accidents, as well as operational and economic performance of implementing the OHSAS 18001 in Spanish manufacturing, construction and professional services organizations during 2006–2009 shows that organizations modify existing safety practices to mitigate work accidents, and that safety learning effects widely vary across industry sectors. Organizations whose current knowledge is mostly codified and processes are highly systematic benefit more from safety knowledge and experience, whereas the effects of the OHSAS 18001 dilute in organizations whose knowledge is high in tacitness, and whose processes difficult the visibility of the consequences of work accidents. This study has important implications for managing knowledge acquisition processes. The findings offer valuable insights on how managers can develop communication and coordination actions to cope with the potential incompatibilities between safety management systems, the properties of knowledge and work environmental conditions.

Source: Lafuente, E., Abad, J. (2018). Safety Science, 103, 12–22.

ISO 19434:2017 - Mining - Classification of mine accidents

ISO 19434:2017 establishes a classification of mine accidents by their origin or causes, by the type of accident, and by their results or consequences. The latter includes only the accidents resulting into consequences on people, not equipment or machinery.
Different categories of causes, types and consequences of mine accidents are briefly defined, and a 3-digit code is assigned to each category. These can be combined to ultimately allocate a unique 15-digit code to each type of mine accident. This code can then be used in statistical analysis. Similarly, an allocated code clearly shows to which categories of causes, type of accident and resulting consequences the mine accident belongs to.
ISO 19434:2017 is applicable to all surface and underground mines.

Source: https://www.iso.org/standard/64897.html

Mid-term review of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022

The mid-term review of the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 examined:
◾progress against the Strategy’s targets
◾how the Strategy has influenced WHS activities
◾whether the key elements of the Strategy can continue to drive safety improvements, and
◾the areas of WHS that require greater attention over the next five years to achieve the Strategy’s vision.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/mid-term-review-australian-work-health-and-safety-strategy-2012-2022

Occupational Health and the Performing Arts: An Introduction

Objective: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions.
Methods: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed. Literature sources included medical databases, unindexed art-health publications, and popular press articles.
Results: Resources discussing hazards and health issues in theater, dance, voice, and instrumental musicians were located and reviewed.
Conclusions: Treatment providers have a history of involvement with segments of the performing arts. The occupational health approach to workplace health issues can effectively complement these efforts. Sources of further information on performing arts health concerns are available.

Source: Hinkamp, D., Morton, J., Krasnow, D. H., Wilmerding, M. V., Dawson, W. J., Stewart, M. G., ... et McCann, M. (2017). Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 59(9), 843-858.

From awareness to action: Sudbury, mining and occupational disease in a time of change

BACKGROUND: Miners work in highly hazardous environments, but surprisingly, there are more fatalities from occupational diseases, including cancers, than from fatalities from injuries. Over the last few decades, the mining environment has become safer with fewer injuries and less exposure to the toxins that lead to occupational disease. There have been improvements in working conditions, and a reduction in the number of workers exposed, together with an overall improvement in the health of miners.
OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to gain a deeper understanding of the impetus for change to reduce occupational exposures or toxins at the industry level. It focuses on one mining community in Sudbury, Ontario, with a high cancer rate, and its reduction in occupational exposures. It explored the level of awareness of occupational exposures from the perspective of industry and worker representatives in some of the deepest mines in the world. Although awareness may be necessary, it is often not a sufficient impetus for change, and it is this gap between awareness and change that this study explored. It examined the awareness of occupational disease as an impetus to reducing toxic exposures in the mining sector, and explores other forces of change at the industrial and global levels that have led to an impact on occupational exposures in mining.
METHODS: From 2014 and 2016, 60 interviews were conducted with individuals who were part of, or witness to the changes in mining in Sudbury. From these, 12 labour and 10 industry interviews and four focus groups were chosen for further analysis to gain a deeper understanding of industry and labour's views on the changes in mining and the impact on miners' health from occupational exposures. The results from this subsection of the data is the focus for this paper.
RESULTS: The themes that emerged told a story about Sudbury. There is awareness of occupational exposures, but this awareness is dwarfed in comparison to the attention that is given to the tragic fatal injuries from injuries and accidents. The mines are now owned by foreign multinationals with a change from an engaged, albeit paternalistic sense of responsibility for the health of the miners, to a less responsive or sympathetic workplace culture. Modernization has led to the elimination, substitution, or reduction of some of the worst toxins, and hence present-day miners are less exposed to hazards that lead to occupational disease than they were in the past. However, modernization and the drop in the price of nickel has also led to a precipitous reduction in the number of unionized miners, a decline in union power, a decline in the monitoring of present-day exposures, and an increase in non-unionized contract workers. The impact has been that miners have lost their solidarity and power to investigate, monitor or object to present-day exposures.
CONCLUSIONS: Although an increase in the awareness of occupational hazards has made a contribution to the reduction in occupational exposures, the improvement in health of miners may be considered more as a “collateral benefit” of the changes in the mining sector. Multiple forces at the industrial and global level have differentially led to an improvement in the working and living environment. However, with the loss of union power, the miners have lost their major advocate for miner health.

Source: Kramer, D. M., Holness, D. L., Haynes, E., McMillan, K., Berriault, C., Kalenge, S., & Lightfoot, N. (2017). Work.

Safe Work Australia Annual Report 2016-17

The Safe Work Australia Annual Report is published to inform Parliament, ministers, governments and the community about our performance in delivering improvements to key work health and safety and workers' compensation arrangements across Australia.

Source: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/doc/safe-work-australia-annual-report-2016-17

Working life in the Nordic region

Challenges and proposals
The Nordic Council of Ministers for Labour (MR-A) has launched a major research project into how working life in the Nordic Region might look in 2030. The Norwegian Institute for Labour and Social Research (FAFO) is in charge of the project, which involves 25 researchers from seven Nordic universities and will study ways in which the Nordic model needs to be developed.

Source: http://www.norden.org/en/news-and-events/news/unique-research-into-the-working-life-of-the-future

Occupational Health and the Visual Arts: An Introduction

Objective: Occupational hazards in the visual arts often involve hazardous materials, though hazardous equipment and hazardous work conditions can also be found. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute clinical and preventive expertise to these issues.
Methods: Articles illustrating visual arts health issues were sought and reviewed. Literature sources included medical databases, unindexed art-health publications, and popular press articles.
Results: Few medical articles examine health issues in the visuals arts directly, but exposures to pigments, solvents, and other hazards found in the visual arts are well described. The hierarchy of controls is an appropriate model for controlling hazards and promoting safer visual art workplaces.
Conclusions: The health and safety of those working in the visual arts can benefit from the occupational health approach. Sources of further information are available.

Source: Hinkamp, D., McCann, M., & Babin, A. R. (2017). Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 59(9), 859-866.

CNESST - Rapport annuel de gestion 2016

Ce rapport de la CNESST fait état des résultats obtenus pour l'exercice financier de 2016 à l'égard des objectifs du Plan de transition 2016. De plus, ce document fait le point sur la gestion des ressources et répond aux différentes exigences législatives et gouvernementales en vigueur. Enfin, il présente les états financiers vérifiés, dont ceux du Fonds de la santé et de la sécurité du travail.???

Source: http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/400/Pages/DC-400-2032-10.aspx

Travailler dans un bureau: des risques à ne pas sous-estimer

En réponse à de nouvelles méthodes managériales, nombre d'entreprises opèrent une mutation des espaces de travail et, plus largement, une révolution du travail au bureau. Mais les innovations architecturales et la multiplication des moyens de communication sont-elles nécessairement gage d'amélioration des conditions de travail ? Car les risques existent pour le salarié. Qu'ils soient liés aux ambiances physiques de travail (qualité de l'air et ambiance thermique, bruit, éclairage...), à l'organisation de l'espace ou aux nouveaux modes de communication, ils ne doivent pas
être occultés. Ce dossier brosse un état des lieux des évolutions en cours du travail au bureau, des risques qu'elles engendrent et que toute entreprise devrait intégrer afin de penser des espaces capables de répondre aux contraintes socio-économiques, d'améliorer la productivité tout en offrant de réelles améliorations des conditions de travail.

Source: http://www.hst.fr/dms/hst/data/articles/HST/TI-DO-18/do18.pdf

INRS - Rapport Études & Recherche 2016-2017

Ce document présente la synthèse des 16 études terminées en 2016, une brève présentation de l'ensemble des études en cours en 2017, et un entretien avec le Responsable médical, Chef du service de santé au travail et pathologies professionnelles au CHU d'Angers Directeur du laboratoire Epidémiologie en santé au travail et ergonomie (Ester).
Entièrement bilingue, le rapport est principalement destiné à la communauté scientifique nationale et internationale (homologues étrangers, agences, organismes de recherche, partenaires, laboratoires universitaires, écoles d'ingénieurs...).

Source: http://www.inrs.fr/media.html?refINRS=ED%204480

Burden of Occupational Cancer in Ontario

Major Workplace Carcinogens and Prevention of Exposure
The report presents estimates of occupational exposure and the associated burden of cancer by industry, as well as exposure reduction strategies for the most common occupational carcinogens in Ontario. A major feature of the report is the evidence-based policy recommendations directed at government, Ontario’s occupational health and safety system, employers and non-governmental organizations.

Source: http://www.occupationalcancer.ca/2017/occupational-burden-ontario-report/

Plus de Messages « Page précédente - Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents


Mots-Clés (Tags)